Tag Archives: Forced Migration Review

Forced Migration Review issue 52 on ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition, solutions’

FMR52: Thinking ahead: displacement, transition, solutions.
May 2016

The new issue of FMR explores the ideas and practices that are being tried out in order to engage both development and humanitarian work in support of ‘transitions’ and ‘solutions’ for displaced people. What we need, says one author, is “full global recognition that the challenge of forced displacement is an integral part of the development agenda too”. FMR issue 52 includes 32 articles on ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition, solutions’, plus ten ‘general’ articles on other aspects of forced migration.

Reading and download options

Please note that both the magazine and the digest are published in A5 format (half of A4). In order to print them out properly, please use your printer’s ‘Booklet’ setting.

This issue of FMR will be available online and in print in English, Arabic, French and Spanish. The English versions of articles are also available in audio format.

Also available is the FMR 52 digest to help you gain easy online access to all the articles published in FMR 52. Formerly called the ‘Listing’, this is now in a new A5 format to match the magazine. It provides for each article: the title, the author(s) and their affiliation, the introductory sentences and links to the full article online. The digest will be available online and in print in all four languages.

If you would like printed copies of either the magazine or the digest, please email us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk.

Requesting copies
If you would like to receive a copy of FMR/FMR digest for your organisation, or if you require multiple copies for distribution to partners and policy/decision makers or for use at conferences/workshops, please contact the Editors at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk. We will need your full postal address. (We prefer to provide the digest if large numbers are required for conferences and training, to save postage costs.)

Please help disseminate this issue as widely as possible by circulating to networks, posting links, mentioning it on Twitter and Facebook and adding it to resources lists. We encourage you to circulate or reproduce any articles in their entirety but please cite: Forced Migration Review issue 52 www.fmreview.org/solutions.

– See more at: http://www.fmreview.org/solutions.html#sthash.Qxf58Zou.dpuf 

New publication: FMR 50 – Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 years on from Dayton Peace Agreement

FMR 50 now online – Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 years on from Dayton Peace Agreement, plus general articles

Forced Migration Review issue 50, on ‘Dayton +20’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/dayton20

Twenty years on from the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in November 1995, the consequences of conflict – including the long-term effects of displacement – are still being felt in the Western Balkans. FMR 50 examines the case of people who were displaced from and within Bosnia and Herzegovina as a result of the 1992-95 war, and reflects on the lessons that may be drawn from the successes and failures of the Agreement. These lessons have resonance for current crises – such as in Syria or Ukraine – and merit attention.

This issue of FMR includes 20 articles on ‘Dayton +20’, plus five ‘general’ articles on: safe shelters for survivors of SGBV, inconsistencies in asylum appeal adjudication in the UK, assisted voluntary return of young Afghans, refugees’ perspectives on successful resettlement in the US, and the fragmentation of the ‘protection landscape’.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this email.

FMR 50 will be available in print in English, Bosnian (Latin and Cyrillic) and Arabic. These four editions plus Spanish and French editions will also be available online. FMR is free of charge in print and online.

If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk, specifying how many copies you need, in which language/s, and providing a full postal address.

We are grateful to Catholic Relief Services-USCCB, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs and UNHCR’s Regional Bureau for Europe for their financial support of this issue.

Details of our forthcoming issues – on ‘Destination: Europe’ and ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition and solutions’ – can be found at www.fmreview.org/forthcoming

Apologies for any cross-posting.

Best wishes

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
Editors, Forced Migration Review

FMR 50 Dayton +20 – contents with web links


Foreword: Addressing the legacy of violence
Valentin Inzko (High Representative to Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Annex 7: why are we still discussing it?
María del Pilar Valledor Álvarez (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos)

Political and social consequences of continuing displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lana Pašić (Consultant)

Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 years on from Dayton
Andrew Mayne (UNHCR)

Resolving a protracted refugee situation through a regional process
Olga Mitrovic (IOM Belgrade)

Voices in displacement
Claudia Meyerhoefer (social worker)

Property rights and reconstruction in the Bosnian return process
Inmaculada Serrano (Carlos III University)

Resolving protracted displacement through social housing
Marc D’Silva and Sanela Imamovic (Catholic Relief Services Bosnia-Herzegovina)

Asking the right questions in research on psychosocial well-being
Selma Porobic (Centre for Refugee and IDP Studies, University of Sarajevo)

