Tag Archives: Forced Migration Review

Forced Migration Review issue 52 on ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition, solutions’

FMR52: Thinking ahead: displacement, transition, solutions.
May 2016

The new issue of FMR explores the ideas and practices that are being tried out in order to engage both development and humanitarian work in support of ‘transitions’ and ‘solutions’ for displaced people. What we need, says one author, is “full global recognition that the challenge of forced displacement is an integral part of the development agenda too”. FMR issue 52 includes 32 articles on ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition, solutions’, plus ten ‘general’ articles on other aspects of forced migration.

Reading and download options

Please note that both the magazine and the digest are published in A5 format (half of A4). In order to print them out properly, please use your printer’s ‘Booklet’ setting.

This issue of FMR will be available online and in print in English, Arabic, French and Spanish. The English versions of articles are also available in audio format.

Also available is the FMR 52 digest to help you gain easy online access to all the articles published in FMR 52. Formerly called the ‘Listing’, this is now in a new A5 format to match the magazine. It provides for each article: the title, the author(s) and their affiliation, the introductory sentences and links to the full article online. The digest will be available online and in print in all four languages.

If you would like printed copies of either the magazine or the digest, please email us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk.

Requesting copies
If you would like to receive a copy of FMR/FMR digest for your organisation, or if you require multiple copies for distribution to partners and policy/decision makers or for use at conferences/workshops, please contact the Editors at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk. We will need your full postal address. (We prefer to provide the digest if large numbers are required for conferences and training, to save postage costs.)

Please help disseminate this issue as widely as possible by circulating to networks, posting links, mentioning it on Twitter and Facebook and adding it to resources lists. We encourage you to circulate or reproduce any articles in their entirety but please cite: Forced Migration Review issue 52 www.fmreview.org/solutions.

– See more at: http://www.fmreview.org/solutions.html#sthash.Qxf58Zou.dpuf 

New publication: FMR 50 – Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 years on from Dayton Peace Agreement

FMR 50 now online – Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 years on from Dayton Peace Agreement, plus general articles

Forced Migration Review issue 50, on ‘Dayton +20’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/dayton20

Twenty years on from the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in November 1995, the consequences of conflict – including the long-term effects of displacement – are still being felt in the Western Balkans. FMR 50 examines the case of people who were displaced from and within Bosnia and Herzegovina as a result of the 1992-95 war, and reflects on the lessons that may be drawn from the successes and failures of the Agreement. These lessons have resonance for current crises – such as in Syria or Ukraine – and merit attention.

This issue of FMR includes 20 articles on ‘Dayton +20’, plus five ‘general’ articles on: safe shelters for survivors of SGBV, inconsistencies in asylum appeal adjudication in the UK, assisted voluntary return of young Afghans, refugees’ perspectives on successful resettlement in the US, and the fragmentation of the ‘protection landscape’.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this email.

FMR 50 will be available in print in English, Bosnian (Latin and Cyrillic) and Arabic. These four editions plus Spanish and French editions will also be available online. FMR is free of charge in print and online.

If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk, specifying how many copies you need, in which language/s, and providing a full postal address.

We are grateful to Catholic Relief Services-USCCB, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs and UNHCR’s Regional Bureau for Europe for their financial support of this issue.

Details of our forthcoming issues – on ‘Destination: Europe’ and ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition and solutions’ – can be found at www.fmreview.org/forthcoming

Apologies for any cross-posting.

Best wishes

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
Editors, Forced Migration Review

FMR 50 Dayton +20 – contents with web links

THEME ARTICLES

Foreword: Addressing the legacy of violence
Valentin Inzko (High Representative to Bosnia and Herzegovina)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/inzko

Annex 7: why are we still discussing it?
María del Pilar Valledor Álvarez (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/valledor

Political and social consequences of continuing displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lana Pašić (Consultant)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/pasic

Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 years on from Dayton
Andrew Mayne (UNHCR)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/mayne

Resolving a protracted refugee situation through a regional process
Olga Mitrovic (IOM Belgrade)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/mitrovic

Voices in displacement
Claudia Meyerhoefer (social worker)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/meyerhoefer

Property rights and reconstruction in the Bosnian return process
Inmaculada Serrano (Carlos III University)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/serrano

Resolving protracted displacement through social housing
Marc D’Silva and Sanela Imamovic (Catholic Relief Services Bosnia-Herzegovina)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/dsilva-imamovic

Asking the right questions in research on psychosocial well-being
Selma Porobic (Centre for Refugee and IDP Studies, University of Sarajevo)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/porobic

Wartime division in peacetime schools
Valery Perry (independent researcher and consultant)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/perry

Their last name is ‘refugee’: return and local activism
Peter Lippman human rights activist and independent researcher)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/lippman

Human rights shortcomings of the Dayton Peace Agreement
Lisbeth Pilegaard (Consultant) and Jasminka Dzumhur (Ombudsperson for Bosnia and Herzegovina)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/pilegaard-dzumhur

If women are left out of peace talks
Gorana Mlinarević (Gender of Justice Project at Goldsmiths University), Nela Porobić Isaković and Madeleine Rees (Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/mlinarevic-isakovic-rees

Interpretations of Annex 7: assessing the impact on non-returnees in the UK
Gayle Munro (The Salvation Army)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/munro

The role of remote voting in encouraging return
Djordje Stefanovic (Saint Mary’s University, Halifax) and Neophytos Loizides (University of Kent, UK)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/stefanovic-loizides

Home after Dayton: IDPs in Sarajevo
Gruia Badescu (Centre for Urban Conflicts Research, University of Cambridge)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/badescu

The compound effects of conflict and disaster displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Wesli H Turner (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/turner

Prijedor: re-imagining the future
Damir Mitrić (La Trobe University) and Sudbin Musić (Bridges for the Future Association)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/mitric-music

Mass evacuations: learning from the past
Caelin Briggs (Norwegian Refugee Council)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/briggs

Bosnia revisited: a retrospective on the legacy of the conflict
Brad K Blitz (Middlesex University)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/blitz

GENERAL ARTICLES

Inconsistency in asylum appeal adjudication
Nick Gill, Rebecca Rotter, Andrew Burridge, Melanie Griffiths and Jennifer Allsopp (Universities of Exeter, Edinburgh, Bristol and Oxford)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/gill-rotter-burridge-griffiths-allsopp

Sheltering displaced persons from sexual and gender-based violence
Julie Freccero (University of California)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/freccero

Changing how we measure success in resettlement
Justin S Lee (University of North Carolina at Greensboro), Suzie S Weng (University of North Florida) and Sarah Ivory (Church World Service)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/lee-weng-ivory

Young Afghans facing return
Kim Robinson (Deakin University) and Lucy Williams (University of Kent)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/robinson-williams

A fragmented landscape of protection
Roger Zetter (University of Oxford)
www.fmreview.org/dayton20/zetter

Publications: FMR 49 now online – Disasters and displacement in a changing climate

Forced Migration Review issue 49, entitled ‘Disasters and displacement in a changing climate’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters

In light of the projected increase in the frequency and intensity of disasters associated with climate change, the number of people displaced in the context of disasters will inevitably rise. Existing national, regional and international legal regimes, however, currently respond to only some of the protection concerns arising from such displacement. Crafting an appropriate response will demand a cross-sectoral approach that addresses different forms of human mobility and which also recognises the local knowledge, values and beliefs of affected communities.

This issue of FMR includes 36 articles on ‘Disasters and displacement in a changing climate’, five articles on ‘Female genital mutilation (FGM) and asylum in Europe‘, and five ‘general’ articles on: Cartagena +30, trafficking for human organs, animals and forced migration, refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border, and sweet tea and cigarettes in Jordan.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this email.

