Tag Archives: asylum

Re-blog: Parliamentary inquiry into asylum: our evidence

From the Refugee Council:

Parliamentary inquiry into asylum: our evidence

24 Apr 2013

The Refugee Council has submitted evidence to the Home Affairs Select Committee, which launched an inquiry into the asylum system in February for the first time in ten years. The evidence has been published on the Committee’s website this week, alongside 98 other submissions from organisations and individuals. The Committee has now begun hearing evidence from key stakeholders, such as the Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration.

The aim of the inquiry is to look at, among other things, the effectiveness of the screening process for asylum applicants including the Detained Fast Track, the assessment of credibility of vulnerable asylum seekers, whether support to asylum seekers is sufficient and effective, the prevalence of destitution, and whether the media is balanced in their reporting of asylum issues.

The Refugee Council’s Advocacy team drew evidence from across the organisation to highlight the issues our clients regularly face. Our evidence includes:

How the dispersal of pregnant women in the asylum system puts their health at serious risk

Living on Section 4 support, including how the cashless system poses risks to pregnant women

Gaps in receiving asylum support and destitution as a result

Obstacles people experience in finding support, housing and employment after being granted refugee status

Problems for refugees applying for travel documents due to the new Biometric Residence Permits

The disproportionate and discriminatory nature of some reporting of asylum and refugee issues in the media.

Read our submission here, or to read all the evidence submitted to the Committee, click here.

Original News Story via Parliamentary inquiry into asylum: our evidence.

Re-blog: Asylum claim process flawed, says Amnesty report

Re-blog from the Refugee Council – Asylum claim process flawed, says Amnesty report.

Asylum claim process flawed, says Amnesty report
19 Apr 2013

Copyright: Refugee Council

Amnesty International UK and the Still Human Still Here Coalition have released a report this week further highlighting critically flawed decisions made by UKBA border officials in charge of deciding asylum claims.

Statistics used in the A Question of Credibility report show the process, first highlighted by AI UK in their 2004 report Get It Right: How Home Office decision making fails refugees, is actually becoming more inaccurate with regard to first-instance decisions, with 25 percent of refusals now being overturned on appeal.    Despite repeated calls for decision-making policy to be reformed, such as in the recent Refugee Council report Between as Rock and a Hard Place, perceived shortfalls in areas such as access to legal aid and flawed decision-making based on credibility issues have not been effectively addressed by the Home Office.

Research showed that in sample cases, the caseworkers often incorrectly applied caselaw, or did not follow the relevant credibility or operational guidance notes instituted as part of Home Secretary Theresa May’s recommendations.  While some of the negative decisions could be chalked up to reasonable disagreements between the judges at different stages in the process, the majority of  cases cited in the study were overturned primarily due to the fact the ‘UKBA case owner had wrongly made a negative assessment of the applicant’s credibility’.

Further, a significant number of reviewed cases also had their decisions reversed at appeal stage, on the alarming basis that the UKBA officer speculated what was likely to happen or how the applicant should have acted using solely  their own judgment, often not referring to region-specific research that would have alerted them to the fallibility of these decisions.  In other cases, the case officer did not ‘give appropriate weight’ to evidence, such as medical records and other documentation, which added credence to the applicant’s case.

While Amnesty admits that its research cannot be taken to correspond to all cases, the report is substantive, and in addition to a growing body of work that underlines the same conclusions supports a widening call to overhaul asylum claims’ procedure.  The monetary cost of unnecessary appeals is substantial, but the cost to the individual fleeing persecution cannot be measured in pounds and pence.

Read the full report: A Question of Credibility: Why so many initial decisions on asylum claims are overturned at appeal in the UK


New Thematic Publications on Gender Issues; Asylum/Protection; and Statelessness

Details of these new publications were originally circulated by Elisa Mason on the incredibly useful: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog.  Further details can be found on the website at:  http://fm-cab.blogspot.co.uk/

New Publications on Gender Issues

Action Research with Refugee Women: Good Practice and Solutions to Community Participation (IARS &IDRICS, 2013) [text]

“Becoming Queer Here: Integration and Adaptation Experiences of Sexual Minority Refugees in Toronto,” Refuge, vol. 28, no. 2 (2011) [open access text]

Blind Alleys: The Unseen Struggles of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Urban Refugees in Mexico, Uganda and South Africa (ORAM, Feb. 2013) [access]
– Part I is “Guidance for NGOs, Governments, UNHCR & Program Funders”; Part II is country findings (presented in three separate reports).

Guidelines on the Transposition of the Asylum Qualification Directive: Protecting LGBTI Asylum Seekers (ILGA Europe, 2012) [access]

UN Report Highlights Displaced Women and Girls’ Risk for Sexual Violence, Demands Greater Action to Help Survivors (AlertNet, March 2013) [text]

Women’s Asylum News, no. 116 (March/April 2013) [full-text via Refworld]
– Lead article is “Missed Out Campaign – Success.”