Wartime division in peacetime schools
Valery Perry (independent researcher and consultant)

Their last name is ‘refugee’: return and local activism
Peter Lippman human rights activist and independent researcher)

Human rights shortcomings of the Dayton Peace Agreement
Lisbeth Pilegaard (Consultant) and Jasminka Dzumhur (Ombudsperson for Bosnia and Herzegovina)

If women are left out of peace talks
Gorana Mlinarević (Gender of Justice Project at Goldsmiths University), Nela Porobić Isaković and Madeleine Rees (Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom)

Interpretations of Annex 7: assessing the impact on non-returnees in the UK
Gayle Munro (The Salvation Army)

The role of remote voting in encouraging return
Djordje Stefanovic (Saint Mary’s University, Halifax) and Neophytos Loizides (University of Kent, UK)

Home after Dayton: IDPs in Sarajevo
Gruia Badescu (Centre for Urban Conflicts Research, University of Cambridge)

The compound effects of conflict and disaster displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Wesli H Turner (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre)

Prijedor: re-imagining the future
Damir Mitrić (La Trobe University) and Sudbin Musić (Bridges for the Future Association)

Mass evacuations: learning from the past
Caelin Briggs (Norwegian Refugee Council)

Bosnia revisited: a retrospective on the legacy of the conflict
Brad K Blitz (Middlesex University)


Inconsistency in asylum appeal adjudication
Nick Gill, Rebecca Rotter, Andrew Burridge, Melanie Griffiths and Jennifer Allsopp (Universities of Exeter, Edinburgh, Bristol and Oxford)

Sheltering displaced persons from sexual and gender-based violence
Julie Freccero (University of California)

Changing how we measure success in resettlement
Justin S Lee (University of North Carolina at Greensboro), Suzie S Weng (University of North Florida) and Sarah Ivory (Church World Service)

Young Afghans facing return
Kim Robinson (Deakin University) and Lucy Williams (University of Kent)

A fragmented landscape of protection
Roger Zetter (University of Oxford)

Publications: FMR 49 now online – Disasters and displacement in a changing climate

Forced Migration Review issue 49, entitled ‘Disasters and displacement in a changing climate’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters

In light of the projected increase in the frequency and intensity of disasters associated with climate change, the number of people displaced in the context of disasters will inevitably rise. Existing national, regional and international legal regimes, however, currently respond to only some of the protection concerns arising from such displacement. Crafting an appropriate response will demand a cross-sectoral approach that addresses different forms of human mobility and which also recognises the local knowledge, values and beliefs of affected communities.

This issue of FMR includes 36 articles on ‘Disasters and displacement in a changing climate’, five articles on ‘Female genital mutilation (FGM) and asylum in Europe‘, and five ‘general’ articles on: Cartagena +30, trafficking for human organs, animals and forced migration, refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border, and sweet tea and cigarettes in Jordan.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this email.

FMR 49 will be available online and in print in English, Arabic, French and Spanish.

The FGM mini-feature is also available as a separate pdf at www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/FGM.pdf.

If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk.

This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union.

Details of our forthcoming issues – on ‘The Balkans 20 years on from the Dayton Agreement’ and ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition and solutions’ – can be found at www.fmreview.org/forthcoming.

Apologies for any cross-posting.

Best wishes,

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
Editors, Forced Migration Review
fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk   www.fmreview.org
+44 (0)1865 281700 skype: fmreview
Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter

FMR 49 Disasters and displacement in a changing climate – contents with web links



Børge Brende (Government of Norway) and Didier Burkhalter (Government of Switzerland) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/brende-burkhalter

The Nansen Initiative: building consensus on displacement in disaster contexts Walter Kälin (The Nansen Initiative) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/kaelin

National Adaptation Plans and human mobility Koko Warner (UNU-EHS), Walter Kälin (Nansen Initiative), Susan Martin (Georgetown University) and Youssef Nassef (UNFCC) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/warner-kaelin-martin-nassef

Modelling displacement
Justin Ginnetti (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/ginnetti

The state of the evidence
Susan Martin (Georgetown University)

The necessity for an ethnographic approach in Peru Geremia Cometti (Laboratoire d’Anthropologie Sociale, Paris) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/cometti

An integrated focus
William Lacy Swing (International Organization for Migration) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/swing