FMR 49 will be available online and in print in English, Arabic, French and Spanish.

The FGM mini-feature is also available as a separate pdf at www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/FGM.pdf.

If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk.

This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union.

Details of our forthcoming issues – on ‘The Balkans 20 years on from the Dayton Agreement’ and ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition and solutions’ – can be found at www.fmreview.org/forthcoming.

Apologies for any cross-posting.

Best wishes,

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
Editors, Forced Migration Review
fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk   www.fmreview.org
+44 (0)1865 281700 skype: fmreview
Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter

FMR 49 Disasters and displacement in a changing climate – contents with web links

THEME ARTICLES

Foreword

Børge Brende (Government of Norway) and Didier Burkhalter (Government of Switzerland) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/brende-burkhalter

The Nansen Initiative: building consensus on displacement in disaster contexts Walter Kälin (The Nansen Initiative) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/kaelin

National Adaptation Plans and human mobility Koko Warner (UNU-EHS), Walter Kälin (Nansen Initiative), Susan Martin (Georgetown University) and Youssef Nassef (UNFCC) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/warner-kaelin-martin-nassef

Modelling displacement
Justin Ginnetti (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/ginnetti

The state of the evidence
Susan Martin (Georgetown University)
www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/martin

The necessity for an ethnographic approach in Peru Geremia Cometti (Laboratoire d’Anthropologie Sociale, Paris) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/cometti

An integrated focus
William Lacy Swing (International Organization for Migration) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/swing

West Africa: a testing ground for regional solutions Julia Blocher, Dalila Gharbaoui and Sara Vigil (University of Liège) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/blocher-gharbaoui-vigil

Development and displacement risks
Glaucia Boyer and Matthew McKinnon (UNDP) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/boyer-mckinnon

Developing temporary protection in Africa Tamara Wood (University of New South Wales) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/wood

Climate effects on nomadic pastoralist societies Dawn Chatty and Troy Sternberg (University of Oxford) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/chatty-sternberg

Guidance for ‘managed’ relocation
Brent Doberstein and Anne Tadgell (University of Waterloo) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/doberstein-tadgell

Preparing for planned relocation
www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/planned-relocation

Lessons from planned relocation and resettlement in the past Jane McAdam (University of New South Wales) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcadam

Post-disaster resettlement in urban Bolivia Gemma Sou (University of Manchester) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/sou

Focusing on climate-related internal displacement Scott Leckie and Ezekiel Simperingham (Displacement Solutions) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/leckie-simperingham

Brazil’s draft migration law
Isabela Piacentini de Andrade (Universidade Positivo) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/piacentini

Disasters, displacement and a new framework in the Americas David James Cantor (Refugee Law Initiative) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/cantor

Temporary protection arrangements to fill a gap in the protection regime Volker Türk (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/tuerk

Refugees, climate change and international law María José Fernández (Universidad Católica de Salta, Argentina) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/fernandez

Displacement as a consequence of climate change mitigation policies Sara Vigil (University of Liège) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/vigil

Statelessness and environmental displacement Jessie Connell (Australian National University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/connell

A role for strategic litigation
Matthew Scott (Lund University, Sweden)
www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/scott

Floods and migration in the Czech Republic Robert Stojanov (University of Prague), Ilan Kelman (University College London) and Barbora Duží (Czech Academy of Sciences) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/stojanov-kelman-duzi

‘One Safe Future’ in the Philippines
Lloyd Ranque and Melissa Quetulio-Navarra (Philippines government agency) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/ranque-quetulionavarra

Post-disaster resettlement in the Philippines: a risky strategy Alice R Thomas (Refugees International) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/thomas

Cross-border migration with dignity in Kiribati Karen E McNamara (University of Queensland) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcnamara

Land, disasters and mobility in the South Pacific Daniel Fitzpatrick (Australian National University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcnamara

Not drowning but fighting: Pacific Islands activists Hannah Fair (University College London) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/fair

Samoa: local knowledge, climate change and population movements Ximena Flores-Palacios (Auckland University of Technology) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/florespalacios

Facilitating voluntary adaptive migration in the Pacific Bruce Burson (New Zealand Immigration and Protection Tribunal) and Richard Bedford (University of Waikato) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/burson-bedford

Integrating resilience in South Asia
Mi Zhou and Dorien Braam (Praxis Labs)
www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/zhou-braam

“Everyone likes it here”
Himani Upadhyay, Divya Mohan (TERI, India) and Ilan Kelman (University College London) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/upadhyay-mohan-kelman

Building adaptive capacity in Assam
Soumyadeep Banerjee, Suman Bisht and Bidhubhusan Mahapatra (International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/banerjee-bisht-mahapatra

Mixed motivations and complex causality in the Mekong Jessica Marsh (Mekong Migration Network) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/marsh

One good reason to speak of ‘climate refugees’
François Gemenne (University of Liège and Sciences Po, Paris) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/gemenne

Governance questions for the international community Alexander Betts (Refugee Studies Centre) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/betts

Building respectful solutions

Colleen Swan (Kivalina City Council), Chief Albert P Naquin (Isle de Jean Charles Tribal Council) and Stanley Tom (Newtok Traditional Council) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/swan-naquin-tom

FGM ARTICLES

Female genital mutilation: a case for asylum in Europe Fadela Novak-Irons (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/novakirons

FGM: challenges for asylum applicants and officials Christine Flamand (INTACT) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/flamand

The medicalisation of female genital mutilation Pierre Foldes and Frédérique Martz (Institut en Santé Génésique) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/foldes-martz

The Istanbul Convention: new treaty, new tool Elise Petitpas (End FGM European Network) and Johanna Nelles (Council of Europe) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/pettipas-nelles

Changing attitudes in Finland towards FGM Saido Mohamed and Solomie Teshome (Finnish League for Human Rights) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mohamed-teshome

GENERAL ARTICLES

The Cartagena process: 30 years of innovation and solidarity Carlos Maldonado Castillo (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/castillo

Trafficking for human organs
Vladimir Makei (Government of Belarus)
www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/makei

Sweet tea and cigarettes: a taste of refugee life in Jordan Rana B Khoury (Northwestern University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/khoury

Refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border Karen Hargrave (independent) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/hargrave

Animals and forced migration
Piers Beirne and Caitlin Kelty-Huber (University of Southern Maine) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/beirne-keltyhuber

 

Calls for papers: Forced Migration Review issue 51: major feature on ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition and solutions’

Forced Migration Review issue 51 – to be published in November 2015 – will include a major feature called ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition and solutions’.

Deadline for submission of articles: Monday 7th September 2015
www.fmreview.org/solutions

Source: Forced Migration List – List Archives: http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/forced-migration.html

The average number of years in which people are living in displacement has increased to nearly 20 years. The challenges that arise when people are forced to flee their homes for any length of time, but particularly when their displacement becomes protracted, are neither exclusively humanitarian nor exclusively developmental. These challenges are faced not only by the refugees, returnees and internally displaced persons themselves but also by the broader displacement-affected communities, including host societies and host countries, communities of origin and potential areas of return, and by those working with them. In addition the need has long been recognised to link humanitarian and development work in the early stages of an emergency in order to influence and implement both immediate and longer-term outcomes.

Addressing this combination of challenges has underpinned many initiatives within the humanitarian community over recent decades. Although over the years we may have found partial solutions, deeper understandings and revised formulations, the issues remain largely intractable. Lately these issues have found a new prominence with the Transitional Solutions Initiative, reframed in 2014 as the Solutions Alliance, for addressing protracted displacement.

