Tag Archives: displacement

Publications: FMR 49 now online – Disasters and displacement in a changing climate

Forced Migration Review issue 49, entitled ‘Disasters and displacement in a changing climate’, is now online at www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters

In light of the projected increase in the frequency and intensity of disasters associated with climate change, the number of people displaced in the context of disasters will inevitably rise. Existing national, regional and international legal regimes, however, currently respond to only some of the protection concerns arising from such displacement. Crafting an appropriate response will demand a cross-sectoral approach that addresses different forms of human mobility and which also recognises the local knowledge, values and beliefs of affected communities.

This issue of FMR includes 36 articles on ‘Disasters and displacement in a changing climate’, five articles on ‘Female genital mutilation (FGM) and asylum in Europe‘, and five ‘general’ articles on: Cartagena +30, trafficking for human organs, animals and forced migration, refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border, and sweet tea and cigarettes in Jordan.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this email.

FMR 49 will be available online and in print in English, Arabic, French and Spanish.

The FGM mini-feature is also available as a separate pdf at www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/FGM.pdf.

If you do not regularly receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a print copy for your organisation, or multiple copies for onward distribution or for use in training or at conferences, please contact us at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk.

This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union.

Details of our forthcoming issues – on ‘The Balkans 20 years on from the Dayton Agreement’ and ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition and solutions’ – can be found at www.fmreview.org/forthcoming.

Apologies for any cross-posting.

Best wishes,

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
Editors, Forced Migration Review
fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk   www.fmreview.org
+44 (0)1865 281700 skype: fmreview
Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter

FMR 49 Disasters and displacement in a changing climate – contents with web links



Børge Brende (Government of Norway) and Didier Burkhalter (Government of Switzerland) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/brende-burkhalter

The Nansen Initiative: building consensus on displacement in disaster contexts Walter Kälin (The Nansen Initiative) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/kaelin

National Adaptation Plans and human mobility Koko Warner (UNU-EHS), Walter Kälin (Nansen Initiative), Susan Martin (Georgetown University) and Youssef Nassef (UNFCC) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/warner-kaelin-martin-nassef

Modelling displacement
Justin Ginnetti (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/ginnetti

The state of the evidence
Susan Martin (Georgetown University)

The necessity for an ethnographic approach in Peru Geremia Cometti (Laboratoire d’Anthropologie Sociale, Paris) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/cometti

An integrated focus
William Lacy Swing (International Organization for Migration) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/swing

West Africa: a testing ground for regional solutions Julia Blocher, Dalila Gharbaoui and Sara Vigil (University of Liège) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/blocher-gharbaoui-vigil

Development and displacement risks
Glaucia Boyer and Matthew McKinnon (UNDP) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/boyer-mckinnon

Developing temporary protection in Africa Tamara Wood (University of New South Wales) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/wood

Climate effects on nomadic pastoralist societies Dawn Chatty and Troy Sternberg (University of Oxford) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/chatty-sternberg

Guidance for ‘managed’ relocation
Brent Doberstein and Anne Tadgell (University of Waterloo) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/doberstein-tadgell

Preparing for planned relocation

Lessons from planned relocation and resettlement in the past Jane McAdam (University of New South Wales) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcadam

Post-disaster resettlement in urban Bolivia Gemma Sou (University of Manchester) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/sou

Focusing on climate-related internal displacement Scott Leckie and Ezekiel Simperingham (Displacement Solutions) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/leckie-simperingham

Brazil’s draft migration law
Isabela Piacentini de Andrade (Universidade Positivo) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/piacentini

Disasters, displacement and a new framework in the Americas David James Cantor (Refugee Law Initiative) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/cantor

Temporary protection arrangements to fill a gap in the protection regime Volker Türk (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/tuerk

Refugees, climate change and international law María José Fernández (Universidad Católica de Salta, Argentina) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/fernandez

Displacement as a consequence of climate change mitigation policies Sara Vigil (University of Liège) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/vigil

Statelessness and environmental displacement Jessie Connell (Australian National University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/connell

A role for strategic litigation
Matthew Scott (Lund University, Sweden)

Floods and migration in the Czech Republic Robert Stojanov (University of Prague), Ilan Kelman (University College London) and Barbora Duží (Czech Academy of Sciences) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/stojanov-kelman-duzi

‘One Safe Future’ in the Philippines
Lloyd Ranque and Melissa Quetulio-Navarra (Philippines government agency) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/ranque-quetulionavarra

Post-disaster resettlement in the Philippines: a risky strategy Alice R Thomas (Refugees International) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/thomas

Cross-border migration with dignity in Kiribati Karen E McNamara (University of Queensland) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcnamara

Land, disasters and mobility in the South Pacific Daniel Fitzpatrick (Australian National University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mcnamara

Not drowning but fighting: Pacific Islands activists Hannah Fair (University College London) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/fair

Samoa: local knowledge, climate change and population movements Ximena Flores-Palacios (Auckland University of Technology) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/florespalacios