West Africa: a testing ground for regional solutions Julia Blocher, Dalila Gharbaoui and Sara Vigil (University of Liège) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/blocher-gharbaoui-vigil

Development and displacement risks
Glaucia Boyer and Matthew McKinnon (UNDP) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/boyer-mckinnon

Developing temporary protection in Africa Tamara Wood (University of New South Wales) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/wood

Climate effects on nomadic pastoralist societies Dawn Chatty and Troy Sternberg (University of Oxford) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/chatty-sternberg

Guidance for ‘managed’ relocation
Brent Doberstein and Anne Tadgell (University of Waterloo) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/doberstein-tadgell

Preparing for planned relocation

Lessons from planned relocation and resettlement in the past Jane McAdam (University of New South Wales) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcadam

Post-disaster resettlement in urban Bolivia Gemma Sou (University of Manchester) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/sou

Focusing on climate-related internal displacement Scott Leckie and Ezekiel Simperingham (Displacement Solutions) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/leckie-simperingham

Brazil’s draft migration law
Isabela Piacentini de Andrade (Universidade Positivo) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/piacentini

Disasters, displacement and a new framework in the Americas David James Cantor (Refugee Law Initiative) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/cantor

Temporary protection arrangements to fill a gap in the protection regime Volker Türk (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/tuerk

Refugees, climate change and international law María José Fernández (Universidad Católica de Salta, Argentina) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/fernandez

Displacement as a consequence of climate change mitigation policies Sara Vigil (University of Liège) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/vigil

Statelessness and environmental displacement Jessie Connell (Australian National University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/connell

A role for strategic litigation
Matthew Scott (Lund University, Sweden)

Floods and migration in the Czech Republic Robert Stojanov (University of Prague), Ilan Kelman (University College London) and Barbora Duží (Czech Academy of Sciences) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/stojanov-kelman-duzi

‘One Safe Future’ in the Philippines
Lloyd Ranque and Melissa Quetulio-Navarra (Philippines government agency) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/ranque-quetulionavarra

Post-disaster resettlement in the Philippines: a risky strategy Alice R Thomas (Refugees International) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/thomas

Cross-border migration with dignity in Kiribati Karen E McNamara (University of Queensland) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcnamara

Land, disasters and mobility in the South Pacific Daniel Fitzpatrick (Australian National University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcnamara

Not drowning but fighting: Pacific Islands activists Hannah Fair (University College London) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/fair

Samoa: local knowledge, climate change and population movements Ximena Flores-Palacios (Auckland University of Technology) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/florespalacios

Facilitating voluntary adaptive migration in the Pacific Bruce Burson (New Zealand Immigration and Protection Tribunal) and Richard Bedford (University of Waikato) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/burson-bedford

Integrating resilience in South Asia
Mi Zhou and Dorien Braam (Praxis Labs)

“Everyone likes it here”
Himani Upadhyay, Divya Mohan (TERI, India) and Ilan Kelman (University College London) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/upadhyay-mohan-kelman

Building adaptive capacity in Assam
Soumyadeep Banerjee, Suman Bisht and Bidhubhusan Mahapatra (International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/banerjee-bisht-mahapatra

Mixed motivations and complex causality in the Mekong Jessica Marsh (Mekong Migration Network) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/marsh

One good reason to speak of ‘climate refugees’
François Gemenne (University of Liège and Sciences Po, Paris) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/gemenne

Governance questions for the international community Alexander Betts (Refugee Studies Centre) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/betts

Building respectful solutions

Colleen Swan (Kivalina City Council), Chief Albert P Naquin (Isle de Jean Charles Tribal Council) and Stanley Tom (Newtok Traditional Council) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/swan-naquin-tom


Female genital mutilation: a case for asylum in Europe Fadela Novak-Irons (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/novakirons

FGM: challenges for asylum applicants and officials Christine Flamand (INTACT) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/flamand

The medicalisation of female genital mutilation Pierre Foldes and Frédérique Martz (Institut en Santé Génésique) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/foldes-martz

The Istanbul Convention: new treaty, new tool Elise Petitpas (End FGM European Network) and Johanna Nelles (Council of Europe) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/pettipas-nelles

Changing attitudes in Finland towards FGM Saido Mohamed and Solomie Teshome (Finnish League for Human Rights) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mohamed-teshome


The Cartagena process: 30 years of innovation and solidarity Carlos Maldonado Castillo (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/castillo

Trafficking for human organs
Vladimir Makei (Government of Belarus)

Sweet tea and cigarettes: a taste of refugee life in Jordan Rana B Khoury (Northwestern University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/khoury

Refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border Karen Hargrave (independent) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/hargrave

Animals and forced migration
Piers Beirne and Caitlin Kelty-Huber (University of Southern Maine) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/beirne-keltyhuber


Calls for papers: Forced Migration Review issue 51: major feature on ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition and solutions’

Forced Migration Review issue 51 – to be published in November 2015 – will include a major feature called ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition and solutions’.