New Publications on Asylum/Protection

Lettres Actualités Droits-Libertés (Centre de Recherches et d’Etudes sur les Droits Fondamentaux) [access]
– Browse back issues of these legal analyses to locate a number that focus on asylum and refugee issues; examples of “Letters” published so far in 2013 include: “Consécration du visa de transit aéroportuaire (VTA) comme instrument de police de mise à distance des demandes d’asile“; “Droit d’asile: Le Conseil d’Etat aux prises avec les mutilations génitales féminines”; and “État des lieux alarmant des conditions d’accueil des demandeurs d’asile en France.”

New Network Monitors Abuses of Deportees (IRIN, March 2013) [text]
– Discusses the Fahamu Refugee Programme’s Post-Deportation Monitoring Network.

A Numbers Game: Counting Refugees and International Burden-Sharing, Tasmania, 19 Dec. 2012 [text]
– Public lecture.

Oral Update on the High Commissioner’s 2012 Dialogue on Protection Challenges: Faith and Protection, 56th Meeting of the Standing Committee, 5-7 March 2013 [text]
– See also related presentation.

Refuge, vol. 28, no. 2 (2013) [open access text]
– Special issue on “Is the 1951 Refugee Convention Outdated?”; includes three feature articles on refugee camps, urban refugee livelihoods, and protection in Ireland, respectively. These are followed by three focused sections on asylum policy in Canada, protection in South Africa, and CARFMS 2012 conference presentations.


Refuge from Inhumanity: Enriching Refugee Protection Standards through Recourse to International Humanitarian Law, Oxford, 11-12 Feb. 2013 [info]
– A podcast is available for “Panel VII: Perspectives on Protection against Refoulement under IHL.”

Refugee Protection Seminar Series, Oxford, 16 Jan.-6 March 2013 [info]
– Podcasts of the various presentations are available on FMO.

New Publications on Statelessness

Adopting the Stateless (SSRN, Feb. 2013) [text]
– “This article proposes a nexus of statelessness and intercountry adoption where legislation is put forward to adopt stateless individuals, particularly children. This article will analyze pending legislation for the adoption of North Korean stateless persons and recommend legislation to address broader issues of statelessness.”

Background Note on Gender Equality, Nationality Laws and Statelessness (UNHCR, updated March 2013) [text]
– Reviews laws in 29 countries which do not allow women to confer nationality to their children.

Debating the ‘Right to Citizenship’ (ENS Blog, March 2013) [text]
– Comment re. recent seminar on “The Right to Citizenship: Towards fuller implementation of Article 15 UDHR,” Maastricht, 7 March 2013.

Lost in the Forest: Stateless Children in Borneo’s Palm Oil Industry (Pulitzer Center, Jan. 2013) [access]
– Video report.

No Residence, No Rights (ENS Blog, March 2013) [text]
– Focuses on Serbia.

Statelessness and Citizenship: Camps and the Creation of ‘Political Space’, Oxford, 20 Feb. 2013 [access]
– Podcast of this seminar now available.



Call for Papers: Disability, Asylum and Migration

Call for Papers:

Disability and the Global South: An International Journal


Disability, Asylum and Migration

Guest Editors: Maria Pisani (University of Malta) and Shaun Grech (Manchester Metropolitan University) Much has been written and documented on migration and the movements of people within and across national borders. In the light of environmental disasters, wars and conflict, food shortages, and environmental degradation, issues concerning the migration – development nexus have received considerable attention with the development literature infused within broader subjects of poverty reduction and humanitarian intervention. However, within the research and literature on forced migration one is immediately struck by the stark absence of disabled people. This absence is evident also across all of the disciplinary fields  in forced migration including international development, anthropology, global health and humanitarian action. Moreover, many countries of resettlement, such as Canada and Australia, actively exclude disabled people from their refugee and asylum programs. Critically, disability studies has yet to extensively engage with the predicament of disabled refugees and asylum seekers and their journeys across a range of geopolitical spaces. This is despite the fact that wars, conflict and environmental disasters that cause people to migrate are also a major cause of impairment and impoverishment, whilst the forced migratory passage impacts disabled people as they flee or attempt to reconstruct their lives in other places. This negligence is sustained by the virtual exclusion of disabled migrants, including Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), refugees and asylum seekers from major policy documents such as the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) and the most recent offering, the WHO/World Bank (2011) World Report on Disability.

