CMRB Event: Europe’s Securitized Border Controls: A Parallel World, Dr. Fran Cetti (UEL)

CMRB (The Centre for Research on Migration, Refugees and Belonging)

at the University of East London is pleased to announce as part of its

Borders and Bordering Seminar Series:

Europe’s Securitized Border Controls:

A Parallel World

 Dr. Fran Cetti

University of East London

This seminar will take place in

EB.G.18, Docklands Campus, University of East London, E16 2RD, nearest tube: Cyprus DLR

(http://www.uel.ac.uk/campuses/docklands/)

4-6pm, Monday 31st March 2014

The event is free but spaces are limited so please reserve a place by following the below link http://tinyurl.com/njlvts5

Abstract: Privatization and securitization are quietly transforming the European Union’s immigration and asylum policies and practices into a parallel regime of extra-legality. The forced migrant to Europe is increasingly hostage to a tight “migration-security nexus”. The European Union not only outsources its border control activities to private security concerns but it also consults the security industry on the direction of its policies, adopting its discourse and practices. It is using the industry’s expertise to meld member states’ border technology into an apparatus of detection and deterrence that stretches far beyond the region to intercept forced migrants long before they reach its borders. As a consequence, Europe’s border control agency, Frontex, and its private security partners not only patrol outside Europe’s geopolitical boundaries but also appear free to operate outside national legal structures, and without regard to either refugee rights or international human rights legislation.

Fran Cetti is a Visiting Research Fellow at the Centre for Research on Migration, Refugees and Belonging (CRMB). Her doctoral research at the University of East London concerned the framing of forced migration in the discourse of terror and its impact on European identity. She has contributed to a number of publications on asylum and the European ‘security state’, the extra-legal practices of European border control, and migration and the nature of European identity.

See www.euborderscapes.eu for more information on the EU Borderscapes project, www.uel.ac.uk/cmrb/borderscapes for details of the UEL Borderscapes team and www.uel.ac.uk/cmrb for information on CMRB

 

New Journal Articles (weekly)

  • “Many refugees become ‘stuck’ in the urban centres of transit countries, unable to move onward or to return home. This study explored the livelihoods of Sudanese refugees in Cairo, and the extent to which remittances supported them. We found that 89 per cent of our respondents were economically active, but their income seldom covered their rent plus subsistence. A quarter of our sample received remittances, but these are not a reliable source of income. An important coping strategy for refugees is borrowing, but this increases their vulnerability. We recommend that humanitarian programmes should focus on enabling refugees to minimize their debt and increase their income, by taking advantage of existing skills, or learning new ones. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “Australia offers some of the best government-funded settlement services in the world to refugees who come through its official resettlement programme. These services cater to their material, medical and, to some extent, their social needs. However, services cannot provide a sense of belonging to people uprooted from their homelands and transplanted to a culturally and geographically distant place. Or can they? This article explores the facets of belonging identified inductively from a corpus of data from qualitative interviews with 77 refugees living in Western Australia. Thematically, these map clearly onto civic and ethno conceptualizations of the nation-state and belonging within it. While refugees assert their civic belonging in terms of access to services and rights available to refugees and to Australians more broadly, their sense of ethno belonging is much more ambivalent, due to experiences with the mainstream population. Implications in regard to the concept of the nation-state, and for processes of integration and social inclusion, are considered. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “This article examines the pivotal role and personal interconnections of a close-knit group of like-minded diplomats who, driven by humanitarian motives, drafted Article 3 and Article 6 of the 1951 Refugee Convention. It is argued that this network of diplomats, led by the Convention President Knud Larsen, was coordinated by the international jurist Dr Jacob Robinson, and further included the UK, the US, and the Jewish NGO representatives as its participants. Robinson’s hitherto unpublished diplomatic correspondence with the then Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett confirms the humanitarian motivations underpinning the premeditated and well-planned efforts of the members of this network to ensure the success of the Convention in ameliorating the legal conditions of refugees. Jacob Robinson’s humanitarian motivations are further revealed through an examination of his attitudes towards Palestinian refugees uncovered in additional archive material detailing his correspondence with Sharett concerning the Palestinian refugee problem. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “This article explores the concept of mistrust amongst refugee populations by drawing on qualitative interviews with unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors living in the Republic of Ireland. The forced migration literature frequently makes reference to the difficulties that asylum seekers and refugees have in creating trusting relationships. However, little is known about the reasons for these difficulties, particularly reasons articulated by asylum seekers themselves. This article addresses this gap in the literature by exploring the reasons why these young people found it difficult to trust. The findings suggest five specific causes of the young people’s mistrust: past experiences; being accustomed to mistrust; being mistrusted by others; not knowing people well; and concerns about truth-telling. The findings suggest that the reasons for mistrust are embedded within the social contexts from which asylum seekers have come and that they are exacerbated by the social contexts in which they are now living. These reasons are discussed in relation to the literature. Implications for professionals and service providers are highlighted. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “Inadequate interpreting services for asylum seekers in South Korea have been criticized by human rights lawyers and refugee-related NGOs, but to date problems have not been subject to scholarly investigation by researchers. This article, which is based on the analysis of the discourse of court interpreting and courtroom observation, is the first attempt to examine the quality of interpreting during asylum appeal hearings in South Korea. In the absence of a legal interpreter training and accreditation programme, as this article demonstrates, ad hoc interpreting provided by untrained and unskilled interpreters often deviates from the norms of legal interpreting. Because of the lack of interpreting skills, interpreters often fail to provide accurate renditions of original utterances. Furthermore, being unfamiliar with the role of the interpreter in such legal settings, they frequently intervene to have sub-dialogues with witnesses and applicants and even influence the testimony by assuming the role of an advocate. Based on such findings, this article argues for the improvement in the quality of interpreting at asylum hearings through interpreter training and professionalization. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “In humanitarian aid to refugees, participatory and community-based approaches are today strongly emphasized as the path towards more efficient protection and assistance. Participation and community mobilization are particularly constructed as a vehicle for the promotion of gender equality. This paper explores how participatory and community-based approaches are used in efforts to promote gender equality in humanitarian aid to Burmese refugees in Thailand and Bangladesh. Refugees in Bangladesh, especially women, are problematized as passive and dependent due to their alleged lack of ‘community spirit’ and participation. In contrast, the political activism of refugee leaders and women’s organizations in Thailand is represented as problematic, illegitimate and unruly. While refugees in Bangladesh do not participate enough, it appears that the refugees in Thailand participate too much. Drawing on interviews with humanitarian workers, this paper examines this paradox through a governmentality perspective, draws out the meanings attached to the concept of participation in humanitarian policy and practice and shows how participation is employed in the government of refugees. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “This article examines the informal networks of mobility, subsistence, and information utilized by Khmer Krom, Rohingya, and Vietnamese refugees and asylum seekers living in Bangkok, Thailand. It is argued that through such networks, these displaced people are exercising forms of agency that allow for some manoeuvring through Thailand’s criminalizing immigration framework as well as Southeast Asia’s bleak refugee rights protection landscape. Employed amid constant vulnerability, such agency does not function to transform local conditions in any substantial way but is more reflective of ad hoc coping tactics made necessary by existing conditions. By looking at the regional dimensions of such tactics, however, it is suggested that the informal social networks that are developing through unregulated migration and adaptation practices in Southeast Asia point to alternative social geographies emerging from the interplay between the static constraints of national regulations and the flexible, perpetual, and at times transnational negotiation of these constraints during processes of displacement. It is throughout these transnational routes, spaces, and practices that the nature of social relations and human agency among refugees, asylum seekers, and other vulnerable migrants may be further traced and analysed in a regional context. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “Large numbers of migrants daily decide to undertake an often risky and protracted journey to leave their country, escaping from violence and poverty, in an effort to reach their ultimate goal: building a better life. Although extensive evidence shows how pre- and post-flight experiences can significantly threaten migrants’ wellbeing, little research investigates the impact of the flight itself and the way migrants cope with these flight experiences while ‘on the way’. The study took place in the waiting rooms of the police station near the Belgian port of Zeebrugge, where intercepted migrants stay for some time. Because of the constraints inherent in the study setting, we relied on the messages that migrants themselves chose to leave—in their mother tongues—on the police station’s walls and furniture. A discourse analysis of 179 inscriptions made by intercepted migrants revealed how these migrant communities show great solidarity, agency and resilience in dealing with their feelings and experiences in a political and social context that is marginalizing, depersonalizing or criminalizing them. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

ToC Alert: Journal of Refugee Studies Vol. 27, No. 1, (March 2014)

Oxford Journals have recently published their latest Table of Contents alert for the Journal of Refugee Studies.  Further information on the articles published in Volume 27, Number 1, (March 2014) are detailed as follows:

Articles

‘We are All the Same, Coz Exist Only One Earth, Why the BORDER EXIST’: Messages of Migrants on their Way
Ilse Derluyn, Charles Watters, Cindy Mels, and Eric Broekaert
Journal of Refugee Studies 2014 27: 1-20
[Abstract]

Irregular Networks: Bangkok Refugees in the City and Region
Pei A. Palmgren
Journal of Refugee Studies 2014 27: 21-41
[Abstract]

(Un)Governable Subjects: The Limits of Refugee Participation in the Promotion of Gender Equality in Humanitarian Aid
Elisabeth Olivius
Journal of Refugee Studies 2014 27: 42-61
[Abstract]

A Pressing Need for the Reform of Interpreting Service in Asylum Settings: A Case Study of Asylum Appeal Hearings in South Korea
Jieun Lee
Journal of Refugee Studies 2014 27: 62-81
[Abstract]

The Causes of Mistrust amongst Asylum Seekers and Refugees: Insights from Research with Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Minors Living in the Republic of Ireland
Muireann Ní Raghallaigh
Journal of Refugee Studies 2014 27: 82-100
[Abstract]

The Israeli Roots of Article 3 and Article 6 of the 1951 Refugee Convention
Gilad Ben-Nun
Journal of Refugee Studies 2014 27: 101-125
[Abstract]

Civic and Ethno Belonging among Recent Refugees to Australia
Farida Fozdar and Lisa Hartley
Journal of Refugee Studies 2014 27: 126-144
[Abstract]

Field Report

Sudanese Refugees in Cairo: Remittances and Livelihoods
Karen Jacobsen, Maysa Ayoub, and Alice Johnson
Journal of Refugee Studies 2014 27: 145-159
[Abstract]

 

New Journal Articles (weekly)

  • “For more than 65 years, Palestinian refugees have been living in Lebanon in a “temporary” State in over-crowded camps, deprived of basic rights such as the right to have a professional job. It has been argued that these restrictions have had a major effect on the fair provision and quality of education, an effect manifested in the increasing number of Palestinian students who are dropping out of school. This article examines the quality of education offered in United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees schools and the impact of Lebanese legal restrictions on students’ educational motivation and aspirations. A quantitative survey of the educational experiences and aspirations of 404 secondary students and 48 teachers in five secondary schools of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees was carried out. An in-depth study of a primary school also took place. The findings revealed that Palestinian refugee students are confronted by a paradox: forced inclusion because of having to learn the Lebanese curriculum, but exclusion because of simultaneously being pushed to the periphery of Lebanese society as a result of the Lebanon’s discriminatory laws and regulations. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “This article explores the possibilities for new forms of ‘digital citizenship’ currently emerging through digitally supported processes of narrative exchange. Using Dahlgren’s (Dahlgren, P. 2003. “Reconfiguring Civic Culture in the New Media Milieu.” In Media and the Restyling of Politics, edited by J. Corner, and D. Pels, 151–170. London: Sage; Dahlgren, P. 2009. Media and Political Engagement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.) circuit of ‘civic culture’ as a model for exploring the interlinking preconditions for new acts of citizenship, we discuss the contrasting outcomes of research at three fieldwork sites in the North of England – educational (a sixth form college), civil society (a community reporters’ network) and social (a local club). Each site provided clear evidence of the elements of Dahlgren’s circuit (some depending on the intensive use of digital infrastructure, others predating it), but there were also breaks in the circuit that constrained its effectiveness. A crucial factor in each case for building a lasting circuit of civic culture (and an effective base for new forms of digital citizenship) is the role that digital infrastructure can play in extending the scale of interactions beyond the purely local.”

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “This study analyses the relationship between attitudes toward immigration and deteriorating economic conditions in times of crisis. We examine three questions: First, how are a vulnerable position in the labour market and recent changes to an individual’s economic situation related to perceived ethnic threat? Second, what is the role of the nation’s economic and immigration context? Last, are relationships at the individual level between economic conditions and perceived ethnic threat affected by contextual variables? “

    tags:newjournalarticles

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

New Resources: UNHCR online Protection Manual

UNHCR is pleased to announce the launch of its online Protection Manual, UNHCR’s repository of protection policy and guidance documents.

The Protection Manual is updated whenever a new protection policy or guidance document is published and can thus be relied upon to represent the current state of UNHCR protection policy / guidance.

This new tool is accessible directly from the Refworld home screen (www.refworld.org, top right of the screen) and from the UNHCR website (www.unhcr.org, click “Protection Manual” under “resources”), or directly at www.refworld.org/protectionmanual.html.

UNHCR guidance and policy documents are organized by theme/subject, as reflected in the Protection Manual’s Table of Contents. Subjects include legal topics (reflecting, for example, UNHCR guidance on the different elements of the refugee definition) and operational protection guidance (for example, on ‘asylum-seekers at sea’, or ‘age, gender and diversity’).

Under each heading, documents are arranged in reverse chronological order; with each document individually accessible through a hyperlink. Documents from non-UNHCR sources are generally not included, unless they provide guidance on protection-related topics that also applies to or has specifically been endorsed by UNHCR (such as interagency guidance). At the bottom of several of the subject headings, relevant related sources are listed, containing older guidance and documents which serve as background reading.

The Protection Manual contains at present over 1,000 guidance and policy documents. We expect it to be a helpful tool for, amongst others, government officials responsible for asylum decision-making, lawyers, legal aid providers, academics and students, and operational agencies working with refugees or IDPs.

Any questions or remarks relating to the Protection Manual or user experiences, both positive and negative, can be sent to refworld@unhcr.org. We appreciate your feedback!

We hope the Protection Manual will be useful to you in your work.

The Refworld (and Protection Manual) Team

 

Call for Papers: Tunis, 15, 16, 17 October 2014 «The role of diasporas, migrants, and exiles in the Arab Revolutions and Political Transitions»

CALL FOR PAPERS

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
as part of the research program funded by the European Research Council
When Authoritarianism Fails in the Arab World (WAFAW)

TUNIS, 15, 16 AND 17 OCTOBER 2014

«THE ROLE OF DIASPORAS, MIGRANTS and EXILES IN THE ARAB REVOLUTIONS and POLITICAL TRANSITIONS»

. Deadline for sending abstracts: 15 May 2014
. Deadline for sending full papers: 15 July 2014
. Deadline for confirming attendance: 15 September 2014

Scientific organisers, core WAFAW researchers: Claire Beaugrand (Ifpo), Vincent Geisser (Ifpo).
Principal Investigator of WAFAW: François Burgat (CNRS, Iremam), Deputy-PI: Laurent Bonnefoy (CNRS-CERI)

Rationale of the conference

Following the 2010/ 2011 Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions, protest movements and political transitions in the Arab World have attracted a great deal of media coverage and academic attention -with many scientific and cultural events (conferences, symposiums, workshops) trying to make sense of the events.

However, the role of diasporas, binationals and exiles in the for and against regimes mobilisation has been widely overlooked. The primary focus of social science researchers and public decision makers has been on Arab “domestic actors”, on the role of state powers (United States, Russia and China), and the strategic regional stakes (domino effect). More often than not, this perspective has ignored the involvement of diasporic actors, migrants and exiles in the socio-political transformations of the Arab world. As a result, migrations and diasporas represent a blind spot of the studies of the Arab revolutions, even though many transition governments stem from the ranks of these actors. In the cases where regimes fell, economic migrants and political exiles expressed their rekindled feeling of national belonging, leading us to think of Anderson concept of “long-distance nationalism”[1] in host countries, precisely where it was not encouraged. In the rest of the Arab World in crisis (Syria, Bahrain etc.), the exile opposition is an essential component of the dissenting political field.

The term “diaspora” is theoretically complex and has been the object of many academic debates; it is understood here, in an encompassing yet rigorous manner, as “ a certain type of social formation, stemming from large migratory movements, identifiable through original features that make it clearly distinguishable from any other form of ethnic regrouping that international migration can create” – these features being “a permanent state of dispersion, that goes hand in hand with a certain rooting in host societies” and “a common feeling of identity, which is ethnic in character, that proceeds from a self-representation of the disseminated community as an entity sharing a common history and culture.”[2]

Until the 2011 political upheavals, the research agendas of academics and international experts tended to minimize the political interest and involvement of diasporas in their countries of origin. Undoubtedly, there were political opponents in exile, forming an active minority. Yet, across the Mediterranean shores, the bulk of migrants weas studied mainly, – with a few exceptions, such as the Egyptian Copts-, through the prism of economics, migration policies and integration in host societies. The fundamental assumption was that of distanciation/ disjunction with the political scenes of the countries of origin. Their sense of belonging to the country they had left behind boiled down to symbolic, exotic or touristic dimensions, with no real grounding in Arab societies. As a result, studies focused on the economic dimension, that is the questions of partnership in development and migrants remittances.  However, the political dimension, namely the involvement of migrants and exiles in the public life of their countries of origin, was almost absent. Not only was it repressed by authoritarian regimes that maintained their surveillance on nationals abroad, it was also neglected by the European Union and the national states that have been preoccupied above all with issues of integration. All this combined to strengthen the idea, largely spread by the regimes, that migrants are apolitical and exile opposition has no appeal nor representative power.

The newly visible engagement of Arab diasporas, migrants and exiles in the pro- and anti-regime movement in 2011 and in political transitions, raises a number of new questions in the field of migration in/from the Arab world: how did the 2011 rupture and the new range of possibilities it opened present the conditions under which “long-distance nationalism” can be created and shaped, beyond the limited circles of political exiles?  How did the uprisings, their repression as well as the authoritarian regaining of control confer a new relevance and salience to opposition groups abroad? How do the regimes manage the relations with these transnational actors?