For more background please see full call for articles online at www.fmreview.org/solutions

The FMR editors are planning to produce an issue comprising analytical, experiential and policy-oriented articles reflecting a diverse range of opinions and perspectives focusing on situations of forced displacement and addressing questions such as the following:

• What are the potential links between humanitarian and development programmes in finding solutions to displacement? Are there practical examples where such links have been explored and implemented in protracted displacements?
• What are the potential development impacts – positive as well as negative – of displacement?
• Where does displacement fit in the development agenda? What are potential development responses to displacement?
• Would greater involvement of development actors in seeking solutions to displacement help challenge resistance to hosting displaced people?
• How best can those most directly affected by displacement (refugees, IDPs, returnees) be active participants in these debates and initiatives?
• What have we learned from previous initiatives, and how can this inform the latest initiative (the Solutions Alliance)?
• What would be suitable legal or regulatory arrangements for supporting a transition from humanitarian needs to viable and sustainable solutions for displaced people? And what would be suitable institutional (social, cultural, economic, political, managerial) arrangements?
• How can we find ways to address the political conditionalities that hinder solutions to displacement in the countries of refuge or the countries of origin?
• To what extent are displacement issues being addressed effectively through national development plans?  What is the role of national governments?
• What are the roles of bilateral donors and development banks in supporting or complicating initiatives for humanitarian-development transitions in situations of displacement?
• Does the private sector have a role to play? Are there additional (less traditional) actors to consider?
• In this context, how can the needs and rights especially of the most vulnerable be protected?
• Are there alternatives to, or variations on, the traditional three ‘durable solutions’ that are more conducive to equitable solutions for protracted displacement? What are the risks and advantages of such alternatives?
• How can displacement solutions best be monitored, measured or analysed? How will we know that a displacement solution has been achieved?
• Do examples exist of effective transitional and durable solutions from which lessons can be drawn? What are the key conditions and drivers for successful solutions for displacement?
• In seeking new modalities are there risks to current, albeit unsatisfactory, arrangements?

Deadline for submission of articles: 7th September 2015

Maximum length: 2,500 words.

If you are interested in submitting an article, please email the Editors (fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk) with a proposed outline. Please also consult our guide for authors at www.fmreview.org/writing-fmr.

We also welcome articles on other subjects relating to forced migration for consideration for publication in the ‘general articles’ section of the issue.

Best wishes

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
FMR Editors
fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk

Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter

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Forced Migration Review issue 47, entitled ‘The Syria crisis, displacement and protection’, is now online

Forced Migration Review issue 47, entitled ‘The Syria crisis, displacement and protection’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/syria

The 6.45 million displaced people inside Syria make this the largest IDP crisis in the world, with possibly also the largest number of people who are ‘trapped’. In addition, the number of refugees from Syria continues to increase. The international community has an opportunity to set up, from now, an effective response to what will clearly become protracted displacement. The authors of the 20 articles in this latest issue of FMR offer observations that could be of value in increasing the level of protection for the displaced and in shaping assistance to both the displaced and the countries and communities that are ‘hosting’ them.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this page.

________________________________________

FMR 47 will be available online and in print in English, Arabic, French and Spanish.

An expanded contents Listing for this issue is also available, at www.fmreview.org/syria/FMR47listing.pdf

Requesting copies: If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy of FMR 47 or the Listing for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us as soon as possible at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk. Please state how many copies you need (of full issue and/or Listing) in which languages, and provide a full postal address.

Please help disseminate this issue as widely as possible by circulating to networks, posting links, blogging, mentioning it on Twitter and Facebook and adding it to resources lists.

This issue has been published with the assistance of the Regional Development and Protection Programme, a three-year regional initiative for Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq, led by Denmark and with contributions from the EU, Denmark, Ireland, the Netherlands, UK and the Czech Republic.

See www.fmreview.org/forthcoming for details of forthcoming FMR issues.

If you no longer wish to continue receiving our occasional email alerts, please let us know.

With thanks and best wishes
Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
FMR Editors
fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk

Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter

FMR 47 The Syria crisis, displacement and protection – contents with web links

The inheritance of loss
Nigel Fisher (United Nations)
www.fmreview.org/syria/fisher

Development and protection challenges of the Syrian refugee crisis
Roger Zetter (Refugee Studies Centre) and Héloïse Ruaudel (independent)
www.fmreview.org/syria/zetter-ruaudel

The refugee crisis in Lebanon and Jordan: the need for economic development spending
Omar Dahi (Hampshire College/Carnegie Middle East Center, Beirut)
www.fmreview.org/syria/dahi

Syrians contributing to Kurdish economic growth
Anubha Sood and Louisa Seferis (Danish Refugee Council)
www.fmreview.org/syria/sood-seferis

The role of host communities in north Lebanon
Helen Mackreath (American University of Beirut)
www.fmreview.org/syria/mackreath

Refugee activists’ involvement in relief effort in Lebanon
Frances Topham Smallwood (University of Amsterdam)
www.fmreview.org/syria/smallwood

Limited legal status for refugees from Syria in Lebanon
Dalia Aranki and Olivia Kalis (Norwegian Refugee Council)
www.fmreview.org/syria/aranki-kalis

Coping strategies among self-settled Syrians in Lebanon
Cathrine Thorleifsson (University of Oslo)
www.fmreview.org/syria/thorleifsson

Refugee by association
Blanche Tax (UNHCR)
www.fmreview.org/syria/tax

Protection challenges of mobility
Melissa Phillips and Kathrine Starup (Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat/Danish Refugee Council)
www.fmreview.org/syria/phillips-starup

A duty and a burden on Jordan
Saleh Al-Kilani (Jordanian Ministry of Interior)
www.fmreview.org/syria/alkilani

For beneficiary-led protection programming in Jordan
Sinead McGrath (International Catholic Migration Commission in Jordan)
www.fmreview.org/syria/mcgrath

If Israel accepted Syrian refugees and IDPs in the Golan Heights
Crystal Plotner (Al-Marsad, Arab Human Rights Centre in Golan Heights)
www.fmreview.org/syria/plotner

Gender, conscription and protection,and the war in Syria
Rochelle Davis, Abbie Taylor and Emma Murphy (Georgetown University)
www.fmreview.org/syria/davis-taylor-murphy

The vulnerability of Palestinian refugees from Syria
Leah Morrison (Oxford Brookes University)
www.fmreview.org/syria/morrison

The impact of displacement on disabled, injured and older Syrian refugees
Marcus Skinner (HelpAge International)
www.fmreview.org/syria/skinner

The mental health of Syrian refugee children and adolescents
Leah James, Annie Sovcik, Ferdinand Garoff and Reem Abbasi (Center for Victims of Torture)
www.fmreview.org/syria/james-sovcik-garoff-abbasi

The inside story: internal displacement in Syria
Erin Mooney (ProCap)
www.fmreview.org/syria/mooney

How the crisis is altering women’s roles in Syria
Zerene Haddad (Jesuit Refugee Service, Middle East and North Africa)
www.fmreview.org/syria/haddad

Mobility as a solution
Lucas Oesch (Groupe de recherches et d’études sur la Méditerranée et le Moyen Orient)
www.fmreview.org/syria/oesch

 

Calls for papers: Forced Migration Review issue 49: Climate change, disasters and displacement (deadline 12 January 2015)

Calls for papers: Forced Migration Review issue 49: Climate change, disasters and displacement (deadline 12 January 2015).

Deadline for submission of articles: 12th January 2015

Every year around the world people are displaced by floods, cyclones, droughts and other sudden- and slow-onset events. In light of the projected increase in the frequency and intensity of disasters associated with climate change and environmental degradation, it is anticipated that the number of people displaced in the context of disasters, including across international borders, is likely to rise.