This special issue aims to transcend disciplinary, epistemological, and other boundaries, inviting researchers, activists and practitioners to engage in critical debate around all aspects of the migration experience and disability, following journeys for asylum from global South to global North or within the global South. We are keen to hear from those in the global South, in particular empirical work that prioritises and renders visible these lives and voices, and that pushes for disability and migration as a key area of study and practice. We encourage contributions exploring a range of themes including (not exclusively):

*  Causes of forced migration among disabled people in the global South . Experiences of disabled people during exodus and post-conflict/humanitarian contexts . Intersections of disability, race, culture,  poverty, gender and legal status in the migration process . Asylum, disabled bodies, and (re)construction of disabled lives across borders . Globalisation, neoliberalism and the role of the disabled migrant in contemporary imperialism . Racism, xenophobia and the position of the disabled migrant . Medicalisation and treatment in the West

*  Disabled migrants in policy and practice: critical analyses . Disabled migrants in resettlement . Disability and migration in disciplines: reviews and approaches for inclusion (e.g. disability studies and migration studies) . Disabled migrants, voice, and claims for social justice

Those wishing to submit an article, please email your full manuscript to both Shaun Grech (S.Grech@mmu.ac.uk) and Maria Pisani (maria.pisani@um.edu.mt). Please insert ‘Submission for Disability and Migration Special Issue’ in the subject line. Manuscripts will be sent anonymously for double peer review, and comments and recommendations relayed to authors through the editors.

Deadline for submission: 1st September 2013.


Courses: Upcoming HREA E-learning Courses on Migration & Asylum

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.

Courses:  Upcoming HREA E-learning Courses on Migration & Asylum

Dear Colleagues,

HREA will be offering two new e-learning courses “Migration and Asylum (Foundation Course)” and “EU Migration and Asylum Law and Policies” from 13 February-26 March 2013:


This course introduces the participants to the international migration system; discussing and analyzing the most commonly used categories of migration (including the migration-asylum nexus), its causes and consequences, current trends and figures, as well as the main international, regional and national policy and operational approaches and challenges.

Week 1. Introduction to Main Concepts in Migration Discourse Week 2. Global Trends in Migration Week 3. The Migration-Asylum Nexus Week 4. The Legal Framework Week 5. Policy Approaches: Migration Policies and Practice Week 6. International Migration and Social Justice

For more information and online registration, please visit:



The European Union (EU) is one of the central players of today’s international community. Composed of member states which were traditionally sending countries, they have become key destinations for migrants and refugees from all over the world in the past half century. The internal EU migration trends have also special features as older members and newer ones have different patterns for sending and receiving migrants. A number of complex policies and programmes have therefore been designed in views of addressing these phenomenons while cooperating with third countries in the areas of migration and asylum. For those living and working outside the EU, understanding its complex migration system can be a true challenge. This course aims to provide participants with a clear overview of the basic EU migration and asylum laws and policies and policy-making procedures, allowing them to focus deeper on a specific topic of their interest through assignments.

Course outline

Week 1. Introduction to EU Policy on Immigration and Asylum Week 2. Institutional Framework of European Immigration and Asylum Policies Week 3. Control of External Borders and European Visa Policy Week 4. Employment and Migration Week 5. Status and Integration of Third-Country Nationals Week 6. EU Migration and Asylum Law and Policies in the International Context

For more information and online registration, please visit:


The courses involve approximately 50 hours of reading, on-line working groups, interaction among students and instructors, webinars and quizzes, and are offered over a 6-week period. The courses integrate active and participatory learning approaches within activities and assignments, with an emphasis on reflective and collaborative learning. The maximum number of course participants is 25.


The courses are aimed at practitioners and professionals who want to gain knowledge in the field of (im)migration and asylum, government officials (local and national level) dealing with migration and migration-related issues; EU policy makers; national authorities of EU and non-EU countries dealing with migration and asylum policies; staff of inter-governmental organisations such as the IOM and UNHCR; NGO staff members and service providers; and students of law, international relations, politics and social science. Participants should have a good written command of English and have high competence and comfort with computer and Internet use. HREA aims to ensure equal gender and geographical distribution across the selected participants. The maximum number of course participants is 25. It also possible to audit the course. A Certificate of Participation will be awarded upon successful completion of the course.


Tuition fee for participants: US$ 435 (25% discount) if paid by 15 December 2012; $ 490 (15% discount) if paid by 15 January 2013; $ 575 after 15 January 2013.

Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have further questions.

Best wishes,

Paula Carello
Program Director Migration & Asylum
Human Rights Education Associates (HREA)
E-mail: p.carello@hrea.org

Event: 2013 Nordic Asylum Seminar

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.

The University of Bergen, Faculty of Law, has the pleasure of inviting you to the 2013 Nordic Asylum Seminar, 6-7 June 2013, in Bergen (Norway).

The 2013 Nordic Asylum Seminar will include speakers and participants from all the Nordic countries and other countries as well; representatives of the migration administrations, researchers, NGOs, politicians and other stakeholders. The seminar is co-sponsored by the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) and the Ministry of Justice and Public Security.