Recent events have shown how diasporic actors can connect spaces, how they test and open new fields for political struggle, mobilization and public expression, which authoritarian regimes usually shut down. They offer a rare opportunity for researchers to examine in the Middle East phenomena that have been observed elsewhere, such as the multiple identities of migrants and binationals and strategies to mobilise transnational resources, whether by state or non-state actors, while moving away from the authoritarian-spread idea that migrants can belong to only one national political space, an idea that has already been losing considerable ground.

This international conference aims to inquire into the ways in which diasporas, migrants and exiles have participated in the political changes at work in the Arab world. Participants are invited to move away from the dichotomy between domestic and international spaces for engagement.

This topic is part and parcel of the scientific forum createdby the WAFAW program that seeks to analyze the recomposition of Arab political scenes in the light of the changes brought about by the fall of some authoritarian regimes and the legitimacy crisis of the remaining ones.

Suggested themes

Five themes were selected to guide those willing to participate in the conference:

- Theme n°1 –  Activist legacies and political activities in diaspora (societies, parties and organisations): in the aftermath of the 2011 Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions and the subsequent protest movements in the Arab world -whatever their end results, numerous associations and societies, whether political or not, were set up by binationals, migrants and new and former exiles, who now seek their recognition in the host and in the home countries. However, these new organisations do not come out of the blue: they build on the legacy of existing ones, which pioneered the struggle abroad. This theme will then identify what is new and was at stake in transnational mobilisations.

- Theme n°2 – The returnees, role and involvement of migrants and exiles in political transitions: the recomposition of political scenes has made possible the temporary or definitive return of migrants and former exiles to their home country. The returnees sometimes play a central role in the political transition as they are given responsibilities in political parties, in the new-elected assemblies or portfolios in the governments, for instance in Egypt and Tunisia. The focus here will therefore be on the trajectories through which these new actors fit back into the new national politics as well on the assertion/contestation of legitimacy drawn from the exiles’ experience  of “ostracisation” abroad for the exiles.

- Theme n°3 – The migrants’ participation in the electoral and constitutional processes:  under the authoritarian regimes, migrants considered voting in their home countries as useless and irrelevant to them, so that the electoral turnout and mobilisation were particularly low. Today, the voting of nationals and binationals abroad, the voters’ attitudes and behaviours has taken on a new prominence that is worth being examining.

- Theme n°4 – Constitutional debates and public discussion surrounding the status of binationals in their country of origin: the new presence of binationals and former exiles on the national political scenes has raised public controversies, and the legitimacy of their actions ha been questioned. These debates have been reflected in the new constitutional bodies leading to the production of legal texts, intended to define the conditions of inclusion and exclusion into the polity, as well as nationality and citizenship as a whole. Here, the main focus would be on the debates dealing with the politics/identity nexus and on the normative production (decrees, laws, articles of the constitutions etc.) that can widen or restrict the access of binationals to power and rights.

- Theme n°5 – Flight, exile et new political asylums: revolutionary processes and their violent handling have generated new waves of exile and flight. Western countries have traditionally welcomed certain types of exiled opposition (such as the anti-Iranian revolution diaspora). However, it has all too often been forgotten that Arab countries are also destinations for exile, and have increasingly been favoured owing to their linguistic, cultural and geographical proximity, not to mention restrictive asylum policies in the West. Unlike the Western asylum systems, the acceptance of exiles in various Arab countries has not been studied. Moreover, beyond the Arab region, it would be worth examining the policies of Turkey and Iran, both of which have welcomed a large number of Arab political opponents and political refugees fleeing repression.
______________________________

__

[1]<https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?tab=wm#_ftnref1> Anderson, Benedict (1998). Long Distance Nationalism. In B. Anderson (Ed.), The Spectre of Comparisons: Nationalism, Southeast Asia and the World (pp. 58-74). London: Verso.
[2]<https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?tab=wm#_ftnref2> Cuche, Denys, « Diaspora », Pluriel-Recherches. Vocabulaire historique et critique des relations interethniques, Cahier n° 8, Paris, L’Harmattan, 2001, p. 14-23.

Conditions for registering and participating in the conference

The conference is open to MSc/MA students, PhD candidates, researchers and academics, irrespective of their nationality. Working languages will be French, English and Arabic. The selected participants are responsible for making sure that their travel documents (passports, visas…) are compliant with the Tunisian immigration law.

Travel (economic fare), accommodation (two nights) and food expenses will be covered by the organisation of the conference. However, participants should be covered by a health and repatriation insurance.

Selected presenters must send abstracts and papers within the allocated timeframe, upon which their final registration will depend.
Following the conference, the participants will send their fully-revised paper (25,000 to 40,000 signs -spaces included) to be published as proceedings in a scientific journal.

REGISTRATION FORM
WAFAW conference, Tunis, October 2014

To be returned before 15 May 2014 to:
DiasporaTunis2014@gmail.com<mailto:DiasporaTunis2014@gmail.com>
. Name:

. First (and middle) name(s):

. University or Research institution:

. Title and position held (specify ‘student’ if appropriate):

.Nationality (ies):

. Spoken languages (including the one in which you wish to present):

. Mail address:

. Email address (@):

. Mobile phone number:

. Title of the presentation (Provisional):

. Abstract (400 words maximum):

Academic Workshop Call for Abstracts – Sense of belonging in a diverse Britain

Academic Workshop Call for Abstracts:

 

Sense of belonging in a diverse Britain

 

 

Coventry University

 

20th – 21st November 2014

 

Organisers:

 

Dialogue Society, Birmingham Branch

 

Centre for Peace and Reconciliation Studies, Coventry University

 

Abstract deadline: 16th April

 

A4 poster for printing and display: http://www.dialoguesociety.org/newsletter/poster/poster-Sense-of-Belonging.pdf

 

Introduction

 

The Dialogue Society, Birmingham Branch in partnership with Coventry University’s Centre for Peace and Reconciliation Studies invites abstracts from scholars and relevant practitioners who wish to share and explore ideas and research findings concerning the sense of belonging in contemporary Britain’s diverse society.

 

 

 

‘Sense of belonging’ is a phrase often heard in discussions of the cohesion of our society and, particularly, instances of its breakdown, including urban disturbances, ‘home-grown’ terrorism and gang membership. In this workshop, we invite contributors to shed light on the nature, causes and effects of sense of belonging and of its absence both in minority communities and majority communities. We seek to examine the impact of a lack of sense of belonging outside dramatic cases of crime and anti-social behavior as well as in those cases. We have a particular interest in contributions exploring how the absence of a sense of belonging might be addressed.

 

Costs

 

In general, participants will need to cover travel and accommodation costs.

 

Outcome

 

Workshop proceedings will be published in advance of the Workshop to allow contributors to read one another’s papers and engage with them more deeply and to disseminate the papers more widely to relevant scholars, researchers and libraries. (For an example of our workshop proceedings’ publications see http://www.dialoguesociety.org/publications/academia/768-debating-multiculturalism-2.html. )

 

 

Edited versions of some papers may be selected for either of the two journals published by the organizers. Authors of selected papers will be notified in due course.

 

 

In addition, an edited version of all or some of the papers presented may also be published by an independent reputable publishing house. For an example of an edited publication from a Dialogue Society conference see http://www.amazon.co.uk/Muslim-World-Politics-Transition-Contributions/dp/1441120874/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1394186929&sr=8-1&keywords=muslim+world+and+politics+in+transition.

 

 

Call for Papers

 

Authors are invited to send abstracts (maximum 400 words) of their proposed papers addressing questions such as the following:

 

ØDo we need more clarity about British values in order to promote a sense of belonging in British society? If so, who identifies those values, and how?

 

ØHas ‘state multiculturalism’ encouraged or undermined a sense of belonging?

 

ØWhere in British society are we seeing a lack of sense of belonging?

 

ØIs the cultivation of a sense of belonging best served by paying more (affirmative) attention to cultural difference, or less?

 

ØDoes a strong sense of belonging to a particular cultural group tend to enhance or undermine people’s relationships with the wider community?

 

ØHow do we achieve a healthy balance between celebrating diverse identities and cultivating a sense of common belonging to Britain? How can families and communities keep their distinctive heritage alive while cultivating a sense of belonging where they are?

 

ØWhat factors – social, political, economic and/or cultural – encourage a sense of belonging in British society?

 

ØWhat are the most significant barriers to feeling a sense of belonging in Britain?

 

ØHow far does immigration status (including citizenship) affect people’s sense of belonging?

 

ØWhat is the role of sense of belonging, and/or the lack of it, in:

 

o   Gangs

 

o   Urban disturbances

 

o   ‘Home-grown’ terrorism

 

in the UK?

 

ØHow does a lack of sense of belonging impact people’s lives, aside from the cases of those involved in crime or antisocial behaviour?

 

ØHow do traditional British symbols such as the Union Jack function in British society (to encourage and express belonging and/or to exclude from belonging)?

 

Ø‘United’ Kingdom? In an age of devolution, and as Scotland debates an independent future, is it to ‘Britain’ that British citizens feel they belong?

 

ØHow far does Britain’s foreign policy affect the sense of belonging of British citizens with roots abroad?

 

ØWhat role can/should the British education system play in instilling a sense of belonging?

 

ØWhat effect, if any, do faith schools have on pupils’ sense of belonging to the wider community?

 

ØWhat is the role of the third sector in encouraging a sense of belonging among diverse communities?

 

ØThe controversy of citizenship tests: what must a person know in order to belong in Britain?

 

ØHow far is the lack of a sense of belonging a (neglected) problem within majority communities? How can the problem be addressed?

 

ØWhat can be done, by parents, schools, or voluntary organisations, to help young people negotiating complex identities to grow up with a secure sense of belonging?

 

ØHow far does faith shape where, and to whom, British citizens feel they belong?

 

ØDoes nationalism necessarily involve placing limits on who can belong?

 

 

 

Submission Procedure

 

Abstracts and CVs should be submitted, in English only, as MS Word documents attached to an email addressed to mdemir@dialoguesociety.org  no later than 17:00 UK time, 16th April 2014.

 

For further information, including full submission schedule and style guide, please visit

http://www.dialoguesociety.org/birmingham-forthcoming/980-sense-of-belonging-in-a-diverse-britain.html

 

Courses: Applied Research Methods with Hidden, Marginal and Excluded Populations (University of Essex)

(2R) Applied Research Methods with Hidden, Marginal and Excluded Populations
https://www.essex.ac.uk/summerschool/pages/courses/session2/2r.html

School in Social Science Data Analysis, University of Essex (UK)
21-25 July 2014 (full time)

Download course description and detailed outline here: http://goo.gl/DUIRCF

The course (10th Edition) provides an introduction to research methods in conducting research, both qualitative and quantitative, with marginal, hidden and excluded populations, with a specific focus on equity related research. The course introduces the main theories and research approaches on hard-to-reach populations (such as children victim of trafficking, child labour, homeless and displaced children, migrant children, children in conflicts and natural disasters ) , using different frameworks and techniques.

This intensive course will provide tools to address key quantitative and qualitative issues such as the lack of known sampling frame; the difficulties in reaching the target group; the concepts of impact, attribution and contribution; and the political dimension of research findings. The course explores topics such as: estimation and sampling techniques; participatory research; evidence-based policy versus policy-based evidence; innovation, crowdsourcing and the use of technology; the art of combining qualitative and quantitative methods; and ethical considerations arising when conducting research with hidden and marginalized populations.

Topics :

1) Quantitative methods:
- Cluster sampling
- Adaptive cluster sampling
- Time location sampling
- Small area estimation
- Capture and Recapture
- Respondent Driven Sampling RDS (intro)
- Social network analysis applied to hard-to-reach populations (introduction)

2) Qualitative methods
- Participatory research methods
- Rapid assessment
- Positive deviance

3) Ethics and Research

4) Innovation and the use of technology: SMS, crowd sourcing and mapping
- Using SMS and mobile phones for research and data collection
- Crowdsourcing and mapping: Ushahidi (introduction)

Contacts and registration:
www.essex.ac.uk/summerschool
Select Course 2R

For information please contact :
Ms. Melanie Sawers, Administrative Director
Essex Summer School In Social Science Data Analysis, University of Essex UK
email: mels@essex.ac.uk
tel: +44 (0) 1206 872502,

 

Call for Papers: CONTESTED MIGRATION REGIMES: EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVES AND BEYOND MID-TERM CONFERENCE of the ESA RESEARCH NETWORK 35

CONTESTED MIGRATION REGIMES:
EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVES AND BEYOND
MID-TERM CONFERENCE of the ESA RESEARCH NETWORK 35

“Sociology of Migration”
13th and 14th November 2014, Frankfurt am Main

Organiser: ESA Research Network 35 Sociology of Migration

Local Organiser: Prof. Dr. Anna Amelina, Goethe University Frankfurt, Institute for Sociology

Keynotes:
Helma Lutz, Goethe University Frankfurt
Godfried Engbersen, Erasmus University Rotterdam Anna Korteweg, University of Toronto Didier Bigo, Sciences-Po Paris

The deadline for submission of abstracts (max. 200 words) and brief biographical notes is 15 May 2014. Please send your documents to esa.migration@yahoo.com. Decisions will be communicated by 15 June 2014. We are planning to publish a selection of the presented papers in a special issue. Participants are encouraged to submit their full papers, preferably before the conference, (up to 4,000 words, including references) to esa.migration@yahoo.com.

Organisation
No fees will be charged, but you will need to pay for your own travel and accommodation. Information on hotels and hostels close to the conference venue will be communicated to all participants in due course.

===================

CFP:

After organising successful sessions at the 11th ESA Conference in Torino, the Research Network 35 “Sociology of Migration”1 is now announcing its second mid-term conference, to be held from 13 to 14 November 2014 at Goethe University Frankfurt. Our aim is to provide a platform for those who have already met at earlier conferences to continue our discussions, and to invite other scholars to join us in this endeavour. Thematically, this conference will bring together various sociological approaches to the political regulation of migration and mobility such as the emergence of (European) migration regimes over the past decades, the discourses and practices involved, the social and cultural contexts of political regulation and the impact of migration regimes on migrants’ lives and practices. Abstracts can be submitted to esa.migration@yahoo.com by 15th May 2014 (please see below for details).

Theme of the conference

The media debates on Islamophobia and the electoral success of the far right, current refugee movements throughout Europe and recurring protests against FRONTEX are recent examples of the controversial character of migration politics in Europe. The concept of ‘migration regime’ provides a helpful framework to address the contested and complex dynamics of current migration politics from a sociological perspective. It allows us to explore the interplay of political decision making, established legal frameworks, dominant discourses of belonging and institutional configurations in the political regulation of migration. Migration regimes can thus be seen as specific assemblages of institutions, political actors, legal regulations and discourses which structure social practices of geographic mobility and individual decision making.

Starting from the concept of migration regimes, our midterm conference will cover five broad issue areas:

1. Sociological diagnoses of current changes: How do sociologists assess recent changes in migration regimes and recently established political instruments such as citizenship tests and increasingly detailed immigration statistics? Are we, for example, witnessing a renaissance of guest worker regimes and the end of ‘securitised’ migration politics? What is the (future) role of the nation state and how far developed is the transnationalisation of migration regimes? How are the national and the supranational scales intertwined with regard to the regulation of migration? Are we witnessing the emergence of qualitatively new forms of transnational or postnational regulation – in the EU context as well as in other regions of the world? How are current migration regimes linked to racialised and gendered knowledge?

2. Political institutions and practices involved in the regulation of migration: Who are the main actors involved in the regulation of migration (political authorities, commercial companies, NGOs, protest movements, etc.)? How do different forms (state and non-state) and levels of governance (the local, national, regional, and global) play together in the regulation of migration and mobility? What role do experts (within and beyond academia) play in this regard? What role do practices and discourses in other professional fields such as media and education play for the regulation of migration and citizenship?

3. Effects on migrants’ lives and practices and ‘evaluation’ of policies from below: In what ways are mobile individuals, families, communities and diasporas affected by migration regimes? By what means or by what ‘political technologies’ are mobile individuals’ migration practices channelled? How do individuals navigate through the complex formal and informal arrangements? What strategies of resistance do they use and develop?

4. Links to politico-economic transformations: How are changes in the political regulation of migration linked to broader societal transformations such as the rise of neoliberalism, new industrial relations and the ongoing economic crisis? How do these societal shifts impact migration regimes? And, how do these regimes emerge on the global, transnational, national and city scales?

5. Sociological self-reflection: What implications do scientific accounts of political developments have for future research practices? What (unintended) role do sociologists play in the (re-)production of migration regimes? How can sociologists remain relevant without becoming part of the very system they criticise?
We encourage contributions on theoretical, empirical and methodological issues. Studies involving longitudinal and/or comparative analyses and contributions focusing on the European context are particularly welcome, as are papers which analyse everyday practices and strategies of action and resistance of migrants and their families.

 

Courses: International Summer School in Forced Migration, Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford

INTERNATIONAL SUMMER SCHOOL IN FORCED MIGRATION
Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford
7-25 July 2014
http://www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/study/international-summer-school

Applications are open for the Refugee Studies Centre’s International Summer School in Forced Migration, taking place at the University of Oxford, 7-25 July 2014.

The International Summer School in Forced Migration fosters dialogue between academics, practitioners and policymakers working to improve the situation of refugees and forced migrants.

The Summer School offers an intensive, interdisciplinary and participative approach to the study of forced migration. It aims to enable people working with refugees and other forced migrants to reflect critically on the forces and institutions that dominate the world of the displaced.

Now in its 25th year, the three-week course combines the very best of Oxford’s academic excellence with a stimulating and participatory method of critical learning and reflection.

The Summer School is intended for:

. Mid-career and senior policymakers and practitioners involved with humanitarian assistance and policy making for forced migrants. Participants typically include host government officials, intergovernmental and non-governmental agency personnel engaged in planning, administering and co-ordinating assistance.
. Researchers specialising in the study of forced migration.

Curriculum

Over three weeks, the course looks at the complex phenomenon of forced migration from a number of different angles. Beginning with reflection on the diverse ways of conceptualising forced migration, the course considers the political, legal and wellbeing issues associated with contemporary displacement. Individual course modules also tackle a range of other topics, including globalisation and forced migration, and negotiating strategies in humanitarian situations. For more detailed information, click here: http://www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/study/international-summer-school/structure

Teaching

Lecturers, tutors and seminar leaders are drawn both from the Refugee Studies Centre and from outside institutions. They include research staff, academics and professionals from a number of disciplines and practices, including anthropology, politics, law, psychology, international relations and social development. To see a list of recent lecturers, click here: http://www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/study/international-summer-school/teaching

How to apply

The closing date for applications is 1 May 2014. The deadline for bursary applications has now passed. As the Summer School is typically oversubscribed, we recommend that you apply early.