Deadline for submission of articles: Monday 7th September 2015

Source: Forced Migration List – List Archives: http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/forced-migration.html

The average number of years in which people are living in displacement has increased to nearly 20 years. The challenges that arise when people are forced to flee their homes for any length of time, but particularly when their displacement becomes protracted, are neither exclusively humanitarian nor exclusively developmental. These challenges are faced not only by the refugees, returnees and internally displaced persons themselves but also by the broader displacement-affected communities, including host societies and host countries, communities of origin and potential areas of return, and by those working with them. In addition the need has long been recognised to link humanitarian and development work in the early stages of an emergency in order to influence and implement both immediate and longer-term outcomes.

Addressing this combination of challenges has underpinned many initiatives within the humanitarian community over recent decades. Although over the years we may have found partial solutions, deeper understandings and revised formulations, the issues remain largely intractable. Lately these issues have found a new prominence with the Transitional Solutions Initiative, reframed in 2014 as the Solutions Alliance, for addressing protracted displacement.

For more background please see full call for articles online at www.fmreview.org/solutions

The FMR editors are planning to produce an issue comprising analytical, experiential and policy-oriented articles reflecting a diverse range of opinions and perspectives focusing on situations of forced displacement and addressing questions such as the following:

• What are the potential links between humanitarian and development programmes in finding solutions to displacement? Are there practical examples where such links have been explored and implemented in protracted displacements?
• What are the potential development impacts – positive as well as negative – of displacement?
• Where does displacement fit in the development agenda? What are potential development responses to displacement?
• Would greater involvement of development actors in seeking solutions to displacement help challenge resistance to hosting displaced people?
• How best can those most directly affected by displacement (refugees, IDPs, returnees) be active participants in these debates and initiatives?
• What have we learned from previous initiatives, and how can this inform the latest initiative (the Solutions Alliance)?
• What would be suitable legal or regulatory arrangements for supporting a transition from humanitarian needs to viable and sustainable solutions for displaced people? And what would be suitable institutional (social, cultural, economic, political, managerial) arrangements?
• How can we find ways to address the political conditionalities that hinder solutions to displacement in the countries of refuge or the countries of origin?
• To what extent are displacement issues being addressed effectively through national development plans?  What is the role of national governments?
• What are the roles of bilateral donors and development banks in supporting or complicating initiatives for humanitarian-development transitions in situations of displacement?
• Does the private sector have a role to play? Are there additional (less traditional) actors to consider?
• In this context, how can the needs and rights especially of the most vulnerable be protected?
• Are there alternatives to, or variations on, the traditional three ‘durable solutions’ that are more conducive to equitable solutions for protracted displacement? What are the risks and advantages of such alternatives?
• How can displacement solutions best be monitored, measured or analysed? How will we know that a displacement solution has been achieved?
• Do examples exist of effective transitional and durable solutions from which lessons can be drawn? What are the key conditions and drivers for successful solutions for displacement?
• In seeking new modalities are there risks to current, albeit unsatisfactory, arrangements?

Deadline for submission of articles: 7th September 2015

Maximum length: 2,500 words.

If you are interested in submitting an article, please email the Editors (fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk) with a proposed outline. Please also consult our guide for authors at www.fmreview.org/writing-fmr.

We also welcome articles on other subjects relating to forced migration for consideration for publication in the ‘general articles’ section of the issue.

Best wishes

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
FMR Editors

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Forced Migration Review issue 47, entitled ‘The Syria crisis, displacement and protection’, is now online

Forced Migration Review issue 47, entitled ‘The Syria crisis, displacement and protection’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/syria

The 6.45 million displaced people inside Syria make this the largest IDP crisis in the world, with possibly also the largest number of people who are ‘trapped’. In addition, the number of refugees from Syria continues to increase. The international community has an opportunity to set up, from now, an effective response to what will clearly become protracted displacement. The authors of the 20 articles in this latest issue of FMR offer observations that could be of value in increasing the level of protection for the displaced and in shaping assistance to both the displaced and the countries and communities that are ‘hosting’ them.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this page.