The Seminar consists of plenary sessions as well as workshops, where researchers have an opportunity to present their work. We especially encourage early career researchers to submit new material for discussion during the workshops. We kindly invite you to submit abstracts of not more than 300 words on the following themes:

– The EU and Nordic asylum law and policy

– Exclusion from refugee status/complementary protection

– Asylum applicants with special needs

– Generalized violence and the need for international protection

– Protection of environmental refugees

– Possibly other themes if suggested by participants and accepted by the organisers

Abstracts should be sent to Jessica Schultz at jessica.schultz@jur.uib.no by Monday, **January 28, 2013.**

Other relevant dates for the seminar include:

– 13 February 2013: Decisions regarding acceptance and allocation of workshop papers will be communicated

– 15 April 2013: Registration deadline for seminar participation

– 20 May 2013: Submission of workshop papers

The preliminary programme may be found at http://www.uib.no/jur/seminar/2012/11/nordic-asylum-seminar-2013 .


New Publications on Rethinking Integration; Greece; Food Insecurity; Human Trafficking; Halifax Public Libraries; Children; Asylum

Rethinking integration

Rethinking integration

Rethinking integration.
A new report written by Myriam Cherti and Clare McNeil for the IPPR.

IPPR has published a report setting out what they call an ‘everyday integration’ approach to bringing cultural minorities into the mainstream.

The report argues that this contrasts with the ‘group multiculturalism’ which has been advocated by academic researchers in the past, and the more recent assimulationist approaches which have been advocated in recent years by government.

[Access Full Report].
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network).

Update report Greece/ June 2012.
Report written by Thanos Maroukis for the CLANDESTINO Project.

In a new report posted on the project’s website they have set out an alternative assessment for 2011 which suggests figure of 390,000 as representing the upper range of credible estimates. This figure is calculated on the basis of CLANDESTINO’s baseline estimate for 2007 updated to take into account apprehension data provided by the Greek authorities and other factors used by researchers to interpret data.

[Download Full Report].
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network).

The State of Food Insecurity in the World (SOFI).
Produced by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: IDS – World Food Day: What hope for a new era of global action on food security?).

First Annual Report of the Inter-Departmental Ministerial Group on Human Trafficking

First Annual Report of the Inter-Departmental Ministerial Group on Human Trafficking

First Annual Report of the Inter-Departmental Ministerial Group on Human Trafficking – Cm. 8421.
Produced by the Inter-Departmental Ministerial Group (IDMG) on Human Trafficking.

Fuelled primarily by those who seek to make a profit from the misery of others, human trafficking is the vilest of crimes and equates to modern day slavery.

Men, women and children from across the world are exploited and forced into performing services or other work against their will. In some instances the exploitation can be experienced over a prolonged period of time. Those who are exploited may face years of sexual abuse, forced labour, or domestic servitude and, in many instances never fully recover from their traumatic experience.

[Access the Report]
(Source: The Metro – Trafficking misery: illegal trade of humans into Britain ‘rising every year’).

Asset Mapping at Halifax Public Libraries: A Tool for Beginning to Discover the Library’s Role with the Immigrant Community in Halifax.
Article written by Kenneth Williment and Tracey Jones-Grant and published in Partnership: the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, vol. 7, no. 1 (2012).
[Download Article]
(Source: The Network E-bulletin).

Into the unknown: Children’s journeys through the asylum
A new report by the Children’s Association.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: The Network E-bulletin).

Tell it like it is: the truth about asylum.
A new report by The Refugee Council.
[Access the Report]
(Source: The Network E-bulletin).



New Publications on Asylum and Population Control; Global Refugee Policy; Mining-Induced Displacement; Refugee Resettlement in America; Refugees of the Arab Spring `Living Under Drones’;

Asylum and population control

Asylum and population control

Asylum and population control: assessing UNHCR’s sexual and reproductive health programme in Guatemalan refugee settlements
Refugee Studies Centre (Oxford) Working Paper Series Number 83.
By Dr Oscar Gil-Garcia.

From the Abstract:

The UN and other multilateral agencies in the fields of relief and development, under the premise of promoting gender equality, increasingly identify reproductive health care to displaced people as a ‘durable solution’ to prevent maternal mortality, complications following abortion, sex gender-based violence (SGBV), and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

The UNHCR response to displaced Guatemalan’s seeking asylum in Mexico is the first case where gender equality discourse was used to justify the inclusion of health interventions to respond to SGBV in its humanitarian projects. Questions remain on how gender equality discourse became institutionalised within UNHCR and its impact in shaping health interventions.What role does gender play in shaping health provision, specifically reproductive health, to refugee communities? What lessons can be gained from displaced communities in their provision of health services? To answer these questions, this paper presents findings from ethnographic research among forced migrants living in La Gloria, the largest of the 36 original refugee camps, located in the southern state of Chiapas, Mexico.