Fee: £3,220. This includes 19 nights’ bed-and-breakfast accommodation; all tuition; all course materials, including reading materials; and a range of social activities. Lunches, evening and weekend meals are not included in the course fee.

Apply via our online application form: http://www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/study/international-summer-school/apply

For all enquiries, please contact:

Heidi El-Megrisi, International Summer School and Conferences Manager
Refugee Studies Centre
Oxford Department of International Development
University of Oxford
3 Mansfield Road
Oxford OX1 3TB, UK
Email: summer.school@qeh.ox.ac.uk
Tel: +44 (0)1865 281728

 

Call for Papers: ‘Race’, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies PhD Symposium 2014

Please circulate this call for papers to any PhD students you think might be interested. We are keen to foster a cross-disciplinary symposium, so applications are welcome from arts and humanities, law, policy, economics etc.

 

Call for Papers:

 

‘Race’, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies PhD Symposium 2014

 

The London School of Economics and Political Science,

 

Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE

 

Thursday 12th & Friday 13th June, 2014

 

 

 

You are invited to participate in the fifth annual ‘Race’, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies (REPS) PhD symposium. Building on the success of recent years, the REPS symposium provides an intimate forum for PhD research students at UK academic institutions to exchange ideas, present new work, receive constructive feedback from scholars and work collaboratively with peers across disciplines and institutions. We are pleased to announce the launch of a national network initiative to expand this London-based university network to include support and participation from other institutions, faculty and students nationally. Leading academics in the field will chair sessions. Past chairs include: Claire Alexander, Les Back, Chetan Bhatt, Suki Ali, Caroline Knowles, Anshuman Mondal, Paul Gilroy, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Michael Keith, Nirmal Puwar, Liza Schuster and John Solomos, among others.

Presentations may be based on recently completed, in progress or planned research broadly related to issues and debates in ‘race’, ethnicity and post-colonial studies, from migration to multiculturalism. The symposium will be hosted at the The London School of Economics and Political Science and will take place over two full days: Thursday 12th and Friday 13th June 2014. Participants are expected to attend both days.

 


Participants will each be given 12 minutes to present their work. Eligible formats include: Sole-authored papers; Co-authored papers; Dialogues between two or more participants around a ‘REPS’-themed paper or discussion topic; Film; Art work; Posters. Inputs will be clustered into sessions chaired by academics with opportunities for questions, answers and discussion in a supportive environment.

The deadline for title, abstracts and short bio (maximum 250 words) is midnight April 25, 2014. Please ensure that the abstract highlights both the content and format of your input. Applicants will be notified about acceptance by May 2, 2014, at which point accepted participants will receive more detailed information about travel bursaries sponsored by the Runnymede Trust, and also given further information about an informal volunteer accommodation assistance that individuals in the network living in London are offering up to facilitate broader participation from students outside of London. This year’s symposium is sponsored jointly by the LSE Social Policy and LSE Sociology Departments and has received additional financial support from the Runnymede Trust’s AHRC Academic Forum grant and Mike Savage’s ESRC Professorial Fellowship.

 


To submit titles and abstracts, or for further information, please contact the organising committee at mailto:
reps.phd@gmail.com

 

REPS 2014 Organizing Committee

 

London Metropolitan University, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities

 

City University, Department of Sociology

 

Queen Mary, Business School

 

Goldsmiths, Department of Sociology

London School of Economics, Departments of Sociology and Social Policy

 

Conferences: European Congress on Asylum

EUROPEAN CONGRESS ON ASYLUM
Brussels, 8 & 9 April 2014
http://www.ulb.ac.be/assoc/odysseus/CEASE.html

Ladies and Gentlemen, Colleagues and Friends,

I have the honor, on behalf of the Odysseus Academic Network, to inform you about the 7th European Congress of Jurists specialised in Immigration and Asylum that will take place in Brussels on 8 and 9 April 2014. This edition is devoted to the 2nd generation of asylum instruments adopted on 26 June 2013 and will propose to the audience:
. a “vertical” approach of each instrument by a general report presenting the novelties and measuring the progress accomplished towards more harmonisation;
. a “horizontal” approach of key questions analysed throughout all the instruments to evaluate their coherence by a panel of experts after each report.

The final session will assess the progress towards a CEAS (Common European Asylum System) as we will argue that it is not finalised in view of the strategic guidelines that will be adopted in June by the European Council to follow up the Stockholm programme.

Odysseus has mobilised all its members in the 28 Member States together with the best experts of asylum law in Europe and high-level practitioners from the EU institutions and the EASO, Member States’ administrations and representatives of UNHCR and NGOs. Many of them have been personally involved in the negotiations of the new asylum legislations. This congress will therefore be a unique opportunity to better understand the legal and political developments of asylum in the EU and to network with the numerous people who will attend. As the places are limited, we advise you to register quickly through our website: http://www.ulb.ac.be/assoc/odysseus/CEASE.html

 

Event: Everyday Nationhood: A One-Day Symposium to Examine the Contribution of Michael Billig’s Study of Banal Nationalism

Everyday Nationhood: A One-Day Symposium to Examine the Contribution of Michael Billig’s Study of Banal Nationalism

Monday 8th September 2014, London School of Economics & Political Science

Organised by the Association for the Study of Ethnicity & Nationalism (ASEN) and the School of Political, Social & International Studies, University of East Anglia

Published in 1995, Michael Billig’s Banal Nationalism is the fourth most cited text on nationalism and arguably the most influential book on the topic in the last two decades. Focusing on contemporary and everyday expressions of nationhood, the study marked a profound shift away from previous attempts to map the transformation to an era of nations and the association of nationalism with political violence, civil conflict and extremist movements.

Billig’s arguments have been picked up by scholars working in an impressive range of disciplines as part of the recent turn to the ‘everyday’, and the term ‘banal’ has come to form a short hand for the study of the ways in which particular representations, forms of social organisation and cultural practice become normalised and taken-for-granted.

This one-day symposium will look to assess the contribution of the Banal Nationalism thesis, examine its application across disciplines and settings, and ask where studies of nations, social identities and everyday life might be headed over the next two decades. The event will feature a keynote address by Professor Craig Calhoun (Director of the LSE) one of the leading theorists of nationalism, cosmopolitanism and social identity in the contemporary era.

We welcome proposals for 20 minute papers from both established scholars and PGR students, in any discipline, addressing: theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of everyday nationhood / social identities, empirical studies of the phenomenon, the application of Billig’s arguments to non-national frameworks as well as critiques of the Banal Nationalism thesis.

Please send a 250-300 words proposal to Michael Skey (m.skey@uea.ac.uk) by Friday 13th June 2014.

Those applying can expect written confirmation by Friday 4th July 2014. It is anticipated that a selection of papers relating to the symposium will form part of a special edition of a peer-reviewed scholarly journal.

The cost of attending the symposium, which will cover lunch and refreshments on the day, will be £15.

 

CFMS CALL FOR PAPERS: International Workshop

CALL FOR PAPERS: International Workshop

Refugee Protection Outside of the International Legal Framework: Expanding Cross-National and Cross-Disciplinary Collaborations
(Funded though the NSF Law and Social Sciences program)

May 27-28, 2014

Link:-  www.bcics.northwestern.edu/programs/migration/callforpapers2014.html

Center for Forced Migration Studies at the Buffett Center for International & Comparative Studies, Northwestern University, Evanston, USA

80% of the world’s refugees seek asylum in non-democratic states, or states that have not signed the 1951 International Convention for the Protection of Refugees and 1967 Protocol, do not have implementing legislation or, if they do, do not grant refugees rights as defined by the Refugee Convention. The Center for Forced Migration Studies at Northwestern University invites submissions for a two-day workshop designed to promote cross-disciplinary discussion and engage researchers, practitioners and policy makers in the theoretical and practical issues, the lessons to be learned and the strategies for achieving protection in these states, about which we know far too little. The workshop seeks to build community and was intentionally designed in collaboration with the International Association for the Study of Forced Migration, the Refugee Research Network, the Asian Pacific Refugee Rights Network and the Southern Refugee Legal Aid Network. We seek to expand and broaden our knowledge community to advance theorizing about the meanings, rules or laws governing refugee status outside of the Refugee Convention framework, address empirical puzzles regarding how refugees and international refugee advocacy networks mobilize international and national law, and identify promising lines of inquiry regarding how national institutions define, mediate and respond to refugee legal concerns. These impacts are central both to theory-building concerning legal mobilization and decision making by institutions and to understanding where and how a refugee status determination process structures refugee lives.

As refugee crises increase in duration and frequency, there is growing reluctance by states, party to the Refugee Convention, to be held to the letter or spirit of the Convention. The dialogue advanced at the workshop will assist in mapping the future of protection outside strict Refugee Convention parameters and inform efforts to provide alternative statuses and processes of protection to refugees who are unable to access national asylum status. The workshop seeks to further future research collaborations to answer questions about the behavior, treatment of people and processes of refugee status determination and protection in these contexts and the methodology through which we might measure outcomes and understand how the decision not to ratify the Refugee Convention affects refugee protection and local integration. Having such knowledge will contribute to United States’ efforts, as well as those of other states, the UNHCR and other UN agencies and international organizations, to provide sustainable solutions for refugees, victims of armed conflict or natural disaster, and stateless people around the world.

The workshop seeks to draw not only established experts, but also new scholars, graduate students and voices of underrepresented regions and groups. We invite submissions from any discipline, methodology, or a combination of them, that address the workshop themes listed below, including, but not limited to:

-   Historical Legacies of Refugee Reception (papers that address how countries such as the United States received refugees prior to the passage of national legislation).
-   Alternative Legacies: The Experience of Partition and National Understandings of Refugees (papers that address the decision of countries at the time of the adoption of the 1951 Refugee Convention and/or 1967 Protocol not to become party to the Convention. What rationales did these decisions follow and how did these decisions relate to the experience of displaced populations at the time)
-   Formal Refugee Status Determination (RSD) Processes (papers that address, but are not limited to, the RSD process in transition/emerging systems such as Israel, Korea and Kenya; complementary forms of refugee protection such as temporary protected status; judicial decisions based systems in non-party states such as that in India)
-   Quasi-Legal Non-State Mechanisms and Informal RSD Processes (papers that address community based concepts of protection or hospitality, common law principles of non-refoulement; local instruments, agents and institutions that provide refugee protection in the absence of formal law; refugee survival strategies that become “quasi legal”)
-   Methods of Studying Socio-Legal Processes of Refugee Status in Local Contexts (papers that offer new methodological approaches to how we might understanding the costs and benefits of implementing an RSD process for the state and/or for the refugee seeking protection; methodological approaches to understanding the refugee experience of RSD in non-party states)

CONFERENCE VENUE
Northwestern University, Evanston, IL/USA

FORMAT
The workshop will have plenary sessions and working group sessions with lead participants/rapporteurs designed to promote an inclusive and interdisciplinary dialogue. A final session will allow for a “report back” of rapporteurs, recommendations and conclusions.

ORGANIZERS
Galya Ruffer, Center for Forced Migration Studies & Dept. of Political Science, Northwestern University
Bruce Spencer, Department of Statistics, Northwestern University

CONFERENCE COMMITTEE
James Simeon (York University), Jessica Therkelsen (Asylum Access & Vice-Chair of the Southern Refugee Legal Aid Network), Brian Barbour (Asia Pacific Refugee Rights Network), David Cantor (Refugee Law Initiative), Roni Amit (African Centre for Migration and Society) and Danesh Jayatilaka (Final year PhD student University of Colombo/University of Sussex)

ABSTRACT SUBMISSON
Please submit abstracts for papers or requests to serve as a lead participant by email to g-ruffer@northwestern.edu. Abstracts should include a title, your contact details (name, affiliation, mailing address, email) and description of your workshop paper (250-400 words) or qualifications for serving as a lead participant/rapporteur.

IMPORTANT DATES
Deadline for abstract submission: April 1st, 2014
Notification of Acceptance: April 15th, 2014

UK Home Office Report: Impacts of migration on UK native employment: An analytical review of the evidence

UK Home Office Research and analysis

Impacts of migration on UK native employment: an analytical review of the evidence

Ref: ISBN 978 1 78246 330 6, Occasional Paper 109 PDF, 1.15MB, 77 pages

Impacts of migration on UK native employment: an analytical review of the evidence”), and its references (ISBN: 978 1 78246 330 6, Unique reference: Occasional Paper 109).

The impacts of migration on the UK are complex and wide-ranging, affecting economic, social and cultural aspects of life in the UK. This evidence review does not cover any of the social or cultural aspects. It focuses narrowly on one of the potential economic effects, the impact on the employment of existing UK residents.

CMRB Event: Gender, Fundamentalism and Racism

The University of East London’s CMRB (Centre for research on Migration, Refugees and Belonging) and SOAS’ Centre for Gender Studies are pleased to announce the following seminar:

GENDER, FUNDAMENTALISM AND RACISM

This seminar will take place in the Khalili Theatre, SOAS, London, WC1H 0XG

www.soas.ac.uk/visitors/location/maps/#RussellSquareCampusMap

Saturday 10th May 2014, 2–5pm

Georgie Wemyss, UEL and Rebecca Durand

Voices from Adult Education

Pragna Patel
, Southall Black Sisters

Excusing the inexcusable: Some reflections on the place of gender in the politics of race and religion in the UK

Rita Chadha, RAMFEL

Faith, the new Border Agent for Immigration: Perpetuating sexism and inter-community racism within faith based organisations–an East London case study 

Hana Riaz, LSE

The Woolwich Attack: The racialisation of Islam and Muslim identity in Britain

The event is free but space is limited so please reserve a place at

http://genderfundamentalismracism.eventbrite.co.uk

For more info on CMRB: uel.ac.uk/cmrb and facebook.com/CMRBuel

For more info on Centre for Gender Studies: http://www.soas.ac.uk/genderstudies/

Voices from Adult Education, Rebecca Durand and Dr. Georgie Wemyss

Based on experience of over two decades of activism and working in adult education in the London borough of Tower Hamlets the paper draws on the narratives of women and men in English Language and Access to Higher Education classes who have challenged racism, religious fundamentalisms and sexism in their everyday lives in order to carve out diverse futures for themselves. Their stories highlight the heterogeneity of experience and opinions within ‘communities’ represented as homogeneous in both discourses of multiculturalism dominant during the New Labour government and in present day critiques of so-called ‘separatist’ multiculturalism. Their stories demonstrate conflicts and complex negotiations over their life choices in the context of racist state institutions and transnational political religious networks.

Rebecca Durand has lived in Tower Hamlets for twenty-two years and teaches in the community provision of English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) at Tower Hamlets College.

Dr. Georgie Wemyss worked as a youth worker and further education teacher in Tower Hamlets for twenty-five years. She is currently Senior Research Fellow in the Research Centre for Migration, Refugees and Belonging (CMRB) at the University of East London where she is completing  ethnographic research on the Schengen border and within London as part of the EUBORDERSCAPES project. Her doctorate, in social anthropology, examined competing discourses of Britishness in the context of east London and its colonial histories. She completed her monograph The Invisible Empire: White Discourse, Tolerance and Belonging (Ashgate, 2009) whilst working as ESRC Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Surrey and as Visiting Fellow at Goldsmiths, University of London.  More recently she has written about Indian seafarers’ littoral resistances during the colonial period and South Asian settlement in the UK.

‘Excusing the inexcusable: Some reflections on the place of gender in the politics of race and religion in the UK’, Pragna Patel

Recent events from the sexual grooming scandal to the issue of gender segregation in universities have elicited a range of responses. At one extreme, there are those that serve to aid constructions of Muslims in particular as illiberal and backward.  At the other extreme, there are those that point to an ‘Islamaphobic’ conspiracy or attempts to derail ‘western feminism’. I explore these responses and show how they subsume the voices and political struggles of feminists within BME communities in a regressive politics of “resistance” that in fact conflates race with religion.

Pragna Patel is a founding member of the Southall Black Sisters and Women Against Fundamentalism. She worked as a co-ordinator and senior case worker for SBS from 1982 to 1993 when she left to train and practice as a solicitor. In 2009 she returned to SBS as its Director. She has been centrally involved in some of SBS’ most important cases and campaigns around domestic violence, immigration and religious fundamentalism. She has also written extensively on race, gender and religion.

Faith the new Border Agent for Immigration: Perpetuating sexism and inter-community racism within faith based organisations – an East London case study, Rita Chadha 
Following on from the Go Home Vans of the summer of 2013, this study will look at the impact and legacy of the campaign and specifically how it has impacted on the psyche and approach of faith groups in two London boroughs Barking & Dagenham and Redbridge. The study will specifically focus on the nature of faith based organising as it interrelates to issues of immigration and inter-sectionality drawing on RAMFEL’s with sex workers, irregular migrants, street sleepers and those that are destitute

Rita Chadha joined RAMFEL (The Refugee and Migrant Forum of Essex and London, www.ramfel.org.uk) as Chief Executive in 2006. Rita has previously worked in a variety of roles, both as a front line practitioner and manager for a number of local, regional, national and international charities. Throughout her professional career, and within her voluntary work, Rita’s focus has been on issues of equality across all the officially protected characteristics as well as income and poverty. Rita was born in East London and went to City University where she graduated with a BSc Sociology & Media Studies and MA in Communications Policy. In her spare time Rita is a keen charity event fundraiser and a bikram junkie.