Facilitating voluntary adaptive migration in the Pacific Bruce Burson (New Zealand Immigration and Protection Tribunal) and Richard Bedford (University of Waikato) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/burson-bedford

Integrating resilience in South Asia
Mi Zhou and Dorien Braam (Praxis Labs)

“Everyone likes it here”
Himani Upadhyay, Divya Mohan (TERI, India) and Ilan Kelman (University College London) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/upadhyay-mohan-kelman

Building adaptive capacity in Assam
Soumyadeep Banerjee, Suman Bisht and Bidhubhusan Mahapatra (International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/banerjee-bisht-mahapatra

Mixed motivations and complex causality in the Mekong Jessica Marsh (Mekong Migration Network) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/marsh

One good reason to speak of ‘climate refugees’
François Gemenne (University of Liège and Sciences Po, Paris) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/gemenne

Governance questions for the international community Alexander Betts (Refugee Studies Centre) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/betts

Building respectful solutions

Colleen Swan (Kivalina City Council), Chief Albert P Naquin (Isle de Jean Charles Tribal Council) and Stanley Tom (Newtok Traditional Council) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/swan-naquin-tom


Female genital mutilation: a case for asylum in Europe Fadela Novak-Irons (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/novakirons

FGM: challenges for asylum applicants and officials Christine Flamand (INTACT) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/flamand

The medicalisation of female genital mutilation Pierre Foldes and Frédérique Martz (Institut en Santé Génésique) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/foldes-martz

The Istanbul Convention: new treaty, new tool Elise Petitpas (End FGM European Network) and Johanna Nelles (Council of Europe) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/pettipas-nelles

Changing attitudes in Finland towards FGM Saido Mohamed and Solomie Teshome (Finnish League for Human Rights) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/mohamed-teshome


The Cartagena process: 30 years of innovation and solidarity Carlos Maldonado Castillo (UNHCR) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/castillo

Trafficking for human organs
Vladimir Makei (Government of Belarus)

Sweet tea and cigarettes: a taste of refugee life in Jordan Rana B Khoury (Northwestern University) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/khoury

Refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border Karen Hargrave (independent) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/hargrave

Animals and forced migration
Piers Beirne and Caitlin Kelty-Huber (University of Southern Maine) www.fmreview.org/climatechange-disasters/beirne-keltyhuber



Event: Displacement and development in the Somalia context

Event: Displacement and development in the Somalia context

How does the Somalia New Deal Compact address displacement? Danish Refugee Council and Solutions Alliance Somalia will host a joint side-event on November 18 to the Somalia New Deal Compact High Level Partnership Forum.

Together with UNHCR, the side-event will discuss the ways in which the New Deal Compact accounts for displacement and more broadly discuss displacement as a development challenge in the Somalia context.

The event will have opening remarks from the Danish Minister of Trade and Development, Mogens Jensen, and consist of a panel with representatives from the Somali Ministry of Interior, World Bank, UNHCR, UNDP and Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS).

The event is open to all. It is currently advertised on the Danish Refugee Council and Solutions Alliance websites.

Time and Venue:
16:30-18:30 on 18 November 2014 at Kosmopol, Fiolstræde 44, Copenhagen


Any questions related to the side-event can be directed to Ms. Alice Anderson-Gough, alice.anderson-gough@drc.dk

New Reports on Durable Solutions; Displacement; Humanitarian Assistance; and Others

Durable Solutions: Perspectives of Somali Refugees Living in Kenyan and Ethiopian Camps and Selected Communities of Return.
Produced by the Danish Refugee Council and the Norwegian Refugee Council.

More than a quarter of the Somali population have fled their country since civil war broke out in 1991. Millions remain in displacement in the region. What are their perspectives on the future? Do they believe in eventual return to Somalia? These are among the themes explored in the report ‘Durable Solutions’.

Civil war and armed conflict in Somalia has caused large-scale internal and external displacement. More than every fourth Somali is today living in displacement – the majority has moved to a safer area within the country, but large numbers have fled to another country.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

Internal displacement in South Sudan: Out of crisis, an opportunity?
By The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre.
[Download Full Report]

South Sudan: A comprehensive response to internal displacement is crucial.
By The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre.
[Download Full Report]

Humanitarian Needs Assessment and Engagement Strategy In Kandahar province, Afghanistan (January 2013).
By the Danish Refugee Council.
[Download Full Report]

Somalia Common Humanitarian Fund CHF – Annual Report 2012,
Produced by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
[Download Full Report]

Mid-Year Review of the Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan for Kenya 2013.
Produced by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.[Download Full Report]

Central African Republic Common Humanitarian Fund – Annual Report 2012
Produced by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
[Download Full Report]

Livelihoods at the limit: Reducing the risk of disasters and adapting to climate change.
Produced by Save the Children.
[Download Full Report]

Central African Republic: abandoned to its fate?
Produced by Médecins Sans Frontières.
[Download Full Report]

Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal in the OSCE Region: Analysis and Findings.
Produced by the OSCE.
[Download Full Report]
See Also: OSCE – New report sheds light on trafficking for organ removal in OSCE region.