[Download Full Working Paper]
(Source: Refugee Studies Centre)

Background paper: Global Refugee Policy: varying perspectives, unanswered

Background paper: Global Refugee Policy

Background paper: Global Refugee Policy

By Sarah Deardorff Miller.

Global Refugee Policy (GRP) is a phrase often used by scholars, practitioners and policymakers, but one that is seldom conceptualised, defined or unpacked. Indeed, understanding of GRP is highly contingent on the ontological assumptions and disciplinary lenses applied from the beginning. And yet despite its hazy nature, scholars of all persuasions generally agree that policies have the potential to deeply affect the lives of refugees and other forced migrants in significant ways, from constraining their access to basic human rights, to influencing how, when and where refugees may choose to move.
This paper has been prepared for the RSC 30th Anniversary Conference, 6-7 December 2012.

[Download Full Report]
(Source: Refugee Studies Centre)

Living Under Drones: Death, Injury ,and Trauma to Civilians From US Drones.
A researched and documented study by the New York University Law School Global Justice Clinic and Stanford Law School’s International Human Rights Clinic.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Librarians and Human Rights)

Mining-Induced Displacement and Resettlement: Social Problem and Human Rights Issue (a Global Perspective).
By Bogumil Terminski.
[Access Full Report]
(Source: Social Science Research Network)

Refugee Resettlement in America: The Iraqi Refugee Experience in Upstate, New York.
Cairo Papers on Migration and Refugees Paper No. 1/ July 2012
By Christine M. Fandrich.
[Download Working Paper]
(Source: The American University in Egypt)

Refugees of the Arab Spring: The Syrian Refugees in Lebanon April 2011-April 2012
Cairo Papers on Migration and Refugees Paper No. 2/ August 2012
By Sam Van Vliet and Guita Hourani.
[Download Working Paper]
(Source: The American University in Egypt)


New Publications on Climate Change; Humanitarian Engagement; Asylum; Palestinian Refugees; etc

UNHCR launched the report, “Climate Change, Vulnerability and Human Mobility: Perspectives of Refugees from the East and Horn of Africa” (UNHCR & UNU-EHS, June 2012), at the recent Rio+20 conference.  For more information, view the video report and read the related press release and news story.
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

Talking to the other side: Humanitarian engagement with armed non-state actors
HPG Policy Briefs 47, June 2012.
By Ashley Jackson.
[Download Here]
(Source: Humanitarian Practice Group).
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

Asylum Under Threat: Assessing the Protection of Somali Refugees in Dadaab Refugee Camps and along the Migration Corridor (Danish Refugee Council) [access]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

New Threats, Existing Solutions: Palestinian Refugees 64 Years On (Palestinian Human Rights Organizations Council) [access]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

How Much Further? (ECRE) [access]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

The Search: Protection Space in Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, The Philippines and Cambodia in Practice (JRS Asia-Pacific) [access]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).


New Publications on Family Migration; Gender-sensitive Asylum Systems; EU Borders; Migration

The role of UK migration policy in supporting strong, integrated families.
A new report by the All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on Migration.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network).

Gender-sensitive asylum systems across Europe

Gender-sensitive asylum systems across Europe

Gender-sensitive asylum systems across Europe.
A new report by the Women’s Project at Asylum Aid.

Thousands of people each year flee human rights abuse overseas and seek asylum in Europe.  One third are women.

This new research report, published by Asylum Aid and our European partners, looks in detail at the handling of gender-based asylum claims in nine EU member states.  It focuses on the experiences of women across Europe, and the desperate need to ensure that women can claim asylum safely and in dignity.

[Download Full Report]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network).

Borderline – EU Border Surveillance Initiatives: An Assessment of the Costs and Its Impact on Fundamental Rights.
Published by the leading German policy thinktank, the Heinrich Boll Stiftung.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network).

European Union Committee Home Affairs, Health and Education Sub-Committee Migration and Mobility Oral and Written evidence.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network).


(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network).


New Publications on Women Asylum Seekers; Unaccopmanied Children; Forced Labour; Torture; Heathrow Immigration Inspection

Refused: the experiences of women denied asylum in the UK

Refused: the experiences of women denied asylum in the UK

Refused: the experiences of women denied asylum in the UK
A new report by Women for Refugee Women.

Our new report, Refused, shines a light into the experiences of women who have been denied asylum in the UK. Our research shows that nearly half of women who claim asylum in the UK have experienced rape, and nearly half have been arrested or imprisoned, but most are denied asylum in the UK.

If denied asylum and unable to be returned to their home country, women face immense hardship in the UK. In our research, more than half of women had been made destitute – left with no means of support or right to work; a quarter had been detained. The emotional effects of refusal are shocking. More than half of the women in our sample had contemplated suicide.

