Tag Archives: displacement

Publications: FMR 49 now online – Disasters and displacement in a changing climate

Forced Migration Review issue 49, entitled ‘Disasters and displacement in a changing climate’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters

In light of the projected increase in the frequency and intensity of disasters associated with climate change, the number of people displaced in the context of disasters will inevitably rise. Existing national, regional and international legal regimes, however, currently respond to only some of the protection concerns arising from such displacement. Crafting an appropriate response will demand a cross-sectoral approach that addresses different forms of human mobility and which also recognises the local knowledge, values and beliefs of affected communities.

This issue of FMR includes 36 articles on ‘Disasters and displacement in a changing climate’, five articles on ‘Female genital mutilation (FGM) and asylum in Europe‘, and five ‘general’ articles on: Cartagena +30, trafficking for human organs, animals and forced migration, refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border, and sweet tea and cigarettes in Jordan.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this email.

FMR 49 will be available online and in print in English, Arabic, French and Spanish.

The FGM mini-feature is also available as a separate pdf at www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/FGM.pdf.

If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk.

This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union.

Details of our forthcoming issues – on ‘The Balkans 20 years on from the Dayton Agreement’ and ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition and solutions’ – can be found at www.fmreview.org/forthcoming.

Apologies for any cross-posting.

Best wishes,

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
Editors, Forced Migration Review
fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk   www.fmreview.org
+44 (0)1865 281700 skype: fmreview
Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter

FMR 49 Disasters and displacement in a changing climate – contents with web links



Børge Brende (Government of Norway) and Didier Burkhalter (Government of Switzerland) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/brende-burkhalter

The Nansen Initiative: building consensus on displacement in disaster contexts Walter Kälin (The Nansen Initiative) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/kaelin

National Adaptation Plans and human mobility Koko Warner (UNU-EHS), Walter Kälin (Nansen Initiative), Susan Martin (Georgetown University) and Youssef Nassef (UNFCC) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/warner-kaelin-martin-nassef

Modelling displacement
Justin Ginnetti (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/ginnetti

The state of the evidence
Susan Martin (Georgetown University)

The necessity for an ethnographic approach in Peru Geremia Cometti (Laboratoire d’Anthropologie Sociale, Paris) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/cometti

An integrated focus
William Lacy Swing (International Organization for Migration) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/swing

West Africa: a testing ground for regional solutions Julia Blocher, Dalila Gharbaoui and Sara Vigil (University of Liège) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/blocher-gharbaoui-vigil

Development and displacement risks
Glaucia Boyer and Matthew McKinnon (UNDP) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/boyer-mckinnon

Developing temporary protection in Africa Tamara Wood (University of New South Wales) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/wood

Climate effects on nomadic pastoralist societies Dawn Chatty and Troy Sternberg (University of Oxford) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/chatty-sternberg

Guidance for ‘managed’ relocation
Brent Doberstein and Anne Tadgell (University of Waterloo) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/doberstein-tadgell

Preparing for planned relocation

Lessons from planned relocation and resettlement in the past Jane McAdam (University of New South Wales) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcadam

Post-disaster resettlement in urban Bolivia Gemma Sou (University of Manchester) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/sou

Focusing on climate-related internal displacement Scott Leckie and Ezekiel Simperingham (Displacement Solutions) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/leckie-simperingham

Brazil’s draft migration law
Isabela Piacentini de Andrade (Universidade Positivo) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/piacentini

Disasters, displacement and a new framework in the Americas David James Cantor (Refugee Law Initiative) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/cantor

Temporary protection arrangements to fill a gap in the protection regime Volker Türk (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/tuerk

Refugees, climate change and international law María José Fernández (Universidad Católica de Salta, Argentina) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/fernandez

Displacement as a consequence of climate change mitigation policies Sara Vigil (University of Liège) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/vigil

Statelessness and environmental displacement Jessie Connell (Australian National University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/connell

A role for strategic litigation
Matthew Scott (Lund University, Sweden)

Floods and migration in the Czech Republic Robert Stojanov (University of Prague), Ilan Kelman (University College London) and Barbora Duží (Czech Academy of Sciences) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/stojanov-kelman-duzi