Final Report:  Cost and benefit analysis project on immigration regulation
Higher Education Better Regulation Group. 11 July 2013.
Produced by the Higher Education Better Regulation Group.
[Download Full Report]
See Also: EIN – Higher Education Better Regulation Group releases comprehensive study on the cost of the student visa regime.

Gaza in 2020: UNRWA Operational Response – May 2013.
REPORT from UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East.
[Download Full Report]

The Arab Spring and Economic Transition: Two Years on.
Source: Foreign & Commonwealth Office via Inside Government (UK).
[Download Full Report]


Call for Papers: Gender, the Refugee and Displacement Conference

Gender, the Refugee and Displacement (1900-1950)

Newcastle University, Friday 5th July 2013


Professor Peter Gatrell (Manchester University)

Call For Papers: This interdisciplinary one-day symposium will interrogate the links between gender and displacement from the turn of the twentieth century, through both World Wars and into the post-war period. Addressing a crucial gap in scholarship surrounding displacement and gender within the critical canon of war studies, it asks how gender influences or impacts displacement during the two world wars and how, in particular, men and women experience and represent displacement differently?  It interrogates the historic association of the refugee with the female, existing outside the symbolic order and beyond the nation, particularly at times of war (Plain, 1994). It addresses the embodied experience of displacement, such as the tendency for refugees and Internally Displaced People to experience rape, torture and physical violence as well as other forms of emotional or physical hardship, as well as the representation of displacement in literary, biographical and historical works with relation to ideas around gender and empowerment during this period. In particular, this conference brings together academics working across the disciplines, looking at the intersections between gender and displacement in a range of discourses legal and historical, literary and political, artistic and geographical in and around the two world wars. It welcomes abstracts from across the humanities and social sciences.

Papers are invited on any aspect of gender and displacement during this period, including but not exclusive to:

  • Male/female experiences of displacement;
  • Male/female descriptions or representations of displacement;
  • Childhood and displacement;
  • The politics of displacement/ power and displacement;
  • The experiences of IDPs and refugees;
  • Race and displacement;
  • Histories/geographies of displacement;
  • Theories of displacement;
  • The UN Convention on Refugees and the legal aspects of displacement.

Please send 300 word abstracts to Katherine Cooper (Katherine.cooper@ncl.ac.uk) before 1st May 2013.

This conference is supported by a generous grant from Newcastle University’s Gender Research Group.

Organised by: Katherine Cooper

Katherine Cooper
PhD Candidate

School of English Language, Literature and Linguistics,
Newcastle University

Gender, The Refugee and Displacement, 1900-1950 Conference
5th July 2013, Newcastle University

Out now: The Female Figure in Contemporary Historical Fiction:


Forced Migration Review issue 41, entitled ‘Preventing displacement’, is now online

Forced Migration Review issue 41, entitled ‘Preventing displacement’, is now online at


FMR 41Being displaced puts people at a higher risk of being both impoverished and unable to enjoy their human rights. Such a situation is worth preventing – but not at any cost. The 23 articles in the theme section of FMR 41 address the causes of displacement, look at how to manage situations that might cause displacement so as to make staying a better option, and examine the legal and institutional context within which all this occurs.

This issue also includes ten articles about other aspects of forced migration.

The full list of contents, with web links, is given at the end of this email.

FMR 41 will be available online in English, French, Spanish and Arabic – but will be available in print in English only. We deeply regret this but currently have insufficient funding to print it in all four of our usual languages.

We would be grateful if you would forward this message to anyone you know who may be interested, Tweet about it, add links to the issue from your website and/or list it in your updates and resources. When adding links, please link to the web page www.fmreview.org/preventing

An expanded contents Listing for this issue – called FMR41 Listing – is available at www.fmreview.org/preventing/FMR41listing.pdf  This includes an introduction to the feature theme, followed by – for each article – the title, author’s name and affiliation, introductory sentences, and the link to the article online. It will be available online in all languages but in print in English only.

If you require multiple copies of FMR41 and/or of FMR41 Listing, please email us immediately at fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk

If you do NOT usually receive a print copy of FMR and would like to receive a copy of FMR 41 or FMR41 Listing for your organisation, or multiple copies for distribution to partners and policy/decisionmakers or for use at conferences/workshops, please contact the Editors as soon as possible.

We would like to thank Dina Abou Samra and Simon Bagshaw (UNOCHA) and Josep Zapater (UNHCR) for their invaluable assistance as special advisors on this issue’s feature theme. We are also very grateful to the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, UNOCHA, Lex Justi and Refugees International for their funding support for this issue.

Forthcoming issues of FMR will include features on:

·         Sexual orientation and gender identity and protection of forced migrants

·         Fragile states

·         Detention and deportation

See www.fmreview.org/forthcoming for details.

If you no longer wish to continue receiving our occasional email alerts, please let us know.