Forced Migration Review published an issue in 2008 looking at ‘Climate change and displacement’ which brought together researchers and practitioners to debate this growing area of concern – and the tension between the need for research and the need to act. In the years since then there has been much debate, analysis and developments in thinking, approaches and needs.

While existing national, regional and international legal regimes respond to some of the protection concerns arising from displacement in the context of disasters, others remain unaddressed.  Despite legal standards to protect internally displaced people, significant operational protection gaps remain for those displaced in disasters. Regarding cross-border displacement in disaster contexts, where the 1951 Refugee Convention would not apply, the legal gap relates primarily to admissions, status during stay, and finding durable solutions.

International cooperation and solidarity will be essential to ensure adequate protection of the rights of displaced people, while identifying needs and crafting an appropriate response will demand a cross-sectoral approach that addresses different forms of human mobility (displacement, migration and planned relocation). Those working in many different fields – technical and scientific, political, humanitarian, human rights and developmental, among others – will have something to contribute to solutions and to mitigating the impact of displacement.

This issue of FMR, to be published in May 2015, aims to discuss the linkages between climate change, disasters and displacement, the impact of both internal and cross-border displacement, measures to prevent or reduce the likelihood of displacement, and approaches to ensure the protection of those who are displaced (or who are unable to move).

In 2015, the Nansen Initiative, led by the Governments of Norway and Switzerland, will bring together states to discuss a protection agenda addressing the needs of people displaced in the context of disasters caused by natural hazards, including those linked to climate change. While some articles in the FMR issue will emanate from the Nansen Initiative’s regional consultations and civil society meetings that have been taking place since 2013 in the Pacific, Central America, the Horn of Africa, South-East Asia and South Asia, additional articles would be welcomed, in particular those that address the Arctic, Central Asia, Europe, West Africa, the Caribbean and Central Asia.

The FMR Editors are looking for practice-oriented submissions reflecting a diverse range of perspectives which focus on situations of displacement and address questions such as the following:

. What have been the most significant developments in relation to a better understanding of the linkages between climate change, disasters and displacement since publication of FMR issue 31 in 2008?
. What measures can be taken to prevent, or reduce the likelihood of, displacement in the context of climate change and disasters?
. What gaps remain in national, regional and international legal regimes in terms of providing protection for individuals and communities displaced internally or across borders, or facing displacement, in the context of disasters caused by natural hazards, including those linked to climate change?
. How can the operational response be improved, with roles and responsibilities better clarified, when providing protection and assistance for those displaced by disasters and the effects of climate change?  What examples exist of states admitting displaced people in the context of disasters?
. Are new methods of data collection, analysis and the use of quantitative modelling proving useful in predicting, planning for and responding to displacement in the context of disasters caused by natural   hazards, including those linked to climate change?
. Are there examples of good practice in supporting resilience, adaptation and coping strategies that can be replicated elsewhere?
. What evidence is there of improved guidelines and practice in disaster risk reduction and management, relating to displacement, disasters and climate change?
. To what extent is human mobility included within national adaptation plans?
. How can governments, civil society and the international community work together to help boost the adaptive capacities of local host communities and communities affected by displacement?
. What are potentially affected local communities saying and doing about climate change, disasters and displacement? How can their expertise and insights feed in effectively to planning and responses at the local, national, regional and international level?
. How can pre-emptive voluntary migration or planned relocation, and/or admission to another country to provide temporary protection, be facilitated?
. In what circumstances will both affected citizens and non-citizens have access to humanitarian assistance?
. What is needed in terms of international and regional cooperation and coordination? What good practice currently exists?
. How should governments and other actors respond in order to guard against protracted displacement and avoid premature return?

If you are interested in submitting an article, please email the Editors fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk with a proposed outline.

Deadline for submission of articles: 12th January 2015
Maximum length: 2,500 words.

Please note that space is always at a premium in FMR and that published articles are usually shorter than this maximum length. Your article, if accepted for publication, may well be shortened but you will of course be consulted about any editing changes. Please consult our Guidelines for authors at: www.fmreview.org/writing-fmr

Authors are reminded that FMR seeks to include articles with a gendered approach or a gender analysis as part of them. We are also particularly keen to reflect the experiences and knowledge of communities and individuals directly affected by these questions. If you can put us in touch with displaced people and/or local organisation representatives who might be interested in writing, please do email us; we are happy to work with individuals to help them develop an article.

View the call for articles online at http://www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters

 

 

New publications: ‘Afghanistan’s displaced people: 2014 and beyond’ – plus Statelessness mini-feature (Forced Migration Review issue 46)

FMR 46 now online – ‘Afghanistan’s displaced people: 2014 and beyond’ – plus Statelessness mini-feature

Forced Migration Review issue 46, entitled ‘Afghanistan’s displaced people: 2014 and beyond’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/afghanistan

2014 is widely seen as marking a watershed for Afghanistan with its legacy of thirty-five years of conflict and one of the world’s largest populations in protracted displacement. International military forces are being withdrawn and the country is ‘in transition’ – politically, economically and in terms of security and its international standing. The high voter turnout in the recent presidential elections has been greeted as an encouraging sign for Afghanistan’s future but there is still considerable uncertainty about the capacity of the country to address the challenges of return, integration and reintegration, protection, access to rights, and continuing displacement.

FMR 46 contains 21 articles on Afghanistan, plus a mini-feature on Statelessness.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given below.

FMR 46 will be available online and in print in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Dari and Pashto.

If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk

We are very grateful to the following organisations for their financial support of this issue: Norwegian Refugee Council, Open Society Justice Initiative, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)/Swiss Cooperation Office – Afghanistan, UN-Habitat, UNHCR Department of International Protection, UNHCR Office in Afghanistan and the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

See www.fmreview.org/forthcoming for details of forthcoming FMR issues on Syria, Faith-based organisations, Climate change and disasters, and Dayton+20/Balkans.

FMR 46 Afghanistan’s displaced people: 2014 and beyond – contents with web links

THEME ARTICLES

2014 and beyond: implications for displacement
Aidan O’Leary (UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/oleary

Continuing conflict, continuing displacement
Rahmatullah Amiri (independent)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/amiri

Stateless in Afghanistan
Maira Kuppers (The Liaison Office Afghanistan)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/kuppers

An IDP Policy for Afghanistan: from draft to reality
Laurie S Wiseberg (ProCap)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/wiseberg

Anchoring return: the role of the Solutions Strategy
Pierfrancesco Maria Natta (UNHCR)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/natta

Enhancing security of land tenure for IDPs
Shobha Rao (NORCAP/UN-Habitat Afghanistan) and Jan Turkstra (UN-Habitat Afghanistan)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/rao-turkstra

Reframing solutions for Afghan refugees
Dan Tyler (Norwegian Refugee Council)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/tyler

Pakistan’s national refugee policy
Muhammad Abbas Khan (Chief Commissionerate for Afghan Refugees, Islamabad)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/khan

Violence and vulnerabilities: Afghans in Pakistan
Sanaa Alimia (School of Oriental and African Studies, London)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/alimia

Returning from Iran
Armando Geller and Maciej M Latek (Scensei)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/geller-latek

Protection for disabled persons in Afghanistan
Andreas Dimopoulos (Brunel University)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/dimpoloulos

The changing nature of return migration to Afghanistan
Katie Kuschminder, Melissa Siegel (both Maastricht University) and Nassim Majidi (Samuel Hall, Kabul/Sciences Po, Paris)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/kuschminder-siegel-majidi