‘One Safe Future’ in the Philippines
Lloyd Ranque and Melissa Quetulio-Navarra (Philippines government agency) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/ranque-quetulionavarra

Post-disaster resettlement in the Philippines: a risky strategy Alice R Thomas (Refugees International) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/thomas

Cross-border migration with dignity in Kiribati Karen E McNamara (University of Queensland) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcnamara

Land, disasters and mobility in the South Pacific Daniel Fitzpatrick (Australian National University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcnamara

Not drowning but fighting: Pacific Islands activists Hannah Fair (University College London) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/fair

Samoa: local knowledge, climate change and population movements Ximena Flores-Palacios (Auckland University of Technology) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/florespalacios

Facilitating voluntary adaptive migration in the Pacific Bruce Burson (New Zealand Immigration and Protection Tribunal) and Richard Bedford (University of Waikato) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/burson-bedford

Integrating resilience in South Asia
Mi Zhou and Dorien Braam (Praxis Labs)

“Everyone likes it here”
Himani Upadhyay, Divya Mohan (TERI, India) and Ilan Kelman (University College London) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/upadhyay-mohan-kelman

Building adaptive capacity in Assam
Soumyadeep Banerjee, Suman Bisht and Bidhubhusan Mahapatra (International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/banerjee-bisht-mahapatra

Mixed motivations and complex causality in the Mekong Jessica Marsh (Mekong Migration Network) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/marsh

One good reason to speak of ‘climate refugees’
François Gemenne (University of Liège and Sciences Po, Paris) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/gemenne

Governance questions for the international community Alexander Betts (Refugee Studies Centre) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/betts

Building respectful solutions

Colleen Swan (Kivalina City Council), Chief Albert P Naquin (Isle de Jean Charles Tribal Council) and Stanley Tom (Newtok Traditional Council) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/swan-naquin-tom


Female genital mutilation: a case for asylum in Europe Fadela Novak-Irons (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/novakirons

FGM: challenges for asylum applicants and officials Christine Flamand (INTACT) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/flamand

The medicalisation of female genital mutilation Pierre Foldes and Frédérique Martz (Institut en Santé Génésique) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/foldes-martz

The Istanbul Convention: new treaty, new tool Elise Petitpas (End FGM European Network) and Johanna Nelles (Council of Europe) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/pettipas-nelles

Changing attitudes in Finland towards FGM Saido Mohamed and Solomie Teshome (Finnish League for Human Rights) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mohamed-teshome


The Cartagena process: 30 years of innovation and solidarity Carlos Maldonado Castillo (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/castillo

Trafficking for human organs
Vladimir Makei (Government of Belarus)

Sweet tea and cigarettes: a taste of refugee life in Jordan Rana B Khoury (Northwestern University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/khoury

Refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border Karen Hargrave (independent) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/hargrave

Animals and forced migration
Piers Beirne and Caitlin Kelty-Huber (University of Southern Maine) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/beirne-keltyhuber


Event: Displacement and development in the Somalia context

Event: Displacement and development in the Somalia context

How does the Somalia New Deal Compact address displacement? Danish Refugee Council and Solutions Alliance Somalia will host a joint side-event on November 18 to the Somalia New Deal Compact High Level Partnership Forum.

Together with UNHCR, the side-event will discuss the ways in which the New Deal Compact accounts for displacement and more broadly discuss displacement as a development challenge in the Somalia context.

The event will have opening remarks from the Danish Minister of Trade and Development, Mogens Jensen, and consist of a panel with representatives from the Somali Ministry of Interior, World Bank, UNHCR, UNDP and Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS).

The event is open to all. It is currently advertised on the Danish Refugee Council and Solutions Alliance websites.

Time and Venue:
16:30-18:30 on 18 November 2014 at Kosmopol, Fiolstræde 44, Copenhagen


Any questions related to the side-event can be directed to Ms. Alice Anderson-Gough, alice.anderson-gough@drc.dk

New Reports on Durable Solutions; Displacement; Humanitarian Assistance; and Others

Durable Solutions: Perspectives of Somali Refugees Living in Kenyan and Ethiopian Camps and Selected Communities of Return.
Produced by the Danish Refugee Council and the Norwegian Refugee Council.