With apologies for any cross-posting of this message.

best wishes

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson
Editors, Forced Migration Review
fmr@qeh.ox.ac.uk    www.fmreview.org
+44 (0)1865 281700
skype: fmreview
Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter


Preventing displacement
Valerie Amos, Emergency Relief Coordinator (UNOCHA)

The history and status of the right not to be displaced
Michèle Morel (University of Ghent), Maria Stavropoulou (Greek Asylum Service) and Jean-François Durieux (Refugee Studies Centre)

To prevent or pursue displacement?
Casey Barrs (The Cuny Centre)

The ‘tool box’ at states’ disposal to prevent displacement: a Swiss perspective
Isabelle Gómez Truedsson (Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs)

Driving displacement: explosive weapons in populated areas
Simon Bagshaw (UNOCHA)

Predicting disasters and protecting rights
Justin Ginnetti and Nina Schrepfer (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre)

Towards a uniform legal system of protection
Dimitrios Chotouras (barrister)

Flooding in Thailand: flee, fight or float
Wan S Sophonpanich (International Organization for Migration)

The management of climate displacement
Scott Leckie (Displacement Solutions)

Recognising the land rights of indigenous peoples and rural communities
Rhodri C Williams (human rights consultant)

Shelter interventions prevent and mitigate displacement
Davina Wadley (Refugees International)

Voluntariness to remaın
Arzu Guler (Bilken University)

The ICRC approach in situations of pre-displacement

Veronika Talviste, Jamie A Williamson and Anne Zeidan (ICRC)

Businesses’ human rights responsibilities

Corinne Lewis (Lex Justi)

Undermining development: forced eviction in Bangladesh
Kate Hoshour (International Accountability Project)

The UN Security Council and prevention of displacement
Sanjula Weerasinghe (Georgetown University) and Elizabeth Ferris (Brookings-LSE Project on Internal Displacement)

Preventing re-displacement through genuine reintegration in Burundi
Lucy Hovil (International Refugee Rights Initiative)

Education as an essential component of prevention of youth re-displacement
Marina L Anselme and Barbara Zeus (The Refugee Education Trust)

Post-conflict land insecurity threatens re-displacement in northern Uganda
Levis Onegi (University of Witwatersrand)

The role of women defenders of human rights in Colombia
Juanita Candamil and Claudia María Mejía Duque (Corporación Sisma Mujer))

Property restitution in Colombia
Eduardo Medina (International Organization for Migration)

Natural disasters and indigenous displacement in Bolivia
Ludvik Girard (International Organization for Migration)

Attempts to prevent displacement in the occupied Palestinian territories
Karim Khalil (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre)

General articles

East African refugees adapting to life in the UK
Samuel Bekalo (freelance)

The conveniently forgotten human rights of the Rohingya
Natalie Brinham (Equal Rights Trust)

North Koreans in China in need of international protection
Roberta Cohen (Brookings Institution)

From a lab in Luxembourg to satellites in South Sudan
Marianne Donven (Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and Mariko Hall (WFP)

Making work safe for displaced women
Dale Buscher (Women’s Refugee Commission)

Lessons from mobilisation around slum evictions in Tanzania
Michael Hooper (Harvard University)

From the Nansen Principles to the Nansen Initiative
Walter Kälin (Nansen Initiative)

Are refugees an economic burden or benefit?
Roger Zetter (Refugee Studies Cente)

Overseas cultural orientation programmes and resettled refugees’ perceptions
Julie M Kornfeld (Lutheran World Federation)

Challenging RSD clients’ preferences for foreign service providers
Christian Pangilinan (Asylum Access Tanzania)


New Publications on Internal Displacement in Africa; Detainees under Escort; and The use of the Internet for terrorist purposes

Internal displacement in Africa: A development challenge

Internal displacement in Africa: A development challenge

Internal displacement in Africa: A development challenge.
A new report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, (IDMC)

Internal displacement is not only a humanitarian, human rights or peace-building challenge, but also a development one. Development actors are relevant players to prevent internal displacement, to respond to it and to support durable solutions for IDPs who got displaced due to conflict, violence or natural disasters. Human rights-based approaches to development initiatives to support for example livelihoods, strengthen local governance, address housing and land issues or to alleviate food insecurity of IDPs will also ensure the displaced people’s rights. This publication on the development challenge in addressing internal displacement in Africa by NRC/IDMC in collaboration with the Nordic Trust Fund, explains the relevance of human rights for development initiatives in displacement situations, identify entry points and present ideas for development action.(…)

[Download Full Report]

Detainees under Escort: Inspection of escort and
removals to Afghanistan: 25 – 26 June 2012
by HM Chief Inspector of Prisons.
[Download Full Report]

The use of the Internet for terrorist purposes.
A new report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) In collaboration with the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force.
[Download Full Report]

New Publications on Causes of Displacement; Human Rights Education; Human Security; Migration Control; Refugee Camps; and Trafficking in Scotland

Details of these new publications were originally circulated by Elisa Mason on the incredibly useful: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog.  Further details can be found on the website at:  http://fm-cab.blogspot.co.uk/

A Critical Introduction to Immigration and Asylum (International State Crime Initiative, Sept. 2012) [text]

Human Security Report 2012: Sexual Violence, Education, and War – Beyond the Mainstream Narrative (Human Security Report Project, Oct. 2012) [access]
– See also related IRIN news article and IntLawGrrls blog post.