The Woolwich Attack: The Racialisation of Islam and Muslim identity in Britain, Hana Riaz

When two British Nigerian Muslim converts murdered a white British soldier in Woolwich last year, much of the analysis following the incident centred on Islamic fundamentalism. However, this particular incident offered telling and complex narratives about race, gender and their relationship to a politicised Islam in contemporary Britain. As the War on Terror ensues, attempts to understand why Muslims in Britain are ‘susceptible’ to radicalisation have led Muslim to be nominally read as South Asian or Arab, and largely male. Here these particular types of brown male bodies reproduce anxieties about a hostile ‘otherness’, one that attempts to link fundamentalism as an externality or consequence of immigration and foreign policy. In positing their identities solely as ‘Muslim’, analysis on both the right and left, popular culture and policy, obscures complex narratives of  (un)belonging and inequality. At a time where the British state’s policies continue to use the War on Terror as a fundamental aspect of its neoliberal agenda, how then do we account for blackness, class, immigration and gender? And what might they reveal about Islam in Britain? Using the Woolwich attack as an alternative entry point to explore continuities and ruptures in racialisation processes in Britain, I examine the ways in which gender and identity are consequently configured for a heterogeneous body of Muslim women.

Hana Riaz has completed her Masters in Race, Ethnicity and Postcolonial Studies at the London School of Economics. She is a queer politically black, south Asian Muslim woman and feminist, a writer, blogger and believer in the transformatory power of love. She is the founder and digital curator of The Body Narratives.

 

New Reports and Publications

A collection of newly released reports and publications on Refugee and Forced Migration issues:

No Place like Home: Returns and Relocations of Somalia’s Displaced.
By Amnesty International.

“The environment in Kenya is now so hostile that some refugees feel they have no option but to return to Somalia where the ongoing conflict in parts of the country continues to destroy lives. This is tantamount to forced return” said Sarah Jackson, Deputy Regional Director at Amnesty International. Amnesty International’s report “No Place Like Home” reveals how life for Somali refugees has been made unbearable. People are denied access to registration, meaning they are illegally staying in Kenya, and are actively targeted by the police with indiscriminate arrests.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

Country Profiles by the Global Detention Project.
[Download Full Report]

Detention of Asylum Seekers: Analysis of Norway’s International Obligations, Domestic Law and Practice.
Produced by NOAS.
[Download Full Report]

Facilitating the Transition to Employment for Refugee Young People: A Data Update and Review of Recent Literature with a Focus on “What Works”
By the Centre for Multicultural Youth.
[Download Full Report]

Abused and Expelled: Ill-Treatment of Sub-Saharan African Migrants in Morocco.
By Human Rights Watch.

This 79-page report found that beatings and other abuses occurred as Moroccan security forces took custody of Sub-Saharan migrants who had tried unsuccessfully to reach the Spanish enclave of Melilla, or—prior to September 2013—as they were rounding up migrants without any semblance of due process to expel them to Algeria. Subsequent to the publication and printing of this report, the practice of summarily expelling migrants at the border with Algeria appears to have stopped. However, research in late January and early February 2014 in Oujda, Nador, and Rabat indicates that Moroccan security forces are still using violence against migrants expelled from Melilla. (Source: Human Rights Watch).

[Download Full Report]

Protection Checklist – Addressing Displacement and Protection of Displaced Populations and Affected Communities along the Conflict Cycle: A Collaborative Approach.
By OSCE and UNHCR.
[Download Full Report]

Overview of Research Literature and Reports about Violence against and amongst Refugees with a Focus on Sexual and Gender-based Violence.
Center for Conflict Studies.
[Download Full Report]

Preventing and Responding to Gender-based Violence in Humanitarian Contexts.
HPN Network Paper, no. 77.
Humanitarian Practice Network.
[Download Full Report]

The Human Rights of Stateless Rohingya in Thailand.
By the Equal Rights Trust.
[Download Full Report]

Guide to Dataset Use for Humanitarian and Development Practitioners.
By the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project.
[Download Full Report]

Securing Borders: The Intended, Unintended, and Perverse Consequences.
By the Migration Policy Institute.
[Download Full Report]

Between Destitution and a Hard Place: Finding Strength to Survive Refusal from the Asylum System – A Case Study from the North East of England.
By the University of Sunderland.
[Download Full Report]

The Organisation of Reception Facilities for Asylum Seekers in Different Member States.
By the European Migration Network.
[Download Full Report and Summary.]

 

Event: Free Workshop on War Refugees: 27 March 2014

International Public Workshop:

The ‘War Refugee’ and International War: New Global Approaches
27 March 2014, 4.00 pm | L103, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies

Speakers:

Jean-Francois Durieux (Geneva Graduate Institute)

Dr Kees Wouters (UNHCR)

Dr Joseph Rikhof (Justice Department Canada)

Chairs:

Professor James Simeon (CRS, Canada)

Dr David James Cantor (RLI, London)

This is the first of two International Public Seminars on ‘Armed Conflict, Generalised Violence and Asylum Law’ organised collaboratively by the Centre for Refugee Studies at York University, Canada, and the Refugee Law Initiative at University of London, UK. They take place by video-conferencing.

This session examines how new approaches are developing to the issue of ‘war refugees’ at the fringes of asylum law. Some maintain that existing international refugee law is amenable to interpretations that will provide protection to refugee from war and other generalized violence. Others, however, look for inspiration or concrete developments in related fields of international law relating to human rights, armed conflict and serious international crimes. This session aims to provide a public forum for presenting and debating these global refugee law issues.

Registration is free but participants should reserve a place here: http://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/the-war-refuge-and-international-law-new-global-approaches-tickets-8369851451?aff=eorg

 

Call for Papers: Oxford Monitor of Forced Migration, Vol. 4, No. 1

Call for Papers

Oxford Monitor of Forced Migration, Vol. 4, No. 1

DeadlineFriday, 28th March 2014

OxMo, the student journal dedicated to protecting and advancing the human rights of refugees and forced migrants, is accepting submissions for our sixth issue. We welcome articles fitting within the following sections.

For further information about the different sections and to review our style guidelines, please visit http://oxmofm.com/submissions/.

OxMo Monitors

Policy Monitor: critically examines policies and practices implemented by governments, (I)NGOs and UN agencies in all phases of forced migration

Law Monitor: critically analyses national and international laws, rulings and governmental policies as well as legal developments taking shape and their possible implications for the rights of forced migrants.

Field Monitor: critically explores direct experiences of working with forced migrants, including in field work or research in camps, or engagements with forced migrants in your local community.

Submissions to Monitor sections should be no longer than 1,500 words.

Academic Articles

This section provides a forum for students to explore practical and conceptual issues pertaining to forced migration. Submissions must engage with and interrogate existing literature on forced migration, present in-depth research in a given area, and offer original insights into a situation or trend. As OxMo recognises and values the multidisciplinary nature of Forced Migration Studies, we encourage submissions from across academic disciplines, including but not limited to: political science, law, anthropology, ethics and philosophy, sociology, economics and media studies.

Submissions to the Academic Articles must not exceed 6,000 words (including footnotes).

First Hand

This section encourages individuals to share personal reflections on experience(s) of displacement, presenting the opportunity to those directly affected by the laws, policies and activities of governments and agencies we monitor to give expression to their insights and perspectives. We seek critical, balanced analyses that allow the reader to gain an understanding of the context in which the report is written and that engages with wider implications of the situation described.

Articles for First Hand should be no longer than 1,500 words.

Closing date for submissions is Friday, 28th March 2014.

For any queries, please do not hesitate to contact us at oxmofm@googlemail.com.

New resources: Refugee Research Network online discussion forum

The RRN is very pleased to announce the launch of its online (moderated) discussion forum: http://refugeeresearch.net/ms/forums/

Over the next few months, we will be holding a series of online discussions that address issues raised during various events (conferences, workshops, symposia) in a more in depth way than is traditionally available through the time constraints of a panel format and Q&A’s.

We invite you to participate! The discussions will generally take place over two week periods, throughout the year.  They will be moderated, and at the end, the “threads” will be collected, edited and published as an e-pub document as part of a larger “e-Symposium” and posted on various partner sites, including in the RRN repository. It will be easily available online to all, and will provide a quick snapshot of current thinking about particular themes and issues.

Our first scheduled discussion will be “Gender, Security and Access to Education in the Dadaab Refugee Camps”, held between March 26 – April 9, 2014 (organized by the RRN’s Gender & Sexuality Cluster). The link to the forum is here: http://refugeeresearch.net/ms/forums/?p=130.

Next up will be “What are the implications of human rights for our understandings of refugee law?”, held between April 23 – May 7, 2014 (co-sponsored by the Refugee Law Initiative (http://www.sas.ac.uk/hrc/projects/refugee-law-initiative) as a follow up to their conference ‘On the Borders of Refugee Protection: The Impact of Human Rights Law on Refugee Law – Comparative Practice and Theory  held at the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London on 13th and 14th November 2013). The link to the forum is here: http://refugeeresearch.net/ms/forums/?p=49

Everyone can read the content, but if you would like to contribute, you must register on the site as a user. Further instructions can be found here: http://refugeeresearch.net/ms/forums/how-to-participate/

We’re looking forward to what we expect will be an exciting series of discussions!

Michele Millard . Coordinator
Centre for Refugee Studies

 

Publication: UNHCR Report: Asylum Trends 2013

UNHCR Report: Asylum Trends 2013

This is to inform you that the following report has been published today and can be downloaded from the UNHCR website at http://www.unhcr.org/532afe986.html.

- Asylum Trends 2013 (Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries)

Key findings:

Copyright: UNHCR

A.  An estimated 612,700 asylum applications were registered in 2013 in the 44 industrialized countries covered by the report, some 133,000 claims more than the year before (+28%). This is the third consecutive annual increase and the second highest annual level of the past 20 years.

B.  With 109,600 new asylum applications registered during 2013, Germany was for the first time since 1999 the largest single recipient of new asylum claims among the group of industrialized countries. The United States of America was second with an estimated 88,400 asylum applications, followed by France (60,100), Sweden (54,300), and Turkey (44,800). The top five receiving countries together accounted for six out of ten new asylum claims submitted in the 44 industrialized countries.

C.  The Syrian Arab Republic, the Russian Federation, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Serbia (and Kosovo: Security Council resolution 1244 (1999))  were the five top source countries of asylum-seekers in the 44 industrialized countries in 2013. Among the top-10 countries of origin six are currently experiencing violence or conflict – Syria, Afghanistan, Eritrea, Somalia, Iraq and Pakistan.

D.  The Syrian Arab Republic became for the first time the main country of origin of asylum-seekers in the 44 industrialized countries. Provisional data indicate that some 56,400 Syrians requested refugee status in 2013, more than double the number of 2012 (25,200 claims) and six times more than in 2011 (8,500 claims). The 2013 level is the highest number recorded by a single group among the industrialized countries since 1999.

New Reports and Publications on Children; Refugee Law; North Africa; Syria; Trafficking Humanitarian Evidence

A collection of newly released reports and publications on Refugee and Forced Migration issues:

Children on the Run: Unaccompanied Children Leaving Central America and Mexico and the Need for International Protection.
A new report by UNHCR.

WASHINGTON, DC, United States, March 12 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency, in a report released on Wednesday, said it was concerned at the increasing numbers of children in the Americas forced from their homes and families, propelled by violence, insecurity and abuse in their communities and at home.
(Source: UNHCR).

[Download Full Report]

Children’s Report: Stand with me, Our Uncertain Future.
By World Vision.

A new report, written and researched by refugee children three years after the beginning of the Syrian conflict, reveals children are burdened by financial insecurity, physical and verbal abuse and increasingly uncertain futures.

In the report, supported by international agency World Vision, the children found that 86 percent of their peers have been exposed to violence in their new communities.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

 

[Download Full Report]

Guide on Establishing a Refugee Law Clinic.
By the Hungarian Helsinki Committee.
[Download Full Report]

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Handbook for the North African Region
By IOM.

Description: In response to the growing need to facilitate and assist the voluntary return and reintegration of vulnerable migrants in North Africa, IOM Egypt has produced the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Handbook for the North African Region. This handbook will serve as a tool to build the capacities of governments, NGOs, international organizations and other relevant partners in North Africa to establish effective assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR) programmes in accordance with IOM standards. AVRR is an indispensable part of IOM’s comprehensive approach to migration governance that supports the orderly and humane return and reintegration of migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host countries and wish to voluntarily return to their countries of origin.
(Source: IOM).

[Download Full Report]

Syria: Squeezing the life out of Yarmouk: War crimes against besieged civilians.
By Amnesty International.
[Download Full Report]

Humanitarian Action for Children 2014: Overview.
Published by UNICEF.
[Download Full Report]

“I wanted to lie down and die”: Trafficking and Torture of Eritreans in Sudan and Egypt.
A new report published by Human Rights Watch.
[Download Full Report]

Tip of the Iceberg? Improving the Interpretation and Presentation of Trafficking Data By. ICMPD,
[Download Full Report]

Insufficient Evidence? The Quality and Use of Evidence in Humanitarian Action.
Published by ALNAP.
[Download Full Report]

 

 

 

Archive News Stories (weekly)

  • “The UK Foreign Office is holding a conference to explain how it will finally place into the public domain millions of public records that it has unlawfully held for decades – but is refusing to allow members of the public to attend.

    Selected historians and archivists have been invited to the event on 9 May, known as Records Day, but the FCO has said it will not admit the public or media.

    Meanwhile, a basic inventory of the 1.2m files that have been posted on a government website has been altered, with all references to the cold war spies Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean having disappeared. An earlier version of the inventory made clear that the withheld files on the two men took up more than 4 metres of shelving.”

    tags:archives

  • “In my last blog post I wrote about how the UK government Web Archive (UKGWA) can be a useful resource for contemporary historians. It represents changing forms of communication used by the government and an opportunity to compare an official record provided at the time with a secret official record released 20 years later.”

    tags:archives

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

UK Government News Releases (weekly)

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

New Research and Publications (weekly)

  • “GENEVA, March 21 (UNHCR) – The UN refugee agency on Friday issued a report saying there was a sharp rise in asylum claims in 44 industrialized countries over the course of last year, driven primarily by the crisis in Syria.

    UNHCR’s “Asylum Trends 2013″ report says 612,700 people applied for asylum in North America, Europe, East Asia and the Pacific last year – the highest total for any year since 2001.”

    tags:reports publications

  • “Based on research carried out in Birmingham, Bradford and Manchester, the report argues that there is a ‘void’ in grassroots representation of the Pakistani community in the media and at local and national government levels. Without the opportunity to see the diverse viewpoints that exist in their community being taken up and considered in the issues considered by politicians and media commentators young British-Pakistanis are in danger of becoming marginalised and alienated from the mainstream of society.”

    tags:reports publications

  • “The Protection Manual is UNHCR’s repository of protection policy and guidance. The Protection Manual is updated whenever a new protection policy or guidance document is published, and can thus be relied upon to represent the latest UNHCR protection policy / guidance. The Protection Manual is organized by theme/subject. Under each heading, the documents are arranged in reverse chronological order and are accessible through a hyperlink. Documents from external sources are generally not included (unless they provide guidance on protection-related topics that also applies to or has specifically been endorsed by UNHCR, such as interagency guidance). At the end of each subject heading, relevant related sources are listed, containing older guidance and documents which serve as background reading.”

    tags:reports publications

  • “Immigration (places of detention) direction 2014 came into effect on 17 February 2014.”

    tags:reports publications

  • “In this paper, IPPR brings together its ideas and research on migration from across the last five years to propose a comprehensive Fair Deal on migration for the UK – a set of policies and approaches that address all aspects of migration in a fair and realistic way, and which would make Britain’s economy fairer and our society stronger.”

    tags:reports publications

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

New Journal Articles (weekly)

  • “Based on qualitative interviews conducted between 2008 and 2012 with Burmese forced migrants in Thailand, this study focuses on the practice of protection and management within long-stay refugee camps. Beyond official refugee status determination, the everyday interactions between authority-types and forced migrant subjects affirm or challenge notions of who gets to be considered a refugee and who is entitled to humanitarian protection. This article considers authorities as ‘street-level bureaucrats’, who rely on institutional power and resources as they wield discretion to interpret camp policy and Thai law in ways that reflect perceptions of Burmese migrants as criminal and deviant. At the same time, this study shows that forced migrants develop strategies to survive this context and assert their claims to rights and their own notion of what it means to be a refugee; pointing to ways protection can be enhanced in such protracted situations. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “The article is concerned with the relationship between the processes of return after mass displacement, and social repair. If mass displacement frays the social fabric of the family and community, possibilities of re-crafting a viable sociality are also found within these intimate relations. Thus, we look to the everyday as a space of negotiation and renegotiation of social relationships that make life meaningful. The article considers these propositions in the context of the forced displacement of up to 90 per cent of the Acholi population during the height of the war in northern Uganda between 1986 and 2008, and in the processes of mass return of displaced persons after the war. It takes as a point of departure the efforts of two sisters as they struggle to overcome their displacement from family networks, and seek to restore their status through the performance of Acholi notions of motherhood. Their efforts are collectivized by working with other female heads of households to trace paternal clans, and secure a future for their children. The concept of social repair, we suggest, illuminates the way return involves the day-to-day processual negotiation of relationships. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “This article investigates the European Union (EU)’s answer to the Libya crisis of 2011 to show the unresolved dilemmas of an intergovernmental approach to foreign and defence policies. The Lisbon Treaty has institutionalized a dual constitution or decision-making regime: supranational for the policies of the single market, and intergovernmental for the policies traditionally at the core of national sovereignty, such as foreign and defence policies. In the most significant test for the EU foreign and defence policies in the post-Lisbon era, the intergovernmental approach generated unsatisfactory outcomes because it was unable to solve structural and institutional problems of collective action. Without revising the intergovernmental constitution, it will be difficult for the EU as an actor to play a role in international politics in the future.”