More than a quarter of the Somali population have fled their country since civil war broke out in 1991. Millions remain in displacement in the region. What are their perspectives on the future? Do they believe in eventual return to Somalia? These are among the themes explored in the report ‘Durable Solutions’.

Civil war and armed conflict in Somalia has caused large-scale internal and external displacement. More than every fourth Somali is today living in displacement – the majority has moved to a safer area within the country, but large numbers have fled to another country.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

Internal displacement in South Sudan: Out of crisis, an opportunity?
By The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre.
[Download Full Report]

South Sudan: A comprehensive response to internal displacement is crucial.
By The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre.
[Download Full Report]

Humanitarian Needs Assessment and Engagement Strategy In Kandahar province, Afghanistan (January 2013).
By the Danish Refugee Council.
[Download Full Report]

Somalia Common Humanitarian Fund CHF – Annual Report 2012,
Produced by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
[Download Full Report]

Mid-Year Review of the Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan for Kenya 2013.
Produced by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.[Download Full Report]

Central African Republic Common Humanitarian Fund – Annual Report 2012
Produced by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
[Download Full Report]

Livelihoods at the limit: Reducing the risk of disasters and adapting to climate change.
Produced by Save the Children.
[Download Full Report]

Central African Republic: abandoned to its fate?
Produced by Médecins Sans Frontières.
[Download Full Report]

Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal in the OSCE Region: Analysis and Findings.
Produced by the OSCE.
[Download Full Report]
See Also: OSCE – New report sheds light on trafficking for organ removal in OSCE region.

Final Report:  Cost and benefit analysis project on immigration regulation
Higher Education Better Regulation Group. 11 July 2013.
Produced by the Higher Education Better Regulation Group.
[Download Full Report]
See Also: EIN – Higher Education Better Regulation Group releases comprehensive study on the cost of the student visa regime.

Gaza in 2020: UNRWA Operational Response – May 2013.
REPORT from UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East.
[Download Full Report]

The Arab Spring and Economic Transition: Two Years on.
Source: Foreign & Commonwealth Office via Inside Government (UK).
[Download Full Report]


Call for Papers: Gender, the Refugee and Displacement Conference

Gender, the Refugee and Displacement (1900-1950)

Newcastle University, Friday 5th July 2013


Professor Peter Gatrell (Manchester University)

Call For Papers: This interdisciplinary one-day symposium will interrogate the links between gender and displacement from the turn of the twentieth century, through both World Wars and into the post-war period. Addressing a crucial gap in scholarship surrounding displacement and gender within the critical canon of war studies, it asks how gender influences or impacts displacement during the two world wars and how, in particular, men and women experience and represent displacement differently?  It interrogates the historic association of the refugee with the female, existing outside the symbolic order and beyond the nation, particularly at times of war (Plain, 1994). It addresses the embodied experience of displacement, such as the tendency for refugees and Internally Displaced People to experience rape, torture and physical violence as well as other forms of emotional or physical hardship, as well as the representation of displacement in literary, biographical and historical works with relation to ideas around gender and empowerment during this period. In particular, this conference brings together academics working across the disciplines, looking at the intersections between gender and displacement in a range of discourses legal and historical, literary and political, artistic and geographical in and around the two world wars. It welcomes abstracts from across the humanities and social sciences.

Papers are invited on any aspect of gender and displacement during this period, including but not exclusive to:

  • Male/female experiences of displacement;
  • Male/female descriptions or representations of displacement;
  • Childhood and displacement;
  • The politics of displacement/ power and displacement;
  • The experiences of IDPs and refugees;
  • Race and displacement;
  • Histories/geographies of displacement;
  • Theories of displacement;
  • The UN Convention on Refugees and the legal aspects of displacement.

Please send 300 word abstracts to Katherine Cooper (Katherine.cooper@ncl.ac.uk) before 1st May 2013.

This conference is supported by a generous grant from Newcastle University’s Gender Research Group.