Important but Neglected: A Proposal for Human Rights Education in Refugee and Displacement Camps (SSRN, Oct. 2012) [text]

“Refugee Camps not Designed for Refugees,” DW, 9 Oct. 2012 [text]

Warfare, Political Identities, and Displacement in Spain and Colombia, HiCN Working Paper 124 (Households in Conflict Network, Oct. 2012) [text]

Care And Support for Adult Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings: A Review.
A new report by the Scottish Government.
[Download Full Report]


New Publications on Durable Solutions in Kosovo; EU Statistics; Urban Refugees; and Urban Settings

Eurostat regional yearbook 2012

Eurostat regional yearbook 2012

Kosovo: Durable solutions still elusive 13 years after conflict.
Published by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, (IDMC).

The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Kosovo has dropped slightly in recent years. A September 2012 estimate by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) put the figure at 17,900, compared with around 19,700 in 2009. Most ethnic Serb IDPs live in northern Kosovo, where they rely on a system of education, policing and health care services provided entirely by Serbia. Many others live in enclaves in areas where their ethnic group constitutes a majority, but where they often face restrictions on their freedom of movement and have little access to livelihoods and services.(…)

[Download Full Report]
(Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre).

European Union Labour Force Survey – Annual results 2011.

Basic figures on the EU — Autumn 2012 edition

Basic figures on the EU

By the European Commission.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: DocuBase)

Eurostat regional yearbook 2012
By the European Commission.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Eurostat)

European Social Statistics
By the European Commission.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Eurostat).

European Social Statistics

European Social Statistics

Basic figures on the EU — Autumn 2012 edition
By the European Commission.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Eurostat).

Moving from the ‘why’ to the ‘how’: reflections on humanitarian response in urban settings.
Article by Elena Lucchi (Médecins sans Frontières.)
[Download Article]
(Source: ALNAP)

“Forgotten,” “Hidden”: Predicaments of the Urban Refugee
Article by Phil Marfleet.
[Download Article]
(Source: ALNAP)


New Publications on Sri Lanka; Displacement; Conflict; Nepal Conflict Report

The Nepal Conflict Report

The Nepal Conflict Report

Sri Lanka Urban Multi-Hazard Disaster Mitigation Project – Project Completion Report.
Produced by the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center, and the United States Agency for International Development.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: ALNAP)

Gulu Town in War…and Peace? Displacement, Humanitarianism and Post-War Crisis
By Adam Branch.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: ALNAP)

Cities, Conflict and State Fragility
By Jo Beall, Tom Goodfellow, Dennis Rodgers.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: ALNAP)

The Nepal Conflict Report.
Produced by the The United Nations’ Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).

Between 1996 and 2006, an internal conflict between the Government of Nepal and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN (Maoist)) left at least 13,000 people dead and 1,300 missing. By signing the Comprehensive Peace Accord on 21 November 2006, the Government of Nepal and the CPN (Maoist) committed to establishing the truth about the conduct of the war and to ensuring the victims of the conflict receive both justice and reparations. To that end, the Comprehensive Peace Accord references commitments to form two transitional justice mechanisms: a Truth and Reconciliation Commission and a Commission on Disappeared Persons.

[Access and Download Full Report]
Further Information: The Himalayan – Some conflict cases amount to war crimes: Nepal Crisis Report

Accompanying the 233-page Report’s release is a database of some 30,000 documents – known as the Transitional Justice Reference Archive – which aims to provide Nepali institutions and civil society with the means to kick-start the process of seeking truth, justice, and reconciliation for the crimes committed during the 1996-2006 conflict.

The Archive, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), records “up to 9,000 serious violations of international human rights law or international humanitarian law may have been committed during the decade-long conflict… However, at the time of writing, no one in Nepal has been prosecuted in a civilian court for a serious conflict-related crime.”


New Publications on Climate Change in Bangladesh; Syria; UK Holding Centre Inspections;

The Security Risks of Climate Change Displacement in Bangladesh.
Ben Saul.

From the introduction: This article interrogates whether, and to what extent, climate change-related movement in Bangladesh may give rise to two commonly suggested security risks: transnational security risks in relation to neighbouring countries; and domestic security risks of radicalisation, and social conflict over resources. This article is a modest effort to ground consideration of the links between climate change displacement and security threats in a concrete case study of a particular situation, including through a review of the expert national and regional literature and qualitative field research in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India. In doing so, it aims to test the prevailing assumptions in the global literature against social realities on the ground, acknowledging security risks where they exist, and deflating those that bear little substance.

[Access to Paper]
(Source: UK Climate Change and Migration Coalition).