FMR 47 will be available online and in print in English, Arabic, French and Spanish.

An expanded contents Listing for this issue is also available, at www.fmreview.org/syria/FMR47listing.pdf

Requesting copies: If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy of FMR 47 or the Listing for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us as soon as possible at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk. Please state how many copies you need (of full issue and/or Listing) in which languages, and provide a full postal address.

Please help disseminate this issue as widely as possible by circulating to networks, posting links, blogging, mentioning it on Twitter and Facebook and adding it to resources lists.

This issue has been published with the assistance of the Regional Development and Protection Programme, a three-year regional initiative for Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq, led by Denmark and with contributions from the EU, Denmark, Ireland, the Netherlands, UK and the Czech Republic.

See www.fmreview.org/forthcoming for details of forthcoming FMR issues.

If you no longer wish to continue receiving our occasional email alerts, please let us know.

With thanks and best wishes
Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
FMR Editors

Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter

FMR 47 The Syria crisis, displacement and protection – contents with web links

The inheritance of loss
Nigel Fisher (United Nations)

Development and protection challenges of the Syrian refugee crisis
Roger Zetter (Refugee Studies Centre) and Héloïse Ruaudel (independent)

The refugee crisis in Lebanon and Jordan: the need for economic development spending
Omar Dahi (Hampshire College/Carnegie Middle East Center, Beirut)

Syrians contributing to Kurdish economic growth
Anubha Sood and Louisa Seferis (Danish Refugee Council)

The role of host communities in north Lebanon
Helen Mackreath (American University of Beirut)

Refugee activists’ involvement in relief effort in Lebanon
Frances Topham Smallwood (University of Amsterdam)

Limited legal status for refugees from Syria in Lebanon
Dalia Aranki and Olivia Kalis (Norwegian Refugee Council)

Coping strategies among self-settled Syrians in Lebanon
Cathrine Thorleifsson (University of Oslo)

Refugee by association
Blanche Tax (UNHCR)

Protection challenges of mobility
Melissa Phillips and Kathrine Starup (Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat/Danish Refugee Council)

A duty and a burden on Jordan
Saleh Al-Kilani (Jordanian Ministry of Interior)

For beneficiary-led protection programming in Jordan
Sinead McGrath (International Catholic Migration Commission in Jordan)

If Israel accepted Syrian refugees and IDPs in the Golan Heights
Crystal Plotner (Al-Marsad, Arab Human Rights Centre in Golan Heights)

Gender, conscription and protection,and the war in Syria
Rochelle Davis, Abbie Taylor and Emma Murphy (Georgetown University)

The vulnerability of Palestinian refugees from Syria
Leah Morrison (Oxford Brookes University)

The impact of displacement on disabled, injured and older Syrian refugees
Marcus Skinner (HelpAge International)

The mental health of Syrian refugee children and adolescents
Leah James, Annie Sovcik, Ferdinand Garoff and Reem Abbasi (Center for Victims of Torture)

The inside story: internal displacement in Syria
Erin Mooney (ProCap)

How the crisis is altering women’s roles in Syria
Zerene Haddad (Jesuit Refugee Service, Middle East and North Africa)

Mobility as a solution
Lucas Oesch (Groupe de recherches et d’études sur la Méditerranée et le Moyen Orient)


Calls for papers: Forced Migration Review issue 49: Climate change, disasters and displacement (deadline 12 January 2015)

Calls for papers: Forced Migration Review issue 49: Climate change, disasters and displacement (deadline 12 January 2015).

Deadline for submission of articles: 12th January 2015

Every year around the world people are displaced by floods, cyclones, droughts and other sudden- and slow-onset events. In light of the projected increase in the frequency and intensity of disasters associated with climate change and environmental degradation, it is anticipated that the number of people displaced in the context of disasters, including across international borders, is likely to rise.

Forced Migration Review published an issue in 2008 looking at ‘Climate change and displacement’ which brought together researchers and practitioners to debate this growing area of concern – and the tension between the need for research and the need to act. In the years since then there has been much debate, analysis and developments in thinking, approaches and needs.