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “Although it is now increasingly recognized that the stratification of immigrant populations according to legal status has an important impact on integration outcomes, theoretical models and empirical tests of this linkage are rare. This article theorizes how legal-status differences and the corresponding differential treatment by the host government might impact on immigrants’ life chances generally, and on immigrant children’s educational opportunities in particular. In an empirical part of the article, Germany serves as an example of pronounced and highly differentiated legal stratification. For the immigrant cohorts of 1987 to 2003, an institutional analysis characterizes different dimensions of group-specific governmental reception with regard to their direct or indirect relevance for educational opportunities. Based on nationally representative data of the German Mikrozensus, multivariate statistical analyses show the effect of legal status on the types of German school diplomas attained by 1.5-generation immigrants. Though family background including parental education also plays an important part in explaining intergroup disparities, I can demonstrate that a favourable legal status and an inclusive reception by the state are associated with lower educational risks. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

  • “Comparative studies have shown that, along with individual and group characteristics, the context of settlement and the context of exit influence the political incorporation of migrants in the host country (region/locality). Yet does the context of settlement influence political participation of migrants in the country (region/locality) they left behind? In this article we study electoral participation of Colombian expatriates in their home country by analyzing Colombians’ intentions to participate in the 2010 elections. In order to assess the factors that shape this participation, we analyzed data from a survey of Colombians in five cities in the United States and Europe. We find that individual resources and social capital factors are superseded by motivational, migratory, and institutional (registration) factors. More important for our concern, we also find that the local context in which migrants are embedded creates significant variation in expatriates’ electoral participation. “

    tags:newjournalarticles

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Events: Symposium on Roma integration in the UK

Roma Integration in the UK

A People, Place and Policy symposium

Sheffield Hallam University, Room: Stoddart Building 7138

Wednesday 30th April, 2014 12-5pm

Anti-Roma sentiment, or “Romaphobia”, has been on the increase across Europe in recent years.  Though far from a new phenomenon, repressive and controlling policies of dispersal and/or containment have emerged alongside increased migration of Roma from Central and Eastern Europe.  Europe’s Roma are often associated, through public media discourse, with negative stereotypes which draw upon notions of an alien and nomadic culture, criminality, anti-social behaviour, benefit dependency, a lack of worth ethic etc.  Such attitudes towards the Roma invariably lead to their stigmatisation, marginalisation and segregation from the “mainstream”.  This is despite a concerted effort at the EU level to begin to address the centuries old persecution and hostility towards the continent’s Roma and facilitate their integration with wider societies.

More recently, these anti-Roma sentiments have reached new heights within the UK with high profile cases of the Roma “problem”, as it is constructed by politicians and the media, in Northern Ireland in 2008 and more recently in Glasgow and Sheffield late in 2013.  A growing hysteria crystallised around the opening of the UK’s borders to the free movement of Bulgarians and Romanians in January 2014; the media and public response to which could certainly be perceived as a “moral panic” – though one which needs to be situated within a much longer term process of Roma “problematization”.

This symposium is a direct response to these worrying developments.  It brings together leading academics in the field in order to address this changing context for Roma populations and its relationship to EU/national citizenship, integration/segregation, stigmatisation, marginalisation and media representations.

Confirmed speakers and papers:

·         Phil Brown, Phil Martin and Lisa Scullion, University of Salford: “Migrant Roma in the UK and the need to estimate population size”

 

·         Helen O’Nions, Nottingham Law School: “Some Citizens Are More Equal Than Others”

 

·         Judith Okely, University of Oxford: “Recycled (mis)representations: Gypsies, Travellers or Roma treated as objects, rarely subjects.”

 

·         Colin Clark, University of the West of Scotland: “Glasgow’s Ellis Island”? The integration and stigmatisation of Govanhill’s Roma population

The papers presented here will appear in a Special Issue of People, Place and Policy Online – an independent forum for academic and policy debate on the challenges faced by contemporary society – at the end of April 2014.  The Special Issue and this event are intended to provide a rapid response to these growing concerns and hopefully bring some objectivity to a debate invariably characterised by stereotype and misrepresentation at best, and overt racism at worst.

We welcome contributions and perspectives from anyone engaged with these issues – academics, policy-makers, practitioners, advocates and the public alike.

A buffet lunch will be provided from 12-1pm with further refreshments in the afternoon.

For more information or to reserve a place at the symposium please contact: Emma Smith (e.smith@shu.ac.uk) or Sarah Ward (sarah.ward@shu.ac.uk) by email or by telephone: 0114 225 3073.

For more information on PPP journal please visit: http://extra.shu.ac.uk/ppp-online/

 

Events: Human Rights Watch film festival (London): refugee-related films

Human Rights Watch is delighted to be screening two wonderful refugee-related films at our festival this year. Flyers attached and details below. Hope to see some of you there! [Moderator's note: Please see all details below.]

Evaporating Borders (Exclusive preview) + Q & A with filmmaker

A visual essay in five parts, Evaporating Borders is told through a series of vignettes that explore the lives of asylum seekers and political refugees on the island of Cyprus. Cyprus is one of the easiest points of entry into Europe. Through the microcosm of the current situation in Cyprus, the film explores tolerance and immigration practices throughout Europe and the Western world-where migrating populations have become subject to a variety of human rights abuses. The film looks at what it means to be displaced and examines the idea of belonging and notions of diaspora, exile, and migration.

Screening on 24 March, 18:30 at Barbican and 26 March, 18:30 at Ritzy Brixton

Info and Tickets:  http://ff.hrw.org/film/evaporating-borders?city=4

If you would be willing to share information we have created some sample content:

Facebook:

. Human Rights Watch Film Festival 2014 is screening ‘Evaporating Borders’ on 24 & 26 March. Documentary explores life for asylum seekers in Cyprus. Trailer and tickets at http://ff.hrw.org/film/evaporating-borders?city=4

. Amazing fortnight of films, courageous activists and filmmakers at the Human Rights Watch Film Festival London. Be inspired! Full lineup here: http://ff.hrw.org/london

Twitter:

. What’s it like seeking asylum in Cyprus? See Evaporating Borders @hrwfilmfestival http://ff.hrw.org/film/evaporating-borders?city=4

. Would you seek asylum in Cyprus? Evaporating Borders @hrwfilmfestival http://ff.hrw.org/film/evaporating-borders?city=4

The Beekeeper (UK Premiere)

The Beekeeper relates the touching story of Ibrahim Gezer, a Kurdish beekeeper from southeast Turkey, and his unusual experience of integration into the seemingly conservative heart of today’s Switzerland. The turmoil of the decades-long conflict between the Turkish state and the armed Kurdish guerrilla movement has left him only with his love for bees and his unshakeable faith in humanity. Displaced from his home and livelihood, the beekeeper discovers a new life in Switzerland.

Screening on 23 March, 16:00 at Barbican and 24 March, 18:15 at Ritzy Brixton

Info and tickets: http://ff.hrw.org/film/beekeeper

If you would be willing to share information we have created some sample content.

Facebook:

. Amazing fortnight of films, courageous activists and filmmakers at the Human Rights Watch Film Festival London. Be inspired! Full lineup here: http://ff.hrw.org/london

. Human Rights Watch Film Festival in London is showing THE BEEKEEPER on 23 & 24 March at Barbican & Ritzy Brixton. Info & tickets: http://ff.hrw.org/london

Twitter:

.  @hrwfilmfestival London is showing touching documentary THE BEEKEEPER on 23/24 March http://ff.hrw.org/london

. UK premiere of touching documentary THE BEEKEEPER is screening at London @hrwfilmfestival on 23&24 March http://ff.hrw.org/london

 

Archives News Stories 03/22/2014

  • “The UK Foreign Office is holding a conference to explain how it will finally place into the public domain millions of public records that it has unlawfully held for decades – but is refusing to allow members of the public to attend.

    Selected historians and archivists have been invited to the event on 9 May, known as Records Day, but the FCO has said it will not admit the public or media.

    Meanwhile, a basic inventory of the 1.2m files that have been posted on a government website has been altered, with all references to the cold war spies Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean having disappeared. An earlier version of the inventory made clear that the withheld files on the two men took up more than 4 metres of shelving.”

    tags:archives

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

News Stories (Daily) 03/22/2014

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Second Postgraduate Workshop on Refugee Law

REFUGEE LAW INITIATIVE, UNIVERSITY OF LONDON
Doctoral Affiliates Network

SECOND POSTGRADUATE WORKSHOP ON REFUGEE LAW
SENATE HOUSE, UNIVERSITY OF LONDON
25 APRIL 2014

The Doctoral Affiliates Network of the Refugee Law Initiative (RLI) at the School of Advanced Study, University of London, is pleased to announce its 2nd Postgraduate Workshop on International Refugee Law, which will take place on Friday 25th April 2014 at Senate House, University of London.

The Workshop brings together doctoral students, early career academics and practitioners from around the world to discuss some of the most debated issues in international refugee law today. The Workshop is structured around five thematic panels each chaired by a renowned scholar in the field, and is followed by a keynote address from Professor Helene Lambert.

To attend the Workshop please register here: http://ow.ly/uN3eH .

The deadline for registration is 16th April 2014. However spaces will be allocated on a first come first served basis. The registration fee of £20 includes lunch and refreshments throughout the day and an evening reception. Participants will also have the opportunity to attend an evening meal at which the themes and issues raised throughout the day can be discussed in a more informal setting.

Please see below for the Workshop Programme.

For further information on the Postgraduate Workshop please contact Dr Sarah Singer at sarah.singer@sas.ac.uk.

WORKSHOP PROGRAMME

9:00–9:30 – Registration, Tea / Coffee

9:30–9:45 – Formal Welcome: Professor Hélène Lambert (University of Westminster)

9:45–11:30Panel A: Asylum Decision Making Process and Procedures [Court room]

Chaired by Professor Gregor Noll (Lund University)

*        Credibility Assessment in the Swedish Migration Courts in the Light of the Principle of Non-Refoulement, Annkatrin Meyerson (Gothenburg University)

*        Realizing the Right to a Fair Hearing for Migrants and Asylum Seekers, Emma Borland (Cardiff University)

*        Advocacy and Judging in Asylum Appeals, Jessica Hambly (University of Bristol )

*        Identification and Referral of Trafficked Persons to the Asylum Procedure and Vice Versa,  Vladislava Stoyanova (Lund University)

11:30–13:15 – Panel B: Common European Asylum System (Part I) [Court room]

Chaired by Professor Elspeth Guild (Queen Mary, University of London)

*        ‘We Need to Talk about Dublin’: Revisiting Responsibility for Processing Asylum Claims in the European Union, Minos Mouzourakis (Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford)

*        The Recast EURODAC Regulation: Are Asylum-Seekers Treated as Suspected Criminals?,  Niovi Vavoula (School of Law, Queen Mary, University of London)

*        The Recast Reception Conditions Directive: Establishing a Dignified Standard of Living for Asylum-Seekers in the EU? , Evangelia (Lilian) Tsourdi (Université libre de Bruxelles & Université catholique de Louvain)

13:15–14:15 – Lunch

14:15–16:00 – Parallel Panels C and D

Panel C: The Common European Asylum System (Part II)  [Court room]

Chaired by Dr Violeta Moreno-Lax (Queen Mary, University of London)

*        The CJEU and the Common European Asylum System: System(ic) Interaction of Fragmentation?, Emanuela Parisciani (Scuola Superiore Sant’ Anna, Pisa & University of Dundee)

*        Internal Protection Alternative in the EU Qualification Directive, Jessica Schultz (University of Bergen)

*         ‘Protection Analysis’ in Status Determination – Can Courts in the European Union Get it Right?, Julian Lehmann (Global Public Policy Institute & Dresden University of Technology)

*        Has Temporary Protection Directive Become Obsolete? An Examination of the Temporary Protection Directive and its Lack of Implementation in View of the Recent Asylum Crisis in Mediterranean, Meltem Ineli Ciger (University of Bristol)

Panel D: Regional Responses to Refugee Protection [Room 102]

Chaired by Dr David J Cantor (Refugee Law Initiative, School of Advanced Study, University of London)

*        The Role of the South East Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), Lamneivah Sitlhou, Jawaharlal Nehru University)

*        Refugee Definition in the 2012 Regulation on the Right of Refuge in Ecuador: Why Strip away Cartagena?, Anne-Cecile Leyvraz (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva)

*        When the Solution is also a Challenge: Reviewing the Resettlement Refugee Model in South America through the Cases of Chile and Brazil, Marcia A. Vera Espinoza (University of Sheffield)

*        The Solidarity Programmes and the Mexico Plan of Action (MPA): Refugee Protection and Responsibility Sharing in Latin America, Stefania Eugenia Barichello (School of Advanced Study, University of London)

16:00–16:15: Afternoon tea

16:15–18:00 – Panel E: International Refugee Law and its Interaction with Other Branches of International Law [Court room]

Chaired by Professor Vincent Chetail (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva)

*        Human Rights Entitlements in Refugee Status Determination – Reducing the Scope of Refugee Protection, Janna Webels (University of Technololgy, Sidney & Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

*        The Persecution of Disabled Persons and the Human Rights Duty of Reasonable Accommodation, Stephanie Motz (University of Lucerne)

*        Protection from Climate Change-related Harm: What Direction for Litigation after New Zealand’s Teitiota Judgment?, Matthew Scott (Faculty of Law, Lund University)

*        Complementary Protection for Violations of Socioeconomic Rights: A Comparative Study of the European Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights, Bríd Ní Ghráinne (University of Oxford)

18:00-19:00 – Plenary and Reception

Keynote Address from Professor Helene Lambert (University of Westminster).

Download further details as a PDF File:  Second Postgraduate Workshop on International Refugee Law Programme and Registration Details

 

PhD Candidate in “Borders, memories and diasporic communities” within the Border Poetics/Border Culture research group at the Institute for Literature and Culture.

ANNOUNCEMENT:

PhD Candidate in “Borders, memories and diasporic communities” within the Border Poetics/Border Culture research group at the Institute for Literature and Culture.

UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences and Education, has a PhD position vacant for applicants who wish to obtain the degree of Philosophiae Doctor (PhD). The PhD position is for a fixed term: 4 years. The objective is completion of research training to the level of a doctoral degree. Admission to a PhD programme is a prerequisite for employment, and the programme period starts on commencement of the position. The PhD Candidate shall participate in the faculty’s organized research training, and the PhD project shall be completed during the period of employment. Information about the application process for admission to the PhD programme, application form and regulations for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor (PhD) are available at the following address: http://uit.no/ansatte/organisasjon/artikkel?p_menu=28713&p_document_id=133396&p_dimension_id=88147

The position is attached to the Department of Culture and Literature and to the research group Border Poetics / Border Culture: http://uit.no/borderpoetics.  The Department comprises a total of about 40 positions and conducts research, teaching and outreach activities in the subjects of comparative literature, Ancient Languages and Culture, English, Finnish, French, Nordic, Russian, Saami, German, Art History and Media and Documentation Science with library studies.

The position’s field of research/research project

Research projects should address the cultural dynamics of cross-border migration and diasporic communities from a diachronic perspective. Specifically, the project should look at the way in which border-crossings on different scales (global, national, regional, local) are represented and commemorated in diasporic communities, and what implications such commemorative processes have on discourses of difference and integration. The position might address such issues as cultural memory, the ‘right to memory’, cross-communal ‘performative’ encounters, ‘memory cultures’, ‘digital memories’, and ‘multidirectional memory’. We strongly encourage interdisciplinary approaches and we do not have a specific diasporic community in mind. Rather the candidate can choose the empirical frame of the project, but should have competence in the language of the selected community. Approaches could for example include, but is not limited to, an analysis of combinations of different medial forms suc
h as autobiographical literature and migrant’s video self-representations, or a comparative study of works of literature and films about, or produced by, particular diasporic communities. Research can be undertaken within media studies, comparative literature or within any of the language-specific fields currently investigated at the Dept. of Culture and Literature.

For further information, please contact Associate Professor Stephen Wolfe, tel. +47 77 64 42 72, e-mail: stephen.wolfe@uit.no , Postdoctoral Research Fellow Holger Pøtzsch, tlf. +47 77 64 53 80 (e-mail: holger.potzsch@uit.no) or head of the Department of Culture and Literature Ketil Zachariassen tel. +47 776 44258, e-mail: ketil.zachariassen@uit.no

The following reference number must be quoted in your application: 2014/33 and the application form must be completed by 17.04.2014: http://www.jobbnorge.no/en/available-jobs/job/100736/research-fellow-within-the-project-borders-memories-and-diasporic-communities

 

Call For Papers Refugees and Migrants: Unaccompanied Children in Britain 1914-2014

Call For Papers
Refugees and Migrants: Unaccompanied Children in Britain 1914-2014

Against the backdrop of intense contemporary debate on immigration, the University of Southampton’s Parkes Institute and the Centre for German-Jewish Studies at the University of Sussex are pleased to announce an interdisciplinary and international conference on unaccompanied child migration both in and out of the UK over the past century. The conference, to be held 17-18 July 2014 at The University of Southampton, seeks to explore all aspects of child migration and its impact on children, society, politics, education and history.

We invite abstracts for papers covering any topic related to Great Britain and unaccompanied child migration over the past one hundred years, including, but not limited to the following:
. Organisations and individuals working with child migrants
. Belgian children in the First World War
. Basque refugee children 1937-9
. The Kindertransport
. Post-war Holocaust orphans
. Out-migration to the Dominions in the 20th century
. Child migrants in the 1960s and 70s
. Contemporary unaccompanied child migration

This conference is open to postgraduates, early career and established academics in any relevant discipline.

Abstracts of 300 words, for papers of 20 minutes and a short CV should be sent to either:
Jennifer Craig-Norton at  J.Craig-Norton@soton.ac.uk  or
Rose Holmes at R.Holmes@sussex.ac.uk

Please submit abstract by 15 April 2014. Panel discussion proposals of three applicants are also welcome. Applicants will be notified by 15 May 2014.

A limited number of bursaries will be awarded to successful applicants.

 

Archives News Stories 03/19/2014

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

News Stories (Daily) 03/19/2014

  • “A poor response to medical emergencies and a lack of care for the personal property of detainees is widespread in immigration centres despite previous criticisms, says the Prisons and Probation Ombudsman (PPO).

    PPO Nigel Newcomen has today published a bulletin warning Immigration Removal Centres (IRCs) that they risk the health, wellbeing and safety of detainees with poor responses to emergency incidents and lost or stolen property cases.”

    tags: news

  • “Is immigration just an accident, prompted by the selfish behaviour of the metropolitan elite, or a vital component in the functioning of a globalised economy? That was the issue at the heart of the spat between two government ministers last week. Decision on who is right will decide the future direction of immigration policy. “

    tags: news

  • “Hamwee was backed up by Lord Teverson, another member of the family migration committee, as well as Crossbench Peer Earl Listowel, and Labour’s Baroness Lister. There was no opposition to this clause and the Labour Party front bench kept their response short, for the first time during the Committee Stage of this Bill, but neither supported nor objected to the amendment. “

    tags: news

  • “The anti-racism demo on 22 March is only two weeks away. It will be an opportunity to challenge the racist scapegoating and toxic climate on migration, so please help make it as big and as diverse as possible.”

    tags: news

  • “Last week the Court of Appeal heard the appeal in the case of MM and ors vs Secretary of State for the Home Department [2013] on the £18,600 income requirement. This hearing followed a critical judgement in the High Court last July on the income requirement.