Syria brief: No safe haven – A country on the move, a nation on the brink.
By the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, (IDMC).
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre).

Report on an unannounced inspection of the short-term holding facility at Liverpool Capital Building (2 May 2012).
By HM Chief Inspector of Prisons.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: HM Chief Inspector of Prisons).

Report on an unannounced follow-up inspection of the non-residential short-term holding facility at Sheffield Vulcan House (29 May 2012).
By HM Chief Inspector of Prisons.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: HM Chief Inspector of Prisons).

New Publications on Asylum and Population Control; Global Refugee Policy; Mining-Induced Displacement; Refugee Resettlement in America; Refugees of the Arab Spring `Living Under Drones’;

Asylum and population control

Asylum and population control

Asylum and population control: assessing UNHCR’s sexual and reproductive health programme in Guatemalan refugee settlements
Refugee Studies Centre (Oxford) Working Paper Series Number 83.
By Dr Oscar Gil-Garcia.

From the Abstract:

The UN and other multilateral agencies in the fields of relief and development, under the premise of promoting gender equality, increasingly identify reproductive health care to displaced people as a ‘durable solution’ to prevent maternal mortality, complications following abortion, sex gender-based violence (SGBV), and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

The UNHCR response to displaced Guatemalan’s seeking asylum in Mexico is the first case where gender equality discourse was used to justify the inclusion of health interventions to respond to SGBV in its humanitarian projects. Questions remain on how gender equality discourse became institutionalised within UNHCR and its impact in shaping health interventions.What role does gender play in shaping health provision, specifically reproductive health, to refugee communities? What lessons can be gained from displaced communities in their provision of health services? To answer these questions, this paper presents findings from ethnographic research among forced migrants living in La Gloria, the largest of the 36 original refugee camps, located in the southern state of Chiapas, Mexico.

[Download Full Working Paper]
(Source: Refugee Studies Centre)

Background paper: Global Refugee Policy: varying perspectives, unanswered

Background paper: Global Refugee Policy

Background paper: Global Refugee Policy

By Sarah Deardorff Miller.

Global Refugee Policy (GRP) is a phrase often used by scholars, practitioners and policymakers, but one that is seldom conceptualised, defined or unpacked. Indeed, understanding of GRP is highly contingent on the ontological assumptions and disciplinary lenses applied from the beginning. And yet despite its hazy nature, scholars of all persuasions generally agree that policies have the potential to deeply affect the lives of refugees and other forced migrants in significant ways, from constraining their access to basic human rights, to influencing how, when and where refugees may choose to move.
This paper has been prepared for the RSC 30th Anniversary Conference, 6-7 December 2012.

[Download Full Report]
(Source: Refugee Studies Centre)

Living Under Drones: Death, Injury ,and Trauma to Civilians From US Drones.
A researched and documented study by the New York University Law School Global Justice Clinic and Stanford Law School’s International Human Rights Clinic.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Librarians and Human Rights)

Mining-Induced Displacement and Resettlement: Social Problem and Human Rights Issue (a Global Perspective).
By Bogumil Terminski.
[Access Full Report]
(Source: Social Science Research Network)

Refugee Resettlement in America: The Iraqi Refugee Experience in Upstate, New York.
Cairo Papers on Migration and Refugees Paper No. 1/ July 2012
By Christine M. Fandrich.
[Download Working Paper]
(Source: The American University in Egypt)

Refugees of the Arab Spring: The Syrian Refugees in Lebanon April 2011-April 2012
Cairo Papers on Migration and Refugees Paper No. 2/ August 2012
By Sam Van Vliet and Guita Hourani.
[Download Working Paper]
(Source: The American University in Egypt)


New Publications on Resiliance; Columbia; Syria; Displacement in Mali; ESOL in London

The relevance of ‘resilience’?

The relevance of ‘resilience’?

The relevance of ‘resilience’?
HPG Policy Briefs 49, September 2012
Authors: Simon Levine, Adam Pain, Sarah Bailey and Lilianne Fan.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Published by ODI as part of the HPG Policy Briefs series.)

Colombia: Hidden from justice. Impunity for conflict-related sexual violence, a follow-up report”.
Report produced by Amnesty International.
[Download Full Report]
– See also the press release entitled, “Colombian authorities fail to stop or to punish sexual violence against women.”
(Source: Amnesty International).

The Jihadist Element in Syria and its Implications.
By Paul Rogers for the Oxford Research Group.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: DocuBase)

Mali: Northern takeover internally displaces at least 118,000 people.
By the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, (IDMC).
[Download Full Report]
(Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre).

Two new reports published by the Mayor of London on ESOL for migrants:

Analysis of English Language Employment Support Provision in London.
Produced by the Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion and commissioned by the GLA as part of London Enriched, the Mayor of London’s integration strategy for refugees and migrants. The Mayor of London’s integration work for refugee and migrant integration is led by the London Strategic Migration Partnership.