A view from the Afghan diaspora
Tabasum Akseer (Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/akseer

Afghan returnees as actors of change?
Marieke van Houte (Maastricht University)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/vanhoute

Displacement and violence against women in Afghanistan
Camille Hennion (Samuel Hall Consulting)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/hennion

Sexual violence: unacceptable on all counts
Lida Ahmad (University of Afghanistan/Humanitarian Assistance for the Women and Children of Afghanistan)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/ahmad

Urban displaced youth in Kabul
Nassim Majidi (Samuel Hall Consulting, Kabul/Sciences Po, Paris)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/majidi

Unaccompanied Afghan children: on the move again?
Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/AREU

Urban realities for displaced young women and girls
Dan Tyler (Norwegian Refugee Council) and Susanne Schmeidl (The Liaison Office)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/tyler-schmeidl

Still at risk: forced evictions in urban Afghanistan
Caroline Howard and Jelena Madzarevic (Norwegian Refugee Council)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/howard-madzarevic

Heeding the warning signs: further displacement predicted for Afghanistan
Susanne Schmeidl (The Liaison Office/Australian National University)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/schmeidl

Transition and displacement
Khalid Koser (Geneva Centre for Security Policy)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/koser

STATELESSNESS mini-feature

The status of statelessness 60 years on
Volker Türk (UNHCR)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/tuerk

Towards the abolition of gender discrimination in nationality laws
Zahra Albarazi and Laura van Waas (Tilburg University Law School)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/albarazi-vanwaas

Judicial denationalisation of Dominicans of Haitian descent
Liliana Gamboa and Julia Harrington Reddy (Open Society Justice Initiative)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/gamboa-harrington

Snapshots of stateless people in Europe
European Network on Statelessness
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/ENS

Discrimination and the human security of stateless people
Amal de Chickera and Joanna Whiteman (The Equal Rights Trust)
www.fmreview.org/afghanistan/dechickera-whiteman

 

New publications: Forced Migration review issue 45 now online – on Crisis, migration and displacement – plus a selection of general articles

Forced Migration Review issue 45, entitled ‘Crisis’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/crisis

Many people who are displaced, or become ‘trapped’, in the context of diverse humanitarian crises do not fit well within existing legal, policy and operational frameworks for the protection of refugees and IDPs. This raises questions about whether there needs to be – or can be – more systematic ways of dealing with assistance and protection for people affected by ‘crises’ such as environmental disruption, gang violence, nuclear disasters, food shortages and so on.

FMR 45 contains 33 ‘theme’ articles on crisis, migration and displacement, and eight ‘general’ articles on subjects including Typhoon Haiyan, reparations in Latin America, discrimination in Burma, IDPs in Kenya, asylum in Lebanon, and contextualising educational standards

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this email.

FMR 45 will be available online and in print in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.

If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk

We are very grateful to the ISIM Crisis Migration Project and to the John D and Catherine T MacArthur Foundation for funding this issue.

See www.fmreview.org/forthcoming for details of forthcoming FMR issues on Afghanistan, Syria, and Faith-based organisations/responses to displacement.

Apologies for any cross-posting.

best wishes

Marion & Maurice
Editors, Forced Migration Review

fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk    www.fmreview.org
+44 (0)1865 281700 skype: fmreview
Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter

FMR 45 Crisis – contents with web links

THEME ARTICLES

Foreword on migrants in crisis
Peter D Sutherland (UN Special Representative for International Migration and Development)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/sutherland

What is crisis migration?
Susan Martin, Sanjula Weerasinghe and Abbie Taylor (ISIM, Georgetown University)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/martin-weerasinghe-taylor

The concept of crisis migration
Jane McAdam (University of New South Wales)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/mcadam

Lessons from the development of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement
Roberta Cohen (Brookings Institution)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/cohen

Flight to the cities
Patricia Weiss Fagen (Georgetown University)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/weissfagen

Choice and necessity: relocations in the Arctic and South Pacific
Robin Bronen (University of Alaska Fairbanks)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/bronen

Illegal migration in the Indian Sunderbans
Sahana Bose (Manipal University, India)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/bose

Migrants on offshore islands of Bangladesh
Rezwan Siddiqui (University of Dhaka, Bangladesh)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/siddiqui

Resettlement in the twenty-first century
Anthony Oliver-Smith and Alex de Sherbinin (University of Florida and Columbia University)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/oliversmith-desherbinin

Adolescence, food crisis and migration
Janis Ridsdel (Plan International)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/ridsdel

Criminal violence and displacement in Mexico
Sebastián Albuja (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/albuja

Mexicans seeking political asylum
Leticia Calderón Chelius (Instituto Mora, México)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/calderon

Mexico: from the Guiding Principles to national responsibilities on the rights of IDPs
Fernando Batista Jiménez (Mexican National Commission on Human Rights)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/batista

Rising waters, displaced lives
Lindsey Brickle and Alice Thomas (Refugees International)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/brickle-thomas

Health crises and migration
Michael Edelstein (Public Health Agency of Sweden), David Heymann (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine) and Khalid Koser (Geneva Centre for Security Policy)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/edelstein-heymann-koser

Questioning ‘drought displacement’: environment, politics and migration in Somalia
Anna Lindley (London School of Oriental and African Studies)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/lindley

Non-citizens caught up in situations of conflict, violence and disaster
Khalid Koser (Geneva Centre for Security Policy)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/koser

Humanitarian border management
Maximilian Pottler (IOM)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/pottler

Aspects of crisis migration in Algeria
Mohamed Saïb Musette (Applied Economic Research Center for Development, Algeria)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/musette

Forcing migration of globalised citizens
Oscar A Gómez (JICA)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/gomez

The challenge of mixed migration by sea
Judith Kumin (University of New Hampshire)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/kumin

Populations ‘trapped’ at times of crisis
Richard Black and Michael Collyer (London School of Oriental and African Studies and University of Sussex)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/black-collyer

The rise of trapped populations
April T Humble (The Earth League)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/humble

Misconceptions about human trafficking in a time of crisis
Elżbieta M Goździak and Alissa Walter (Georgetown University)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/gozdziak-walter

International cooperation on the North Korean refugee crisis
Markus Bell and Geoffrey Fattig (Australian National University and University of California, San Diego)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/bell-fattig

New Orleans: a lesson in post-disaster resilience
Paul Kadetz (Leiden University)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/kadetz

Nuclear disasters and displacement
Silva Meybatyan (University of the District of Columbia)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/meybatyan

Regionalism as a strategic tool for dealing with crisis migration
Liliana Lyra Jubilut and Erika Pires Ramos (Universidade Católica de Santos, Brazil, and RESAMA South American Network for Environmental Migration, Brazil)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/jubilut-ramos

Environmental stress, displacement and the challenge of rights protection
Roger Zetter and James Morrissey (University of Oxford)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/zetter-morrissey

Disaster Law
Stefanie Haumer (German Red Cross)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/haumer

On policies of hospitality and hostility in Argentina
Irene Duffard Evangelista
www.fmreview.org/crisis/duffard

Disaster risk reduction and mobility
Patrice Quesada (IOM)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/quesada

The global governance of crisis migration
Alexander Betts (Refugee Studies Centre)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/betts

Crisis Migration Project
List of the Project’s outputs to date.
www.fmreview.org/crisis/isim

GENERAL ARTICLES

New OAS Conventions protecting IDPs against racism and discrimination
Maria Beatriz Nogueira (University of Brasília)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/nogueira

The potential role of a racial discrimination law in Myanmar
Nathan Willis (Souther Cross University, Australia)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/willis

Translating global education standards to local contexts
Carine Allaf, Tzvetomira Laub and Arianna Sloat (INEE)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/allaf-laub-sloat

Opportunity to change Lebanon’s asylum policy
Samira Trad
www.fmreview.org/crisis/trad

Perspectives of refugees in Dadaab on returning to Somalia
Caroline Abu Sa’Da and Sergio Bianchi (MSF)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/abusada-bianchi

Dictatorships, refugees and reparation in the Southern Cone of Latin America
Juan Pablo Terminiello (University of Buenos Aires)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/terminiello

Internal displacement in Kenya: the quest for durable solutions
Lucy Kiama and Fredrick Koome (Refugee Consortium of Kenya)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/kiama-koome

Connecting and communicating after Typhoon Haiyan
Mariko Hall and Adam Ashcroft (WFP)
www.fmreview.org/crisis/hall-ashcroft

 

Call for Papers: Faith-based organisations and responses to displacement – FMR reminder

Call for Papers:

Forced Migration Review issue 48 – to be published in November 2014 – will include a major feature on ‘Faith-based organisations and responses to displacement’.