    The hearing ran over two days, and was attended by families affected by the rules, who gathered outside the Court of Appeal and in the public gallery to show their opposition to the rules. The legal arguments reportedly focused on the compatibility of the rules and their application by Home Office caseworkers with UK obligations under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. A fuller account of some of the points made at the hearing by a Britcits campaigner present at the hearing can be found here. A legal account of the key arguments can be found here.

    It is anticipated that a judgement will be made within the next three months. However, it is also expected that one or both sides will appeal the judgement, meaning that the case will then be heard in the Supreme Court – likely not to be listed until 2015.”

    tags: news

  • “Which all leads us to the following devastating question: how did this life, so full of historical resonance, affection and adventure, end up extinguished, in handcuffs, in a British asylum detention centre?”

    tags: news

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

New Book – ‘The Happy Hsiungs: Performing China and the Struggle for Modernity’, Diana Yeh

Please feel free to circulate this announcement widely.

The book will be launched at UEL in early summer.

The Happy Hsiungs: Performing China and the Struggle for Modernity

By Diana Yeh

RAS China in Shanghai
‘Try Something Different. Something Really Chinese’

The Happy Hsiungs recovers the lost histories of Shih-I and Dymia Hsiung, two once highly visible, but now largely forgotten Chinese writers in Britain, who sought to represent China and Chineseness to the rest of the world. Shih-I shot to worldwide fame with his play Lady Precious Stream in the 1930s and became known as the first Chinese director to work in the West End and on Broadway. Dymia was the first Chinese woman in Britain to publish a fictional autobiography in English. Diana Yeh traces the Hsiungs’ lives from their childhood in Qing dynasty China and youth amid the radical May Fourth era to Britain and the USA, where they rubbed shoulders with George Bernard Shaw, James M. Barrie, H. G. Wells, Pearl Buck, Lin Yutang, Anna May Wong and Paul Robeson.

In recounting the Hsiungs’ rise to fame, Yeh focuses on the challenges they faced in becoming accepted as modern subjects, as knowledge of China and the Chinese was persistently framed by colonial legacies and Orientalist discourses, which often determined how their works were shaped and understood. She also shows how Shih-I and Dymia, in negotiating acceptance, performed not only specific forms ofChineseness but identities that conformed to modern ideals of class, gender and sexuality, defined by the heteronormative nuclear family. Though fêted as ‘The Happy Hsiungs’, their lives ultimately highlight a bitter struggle in attempts to become modern.

Diana Yeh is an Associate Lecturer at the University of East London and BirkbeckCollege, University of London. Formerly Sociological Review Fellow, she publishes on race, diaspora, migration and culture, and has presented her research on BBC Radio Four, and at institutions such as the Royal Geographical Society, the WellcomeTrust, National Portrait Gallery and Tate Britain.

Diana will be speaking about her book and her research for a recent knowledge exchange project between University of Bristol and Penguin Books China for a series of talks in China this March. She will be taking part in the Bookworm International Festival in Beijing and Suzhou, as well as giving a Royal Asiatic Society Lecture inShanghai. She will also be discussing her wider research at the University of Nottingham, Ningbo, China.

Reviews

“In the 1930s, China became briefly fashionable again, after decades of Fu Manchu-style demonising. This switch coincided with the rise of anti-fascism in the West and a new visibility of Chinese art. In a path-breaking contribution to the study of artistic production by British Chinese, Yeh recovers the Hsiungs’ forgotten history, their role in this new China wave, and their struggle against hostile stereotyping. Shedding light on a history few can have expected, the book shows high narrative skill and the author’s strong empathetic imagination brings everything to life.”

—Gregor Benton, author of Chinese Migrants and Internationalism and The Chinese in Britain

“Through the riveting story of a successful couple of British Chinese artists, theHsiungs, this book contributes to our understanding of the real struggles involved in the acceptance of ‘Chineseness’ not as a fixed identity governed by unchanging tradition (as Western Orientalism would have it), but as a resolutely modernperformative invention shaped by a confluence of globally circulating hybrid ideas, concepts and images.”

—Ien Ang, author of On Not Speaking Chinese: Living Between Asia and the West

“Thanks to the phenomenal success of his play Lady Precious Stream, Shih-I Hsiungwas a household name in the US and UK during the 1930s. Diana Yeh explores theHsiungs’ role in representing China and Chineseness to the rest of the world forcing us to rethink our vision of the British Chinese as invisible and insular, with little social, cultural or political impact on wider society.”

—Anne Witchard, author of Lao She in London and Thomas Burke’s DarkChinoiserie

“The story of Shih-I and Dymia Hsiung fills a gap in our understanding of the Chinese experience in England—and highlights how very different it is from that in America. Yeh does a remarkable job in unravelling the relationship between theHsiungs, the couple who landed in London in the 1930s, and the Hsiungs as personas, constructs designed to suit as well as to subvert British tastes for and preconceptions of Chineseness.”

—Ronald Egan, Professor of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Stanford University

 

Event: “Migration and the Globalisation of the Mediterranean World”

“Migration and the Globalisation of the Mediterranean World”

Professor Peter Mayo, University of Malta

3.00 to 4.30 pm, Monday 24 March 2014, Room 739, Institute of Education, 20 Bedford Way, London WC1H OAL

The Mediterranean has become a hotbed of human trafficking and carnage resulting from desperate attempts by people from Africa and most particularly sub-Saharan and North Africa to flee famine, civil wars and trade their belongings to trust their luck in crossing over to Europe in pursuit of a better life. Migration has, however, been a constant characteristic of this region of the world which has constantly raised a series of issues concerning cultural hybridization and the way different people are represented, as well as different forms of racism based on cultural and historical ignorance.

This presentation is based on a book (The Politics of Indignation, Zero Books, 2012) that focuses on contemporary issues within the context of Neoliberalism and colonial legacies, while exploring decolonizing spaces. It will focus on the contents of one chapter in the book, dealing with migration in the Mediterranean.

Peter Mayo is Professor in Sociology of Education and Adult Education at the University of Malta. He is also a member of the Collegio Docenti for the doctoral research program in education at the University of Verona  His latest authored books include: Politics of Indignation: Imperialism, Postcolonial Disruptions and Social Change; Learning with Adults. A Critical Pedagogical Introduction (with L. English – 2013 Cyril Houle Award winner for ‘outstanding literature in adult education’); Echoes from Freire for a Critically Engaged Pedagogy; Lorenzo Milani, the School of Barbiana and the Struggle for Social Justice (with F. Batini and A. Surian). He has just edited Learning with Adults: A Reader.

Attendance at the seminar is free; please book a place via llakesevents@ioe.ac.uk

 

New Reports and Publications on Syria; Women; Malawi; and the West Bank

A collection of newly released reports and publications on Refugee and Forced Migration issues:

A Devastating Toll: the Impact of Three Years of War on the Health of Syria’s Children
By Save the Children

Syria’s shattered health system is forcing health workers to engage in brutal medical practices and a series of epidemics have left millions of children exposed to a plethora of deadly diseases, Save the Children says in a new report.

The report, “A Devastating Toll: the Impact of Three Years of War on the Health of Syria’s Children”, sheds light on a broken health system and its consequences: children not just dying from violent means but from diseases that would previously either have been treatable or prevented.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

Life can change: Securing housing, land and property rights for displaced women.
By the Norwegian Refugee Council.

Despite more than US$4 billion invested in justice in conflict-affected and developing countries in one year alone, displaced women are still denied their housing, land and property rights during and after conflict, according to an NRC report launched today. The report shows that returnee women in Afghanistan are evicted from family homes after divorce. In Gaza they miss out on shelter when it is allocated to male heads of households. And in South Sudan returning widows are denied inherited land by customary authorities.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

The Gender Advantage: Women on the front line of climate change.
By the International Fund for Agricultural Development.

The report, The Gender Advantage: Women on the front line of climate change, shows that successful adaptation to climate change means recognizing the role of women smallholder farmers. It describes the lives of millions of women around the world who have been able to better support their families and communities because on gender-sensitive adaptation. “At IFAD, we believe in people-centered solutions that include solutions for climate change,” said Kanayo F. Nwanze, President of IFAD. “We need adaptation solutions that build on the diverse knowledge, priorities and capacities of women and men.”
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

Malawi’s Open Aid Map.
By the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and others.
[Download Full Report]

In the Spotlight: Area C Vulnerability Profile.
By the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
[Download Full Report]

 

Archive News Stories (weekly)

  • “My time at London Metropolitan Archives (LMA) is near its end, and I have been looking back at that year wondering what, out of the many skills and insights I’ve picked up, would be the one most important lesson. And what kept popping up in my head was ‘the power of archives’.”

    tags: archives

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

UK Government News Releases (weekly)

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

New Journal Articles (weekly) (weekly)

  • “The integration problems of immigrants in the post-Soviet Azerbaijan have not been the focus of researchers’ attention. The present article fills this gap. I classify immigrants into three groups: 1) natives of Azerbaijan (re-emigrants) and their family members; 2) ethnics from Georgia; 3) labour immigrants from different countries, who arrive to Azerbaijan to look for a job or to open their own business. I examine the social resources and practices used by immigrants to support their integration, in the absence of state integration policy. I conclude that the main resource is each immigrant’s personal social capital, based on networks. These networks are transnational in their nature. Immigrants build up and integrate in this kind of transnational network, as well as in the transnational spaces of the capital of Azerbaijan (Baku), where the vast majority of them reside after they move to the country.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Since 9/11, attention to Islamic migrant organizations within Western countries has grown. However, the humanitarian activities of these organizations have received only limited attention. Hence, it is not yet clear why these organizations engage in humanitarian crises, which specific role Islam plays in their humanitarian engagement and which factors influence the scope of their activities in humanitarian crises. This paper aims to address these research questions by using approaches from sociology of organizations and presenting three empirical case studies from Germany. Particularly, it argues that although all three case studies are active in humanitarian crises the scope of their activities differs due to their differing organizational characteristics, member interests and external expectations.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Geographers have a long-standing interest in citizenship as the link between political and territorial membership. Yet, even when key political processes associated with citizenship, such as voting or lobbying government institutions are carried out from beyond the territory there is a more complex relationship with territory than the simple ‘inside/outside’ division that external voting suggests. This article develops a specifically geographical analysis of the territorial context of voting practices. Although a number of general explanations have been offered for the introduction of external voting, and for the nature of the systems introduced it seems that contextual, country-specific factors concerning the history and nature of the relationship between the government and emigrant groups are usually determinant. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “In this book, Harald Bauder explores national identities in Canada and Germany through the lens of immigration. While he describes Canada as an example of a settler society consisting predominantly of immigrants and their descendants, Germany illustrates a country with a historical tradition as an ethnic nation recently challenged by immigration. The two categories, settler society and ethnic nation, provide the two conceptual models of national identity explored.

    The book is well written and clearly organized in three parts. The first part presents the theoretical and methodological framework on the nation-immigration dialectic and the field of media. The second part discusses the immigration debate in a settler society, Canada, whereas the third part analyses the immigration debate in an ethnic nation, Germany. In each national context, aspects of economy, humanitarianism, and danger are discussed. The book concludes by discussing the possibility of critical intervention in the nation-immigration dialectic. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “In May 2009, the European Union (EU) approved the ‘Council Directive on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of highly qualified employment’ (the Blue Card Directive). This Directive sought to make the EU internationally more competitive, but Member States were reluctant to cede responsibility for labour market access regulation. Building on liberal intergovernmentalism and a two-level game framework, the article argues that since different national high-skilled immigration policies (demonstrated through a constructed index on States’ openness to high-skilled immigration) have been transferred to EU level, they have created variations in Member States’ positions on the Blue Card in a two-level game. This divergence among Member States helps to explain the less ambitious outcome of the Blue Card Directive, despite general support by Member States on the establishment of common rules for high-skilled immigrants. The final version does not make much of a difference since it is mainly an advertising tool. Through an empirical example of the Blue Card case study, the article helps to better understand how important national preferences remain for European policies. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The article is concerned with the relationship between the processes of return after mass displacement, and social repair. If mass displacement frays the social fabric of the family and community, possibilities of re-crafting a viable sociality are also found within these intimate relations. Thus, we look to the everyday as a space of negotiation and renegotiation of social relationships that make life meaningful. The article considers these propositions in the context of the forced displacement of up to 90 per cent of the Acholi population during the height of the war in northern Uganda between 1986 and 2008, and in the processes of mass return of displaced persons after the war. It takes as a point of departure the efforts of two sisters as they struggle to overcome their displacement from family networks, and seek to restore their status through the performance of Acholi notions of motherhood. Their efforts are collectivized by working with other female heads of households to trace paternal clans, and secure a future for their children. The concept of social repair, we suggest, illuminates the way return involves the day-to-day processual negotiation of relationships. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article engages with recent attempts to bridge the apparent divide between disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and transitional justice, and their implications for post-conflict environments characterized by large-scale displacement. Much of the literature on technical, institutional remedies to better coordinate DDR and transitional justice and respond effectively to displacement overlooks a series of theoretical and empirical challenges stemming from diffuse or decentralized conflict in the post-Cold War era. The article highlights these general problems by examining the cases of Rwanda and Uganda, neighbouring countries recovering from continuing cycles of mass conflict and forced displacement over the last two decades. Based on the author’s interviews with over 1,000 respondents, it shows that attempts to coordinate DDR and transitional justice have been much more problematic in both countries than most commentators suggest. Greater recognition of the challenges of diffuse violence, and more careful policymaking by national and international actors, are required in the pursuit of lasting peace and security after mass conflict and displacement. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The relocation experiences of refugees can be daunting; refugee children must contend with a unique set of challenges. Drawing on Berry’s (1976, 2005, 2009) concept of acculturation that emphasizes integration and multiculturalism rather than assimilation, this ethnography examines the educational practices at Shaw Academy, a charter school for immigrant, refugee, and native-born children. We focus on the school’s involvement in positive ethnic identity development for refugee students, strategies to combat injustices, and self-efficacy promotion. Findings suggest that multicultural teaching, curricula, and programmes, spearheaded by ethnically diverse personnel, promote academic adjustment for refugee students by fostering appreciation for cultural diversity, positive ethnic identity development, and agency. Moreover, students learn to manage conflict and cultivate the intellectual and emotional tools needed to become change agents in society. Our findings provide important implications and best practices for schools interested in proactively meeting the educational needs of refugee students. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article tests for hierarchical migration patterns using data from the Alaskan Arctic. We focus on migration of Iñupiat people, who are indigenous to the region, and explore the role of income and subsistence harvests in the migration choice. Evaluating confidential microdata from the US Census Bureau’s 2000 Decennial Census of Population and Income with a mixed multinomial and conditional logit model we find evidence of step-wise migration up and down an urban and rural hierarchy, results that are consistent with Ravenstein’s (1885) early hypothesis of step-wise migration. We also find that where migrants choose to move is a function of place, personal, and household characteristics. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article engages critically with the insider–outsider divide in research with migrants and advocates a more nuanced and dynamic approach to positionality. In migration research, the insider–outsider divide typically assumes a specific form: an insider researcher is a member of the migrant group under study, whereas an outsider researcher is a member of the majority population in the country of settlement. This divide is a discursive reality that researchers must relate to, regardless of its analytical merits. Our analysis builds on the authors’ experiences in twelve different fieldwork situations, where research was often conducted from hybrid positions that did not fit the archetypal insider–outsider divide. First, we discuss the relational construction of insider–outsider divides in migration research, focusing on the interplay between researcher characteristics and particular social contexts. Second, we address the specific characteristics or markers through which researchers are interpreted and positioned. These markers differ in terms of their visibility to informants, and in the extent to which researchers can modify them or communicate them selectively. Third, we examine how these characteristics are actively managed in fieldwork settings. Fourth, we identify five types of ‘third positions’ in migration research, positions that deviate from the archetypal insider–outsider divide: explicit third party, honorary insider, insider by proxy, hybrid insider-outsider, and apparent insider. The article explores some of the advantages and challenges inherent in different positions and argues that strategic and reflexive management of positionality should be included in ethical considerations about the research process. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Immigration scholars have noted the rise of a distinctive discourse concerning immigrants in the United States. The ‘immigrant threat’ discourse is said to portray immigrants as an existential threat to the country and contributes to highly restrictive enforcement policies. Through a close examination of national political debates concerning comprehensive immigration reform (CIR) (2005–2007), the paper shows that most politicians involved in this debate (from liberal Democrats to conservative Republicans) agreed with the basic assumptions of this general discourse. But the paper also identifies important variants on the ‘threat’ discourse and associated strategies. Hardline conservatives stressed that the essential ‘illegalness’ of immigrants posed a threat to the country. Protecting the nation state from this threat required policies to totally banish all undocumented immigrants from the country, irrespective of their ‘good’ conduct or exceptional circumstances. Moderate and liberal reform advocates agreed with the idea that undocumented immigrants posed a threat to the country. However, they believed that banishment alone could not address the threat. Instead they advocated a strategy of risk management whereby the population would be differentiated according to levels of risk (high to low priority) and policies of inclusion and exclusion would be adjusted accordingly. This would allow the government to incorporate low risk/priority immigrants while freeing government resources to target the ‘truly threatening’ groups (i.e., criminals, delinquents, homeless, repeat unauthorized entries, etc.). Thus, while both sides conceded that undocumented immigrants were a threat to the country, they developed important variants on the discourse and contrasting policy solutions to exert control over the population.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Archives News Stories 03/15/2014

  • “My time at London Metropolitan Archives (LMA) is near its end, and I have been looking back at that year wondering what, out of the many skills and insights I’ve picked up, would be the one most important lesson. And what kept popping up in my head was ‘the power of archives’.”

    tags: archives

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

News Stories (Daily) 03/15/2014

  • “UK Visas and Immigration modernised guidance about how to handle cases that meet the criteria for automatic deportation. “

    tags: news government reports publications

  • “A car, speeding through the crowded streets of Delhi. Inside, a phone is ringing. The voice on the line is that of a ghost, a girl who vanished into thin air three years ago.