Organised by: Katherine Cooper

Katherine Cooper
PhD Candidate

School of English Language, Literature and Linguistics,
Newcastle University

Gender, The Refugee and Displacement, 1900-1950 Conference
5th July 2013, Newcastle University

Out now: The Female Figure in Contemporary Historical Fiction:


Forced Migration Review issue 41, entitled ‘Preventing displacement’, is now online

Forced Migration Review issue 41, entitled ‘Preventing displacement’, is now online at


FMR 41Being displaced puts people at a higher risk of being both impoverished and unable to enjoy their human rights. Such a situation is worth preventing – but not at any cost. The 23 articles in the theme section of FMR 41 address the causes of displacement, look at how to manage situations that might cause displacement so as to make staying a better option, and examine the legal and institutional context within which all this occurs.

This issue also includes ten articles about other aspects of forced migration.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this email.

FMR 41 will be available online in English, French, Spanish and Arabic – but will be available in print in English only. We deeply regret this but currently have insufficient funding to print it in all four of our usual languages.

We would be grateful if you would forward this message to anyone you know who may be interested, Tweet about it, add links to the issue from your website and/or list it in your updates and resources. When adding links, please link to the web page www.fmreview.org/preventing

An expanded contents Listing for this issue – called FMR41 Listing – is available at www.fmreview.org/preventing/FMR41listing.pdf  This includes an introduction to the feature theme, followed by – for each article – the title, author’s name and affiliation, introductory sentences, and the link to the article online. It will be available online in all languages but in print in English only.

If you require multiple copies of FMR41 and/or of FMR41 Listing, please email us immediately at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk

If you do NOT usually receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a copy of FMR 41 or FMR41 Listing for your organisation, or multiple copies for distribution to partners and policy/decisionmakers or for use at conferences/workshops, please contact the Editors as soon as possible.

We would like to thank Dina Abou Samra and Simon Bagshaw (UNOCHA) and Josep Zapater (UNHCR) for their invaluable assistance as special advisors on this issue’s feature theme. We are also very grateful to the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, UNOCHA, Lex Justi and Refugees International for their funding support for this issue.

Forthcoming issues of FMR will include features on:

·         Sexual orientation and gender identity and protection of forced migrants

·         Fragile states

·         Detention and deportation

See www.fmreview.org/forthcoming for details.

If you no longer wish to continue receiving our occasional email alerts, please let us know.

With apologies for any cross-posting of this message.

best wishes

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
Editors, Forced Migration Review
fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk    www.fmreview.org
+44 (0)1865 281700
skype: fmreview
Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter


Preventing displacement
Valerie Amos, Emergency Relief Coordinator (UNOCHA)

The history and status of the right not to be displaced
Michèle Morel (University of Ghent), Maria Stavropoulou (Greek Asylum Service) and Jean-François Durieux (Refugee Studies Centre)

To prevent or pursue displacement?
Casey Barrs (The Cuny Centre)

The ‘tool box’ at states’ disposal to prevent displacement: a Swiss perspective
Isabelle Gómez Truedsson (Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs)

Driving displacement: explosive weapons in populated areas
Simon Bagshaw (UNOCHA)

Predicting disasters and protecting rights
Justin Ginnetti and Nina Schrepfer (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre)

Towards a uniform legal system of protection
Dimitrios Chotouras (barrister)

Flooding in Thailand: flee, fight or float
Wan S Sophonpanich (International Organization for Migration)

The management of climate displacement
Scott Leckie (Displacement Solutions)

Recognising the land rights of indigenous peoples and rural communities
Rhodri C Williams (human rights consultant)

Shelter interventions prevent and mitigate displacement
Davina Wadley (Refugees International)

Voluntariness to remaın
Arzu Guler (Bilken University)

The ICRC approach in situations of pre-displacement

Veronika Talviste, Jamie A Williamson and Anne Zeidan (ICRC)

Businesses’ human rights responsibilities

Corinne Lewis (Lex Justi)

Undermining development: forced eviction in Bangladesh
Kate Hoshour (International Accountability Project)

The UN Security Council and prevention of displacement
Sanjula Weerasinghe (Georgetown University) and Elizabeth Ferris (Brookings-LSE Project on Internal Displacement)