Deadline for submission of articles: Friday 9th May 2014

www.fmreview.org/faith

(Please circulate to anyone you think might be interested.)

Individuals and organisations inspired by their faith or religion to assist people in need have long played important roles in humanitarian assistance. They are – from the point of view of the recipients of assistance – in most ways no different from others who provide assistance, and yet they are sometimes seen, and sometimes want to be seen, as different.

Moreover, many of the world’s conflicts have a faith or religious dimension which potentially complicates the work of faith-based humanitarian actors and their reception or acceptance by local communities and displaced people; secular organisations may also find that they lack an aspect that is important to those whom they wish to help. However, there is little written for a wide audience about actual experiences and how communities and organisations deal with the interfaces between faiths and rights, protection, needs and assistance.

Full call for articles online at www.fmreview.org/faith

The FMR editors invite reflective, analytical and practice-oriented submissions about faith-based or faith-inspired humanitarian activities focusing on situations of forced displacement and addressing questions such as the following:

  • What is it about faith that inspires humanitarian response? Does this affect cooperation or partnership with non-faith-based agencies and/or with agencies taking their inspiration from different faiths?
  • Is there any conflict between the human rights approach to assistance and protection for forced migrants and an approach based on faith claims, particularly in respect of humanitarian norms, standards and accountability?
  • Do displaced persons potentially identify with and/or trust organisations inspired by faith more than secular organisations?
  • Do some groups of displaced people prioritise a match between their own faith and that of the providers of assistance, or vice versa?
  • Do faith-based agencies ever implement assistance in a discriminatory way or link it to activities designed to proselytise? If so, how do they justify this?
  • What expectations do affected people have of faith-based organisations? Are faith-based organisations better placed to implement assistance in a more holistic fashion and, if so, what are their advantages?
  • Are there ways in which their faith can be a barrier to some kinds of assistance work? Is the provision of some forms of assistance hindered by some beliefs or faith cultures and, if so, how can these barriers be overcome?
  • What are the potential advantages and challenges of faith-based organisations providing assistance to different members of displaced groups, including women and children, older people, and sexual, ethnic and national minorities? In what respect, if any, do faith-based organisations – and in particular local faith-based organisations – have comparative advantages available to no other governmental, non-governmental or inter-governmental agency in immediate, mid-term or long-term responses?
  • What challenges do faith-based organisations face as providers of humanitarian assistance?
  • What challenges should secular (non-faith-based) providers of humanitarian assistance recognise as potentially resulting from their secular nature?
  • What steps are being taken or could be taken to a) improve the role, practice, behaviour or approaches of faith-based organisations in humanitarian response, and b) improve cooperation and collaboration between faith-based organisations and between faith-based and other organisations?

We are looking for examples of good, replicable practice and experience as well as sound analysis of the issues at stake. We are particularly keen to reflect the experiences and knowledge of communities and individuals directly affected by these questions.

Please note that this issue of FMR will not address the issue of religions as contributory causes of conflict or displacement.

Deadline for submission of articles: Friday 9th May 2014

Maximum length of article for submission: 2,500 words

If you plan to submit an article, please consult our Guide for authors at www.fmreview.org/writing-fmr  and, if possible, let us know in advance what particular aspect/s you propose to write about; email us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk.

We also welcome articles on other subjects relating to forced migration for consideration for publication in the ‘general articles’ section of the issue.

If your contact details have recently changed, or if you would like us to remove you from our email alerts list, please let us know. Thank you.

Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitte

FMR 44 now online – Detention, alternatives to detention, and deportation – plus Syria crisis mini-feature

Forced Migration Review issue 44, entitled ‘Detention, alternatives to detention, and deportation’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/detention

Asylum seekers and refugees – men, women and even children – are increasingly detained and interned around the world, as are numbers of other migrants. Sometimes detained indefinitely and often in appalling conditions, they may suffer not only deprivation of their liberty but other abuses of their human rights too. Detention may appear to be a convenient solution to states’ political quest to manage migration (often as a precursor to deportation) but it is an expensive option and has lasting effects on those detained. In the search for a more humane – and cheaper – approach, agencies and government authorities have trialled a variety of alternatives to detention.

FMR 44 includes 36 articles on immigration detention, alternatives to detention, and deportation, plus a mini-feature on the Syria crisis and a selection of other articles.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this email.

FMR 44 will be available online and in print in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.

An expanded contents listing for this issue is available at www.fmreview.org/detention/FMR44listing.pdf

If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy of FMR 44 or FMR44 Listing for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk

We are very grateful to the Oak Foundation and UNHCR for funding this issue.

See www.fmreview.org/forthcoming for details of forthcoming FMR issues.

 

Calls for Papers: Forced Migration Review issue 46 on ‘Faith-based organisations and responses to displacement’

Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog

Forced Migration Review issue 46 – to be published in April 2014 – will include a feature on ‘Faith-based organisations and responses to displacement’.

 

Deadline for submission of articles: Monday 9th December 2013

 

Individuals and organisations inspired by their faith or religion to assist people in need have long played important roles in humanitarian assistance. They are – from the point of view of the recipients of assistance – in most ways no different from others who provide assistance, and yet they are sometimes seen, and sometimes want to be seen, as different.

 

Moreover, many of the world’s conflicts have a faith or religious dimension which potentially complicates the work of faith-based humanitarian actors and their reception or acceptance by local communities and displaced people; secular organisations may also find that they lack an aspect that is important to those whom they wish to help. However, there is little written for a wide audience about actual experiences and how communities and organisations deal with the interfaces between faiths and rights, protection, needs and assistance.

See full call for articles at www.fmreview.org/faith

The FMR editors invite reflective, analytical and practice-oriented submissions about faith-based or faith-inspired humanitarian activities focusing on situations of forced displacement and addressing questions such as the following:

. What is it about faith that inspires humanitarian response? Does this affect cooperation or partnership with non-faith-based agencies and/or with agencies taking their inspiration from different faiths?

. Is there any conflict between the human rights approach to assistance and protection for forced migrants and an approach based on faith claims, particularly in respect of humanitarian norms, standards and accountability?

. Do displaced persons potentially identify with and/or trust organisations inspired by faith more than secular organisations?

. Do some groups of displaced people prioritise a match between their own faith and that of the providers of assistance, or vice versa?

. Do faith-based agencies ever implement assistance in a discriminatory way or link it to activities designed to proselytise? If so, how do they justify this?

. What expectations do affected people have of faith-based organisations? Are faith-based organisations better placed to implement assistance in a more holistic fashion and, if so, what are their advantages?