    Somila was 16 when the traffickers lured her from the poverty of her home on the tea plantation in Assam with promises of a better life. Now she is a slave, trapped and terrified, lost in a city of 16 million people.

    Crammed into the car are people determined to find her and set her free. They crane to hear her voice on the tinny speaker. Help me, she says. Her owners are threatening to sell her into prostitution in Mumbai. She is afraid she will be lost for ever.”

    tags: news

  • “Foreign maids, cleaners and other domestic workers are being subjected to slave-like labour conditions in Qatar, with many complaining they have been deprived of passports, wages, days off, holidays and freedom to move jobs, a Guardian investigation can reveal.

    Hundreds of Filipino maids have fled to their embassy in recent months because conditions are so harsh. Many complain of physical and sexual abuse, harassment, long periods without pay and the confiscation of mobile phones.”

    tags: news

  • “Enam A Chaurdhury, President of the Commonwealth Society of Bangladesh,

    The Honourable Tofael Ahmed, Minister of Commerce,

    Key note speaker Professor Selina Mohsin,

    Ladies and gentlemen and members of the press.

    Sala’am w’alekum and thank you for inviting me today to mark Commonwealth Day 2014.

    I would like to congratulate the Commonwealth Society of Bangladesh for its untiring and dedicated efforts to uphold the spirit and values of the Commonwealth.

    Without the efforts of the society it would be much harder to promote this wonderful organisation.

    This year the Commonwealth Games, will be held this year in Glasgow from 23 July – 3 August. The UK looks forward to welcoming team members from the Commonwealth family, including Bangladesh, to what promises to be another magnificent event binding us together. “

    tags: news Bangladesh

  • “The Central African Republic (CAR) has been in turmoil since the Seleka rebel group overthrew the government in March 2013. Both during the coup attempt and in the months that followed, Seleka rebels (most of whom are Muslim) terrorized non-Muslim villages, forcing hundreds of thousands to flee their homes. In response to these attacks, the anti-Balaka, a primarily Christian militia, took up arms against the Seleka. Hundreds of thousands more people were displaced as a result of the fighting between the two groups, and many reprisal attacks were carried out against the country’s minority Muslim communities. An intervention by African Union and French forces is attempting to mitigate the violence. However, the country remains highly unstable, with many people still living in fear for their lives.”

    tags: news

  • “Tens of thousands of people have fled fighting in North and South Darfur in the last 10 days, the UN has said.

    Bloodshed has gripped the provinces since 2003 when rebels took up arms against the government, accusing it of discrimination and neglect. Peacekeepers have been unable operate in either area. AP”

    tags: news

  • “At a safe house in an undisclosed location, officers from the Yard’s anti-corruption unit began debriefing Detective Sergeant Neil Putnam, a police “supergrass” who was ready to spill the beans on a cabal of allegedly bent fellow officers.”

    tags: news

  • “An unpublished government-wide review has rebuffed repeated claims by Theresa May, the Home Secretary, that immigration has consigned large numbers of British workers to the dole queue. The potentially explosive report concludes that there is “very little evidence” of such job displacement when the economy is growing. One Whitehall source told The Independent the review found immigration had a “negligible” impact on British workers.”

    tags: news

  • “The crisis in Syria reaches a three year milestone on 15 March – a terrible anniversary. There are now over 9 million people inside Syria who urgently need assistance, including some 6.5 million internally displaced people (IDPs).

    As the analyst for the region I may have been pessimistic from the start about how the conflict would unfold, given the Syrian authorities’ historically dreadful record of human rights abuses. Sadly, this has not been disproved.

    Since the beginning of the conflict, peaceful civilian protesters have been targeted by the Syrian authorities, suffering abuses which include kidnapping, rape and torture. As the violence escalated into civil war, all sides – including the armed opposition – have reportedly been responsible for abuses against the civilian population, who continue to bear the brunt of the crisis.

    For many Syrians, leaving their homes in search of safer areas was at first a temporary measure, particularly in the first year. However, as the targeting of civilians and attacks against cities continued and increased, with large concentrations of IDPs being targeted, displacement became a fact of life for millions of Syrians across the country. As the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of IDPs commented in July 2013, “the indiscriminate use of weapons, aerial bombardments and ground attacks on civilian locations” are grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions which lead to forced displacement.”

    tags: news Syria

  • “Thousands of asylum seekers are living in destitution for years in the UK due to failures in local and central governments to address the problem in the support system, a report has found.”

    tags: news

  • “This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Melissa Fleming – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at the press briefing, on 11 February 2014, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

    We are welcoming a decision by the Mexican Senate that approved a Presidential initiative to withdraw reservations that Mexico had made at the time of becoming party to the 1951 Refugees Convention and the 1954 Stateless Convention.

    Mexico had reservations to Article 32 of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (became a party in 2000) and Article 31 of the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons (became a party in 2000). These reservations were related to the state’s powers to expel foreigners – including asylum seekers, refugees and stateless people. Under previous provisions of its constitution, Mexico could expel people in need of international protection to a third country – not to the country of origin – without following due process.”

    tags: news

  • “Introduction: This research paper details the experiences of 29 asylum seekers who were released from immigration detention in Australia into community-based arrangements with no right to work and limited entitlements. All of the men and women interviewed for this research arrived to Australia by boat after 13 August 2012, the date when the former Labor Government commenced this policy.

    The term “asylum seeker” refers here to an individual who arrived to Australia wishing to claim asylum but whose refugee status is yet to be determined. An individual is found to be a refugee if it is considered likely they would face persecution in their home country due to their race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion. The Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP) report that 88 per cent of the refugee claims that were processed in 2012-13 for asylum seekers who came to Australia by boat resulted in protection visas being granted. During the previous three years, over 90 per cent of these claims resulted in protection visas being granted. It is likely, therefore, that a significant proportion of asylum seekers currently in Australia who arrived by boat will also be recognised as refugees.”

    tags: news reports publications

  • “GENEVA, February 21 |(UNHCR) – The UN refugee agency on Friday called upon countries around the world to make multi-annual commitments towards a goal of providing resettlement and other forms of admission for an additional 100,000 Syrian refugees in 2015 and 2016.”

    tags: Syria news

  • “The February 22, 2014 action by the Security Council is an important step towards getting desperately needed aid to millions of Syrians, including a quarter of a million who are trapped in besieged communities. However, this resolution will only be meaningful if it results in real, substantial changes on the ground in Syria. We have been in a similar situation before. Last October, the Security Council issued a strong statement urging all parties, in particular the Syrian authorities, to facilitate safe and unhindered humanitarian access to people in need. At that time, approximately 6.8 million Syrians were in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Now that number is 9.3 million, half of whom are children. After more than four months and a significant amount of diplomatic effort, the results on the ground have been meager and the overall humanitarian situation has deteriorated.”

    tags: Syria news

  • “The ongoing conflict in Syria that began in March 2011 has created one of the most pressing humanitarian crises in the world. As of early February 2014, an estimated 9.3 million people in Syria, nearly half the population, have been affected by the conflict. This figure includes estimates of between 6.5 million displaced inside Syria and 2.4 million Syrians displaced as refugees, with 97% fleeing to countries in the immediate surrounding region, including Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Egypt, and other parts of North Africa. The situation is fluid and continues to worsen, while humanitarian needs are immense and increase daily.”

    tags: news Syria reports

  • “UN Human Rights Council, Report of the independent international commission of inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic, 12 February 2014, A/HRC/25/65, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/53182eed4.html [accessed 14 March 2014] “

    tags: news Syria

  • “New Asylum Applications Syrians in Europe: Key Facts and Figures”

    tags: news Syria

  • “Working with asylum seekers and refugees in almost any location in the world involves juggling vulnerability with service availability, battling bureaucracy and bearing witness to remarkable people. Few situations we’ve worked in are as challenging as that of Libya. On the surface it is similar to many other countries in the region that have not signed the Refugee Convention, have no domestic asylum (or migration) legislation and offer no national refugee status determination (RSD) process. The national government is in transition and has no formal MoU with UNHCR.”

    tags: news publications

  • “JOHANNESBURG, 12 March 2014 (IRIN) – The riot at Australia’s offshore processing centre for asylum seekers on Manus Island, in Papua New Guinea (PNG), last month, which left one detainee dead and more than 70 others injured, has put the spotlight on the outsourcing of numerous aspects of migration control to private security companies.”

    tags: news

  • “DUBAI, 6 March 2014 (IRIN) – Atop a tall metal pole some 80km north of the Jordanian capital, Amman, a giant United Arab Emirates (UAE) flag flaps near the entrance to a Syrian refugee camp.

    Opened in 2013 at a reported cost of US$10 million, and run by the UAE Red Crescent Authority, the Mrajeeb al-Fhood camp offers shelter and safety to several thousand Syrian refugees. But it is also an important symbol of UAE’s rapidly growing overseas aid portfolio.

    While Jordan – home to more than 600,000 Syrian refugees – was the biggest recipient of UAE aid in 2012, Emirati aid also reached as far as Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Sudan.”

    tags: news

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Searching MH370

Originally posted on Postcards from ...:

photo credit: U.S. Pacific Fleet via photopin cc

photo credit: U.S. Pacific Fleet via photopin cc

After days of speculations and rumors, attention seems to have moved away from the passengers who boarded the MH370 flight with stolen passports. It is possible that they were ordinary irregular migrants, some even suggested they were refugees, in search of a better future . While what went on on the aircraft is obviously of great relevance, firm answers are hard to find unless the aircraft or its wreckage are found. This takes me to a few questions and hypotheses to which, perhaps unsurprisingly, mainstream media have to date paid little attention.

After 9/11, would an aircraft that suddenly disappear from civilian radars but is still traceable on military ones AND on an unauthorized route trigger a (very) rapid military response including interception and eventually shooting down? Is it then possible that the international ‘search’ for the above aircraft is (at…

View original 101 more words

New Publications on NGOs; media and humanitarian information; Democratic Republic of Congo; and Education

A collection of newly released reports and publications on Refugee and Forced Migration issues:

The 1612 Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism: A Resource Pack for NGOs.
By Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict.

On 4 March 2014, Watchlist launched its new “Resource Pack on NGO Engagement in the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM)” co-developed with UNICEF. Hosted by the Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations on UN premises, the launch event included presentations by Watchlist, UNICEF and Watchlist’s civil society partner from Colombia, COALICO. Especially developed for the civil society organizations engaging with the UN-led MRM in the field, the Resource Pack offers NGOs a range of tools to help them define whether and how to engage in the MRM in a way that strengthens both their programs and the mechanism itself.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

Supporting the media and humanitarian information and communication in a complex emergency – Roundtable Report.
By International Media Support.
[Download Full Report]

Everyday Emergency: Silent Suffering in Democratic Republic of Congo.
By Médecins Sans Frontières.

Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) is in the grip of an emergency. For two decades, persistent conflict in its eastern provinces, instability in other regions and a dysfunctional health system have led to recurrent humanitarian crises and outbreaks of disease.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

Education Under Attack 2014.
by the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack.

Schools and universities, as well as students, teachers, and academics are intentionally targeted for attack in conflicts worldwide, the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack said in a 250-page study released today. “Education Under Attack 2014” identifies 70 countries where attacks occurred between 2009 and 2013, including 30 where there was a pattern of deliberate attacks.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

 

New Reports and Publications on Natural Disasters; South Sudan; Violence Against Women; Pacific Island Countries; and Refugees inJordan

A collection of newly released reports and publications on Refugee and Forced Migration issues:

Natural Disasters in the Middle East and North Africa: A Regional Overview
Published by the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, and Others.

In the Middle East and North Africa (MNA) , the interplay of natural disasters, rapid urbanization, water scarcity, and climate change has emerged as a serious challenge for policy and planning. This report aims to establish a more strategic and collaborative framework between the World Bank and its international partners, particularly United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) and UN Development Program (UNDP), in order to assist MNA countries to shift from disaster response to proactive risk management.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

Inter-Agency Appeal for the South Sudanese Refugee Emergency (January - December 2014).
By UN High Commissioner for Refugees.

On 15th December 2013, violence broke out in South Sudan’s capital Juba and quickly spread to other locations in the country. Since the beginning of the crisis, seven out of the country’s ten states have been affected by the continuing internal conflict with Central Equatoria, Jonglei, Lakes, Unity and Upper Nile states being the hardest hit. Almost 705,800 people have been internally displaced across the country, including 74,000 seeking shelter in the compounds of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) bases. Externally, another 204,469 have sought asylum in the neighbouring countries, in particular Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

Close the Gap: How to eliminate violence against women beyond 2015.
By Oxfam.
[Download Full Report]

Hardship and Vulnerability in the Pacific Island Countries – A Regional Companion to the World Development Report 2014.
By the World Bank.

Drawing on evidence from Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Tuvalu, Solomon Islands, Samoa, Kiribati, Fiji and Vanuatu, the report finds that extreme poverty remains rare in the Pacific, but that over 20 percent of people in most countries live in hardship – meaning they are unable to meet all of their basic needs such as food, fuel and medicines.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

Tapped Out: Water scarcity and refugee pressures in Jordan.
By Mercy Corps.

We wanted to better understand how to navigate this new environment, where a refugee crisis layers over chronic scarcity. In early 2013, I spent several weeks in Jordan interviewing hosts and refugees, international donors, water specialists, NGOs, and government representatives. The goal was to outline the scope of the challenge, capture key lessons from those living and working on the front lines, and inform future efforts.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

How can pastoralists become displaced when they lead traditionally mobile lifestyles?

Originally posted on Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC):

While this is a much debated question, a new study by IDMC, NRC and the Nansen Initiative sheds light on this relatively unexplored area.  The study argues that there is in fact a ‘tipping point’ at which pastoralists fall from voluntary migration into forced displacement, and it is only in understanding the nuances of this group’s specific needs and behaviours, can we formulate a more appropriate response.

Photo Credit: EC/ECHO/Malini Morzaria, May 2012

Photo Credit: EC/ECHO/Malini Morzaria, May 2012

Pastoralism is a global phenomenon, common in the arid and semi-arid areas of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the Highlands of Latin America and in Asian countries such as Afghanistan and Mongolia. Pastoralist lifestyles vary, but they all share three characteristics: some degree of mobility, a livelihood based on livestock, and a special attachment to land, resources – particularly grazing areas and water – and markets.

Quick facts:

  • Pastoral production takes place on an estimated 25% of…

View original 756 more words

Special offer: 30% off pre-orders of The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Originally posted on Postcards from ...:

OHRFMS

Save £28.50 on the forthcoming Handbook when you order online today*. Discount valid until 31 May 2014.

Edited by Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh (University of Oxford), Gil Loescher (University of Oxford), Katy Long (University of Edinburgh), and Nando Sigona (University of Birmingham), The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies offers outstanding contributions from renowned academics and practitioners and is an essential reference for students and scholars in this field.

From the publishers

This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in…

View original 80 more words

News Stories (weekly)

  • “Human Rights Watch researchers visited Malakal and Bentiu, the capitals of two oil producing states, between January 29 and February 14, 2014. Researchers found that armed forces from both sides have extensively looted and destroyed civilian property, including desperately needed aid facilities, targeted civilians, and carried out extrajudicial executions, often based on ethnicity.”

    tags: news

  • “VIENNA, 20 February 2014 – Leading officials from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) today marked the World Day of Social Justice by linking the struggle against human trafficking with eradicating poverty, promoting full employment and decent work, gender equality and access to justice.”

    tags: news

  • “VIENNA, 17 February 2014 – Prominent European officials are calling on governments at an international anti-trafficking conference in Vienna today to intensify the fight against modern-day slavery by taking specific steps to protect victims and prosecute the criminals who commit this terrible crime.

    “Trafficking in human beings happens on a daily basis all over our region, from Vancouver to Vladivostok. This must be stopped,” said Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz, Chair of the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers. “Today, in a welcome step, the Council of Europe and the OSCE commit to joining forces to this end.””

    tags: news

  • “Members of the UN Security Council, including France, the US and UK must throw their full weight behind proposals to tackle the crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR), said Amnesty International.

    The UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon is expected to present his assessment report on the possible transformation of the African-led peacekeeping force in CAR into a UN peacekeeping mission before 5 March.”

    tags: news

  • “The international community must act on a robust new UN report calling for an international investigation into alleged human rights violations and war crimes in Sri Lanka, Amnesty International said.

    “It’s utterly shameful that five years after Sri Lanka’s armed conflict ended, the victims and family members have yet to see justice. Navi Pillay’s latest report is another urgent and poignant reminder that an international investigation into alleged human rights violations and war crimes cannot wait,” said Polly Truscott, Amnesty International’s Deputy Asia-Pacific Director.”

    tags: news

  • “The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) unanimous vote to adopt a resolution addressing humanitarian aid and human rights abuses in Syria is a significant step towards alleviating the suffering in Syria, said Amnesty International.

    “The resolution adopted today is long overdue but it throws a lifeline to more than a quarter of a million people living under siege in Syria and 9.3 million civilians in need of humanitarian aid, by offering a tangible sign of hope for an end to their suffering,” said Jose Luis Diaz, Head of Amnesty International’s UN office in New York. “

    tags: news

  • “Following confirmation by Spain’s Interior Minister that police fired rubber bullets in an attempt to stop migrants from entering the Spanish enclave of Ceuta, which may have contributed to at least 11 drowning deaths, Amnesty International is calling for a full, effective and independent investigation.

    The drowned migrants were among some 250 sub-Saharan Africans who had been attempting to reach Spanish soil on 6 February by crossing into Ceuta via the sea from neighbouring Morocco. “

    tags: news

  • “(London) – The 18th edition of the Human Rights Watch Film Festival in London will be presented from 18 to 28 March, 2014, with a programme of 20 award-winning documentary and feature films. The festival will take place at the Curzon Mayfair, Curzon Soho, Ritzy Brixton and for the first time at the Barbican.
    This year’s programme includes ten UK premieres and three exclusive previews organised around five themes: Armed Conflict and the Arab Spring; Human Rights Defenders, Icons and Villains; Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Rights; Migrants’ Rights; and Women’s Rights and Children’s Rights.”

    tags: news

  • “Saudi authorities have deported more than 12,000 people to Somalia since January 1, 2014, including hundreds of women and children, without allowing any to make refugee claims. Saudi Arabia should end the summary deportations, which risk violating its international obligations not to return anyone to a place where their life or freedom is threatened or where they face other serious harm.”

    tags: human rights news

  • “When I meet him in the village in which he grew up, Norman Okello leads me to a quiet space beneath two mango trees, far enough away that his mother and father and children won’t hear the stories he’ll tell. We’re in the north of Uganda and the scene around us is of a kind of pastoral paradise: huts of earth and thatch; the green shoots of sweet potatoes in the dark earth; hills in the distance. It’s hard to imagine this place as it was on January 1 1994, with a Ugandan army helicopter flying low, AK47s firing, and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), somewhere out there, whispering among the tall grasses. “

    tags: news

  • “At its spring conference in York from 7 – 9 March 2014, Liberal Democrats will vote on a new set of immigration policies proposed by Andrew Stunell MP.