[Download Full Report]
(Source: The Guardian – The human spur to action on asylum).

Not a minor offence; unaccompanied children locked up as part of the asylum system.
A new report by the Refugee Council.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Refugee Council).
See Also:

Experiences of forced labour in the UK food industryThe Guardian – Child asylum seekers ‘still being imprisoned’ by immigration service

Experiences of forced labour in the UK food industry.
A new report by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
[Download Full Report]
[Download Summary]
[Download E-book]
(Source: BBC News – ‘Forced labour’ of migrants in UK food industry).

“The Second Torture”: the immigration detention of torture survivors’
A new report by Medical Justice.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: The Guardian – Torture victims held in UK immigration detention centres launch legal action).
See Also:  Channel 4 news coverage and Guardian coverage and the Medical Justice Press Release.

Report published by the Independent Monitoring Board, (IMB).
[Download Full Report]
See Also:

New Publications on Asylum; Climate Change; Detention; Displacement; and Others

Publications on Asylum Issues

 The Causes, Character and Conduct of Armed Conflict, and the Effects on Civilian Populations, 1990-2010, Legal and Protection Policy Research Series, no. 26 (UNHCR, April 2012) [text]

– Understanding the “complex reality of armed conflict in the global system…has considerable implications in understanding the dynamics of forced displacement, and in any determination of who should receive international protection.”

(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

The Inefficiencies of American Refugee Law as Highlighted by the Current Plight of Mexican Immigrants, Submission to National Collegiate Honors Council Annual Conference, Boston, MA, 14-18 November 2012 [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Focus on Europe: ECHR Rule 39 Interim Measures

ECRE/ELENA Research on Rule 39 Interim Measures (ECRE, April 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Toolkit on How to Request Interim Measures under Rule 39 of the Rules of the European Court of Human Rights for Persons in Need of International Protection (UNHCR, Feb. 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Hungary as a Country of Asylum (UNHCR, April 2012) [text]
– See also related press release.
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Focus on Climate Change

Climate Change, Migration, and Conflict in Northwest Africa: Rising Dangers and Policy Options across the Arc of Tension (Center for American Progress, April 2012) [text]
– See also video of related event.
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Climatic Factors as Determinants of International Migration, CESifo Working Paper, no. 3747 (CESifo, Feb. 2012) [text via SSRN]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Life as a Climate Refugee (Huffington Post, April 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Country of Origin Information

Reviews of Country Information Reports (Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration, 2012) [access]
– Countries covered include China, Nigeria and Uganda.
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Thematic Review on the Coverage of Women in Country of Origin Information (COI) Reports (Centre for Migration Policy Research, Sept. 2011) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Focus on Afghanistan/Pakistan

 Displaced Afghans:

An international conference on Afghan displacement wrapped up today in Geneva. The “International Conference on the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees to Support Voluntary Repatriation, Sustainable Reintegration and Assistance to Host Countries” was held 2-3 May 2012 to discuss a strategy developed by Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan and UNHCR to address the protracted Afghan refugee situation.  The text of the “Solutions Strategy” is available here; a Joint Communique issued today notes that conference participants “welcomed and supported” it.
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

IDPs in Pakistan:

Daily Updates on Khyber IDP Influx (UNHCR, 2012) [access via ReliefWeb]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Initial Observation Report: Focusing on Off-camp Internally Displaced People from Bara Tehsil in Khyber Agency, FATA, Pakistan (Save the Children, April 2012) [text via ReliefWeb]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Inter-Agency Rapid Assessment: Report on Khyber off-camp IDPs in Peshawar, Nowshera and Kohat-KP (IOM, WFP & IVAP, April 2012) [text via ReliefWeb]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Tough Times for IDPs Living Outside Camps (IRIN, May 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Development Displacement/Forced Evictions

 Forced Evictions: Global Crisis, Global Solutions (UN-Habitat, 2011) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)
Publications on Detention
 Bill C-31: Tories’ Human Smuggling Reforms Could Land More Asylum Seekers in Canada’s Jails (Huffington Post, April 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Concerns over the Detention and Deportation of Asylum-seekers in Hungary (UNHCR, April 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

The Harmful Effects of Detention and Family Separation on Asylum Seekers’ Mental Health in the Context of Bill C-31, Brief submitted to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration concerning Bill C-31, the Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act (April 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Immigration-related Detention (Congressional Research Service, Jan. 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Joint Select Committee on Australia’s Immigration Detention Network: Final Report (Parliament of Australia, March 2012) [access]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Lack of Immigration Court Review of Detention Violates U.S. Commitments under International Law (Human Rights First, April 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Not Crossing Red Lines: A Negotiator’s Checklist on Minimum Detention Safeguards (ECRE et al., May 2012) [access]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Walls of Shame – Accounts from the Inside: The Detention Centres of Evros (Pro Asyl et al., April 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Memories of Displacement