. Are there ways in which their faith can be a barrier to some kinds of assistance work? Is the provision of some forms of assistance hindered by some beliefs or faith cultures and, if so, how can these barriers be overcome?

.What are the potential advantages and challenges of faith-based organisations providing assistance to different members of displaced groups, including women and children, older people, and sexual, ethnic and national minorities? In what respect, if any, do faith-based organisations – and in particular local faith-based organisations – have comparative advantages available to no other governmental, non-governmental or inter-governmental agency in immediate, mid-term or long-term responses?

. What challenges do faith-based organisations face as providers of humanitarian assistance?

. What challenges should secular (non-faith-based) providers of humanitarian assistance recognise as potentially resulting from their secular nature?

. What steps are being taken or could be taken to a) improve the role, practice, behaviour or approaches of faith-based organisations in humanitarian response, and b) improve cooperation and collaboration between faith-based organisations and between faith-based and other organisations?

We are looking for examples of good, replicable practice and experience as well as sound analysis of the issues at stake. We are particularly keen to reflect the experiences and knowledge of communities and individuals directly affected by these questions.

Please note that this issue of FMR will not address the issue of religions as contributory causes of conflict or displacement.

Deadline for submission of articles: 9th December 2013

Maximum length of article for submission: 2,500 words Please note that space is always at a premium in FMR and that published articles are usually shorter than this maximum length.  Your article, if accepted for publication, may well be shortened but you will of course be consulted about any editing changes.

If you plan to submit an article, please consult our Guide for authors at www.fmreview.org/writing-fmr  and, if possible, let us know in advance what particular aspect/s you propose to write about; email us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk.

We also welcome articles on other subjects relating to forced migration for consideration for publication in the ‘general articles’ section of the issue.

We would be grateful if you would forward this email to those whom you think might be interested in the theme. For details for other forthcoming issues, please see http://www.fmreview.org/forthcoming

If your contact details have recently changed, or if you would like us to remove you from our email alerts list, please let us know. Thank you.

With apologies for any cross-posting of this message.

Best wishes

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
FMR Editors
fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk

Resource: FMR 43 now online – States of fragility

Forced Migration Review issue 43 ‘States of fragility’ is now online at www.fmreview.org/fragilestates

071e7-fmr43coverMany states fail in their responsibilities to their citizens but those states which are fragile, failed or weak are particularly liable to render their citizens vulnerable. This latest issue of FMR includes 24 articles on fragile states and displacement, going behind the definitions, typologies and indicators to explore some of the concepts and realities, looking at a variety of cases and discussing some of the humanitarian and development responses.

In addition this issue contains eight further ‘general articles’ on other aspects of displacement.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this email.

FMR 43 will be available online and in print in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.

An expanded contents listing for this issue – FMR43 Listing – is available at www.fmreview.org/fragilestates/FMR43listing.pdf

If you do NOT usually receive a print copy and would like to receive a copy of FMR 43 or FMR43 Listing for your organisation, or multiple copies for distribution to partners and policy/decision makers or for use at conferences or workshops, please contact the Editors.

New! FMR is now A5 size: lighter to carry, easier to read on mobile devices and cheaper to post. We do hope you will like the new sized FMR and find it easy to read and use.

We would like to thank Alex Betts for his assistance as special advisor on this issue. We are also very grateful to the John D and Catherine T MacArthur Foundation, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs and the UNDP Evaluation Office for their funding support for this issue, and to all our current institutional donors, including those who generously provide unearmarked funding for FMR. Thanks also to those individual readers who have donated to support FMR.

See www.fmreview.org/forthcoming for details of forthcoming issues.

If you no longer wish to continue receiving our occasional email alerts, please let us know.

 

Call for Papers: FMR Special Issue on Detention and Deportation

Call for Papers: FMR Special Issue on Detention and Deportation

Deadline for submission of articles: April 15th

Link: http://www.fmreview.org/detention

Detention is used by many states in dealing with different categories of migrants, including refugees and stateless people, migrants who are undocumented or in an irregular situation, asylum seekers awaiting the outcome of their asylum application and failed asylum seekers awaiting removal.

There are practical, political, financial, moral and legal reasons for (and against) detention in the context of immigration/asylum-seeking. States cite a variety of reasons to justify this practice; irregular migration in particular is seen by some as a national security problem or a criminal issue. Many states regard detention as a deterrent against undesired migratory flows, although research by UNHCR and the International Detention Coalition has found that there is no empirical evidence that detention deters irregular migration or discourages persons from seeking asylum. The practice of the use of detention is often linked by commentators and critics either to a state’s more general lack of respect for human rights or to an agenda of securitisation in response to perceived threats. The practice of detention is often linked to the practices of forcible return and deportation for irregular or illegal migrants and failed asylum seekers.

Detention or restricted movement arrangements for the purposes of migration control can take many forms, including detaining people in penal institutions, specialised detention centres or closed camp settings. In some countries detention in such situations is mandatory, and can be for prolonged or indefinite periods. In other countries detention can be arbitrary or otherwise contrary to the relevant international standards or international legal instruments accepted by the states concerned.

People in detention are at risk of emotional and psychological damage, and are in effect criminalised often without legal recourse. In some countries children and trafficked persons and other vulnerable people are also confined in detention. The consequences for the cognitive and emotional development of children may be lifelong. The media and civil society are routinely denied access to detention centres, meaning that it is very difficult for the world to know about or understand the plight of children in detention in particular.

There are increasingly widespread claims that detention and removal are not only damaging to the individuals concerned, abusive and possibly illegal but that they are more expensive than community-based alternatives; that detention is not effective in deterring asylum seekers, refugees and irregular migrants; that it is counterproductive in achieving compliance with final decisions on asylum; and that there are humane, reliable and cost-effective alternatives to detention and to deportation. Yet some states are even intensifying their detention and deportation practices.

UNHCR has announced that in the years ahead it will embark on a global campaign to promote alternatives to the detention of asylum seekers and refugees, and humane reception conditions, and that this will be one of its priorities for 2013. UNHCR is launching its revised guidelines on detention at its Executive Committee meeting at the end of 2012.

This issue of FMR will provide a forum for practitioners, advocates, policymakers and researchers to share experience, debate perspectives and offer recommendations. In particular, the FMR Editors are looking for practice-oriented submissions, reflecting a diverse range of experience and opinions, which address questions such as the following:

  • Under what circumstances is detention legally permissible and with what consequences?
  • What are the impacts of detention on children and other particularly vulnerable people?
  • What are the practical and political reasons for restricting the freedom of movement of refugees, asylum seekers and other migrants, and what are the human rights issues at stake?
  • What are the experiences in states developing alternatives to detention in these circumstances? What civil society-led initiatives are there? What pilots have there been? How can they be promoted?
  • What evidence is there of the effectiveness of alternatives to detention in meeting the needs and aims of states and the wellbeing and dignity of individuals? What prevents governments from seeking or implementing alternatives?
  • What examples exist of alternatives to detention in transit contexts?
  • Could the processing of asylum seekers externally bring an improvement over current practices of detention and deportation?
  • What factors are necessary for the success of alternatives to detention?
  • What resources are available to support states and civil society in advocating against detention or for alternatives?
  • If detention as a policy continues, what scope is there for improving the rights of detainees, the conditions of detention and the monitoring of detention facilities?
  • What is the political and/or legal relationship between detention and deportation and various statuses such as temporary or exceptional right to stay?
  • What mechanisms and processes are in place to monitor the fate of deportees after deportation? Can the evidence from such monitoring be used to change states’ deportation practices?

We are particularly keen to reflect the experiences and knowledge of communities and individuals directly affected by detention and/or deportation.