An Analysis of English Language Employment Support Provision in London provides a valuable insight into English language training for Jobcentre Plus customers in London. The focus is on those customers whose first language is not English and where their English language level is a barrier to moving into employment. It provides examples of good practice in joint working between Jobcentre Plus and Skills Funding Agency funded providers of English language training. It also looks at how Work Programme providers are addressing customers’ English language needs. The report makes a number of recommendations on how pre-employment English language support can be further strengthened for Jobseeker Allowance and Employment and Support Allowance (Work Related Activity Group) customers.

[Download Full Report] and [Download Appendix]

English Language for All
Produced by the National Institute of Adult Continuing Education and commissioned by the GLA as part of London Enriched, the Mayor of London’s integration strategy for refugees and migrants. The Mayor of London’s integration work for refugees and migrants is led by the London Strategic Migration Partnership.

English Language for All is a new report which offers a fresh approach to delivering English language learning in London. It gives an overview of the key groups of refugees and migrants in London who now rely on opportunities to learn English outside of Skills Funding Agency funded provision. It then develops three models that are effective in supporting these groups to learn English and also gives a number of case studies of innovative provision currently running in London.

[Download Full Report]


New Publications on Children and Education; Displacement; LGBTI

A Creeping Crisis: The Neglect of Education in Slow-onset Emergencies (Save the Children, 2012) [text via ReliefWeb]

In Search of Safety and Solutions: Somali Refugee Adolescent Girls at Sheder and Aw Barre Camps (Women’s Refugee Commission, Aug. 2012) [text]
– See also related blog posts here and here.

No School Today: Why Syrian Refugee Children Miss out on Education (IRIN, Aug. 2012) [text]

The Fact of Age: Review of Case Law and Local Authority Practice since the Supreme Court Judgment in R(A) v Croydon LBC [2009] (Children’s Commissioner, July 2012) [text]
– Report into the age assessment of children seeking asylum in the UK.

Fostering Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Young People: A Research Project (British Association for Adoption & Fostering, 2012) [text]
– Note: The final research study referenced in this project description has been published.

Conflict-Induced Internally Displaced Persons in Afghanistan: Interpretation of Data as of 31 May 2012 (UNHCR, July 2012) [text via ReliefWeb]

“Crise militaro-politique interne et santé psychophysique des personnes déplacées internes (PDIs): le cas de la Côte d’Ivoire,” Santé Publique, vol. 24, no. HS (2012) [full-text]

The Internal Displacement of the Roma, Ashkali, & Egyptians in the Former Yugoslavia and Their Denial of an Effective Remedy (SSRN, 2010; posted Aug. 2012) [text]

Mainstreaming IDP Principles in Capacity Building Efforts: A Chance Missed in Kosovo (TerraNullius, July 2012) [text]

Asylum: Claims Based on Sexual Identity (House of Commons Library, July 2011) [text]

Country-of-origin Information to Support the Adjudication of Asylum Claims from Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (‘LGBTI’) Asylum-seekers, Reports Commissioned by UNHCR (Asylum Research Consultancy, 2012) [access]

Greenwich Declaration, Draft (Greenwich Declaration Advisory Group) [info]
– A final version of this declaration was due to be launched at the Double Jeopardy 2012 Conference, held 5-6 July 2012, in Greenwich, but I have not found a copy yet.

Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Asylum: Fleeing Homophobia (Routledge, forthcoming Dec. 2012) [info]
– Based on an earlier conference held in Amsterdam, 5-6 Sept. 2011; see abstract of one chapter on SSRN.

One minority at a time:Being black and gay
By April Guasp and Hannah Kibirige and Published by the Runnymede Trust.

All of these publications were originally listed on the Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog.


New Publications on Syria; Muslims in Paris and London; Resettlement; Health

Syria: A full-scale displacement and humanitarian crisis with no solutions in sight.
A new report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, (IDMC),
(Read the Overview (html / pdf)).
See also the Syria country page,
(Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre).

The ‘At Home in Europe Project’ supported by the Open Society Foundation, has published two reports on the experiences of Muslims in London and in Paris.

Muslims in London

Muslims in London

Muslims in London highlights the complexities around belonging and identity amongst Muslim and non-Muslim residents living in Waltham Forest, one of London’s 2012 Olympic boroughs. The research reveals that that local not national identity is strongest for Muslims in Waltham Forest.  The situation is exactly the reverse for non-Muslims in the borough, who feel a stronger attachment to Britain than their neighbourhood.

[Access Muslims In London Report]

Muslims in Paris

Muslims in Paris

Muslims in Paris highlights the everyday experiences and rarely heard voices of Muslims living in the neighbourhood of La Goutte d’Or, situated in Paris’ multicultural 18tharrondissement. The qualitative research reveals that both Muslim and non-Muslim residents share a keen sense of belonging to their neighbourhood, city and country.  Challenging common misperceptions as to sources of division and exclusion, the report finds that Muslims and non-Muslims are united by common values—such as family and good neighbourliness—and that it is social and economic factors, not religion, which divides them.