While existing national, regional and international legal regimes respond to some of the protection concerns arising from displacement in the context of disasters, others remain unaddressed.  Despite legal standards to protect internally displaced people, significant operational protection gaps remain for those displaced in disasters. Regarding cross-border displacement in disaster contexts, where the 1951 Refugee Convention would not apply, the legal gap relates primarily to admissions, status during stay, and finding durable solutions.

International cooperation and solidarity will be essential to ensure adequate protection of the rights of displaced people, while identifying needs and crafting an appropriate response will demand a cross-sectoral approach that addresses different forms of human mobility (displacement, migration and planned relocation). Those working in many different fields – technical and scientific, political, humanitarian, human rights and developmental, among others – will have something to contribute to solutions and to mitigating the impact of displacement.

This issue of FMR, to be published in May 2015, aims to discuss the linkages between climate change, disasters and displacement, the impact of both internal and cross-border displacement, measures to prevent or reduce the likelihood of displacement, and approaches to ensure the protection of those who are displaced (or who are unable to move).

In 2015, the Nansen Initiative, led by the Governments of Norway and Switzerland, will bring together states to discuss a protection agenda addressing the needs of people displaced in the context of disasters caused by natural hazards, including those linked to climate change. While some articles in the FMR issue will emanate from the Nansen Initiative’s regional consultations and civil society meetings that have been taking place since 2013 in the Pacific, Central America, the Horn of Africa, South-East Asia and South Asia, additional articles would be welcomed, in particular those that address the Arctic, Central Asia, Europe, West Africa, the Caribbean and Central Asia.

The FMR Editors are looking for practice-oriented submissions reflecting a diverse range of perspectives which focus on situations of displacement and address questions such as the following:

. What have been the most significant developments in relation to a better understanding of the linkages between climate change, disasters and displacement since publication of FMR issue 31 in 2008?
. What measures can be taken to prevent, or reduce the likelihood of, displacement in the context of climate change and disasters?
. What gaps remain in national, regional and international legal regimes in terms of providing protection for individuals and communities displaced internally or across borders, or facing displacement, in the context of disasters caused by natural hazards, including those linked to climate change?
. How can the operational response be improved, with roles and responsibilities better clarified, when providing protection and assistance for those displaced by disasters and the effects of climate change?  What examples exist of states admitting displaced people in the context of disasters?
. Are new methods of data collection, analysis and the use of quantitative modelling proving useful in predicting, planning for and responding to displacement in the context of disasters caused by natural   hazards, including those linked to climate change?
. Are there examples of good practice in supporting resilience, adaptation and coping strategies that can be replicated elsewhere?
. What evidence is there of improved guidelines and practice in disaster risk reduction and management, relating to displacement, disasters and climate change?
. To what extent is human mobility included within national adaptation plans?
. How can governments, civil society and the international community work together to help boost the adaptive capacities of local host communities and communities affected by displacement?
. What are potentially affected local communities saying and doing about climate change, disasters and displacement? How can their expertise and insights feed in effectively to planning and responses at the local, national, regional and international level?
. How can pre-emptive voluntary migration or planned relocation, and/or admission to another country to provide temporary protection, be facilitated?
. In what circumstances will both affected citizens and non-citizens have access to humanitarian assistance?
. What is needed in terms of international and regional cooperation and coordination? What good practice currently exists?
. How should governments and other actors respond in order to guard against protracted displacement and avoid premature return?

If you are interested in submitting an article, please email the Editors fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk with a proposed outline.

Deadline for submission of articles: 12th January 2015
Maximum length: 2,500 words.

Please note that space is always at a premium in FMR and that published articles are usually shorter than this maximum length. Your article, if accepted for publication, may well be shortened but you will of course be consulted about any editing changes. Please consult our Guidelines for authors at: www.fmreview.org/writing-fmr

Authors are reminded that FMR seeks to include articles with a gendered approach or a gender analysis as part of them. We are also particularly keen to reflect the experiences and knowledge of communities and individuals directly affected by these questions. If you can put us in touch with displaced people and/or local organisation representatives who might be interested in writing, please do email us; we are happy to work with individuals to help them develop an article.