 Several books and journal articles have recently been or are due to be published that focus in some way on “memory”; here’s a partial listing:

Children of the Greek Civil War: Refugees and the Politics of Memory (Univ. of Chicago Press, 2012) [info]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

The Lost German East: Forced Migration and the Politics of Memory, 1945-1970 (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2012) [info]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

“Negotiating the Humanitarian Past: History, Memory, and Unstable Cityscapes in Kampala, Uganda,” Refugee Survey Quarterly, Advance Access, 3 Feb. 2012 [abstract]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Oral History, Community, and Displacement: Imagining Memories in Post-Apartheid South Africa (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) [info]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

“Palestinian Autobiographical Memory Regarding the 1948 Palestinian Exodus,” Political Psychology, vol. 32, no. 2 (April 2011) [abstract]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

The oral history approach is one of the main methodologies used for capturing memories of displacement experiences. This training toolkit explains how to undertake an oral history project. As an example, here’s a collection of “refugees’ stories of loss, exile and rebuilding.”

 Other methodologies are described in the “Education” section of the Mapping Memories: Experiences of Refugee Youth web site, in the companion book entitled Mapping Memories: Participatory Media, Place-based Stories & Refugee Youth, and in “Mapping Memories of Displacement: Oral History, Memoryscapes, and Mobile Methodologies,” a chapter in Place, Writing, and Voice in Oral History (Palgrave Macmillan, Nov. 2011).
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)
Armed Conflict and Transitions

The concept of “transitions” is also addressed in this recent policy paper from the International Peace Institute: “Aid Effectiveness in Fragile States: Lessons from the First Generation of Transition Compacts.” Moreover, the Refugee Studies Centre has issued a new policy briefing that examines legacies of past conflicts entitled, “Displacement, Transitional Justice and Reconciliation: Assumptions, Challenges and Lessons.”
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Recent resources that focus on armed conflict include:

Alert 2012! Report on Conflicts, Human Rights and Peacebuilding (Escola de cultura de pau, 2012) [info]
– Check back for the PDF.
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

The Causes, Character and Conduct of Armed Conflict, and the Effects on Civilian Populations, 1990-2010, Legal and Protection Policy Research Series, no. 26 (UNHCR, April 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Conflict Barometer 2011 (Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research, 2012) [access]
– Place an order for the print version or follow the instructions for downloading the digital version.
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

“Predicting Armed Conflict, 2010-2050,” International Studies Quarterly, Forthcoming, 2013 [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

Real-time Analysis of African Political Violence, Conflict Trends, no.1 (Armed Conflict Location & Event Dataset, April 2012) [text via ReliefWeb]
– “Focus countries include Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, South Sudan, Sudan, and Somalia.”
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog)

New Publications on Mali; Harmonsdworth; Forced Labour; Family Migration; UKBA; Asylum Statistics; The New Londoners

Forced labour in the UK: the business angle

Forced labour in the UK: the business angle

UNHCR Position on Returns to Mali, 7 May 2012.
Written by UNHCR.
[Download Report]
(Source: UNHCR).

Independent Monitoring Board:  Harmondsworth Immigration Removal Centre Annual Report 2011.
A new report by the Independent Monitoring Board.
[Download the Report]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network – Mental health provision for immigration detainees continues to cause concern, says Watchdog)

Forced labour in the UK: the business angle
A new report by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
[Download the Report]
JRS Press release – Forced labour in the UK: the business angle
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network – New report from JRF: Forced labour in the UK: the business angle)

Keeping Families Apart: The impact of a new income threshold for family migration.
A new report by Migrants’ Rights Network.
[Download the Report]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network – ‘Keeping families apart’ – MRN briefing on family migration policy)

Independent Chief Inspector for the UKBA Inspection Plan for 2012-13
A new report by The Independent Chief Inspector for the UKBA.
[Download the Report]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network – UKBA Chief Inspector publishes inspection plan for 2012-13)

Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2011.
A new statistical report produced by the UNHCR.
[Download the Report]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network – UNHCR reports big rise in refugees claiming asylum in industrialised countries)

Getting support for dependants under Section 95 and Section 4 support
A new factsheet by the Asylum Support Appeals Project.
[Download the Factsheet]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network – ASAP factsheet on obtaining Section 95 and Section 4 support for family dependents)

The New Londoners New Edition.
[Download the Report]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network – Latest issue of online magazine ‘New Londoners’ now available)



New Publications on Internal Displacement; FCO Annual Report; Indonesia; Bahrain; asylum; UK Border Agency

Internal Displacement Global Overview 2011

Internal Displacement Global Overview 2011

Internal Displacement Global Overview 2011:  People internally displaced by conflict and violence.
The latest annual publication from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, (IDMC).  The report details:

The circumstances of people’s displacement and their long- term prospects were as diverse as the situations of violence or conflict which had forced them to flee. For example, while the Arab Spring uprisings resulted in short-term spikes of dis- placement throughout the year, in Iraq well over two million people remained locked in situations of protracted internal displacement. In Afghanistan, displacement was becoming increasingly protracted by 2011. As 60 per cent of the internally displaced population in Afghanistan are children, the prospects for this next generation are particularly bleak.