    Andrew Stunell recently undertook a comprehensive review of Lib Dem immigration policy, and has produced a set of firm recommendations for consideration at the March conference. Policies agreed at the conference will inform the Lib Dem manifesto for the 2015 general election.”

    tags: news

  • “Last Friday, coinciding with Valentine’s day, over 100 families, activists and journalists gathered at a campaign camp to highlighting the plight of families being torn apart by the recent immigration legislation including a gathering of brides on the front steps of St Pauls”

    tags: news

  • “The Swiss referendum vote on migration represents a real challenge to groups supporting the rights of migrants. But the opportunity will be there to learn more lessons about the role mobility and open borders play in our modern society than we’ll ever get from discussions about theory. “

    tags: news

  • “According to an article in the current edition of the European Migration Network (EMN) Bulletin, the number of people seeking asylum in the EU28 member states increased by 21% in 2013.

    Across all 28 countries the number of applicants rose to nearly 406,500. Half of the increase was registered in just one country, Germany, which received just under 110,000 appeals for protection. France received the second highest number of applications, with 54,000 asking for refuge..Sweden came third with 49,000 fresh applications, and Italy and the UK in joint fourth, with slightly over 24,000 new applicants each.”

    tags: news

  • “The Department of Work and Pensions will be depriving EU nationals of the status of ‘worker’ from March 1 even if they are unquestionably in paid employment and filling genuine job vacancies. It is hard to see how this will not flare up into a major battle over the rights of this group of migrants. “

    tags: news

  • “The UK Prime Minister who has been engulfed in a battle with UKIP for most of this Parliament, now that the Bulgarians and Romanians are free to come to work in the UK, has to come up with a new promise on immigration. “Keeping the Turks out” seems like the best candidate and a compelling message the majority of the EU countries agree on. “

    tags: news

  • “This week the Home Office released three new resources on UK immigration which will be of use to researchers, analysts and NGOs:”

    tags: news

  • “The Migration Advisory Committee (MAC), which advises the Home Office on the economic dimensions of migration, has published a report on the Tier 1 Investor route answering The Home Office question to consider whether the investment threshold was set at the appropriate level to deliver ‘significant economic benefits to the UK’.

    The route has existed for two decades and provides a means for people investing at least £1m in the UK economy in government gilts and bonds to gain entry and eventual settlement for themselves and their families.

    The report found that just over 500 people were granted visas in this category in the year to September 2013, with a further 1,030 coming in as family dependents. “

    tags: news reports publications

  • “The figures show a statistically significant increase in Western European (EU15) citizens arriving in the United Kingdom for the long-term, an estimated increase of 65,000 on the previous year. The sluggish economies across Europe are driving young EU15 migrants, in particular from Spain and Italy, to find work in the UK. This has damaged significantly the Coalition’s commitment to drive immigration down to ‘tens of thousands’ by 2015, a Conservative Party red-line in the 2010 general election, which now seems to have damaged David Cameron’s credibility in his perennial battle with the United Kingdom Independence Party. The Liberal Democrats immediately distanced themselves from the net migration target. Less people are leaving the UK as well.”

    tags: news

  • “MRN is once more teaming up with the Human Rights Watch to present two extraordinary films that highlight the issues facing migrants and asylum seekers at the Human Rights Watch Film Festival.

    The Human Rights Watch Film Festival returns to London from 18 – 28 March with a programme packed full of documentaries and dramas set to inspire, inform and trigger debate. This year, in association with the Festival, MRN is proud to present two extraordinary films that highlight the issues facing those who leave home to seek sanctuary elsewhere.”

    tags: news

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

New Journal Articles (weekly) (weekly)

  • “This article discusses the growing popularity of lifestyle reasoning in return considerations among Pakistani migrants and their children in Britain. Although lifestyle arguments are by no means new to scholarship on return migration, I argue that British Pakistanis’ settlement history has led to return reasoning beyond purely economic considerations. Changes in status, power, and position, with respect to both countries of origin and settlement, have translated to a more confident capacity to aspire, and therefore to think along lifestyle considerations, whether the decision is to settle or to return. Lifestyle reasoning can therefore to be considered a sign of British Pakistanis’ change in confidence about their position in the country of settlement.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article analyses 20 years of bilateral peoples’ flows between Italy and Australia using a unique set of data collected by Australia’s Department of Immigration and Citizenship. This period has witnessed substantial changes in the composition of migration between the two countries. Against a historical background where migration is mostly composed of unskilled Italians relocating to Australia, the past two decades have seen a progressive increase in the arrival of young and highly skilled/qualified Italians on a short-term basis. Conversely, there has been an increase in older Australians moving to or visiting Italy for work. Such changes have affected the bilateral skill flows, whose relevance has increased as globalization forces have made international transport easier and cheaper. Australia remains a “magnet” for Italians, and, unlike the historical origin of Italy’s early immigrants, it now enjoys a net inflow of highly skilled labour”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Based on in-depth narrative interviews with 64 second-generation Greek-Germans and Greek-Americans who have “returned” to Greece, this article explores intersections between return, transnationalism and integration. Having grown up with a strong Greek identity in the diaspora, second-generation “returnees” move to Greece mainly for idealistic, lifestyle and life-stage reasons. However, most find living in Greece long-term a challenging experience: they remark on the corruption and chaos of Greek life, and are surprised at the high level of xenophobia in Greek society, not only towards foreign immigrants but also towards themselves as “hyphenated Greeks”. The “return” to Greece provokes new “reverse” transnational links back to their birth country, where they still need to keep in touch with relatives and friends, including caring obligations towards parents who remain abroad. Some contemplate another “return”, back to the US or Germany.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Two decades after Japanese-Peruvians and other South Americans of Japanese descent began to migrate back to Japan, the return-migration phenomenon has ended. Induced by the Japanese government in the name of shared ethnicity, Japanese policymakers now largely regard return migration as a failed policy. It failed because return-migrants did not, in the view of policy-makers, assimilate, integrate, or “make it” in Japan as expected. Thus, once-imagined ethnic bonds ceased to exist in Japan. However, ethnic bonds sustained themselves well outside Japan. The Japanese-Peruvian community in Peru has thrived and maintained continuous ties with Japan. What explains the rise and fall of diasporic ethnic bonds? Drawing on my ethnographic research in Japanese-Peruvian communities in Peru and Japan, I found that diasporic ethnic bonds are cultivated or weakened depending upon where diasporic populations are located in relation to their ancestral homeland, and how such ties are utilized, for what, and by whom.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Transnational marriages of migrants in Western Europe tend to be seen as hampering integration. In response, policies have been tightened, despite little knowledge on transnational marriages and the effects of such measures. This paper investigates the role of individual preferences and contextual factors such as family reunification policies, group size and development levels of the regions of origin in partner choice of the children of Turkish and Moroccan immigrants. We draw on a novel dataset collected in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden. Our findings suggest that transnational marriages are partly associated with contextual factors such as a rural origin and family reunification policies. The analysis indicates higher rates of transnational marriages under open family reunification policies, providing tentative evidence of policy effects. On the individual level, the choice of a partner from the parents’ origin country is associated with religiosity.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article adds to the small but growing body of hate crime legal scholarship in the United Kingdom by examining the meaning of the term ‘hostility’ as prescribed under section 28 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. The article highlights the confusion which has occurred within the lower courts as to the distinction between section 28(1)(a), which proscribes ‘demonstrations’ of hostility, and section 28(1)(b), which proscribes offences ‘motivated’ by hostility. In addition to this confusion has been a clear reluctance to apply section 28(1)(a) by some judges in cases where the demonstration of hostility appears to be incidental, as against causal, to the offence committed. The article argues that in order to provide greater clarity in law, the words ‘demonstrates … hostility’ must be interpreted to include, not only acts that are motivated by, or which are intended to express prejudice or hatred, but any conduct carried out during an offence where the offender is aware his behaviour is likely to be perceived by right-minded individuals as indicating hostility towards the victim’s identity. The article concludes that such a broad approach to conceptualizing hostility is justified based on the need for the state to expressly denounce all public displays of identity-based prejudice. The approach also acknowledges the harmful effects that all expressions of hate (motivated by hostility or not) have on victims, minority communities and to the cohesiveness of Britain’s multicultural society. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “At a time when trade union activity is becoming more global, the article provides a theoretical framework that places a moral obligation on unions towards work migrants from the time they take a first step in the direction of movement, and continuing after they enter the receiving country and throughout the period of their work. The argument is based on theories of global justice and offers a three-axis framework that enables a complex analysis of union responsibility: direct and political responsibility, labour connectedness and solidarity. The moral obligation of unions stemming from global justice differs from the citizenship-based model or that of human rights. Its basis is global. Such an obligation should be recognized by various institutions, including the courts, thereby adding a global dimension to rights relating to collective action, such as the right to unionize, the right to collective bargaining and the right to strike. The article analyses the ECJ’s decisions in the Viking and Laval cases, showing how the court failed to recognize this global dimension, and claiming that if such recognition were to be extended, a more accurate balance could be achieved between rights relating to collective action and economic interests in an era of globalization. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Focusing on the changes in India’s higher education sector, this paper looks at the relationship between the growing international mobility, institutions of higher education, skilled workforce production and policy reforms in recent times. Revisiting some of the conceptual issues arising from the literature on transnationalism and Diasporas; and providing a historical context to the shifts in India’s education policy, I set up a broader perspective that sees India’s investment in its Diasporas as part of the emergence of several new connections. To start, two major changes of recent times need to be understood and analyzed: (a) Initiatives for the vast Indian Diasporas to connect, participate and invest in India and (b) A reorientation of Indian higher education with an emphasis on knowledge-based industries and transnational businesses. These two changes, as the paper argues, complement each other and are closely connected to the global policy regime.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Punjabi Diaspora is one of the oldest of the ‘free’ Indian regional Diasporas with a history of over 125 years. Given this long history it would not be surprising to learn that it is economically, socially and politically well positioned in its host countries. Further, although globally dispersed, it is predominantly located in the three economically advanced countries of the USA, the UK and Canada, thereby enhancing its potential to play a significant role in homeland development. Yet despite this, compared to other regional Diasporas, it continues to have a troubled, almost Janus-type relationship, with the Punjab state. This is reflected in the lack of a constructive engagement between them, with both Diaspora communities and state governments continuing to make hollow promises. The paper explores the reasons behind the failure in developing a constructive engagement, focusing on the socio-economic characteristics of the Punjabi Diaspora and the nature of Punjab’s as well as India’s outreach policies. It is argued that recent trends in the evolution of overseas Punjabi communities and nature of the economic and political environment in Punjab act as formidable barriers towards building a partnership for development. It does seem paradoxical, especially in the context of current debates on the Diaspora-development nexus, that despite being once the most prosperous state in India with a rich and vibrant Diaspora, Punjab should still continue to slide down the economic league table of Indian states.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Indian immigrants to South Africa in the late nineteenth century differed in terms of their origins, motivations, belief systems, customs, and practices from the indigenous African population as well as from the ruling white settler elite. It is within this context that this paper interrogates some of the ways in which several generations of (Indian) Hindus constructed and continue to (re)construct their religious identities in South Africa. Data for this study were achieved by administering face-to-face questionnaires to 66 individuals in the Metropolitan Area of Durban in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The sample (selected through snowball sampling) comprised third to fifth generation Indians belonging to the four major language groups (Tamil, Telegu, Gujarati, and Hindi) residing in South Africa. Following the questionnaire responses, interviews were conducted with a selected number of respondents from the same sample. Quantitative data were analysed using SPSS while analysis of qualitative data followed a thematic model.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “In 1921, S. Radhakrishnan wrote in The Hindu View of Life, ‘China and Japan, Tibet and Siam, Burma and Ceylon look to India as their spiritual home’. Today, many Malaysian descendants of nineteenth-century Chinese and Ceylonese diasporas continue to look to India for spiritual, intellectual, and literary inspiration. This paper discusses three contemporary, English-language novels by Malaysians of non-Indian descent which are informed by Buddhist/Hindu philosophical ideas of fiction and reality, shaped by narratological strategies found in Indian philosophical discourses and epics, and inspired by the Indian tradition of using literary fiction to expose the fictional nature of received ideas and ideologies mistaken for reality in and by society. Published in 1981, 1994, and 2010 respectively, the novels provide an historical insight into how three representatives of Malaysia’s non-Indian, ethnic minorities respond to the ethnicized ideas and ethnocentric ideologies that have dominated Malaysian life since the 1970s.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • tags: newjournalarticles

  • tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article examines the implementation of one of the central requirements of the Optional Protocol to the United Nations Convention against Torture (OPCAT) concerning National Preventive Mechanisms (NPMs), the requirement of independence. While seemingly straightforward, it is in fact a multi-faceted concept which, given the diversity of shapes and forms that NPMs around the world take, manifests itself differently in different legal contexts. Moreover, there are three ‘guardians’ of this requirement as it is not only States Parties who have a responsibility to set up independent NPMs and maintain their independence throughout the NPMs existence: the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture as well as NPMs themselves also have a significant role to play, especially in relation to perceived independence. This article argues that the condition of independence imposed by OPCAT in relation to NPMs is not and indeed cannot be a strictly defined legal concept with the exact same outlines in every jurisdiction. Any appraisal of individual NPM’s independence must take note of this. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article examines the case for a limited accommodation of sharia law by the state, in the context of the wider ongoing debate about the place of multiculturalism in contemporary Europe. Three models are identified and developed. First, a ‘uniformist’ model that is generally hostile to multiculturalism, and rejects any accommodation of sharia law. Secondly, a ‘parallel’ model based on ‘strong’ multiculturalism, whereby sharia and civil law co-exist under a system of parallel jurisdiction in certain areas (for example, personal and family law); and, thirdly, a ‘limited accommodation’ model rooted in a ‘weak’ form of multiculturalism, which affords sharia law a limited role in areas such as religious arbitration. It is argued that the final model, though not without certain difficulties, is nevertheless the one best suited to meeting the challenges of a culturally and religiously diverse European nation such as the United Kingdom in the twenty-first century. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “On 13 December 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) delivered a milestone decision in the quest to ensure accountability of gross human rights violations committed in the fight against terrorism. The case, El-Masri v The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, concerned the extraordinary rendition to torture of an individual wrongly suspected of being involved in terrorism activities. The ECtHR found that by seizing, detaining and secretly transferring Mr El-Masri to the custody of United States (US) intelligence agents, Macedonia had violated the prohibition of torture and inhuman and degrading treatment, the prohibition of arbitrary detention, the right to private and family life and the right to access to court as protected under the European Convention on Human Rights, and ordered the respondent government to pay damages in compensation. The decision of the ECtHR broke the wall of secrecy and impunity with which the case of Mr El-Masri had been treated at the domestic level and fully vindicated his human rights’ claims. At the same time, the ECtHR cautiously endorsed a new paradigm of the ‘right to the truth’—that is: a right for the victim and the public at large to know about the abuses committed by governments in the field of national security—increasing the chances of accountability in future cases of gross human rights violations. Nevertheless, the decision also left some issues open, as the ECtHR did not, and could not, address the culpability of US agents who effectively tortured Mr El-Masri in Macedonia, secretly transferred him to Afghanistan and detained him there in inhumane conditions. From this point of view, therefore, the article argues that the decision of the ECtHR should be seen as an opportunity for further action in the US to ensure the full vindication of the values on which our liberty, and our security, ultimately rest. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article explains whether or not, and the specific ways in which, truth commissions established during a political transition in fact transform lessons from history into political and judicial impact, defined as influence on government policy and judicial processes. It isolates impact from the causal effects of similar postconflict institution building and other transitional justice and conflict resolution measures. Drawing upon the existing literature, it examines several causal mechanisms through which commissions are expected to influence politics and society. These include direct political impact through the implementation of recommendations and indirect political impact through civil society mobilization. Truth commissions may also have positive judicial impact by contributing to human rights accountability and negative judicial impact by promoting impunity. The article concludes that truth commissions do promote political and judicial change, albeit modestly, especially when human rights and victims’ groups pressure governments for policy implementation. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Gacaca trials raise the question of whether a transitional justice mechanism instituted at the community level can successfully reconcile and bring justice to postconflict states. In this article, we assess ordinary Rwandans’ attitudes towards gacaca to better understand this institution’s contribution. Our 2011 survey of 504 Rwandans from Ngoma Commune is the first empirical study since the end of regular gacaca trials. In it we find that respondents hold conflicting views of gacaca’s overall success. The majority of survey participants expressed support in response to more global questions, but dissatisfaction with gacaca in response to more specific questions, including regarding security and the credibility of confessions. Rather than dismiss positive global assessments, we suggest that divergent attitudes show popular support for the idea of gacaca and aspirations for its legacy, but dissatisfaction with its actual operation. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article examines the most recent shift in ongoing debates concerning the relationship between international criminal law and transitional justice, using the examples of international criminal prosecutions before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and transitional justice mechanisms in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It reframes the problematic relationship between the two fields by revisiting the important but underexplored concept of ‘the social’ that underpins these two very different models of international justice. The article draws on the work of Bruno Latour, who argues that we should study law by analysing how its practices construct ‘the social.’ Building on this approach, the article shows how international criminal law and transitional justice offer different ways of reassembling social relationships after conflict. While transitional justice seeks to reassemble a society in conflict through ‘justice’ processes, international criminal law seeks to make social ties through ‘law.’ The current shift in justice discourses reveals that what is ultimately at stake in these debates is the fundamental question of how international justice can reassemble ‘the social’ in more just forms after conflict. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

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