View the call for articles online at http://www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters



New publications: ‘Afghanistan’s displaced people: 2014 and beyond’ – plus Statelessness mini-feature (Forced Migration Review issue 46)

FMR 46 now online – ‘Afghanistan’s displaced people: 2014 and beyond’ – plus Statelessness mini-feature

Forced Migration Review issue 46, entitled ‘Afghanistan’s displaced people: 2014 and beyond’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/afghanistan

2014 is widely seen as marking a watershed for Afghanistan with its legacy of thirty-five years of conflict and one of the world’s largest populations in protracted displacement. International military forces are being withdrawn and the country is ‘in transition’ – politically, economically and in terms of security and its international standing. The high voter turnout in the recent presidential elections has been greeted as an encouraging sign for Afghanistan’s future but there is still considerable uncertainty about the capacity of the country to address the challenges of return, integration and reintegration, protection, access to rights, and continuing displacement.

FMR 46 contains 21 articles on Afghanistan, plus a mini-feature on Statelessness.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given below.

FMR 46 will be available online and in print in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Dari and Pashto.

If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk

We are very grateful to the following organisations for their financial support of this issue: Norwegian Refugee Council, Open Society Justice Initiative, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)/Swiss Cooperation Office – Afghanistan, UN-Habitat, UNHCR Department of International Protection, UNHCR Office in Afghanistan and the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

See www.fmreview.org/forthcoming for details of forthcoming FMR issues on Syria, Faith-based organisations, Climate change and disasters, and Dayton+20/Balkans.

FMR 46 Afghanistan’s displaced people: 2014 and beyond – contents with web links


2014 and beyond: implications for displacement
Aidan O’Leary (UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs)

Continuing conflict, continuing displacement
Rahmatullah Amiri (independent)

Stateless in Afghanistan
Maira Kuppers (The Liaison Office Afghanistan)

An IDP Policy for Afghanistan: from draft to reality
Laurie S Wiseberg (ProCap)

Anchoring return: the role of the Solutions Strategy
Pierfrancesco Maria Natta (UNHCR)

Enhancing security of land tenure for IDPs
Shobha Rao (NORCAP/UN-Habitat Afghanistan) and Jan Turkstra (UN-Habitat Afghanistan)

Reframing solutions for Afghan refugees
Dan Tyler (Norwegian Refugee Council)

Pakistan’s national refugee policy
Muhammad Abbas Khan (Chief Commissionerate for Afghan Refugees, Islamabad)

Violence and vulnerabilities: Afghans in Pakistan
Sanaa Alimia (School of Oriental and African Studies, London)

Returning from Iran
Armando Geller and Maciej M Latek (Scensei)

Protection for disabled persons in Afghanistan
Andreas Dimopoulos (Brunel University)

The changing nature of return migration to Afghanistan
Katie Kuschminder, Melissa Siegel (both Maastricht University) and Nassim Majidi (Samuel Hall, Kabul/Sciences Po, Paris)

A view from the Afghan diaspora
Tabasum Akseer (Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario)

Afghan returnees as actors of change?
Marieke van Houte (Maastricht University)

Displacement and violence against women in Afghanistan
Camille Hennion (Samuel Hall Consulting)

Sexual violence: unacceptable on all counts
Lida Ahmad (University of Afghanistan/Humanitarian Assistance for the Women and Children of Afghanistan)

Urban displaced youth in Kabul
Nassim Majidi (Samuel Hall Consulting, Kabul/Sciences Po, Paris)

Unaccompanied Afghan children: on the move again?
Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit

Urban realities for displaced young women and girls
Dan Tyler (Norwegian Refugee Council) and Susanne Schmeidl (The Liaison Office)

Still at risk: forced evictions in urban Afghanistan
Caroline Howard and Jelena Madzarevic (Norwegian Refugee Council)

Heeding the warning signs: further displacement predicted for Afghanistan
Susanne Schmeidl (The Liaison Office/Australian National University)

Transition and displacement
Khalid Koser (Geneva Centre for Security Policy)

STATELESSNESS mini-feature

The status of statelessness 60 years on
Volker Türk (UNHCR)

Towards the abolition of gender discrimination in nationality laws
Zahra Albarazi and Laura van Waas (Tilburg University Law School)

Judicial denationalisation of Dominicans of Haitian descent
Liliana Gamboa and Julia Harrington Reddy (Open Society Justice Initiative)

Snapshots of stateless people in Europe
European Network on Statelessness

Discrimination and the human security of stateless people
Amal de Chickera and Joanna Whiteman (The Equal Rights Trust)