[Access  Muslims in Paris Report]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network – ‘At Home in Europe’ project: Reports on Muslims living in London and Paris).

Frequently Asked Questions about Resettlement (UNHCR, April 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

Implementation of the Strategic Use of Resettlement (UNHCR, Sept. 2011) [text]
– Discussion paper for Working Group on Resettlement, Geneva, 11‐12 October 2011.
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

Linking-in EU Resettlement Newsletter, no. 3 (July 2012) [full-text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

Progress Report on Resettlement, 54th Meeting of the Standing Committee, UN Doc. No. EC/63/SC/CRP.12 (EXCOM, June 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

Refugee Resettlement: Expanding its Reach and Effectiveness through Broader NGO Participation, Background Paper for Annual Consultations with NGOs, Geneva, 3-5 July 2012 [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

UNHCR Guidelines on the Resubmission of Resettlement Cases (UNHCR, June 2012) [text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

“Accessing Maternal and Child Health Services in Melbourne, Australia: Reflections from Refugee Families and Service Providers,” BMC Health Services Research, 12:117 (May 2012) [open access text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

“Combining Biofeedback and Narrative Exposure Therapy for Persistent Pain and PTSD in Refugees: A Pilot Study,” European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3:17660 (June 2012) [open access text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

Family Planning in Emergencies: Urgent Need to Focus on Women Made Vulnerable by Humanitarian Disasters (Huffington Post, July 2012) [text]

“Health Care for Canada’s Medically Uninsured Immigrants and Refugees: Whose Problem Is It?,” Canadian Family Physician, vol. 58, no. 7 (July 2012) [free full-text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

“An HIV/STI Prevention Intervention for Internally Displaced Women in Leogane, Haiti: Study Protocol for an N-of-1 Pilot Study,” BMJ Open, 2:e001634 (July 2012) [open access text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

Income Inequality and Health: Lessons from a Refugee Residential Assignment Program, IZA Discussion Paper, no. 6554 (Institute for the Study of Labor, May 2012) [text via SSRN]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

“A Moral Duty: Why Canada’s Cuts to Refugee Health Must be Reversed,” Canadian Family Physician, vol. 58, no. 7 (July 2012) [free full-text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).

“Violence against Women: An Exploration of the Physical and Mental Health Trends among Immigrant and Refugee Women in Canada,” Nursing Research and Practice, vol. 2012:434592 (Feb. 2012) [open access text]
(Source: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog).


Publications on Human Trafficking; Europe; Displacement; Resettlement

The U.S. State Department launched its Trafficking in Persons Report for 2012 yesterday.  Access to the text is available here; more information about the report is provided in this briefing.

Trafficking in Human Beings: New Impetus in Fighting the Modern Form of Slavery (European Commission, June 2012) [access]

Trafficking in Persons: International Dimensions and Foreign Policy Issues for Congress (Congressional Research Service, April 2012) [text]

UNHCR Statement on the Application of Article 1A(2) of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protcol to Victims of Trafficking in France (UNHCR, June 2012) [text]

Can Frontex Be Held Liable for Human Rights Violations? Potential Application of Recent European Case Law to the Activities of an Inter-Governmental Agency (SSRN, June 2012) [text]

EU Migration Policy and Its Reflection in Third Countries: Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine (Bridge, 2012) [text]
– See esp. chapters on “Functioning of the EU Management of External Borders with Emphasis on Migration and Asylum Problems,” “Application of Legislation of the Republic of Belarus on Refugees and the Main Lines of its Development,” “Migrants, Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the Context of the European Union Policies: the Case of Greece,” and “General Legal Aspect on Asylum within European Union and Italy: A Comprehensive Proposal for a Regulatory Reform.”

Forward, Backward, Stalling? Seminar Series Reflects on the Completion of the Common European Asylum System (RSC, June 2012) [access]
– Includes link to podcasts.

“I came here for peace”: The Systematic Ill-treatment of Migrants and Refugees by State Agents in Patras (Pro Asyl & Greek Council for Refugees, May 2012) [text]

S.O.S. Europe: Human Rights and Migration Control (Amnesty International, June 2012) [text]
– See also “When you don’t exist” campaign.

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) released its “annual summary of the numbers of people internally displaced by sudden onset natural disasters” yesterday. Global Estimates 2011: People Displaced by Natural Hazard-Induced Disasters found that “in 2011, 14.9 million people were internally displaced throughout the world due to natural disasters, mostly related to weather events such as floods and storms.”  Most displacement took place in Asia.

Does the U.S. Refugee Resettlement Program Work? The Economic Outcomes of Program Participants, Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (Georgetown University, 2009; posted Feb. 2012) [text]

A Pillar of Protection: Solidarity Resettlement for Refugees in Latin America, New Issues in Refugee Research, no. 239 (UNHCR, June 2012) [text]

The Resettlement of Refugees in Australia: A Bibliography (Swinburne Institute for Social Research, May 2012) [text via APO]

The source for all of these publications was the Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog at: http://fm-cab.blogspot.co.uk/