[Download Full Report]
(Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre).
IDMC Press Release – Conflicts worldwide uproot millions; six-­fold increase in Middle East.

Nepal: Unresolved property issues and IDP policy hiatus undermine search for durable solutions.
By the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, (IDMC).
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre).

Afghanistan: Durable solutions far from reach amid escalating conflict.
By the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, (IDMC).
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre).

Human Rights and Democracy

Human Rights and Democracy

Human Rights and Democracy: The 2011 Foreign & Commonwealth Office Report (Cm. 8339).
The latest annual report published by the United Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
(Source: The Stationary Office).
News: The Daily Telegraph – New immigration rules will keep out human rights abusers.

Indonesia: Excessive force: Impunity for police violence in Indonesia. A new report published by Amnesty International.  The report argues:

Despite moves towards reform, Indonesia’s police continue to be implicated in beatings, shootings and killings. Reports of human rights violations committed by the police continue to emerge, with police routinely using unnecessary and excessive force and firearms to quell peaceful protests. Illustrative examples are given in this briefing. Although the authorities have made some attempts to bring alleged perpetrators to justice using internal disciplinary mechanisms, criminal investigations into human rights violations by the police are all too rare, leaving many victims without access to justice and reparations.

[Download Full Report]
(Source: Amnesty International).
Amnesty International Press Release – Indonesia must end impunity for police violence.

Bahrain: Flawed reforms: Bahrain fails to achieve justice for protesters.
By Amnesty International.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Amnesty International).
Amnesty International Press Release – Bahrain: Reforms risk appearing hollow as violations continue.

A briefing from The Children’s Society Highlighting the gap between asylum support and mainstream benefits.
Published by The Children’s Society.
[Download Policy Brief]
(Source: The Guardian – Young migrants living ‘far below poverty line’).
The Children’s Society Press Release – UK asylum system forces thousands of children to live in severe poverty.

Work of the UK Border Agency (August-December 2011).
The latest report by the UK Home Affairs Committee.
[Access] and the [Table of Contents]
(Source: UK Parliament)
Press Coverage:  Refugee Council – Home Affairs Select Committee Report on the work of the UK Border Agency – Our response ; and
The Guardian – UK Border Agency unable to fulfil its basic functions, MPs warn.

New from UNHCR: 2011 Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries

Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, 2011

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) have just circulated a press release detailing the publication of their latest statistical bulletin, namely the `Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, 2011.’

The press release outlines the the key findings of the publication as follows:

A.  The number of asylum-seekers in the industrialized world shows that new conflicts and a rising outflow from older crisis spots such as Afghanistan together contributed to a 20 per cent rise in asylum claims in 2011.

B.  An estimated 441,300 asylum applications were recorded in the 44 countries included in this report, some 73,300 claims or 20 per cent more than in 2010 (368,000). The 2011 level is the highest since 2003 when 505,000 asylum applications were lodged in the industrialized countries.

C.  The largest relative increase in annual asylum levels occurred in the eight Southern European countries which received 66,800 asylum requests during 2011, an 87 per cent increase compared to 2010. This increase is due mainly to boat arrivals in Italy and Malta and to the registration of greater numbers of individual requests for international protection in Turkey (+74%).

D.  Among individual countries, the United States of America was the largest single recipient of new asylum claims among the 44 industrialized countries. France was second with 51,900 asylum applications, followed by Germany (45,700), Italy (34,100), and Sweden (29,600). The top five receiving countries together accounted for more than half (53%) of all asylum claims received in the countries included in this report.

E.  With 35,700 asylum claims lodged in 2011, Afghanistan was the most important source country of asylum-seekers in the 44 industrialized countries, followed by China (24,400 claims), Iraq (23,500), Serbia (and

Kosovo: Security Council resolution 1244 (1999))  (21,200), and Pakistan (18,100).

F.  For asylum-seekers from Côte d’Ivoire, Libya, the Syrian Arab Republic, and Tunisia, levels were at a record high among the industrialized countries. Asylum-seekers originating from these four countries submitted in total 16,700 claims more than in 2010.

[Download Full Report]

(Source: UNHCR StatisticsAsylum claims in industrialized countries up sharply in 2011).