Please email the Editors at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk if you are interested in contributing or have suggestions of colleagues or community representatives who may wish to contribute.

Please consider writing for us even if you have not written an article before. We would be happy to work with you to develop an article about your experience.

If you are planning to write, we would be grateful if you would take note of our Guidelines for Contributors at: www.fmreview.org/you/writing-fmr .

Maximum length: 2,500 words.

Please note that space is always at a premium in FMR and that published articles are usually shorter than this maximum length. Your article, if accepted for publication, may well be shortened but you will of course be consulted about any editing changes.

 

FMR Call for Articles – Detention and Deportation Sept 2013 Issue

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Forced Migration Review issue 43 – to be published in September 2013 – will include a feature on ‘Detention and deportation’.

Deadline for submission of articles: 15th April 2012

Full details at www.fmreview.org/detention

Detention is used by many states in dealing with different categories of migrants, including refugees and stateless people, migrants who are undocumented or in an irregular situation, asylum seekers awaiting the outcome of their asylum application and failed asylum seekers awaiting removal.

There are increasingly widespread claims that detention and removal are not only damaging to the individuals concerned, abusive and possibly illegal but that they are more expensive than community-based alternatives; that detention is not effective in deterring asylum seekers, refugees and irregular migrants; that it is counterproductive in achieving compliance with final decisions on asylum; and that there are humane, reliable and cost-effective alternatives to detention and to deportation. Yet some states are even intensifying their detention and deportation practices.

This issue of FMR will provide a forum for practitioners, advocates, policymakers and researchers to share experience, debate perspectives and offer recommendations. In particular, the FMR Editors are looking for practice-oriented submissions, reflecting a diverse range of experience and opinions, which address questions such as the following:

  • Under what circumstances is detention legally permissible and with what consequences?
  •  What are the impacts of detention on children and other particularly vulnerable people?
  • What are the practical and political reasons for restricting the freedom of movement of refugees, asylum seekers and other migrants, and what are the human rights issues at stake?
  • What are the experiences in states developing alternatives to detention in these circumstances? What civil society-led initiatives are there? What pilots have there been? How can they be promoted?
  • What evidence is there of the effectiveness of alternatives to detention in meeting the needs and aims of states and the wellbeing and dignity of individuals? What prevents governments from seeking or implementing alternatives?
  • What examples exist of alternatives to detention in transit contexts?
  • Could the processing of asylum seekers externally bring an improvement over current practices of detention and deportation?
  • What factors are necessary for the success of alternatives to detention?
  • What resources are available to support states and civil society in advocating against detention or for alternatives?
  • If detention as a policy continues, what scope is there for improving the rights of detainees, the conditions of detention and the monitoring of detention facilities?
  • What is the political and/or legal relationship between detention and deportation and various statuses such as temporary or exceptional right to stay?
  • What mechanisms and processes are in place to monitor the fate of deportees after their deportation? Can the evidence from such monitoring be used to change states’ deportation practices?

We are particularly keen to reflect the experiences and knowledge of communities and individuals directly affected by detention and/or deportation.

If you are thinking of writing for FMR, please consult our Guide for authors at www.fmreview.org/you/writing-fmr and if possible please let us know in advance at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk what particular aspect/s you propose to write about.

If your contact details have recently changed, or if you would like us to remove you from our email alerts list, please let us know. Thank you.

With apologies for any cross-posting of this message.

Best wishes

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson

FMR Editors

fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk
www.fmreview.org
+44 (0)1865 281700
skype: fmreview
Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter

 

FMR Deadline for Submissions: `Fragile States’

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Source:  www.fmreview.org/fragilestates

Fragile states

Deadline for submission of articles: 7th January 2013

The combination of conflict and what is known as ‘state fragility’ has been a major driver of forced displacement in many parts of the world. The international system gives the state primary responsibility for the well-being and rights of its citizens and others present within its borders. Yet when the state itself is caught up in internal conflict, or lacking in authority, stability, capacity and governance systems or legitimacy, or any combination of these, the welfare and rights of displaced people can be severely compromised. Little of what is written about ‘fragile states’, however, deals explicitly with forced migration.

One definition of state fragility highlights ‘susceptibility to crisis’ often attributed to poor governance and/or prolonged violence that weakens state functions. The negative connotations associated with the term ‘fragile state’ are rejected by some states, while others enthusiastically embrace the term if it attracts additional resources. Indeed increasing percentages of aid from major donors are being earmarked for conflict-affected ‘fragile’ states, either because of the perception that they can provide cover for religious fundamentalist or criminal elements, or because of the fear of regional contamination from the conflicts, and the displacement that ensues, that fragile states cannot extricate themselves from.

Conflict as a cause of displacement often correlates with state fragility, whether as a symptom or a cause of fragility, for example where failures of authority or legitimacy lead to the emergence of significant organised violence, which can then be compounded by the failure of the state to protect its citizens. These factors, or the response they trigger from other states, often precipitate large-scale forced migration, of both IDPs and refugees seeking protection from persecution.

State fragility may also play a significant role in the production of forced migration relating to natural disasters or environmental crises, in that failures in governance affect the vulnerabilities of populations and their ability to adapt and be resilient.

The response to ‘fragility’ has become an increasingly important element in international political and humanitarian interventions, as well as in development planning. In particular, global economic and political institutions have identified fragile states as critical targets for the mobilisation of particular types of assistance – assistance that seeks to ‘build’ states – in order to address the issues of their legitimacy alongside that of the services they provide, including to displaced people.

The FMR editors are looking for practice-oriented submissions, reflecting a diverse range of opinions but focusing on situations of forced displacement, which address questions such as the following:

  • What is the relationship between state fragility and displacement?
  • To what extent does forced migration contribute to state fragility, within particular states, or across regions?
  • What is it about state fragility that is most likely to result in forced displacement?
  • How useful are emerging concepts like survival migration and crisis migration for thinking about flight from fragile states?
  • To what extent is weak governance a significant factor in environmental displacement?
  • What special challenges does forced migration pose for processes of ‘state building’ and post-conflict reconstruction?
  • Does ‘state building’ or the attempt to reduce state fragility produce improved protection for displaced people? Is it possible to build state capacity to address displacement issues?
  • As regards fragile states, what assistance strategies are effective or ineffective in addressing the needs of displaced people or contributing to the achievement of durable solutions for refugees and IDPs?
  • Can fragile states be held to account for their obligations in respect of displaced people?
  • How do displaced people claim their rights when the state from which they should be able to claim them is ‘fragile’? And what role does the international community have in this respect?
  • How does originating from fragile states affect refugees’ chances of obtaining asylum or achieving a durable solution for their displacement?
  • Are people fleeing fragile states adequately covered by the existing refugee definition and existing normative frameworks?
  • How should the international community adjust its attitudes or practices in respect of people displaced within or from fragile states?
  • Are there particular issues and strategies to be considered in relation to gender and age when responding to people displaced within or from fragile states ?
  • What roles can and do IDPs and refugees play in improving the lot of their compatriots in fragile states?

 

We are particularly keen to reflect the experiences and knowledge of communities and individuals directly affected by these questions.

Maximum length: 2,500 words.

Please note that space is always at a premium in FMR and that published articles are usually shorter than this maximum length.  Your article, if accepted for publication, may well be shortened but you will of course be consulted about any editing changes.

Please email the Editors at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk if you are interested in contributing or have suggestions of colleagues or community representatives who may wish to contribute. If you can put us in touch with young displaced people who might be interested in writing, please do email us; we are happy to work with individuals to help them develop an article.

If you are planning to write, we would be grateful if you would take note of our Guidelines for authors at: www.fmreview.org/writing-fmr.