Preventing re-displacement through genuine reintegration in Burundi
Lucy Hovil (International Refugee Rights Initiative)

Education as an essential component of prevention of youth re-displacement
Marina L Anselme and Barbara Zeus (The Refugee Education Trust)

Post-conflict land insecurity threatens re-displacement in northern Uganda
Levis Onegi (University of Witwatersrand)

The role of women defenders of human rights in Colombia
Juanita Candamil and Claudia María Mejía Duque (Corporación Sisma Mujer))

Property restitution in Colombia
Eduardo Medina (International Organization for Migration)

Natural disasters and indigenous displacement in Bolivia
Ludvik Girard (International Organization for Migration)

Attempts to prevent displacement in the occupied Palestinian territories
Karim Khalil (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre)

General articles

East African refugees adapting to life in the UK
Samuel Bekalo (freelance)

The conveniently forgotten human rights of the Rohingya
Natalie Brinham (Equal Rights Trust)

North Koreans in China in need of international protection
Roberta Cohen (Brookings Institution)

From a lab in Luxembourg to satellites in South Sudan
Marianne Donven (Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and Mariko Hall (WFP)

Making work safe for displaced women
Dale Buscher (Women’s Refugee Commission)

Lessons from mobilisation around slum evictions in Tanzania
Michael Hooper (Harvard University)

From the Nansen Principles to the Nansen Initiative
Walter Kälin (Nansen Initiative)

Are refugees an economic burden or benefit?
Roger Zetter (Refugee Studies Cente)

Overseas cultural orientation programmes and resettled refugees’ perceptions
Julie M Kornfeld (Lutheran World Federation)

Challenging RSD clients’ preferences for foreign service providers
Christian Pangilinan (Asylum Access Tanzania)


New Publications on Internal Displacement in Africa; Detainees under Escort; and The use of the Internet for terrorist purposes

Internal displacement in Africa: A development challenge

Internal displacement in Africa: A development challenge

Internal displacement in Africa: A development challenge.
A new report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, (IDMC)

Internal displacement is not only a humanitarian, human rights or peace-building challenge, but also a development one. Development actors are relevant players to prevent internal displacement, to respond to it and to support durable solutions for IDPs who got displaced due to conflict, violence or natural disasters. Human rights-based approaches to development initiatives to support for example livelihoods, strengthen local governance, address housing and land issues or to alleviate food insecurity of IDPs will also ensure the displaced people’s rights. This publication on the development challenge in addressing internal displacement in Africa by NRC/IDMC in collaboration with the Nordic Trust Fund, explains the relevance of human rights for development initiatives in displacement situations, identify entry points and present ideas for development action.(…)

[Download Full Report]

Detainees under Escort: Inspection of escort and
removals to Afghanistan: 25 – 26 June 2012
by HM Chief Inspector of Prisons.
[Download Full Report]

The use of the Internet for terrorist purposes.
A new report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) In collaboration with the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force.
[Download Full Report]

New Publications on Causes of Displacement; Human Rights Education; Human Security; Migration Control; Refugee Camps; and Trafficking in Scotland

Details of these new publications were originally circulated by Elisa Mason on the incredibly useful: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog.  Further details can be found on the website at:  http://fm-cab.blogspot.co.uk/

A Critical Introduction to Immigration and Asylum (International State Crime Initiative, Sept. 2012) [text]

Human Security Report 2012: Sexual Violence, Education, and War – Beyond the Mainstream Narrative (Human Security Report Project, Oct. 2012) [access]
– See also related IRIN news article and IntLawGrrls blog post.

Important but Neglected: A Proposal for Human Rights Education in Refugee and Displacement Camps (SSRN, Oct. 2012) [text]

“Refugee Camps not Designed for Refugees,” DW, 9 Oct. 2012 [text]

Warfare, Political Identities, and Displacement in Spain and Colombia, HiCN Working Paper 124 (Households in Conflict Network, Oct. 2012) [text]

Care And Support for Adult Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings: A Review.
A new report by the Scottish Government.
[Download Full Report]