Tag Archives: reports

New publications: ‘How and why immigration detention crossed the globe’ – Global Detention Project


Global Detention Project Working Paper No. 8
April 2014
Dr Michael Flynn

Today in countries across the globe, immigration-related detention has become an established policy apparatus that counts on dedicated facilities and burgeoning institutional bureaucracies. Before the decade of the 1980s, however, detention appears to have been largely an ad hoc tool, employed mainly by wealthy states in exigent circumstances. This paper details the history of key policy events that led to the diffusion of detention practices during the last 30 years and assesses some of the motives that appear to have encouraged this phenomenon. The paper also endeavors to place the United States at the center of this story because its policy decisions were instrumental in initiating the process of policy innovation, imitation, and—in many cases—imposition that has helped give rise to today’s global immigration detention phenomenon. More broadly, in telling this story, this paper seeks to flesh out some of the larger policy implications of beyond-the-borders immigration control regimes. Just as offshore interdiction and detention schemes raise important questions about custody, accountability, and sovereignty, they should also spur questions over where responsibility for the wellbeing of migrants begins and ends. As this paper demonstrates, when it comes to immigration detention, all the answers cannot be found just at home.

Read the paper here: http://www.globaldetentionproject.org/publications/working-papers/diffusion.html


CMRB Online Publications

NiraCMRB is delighted to announce the publication of the two latest instalments in our on-line publications series.

The first is ‘Sociology, Politics, Thinking and Acting: A festschrift for Nira Yuval-Davis’ and is based on presentations given at the event. The second is ‘London: City of Paradox’ and is based on presentations given at a conference of the same name, hosted at the University of East London in April 2012. Both are edited by Paolo Cardullo, Rahila Gupta and Jamie Hakim.

Both publications are available to download from www.uel.ac.uk/cmrb/publications.htm.

UK Home Office Report: Impacts of migration on UK native employment: An analytical review of the evidence

UK Home Office Research and analysis

Impacts of migration on UK native employment: an analytical review of the evidence

Ref: ISBN 978 1 78246 330 6, Occasional Paper 109 PDF, 1.15MB, 77 pages

Impacts of migration on UK native employment: an analytical review of the evidence”), and its references (ISBN: 978 1 78246 330 6, Unique reference: Occasional Paper 109).

The impacts of migration on the UK are complex and wide-ranging, affecting economic, social and cultural aspects of life in the UK. This evidence review does not cover any of the social or cultural aspects. It focuses narrowly on one of the potential economic effects, the impact on the employment of existing UK residents.

New Reports and Publications

A collection of newly released reports and publications on Refugee and Forced Migration issues:

No Place like Home: Returns and Relocations of Somalia’s Displaced.
By Amnesty International.

“The environment in Kenya is now so hostile that some refugees feel they have no option but to return to Somalia where the ongoing conflict in parts of the country continues to destroy lives. This is tantamount to forced return” said Sarah Jackson, Deputy Regional Director at Amnesty International. Amnesty International’s report “No Place Like Home” reveals how life for Somali refugees has been made unbearable. People are denied access to registration, meaning they are illegally staying in Kenya, and are actively targeted by the police with indiscriminate arrests.
(Source: ReliefWeb).

[Download Full Report]

Country Profiles by the Global Detention Project.
[Download Full Report]

Detention of Asylum Seekers: Analysis of Norway’s International Obligations, Domestic Law and Practice.
Produced by NOAS.
[Download Full Report]

Facilitating the Transition to Employment for Refugee Young People: A Data Update and Review of Recent Literature with a Focus on “What Works”
By the Centre for Multicultural Youth.
[Download Full Report]

Abused and Expelled: Ill-Treatment of Sub-Saharan African Migrants in Morocco.
By Human Rights Watch.

This 79-page report found that beatings and other abuses occurred as Moroccan security forces took custody of Sub-Saharan migrants who had tried unsuccessfully to reach the Spanish enclave of Melilla, or—prior to September 2013—as they were rounding up migrants without any semblance of due process to expel them to Algeria. Subsequent to the publication and printing of this report, the practice of summarily expelling migrants at the border with Algeria appears to have stopped. However, research in late January and early February 2014 in Oujda, Nador, and Rabat indicates that Moroccan security forces are still using violence against migrants expelled from Melilla. (Source: Human Rights Watch).

[Download Full Report]

Protection Checklist – Addressing Displacement and Protection of Displaced Populations and Affected Communities along the Conflict Cycle: A Collaborative Approach.
[Download Full Report]

Overview of Research Literature and Reports about Violence against and amongst Refugees with a Focus on Sexual and Gender-based Violence.
Center for Conflict Studies.
[Download Full Report]

Preventing and Responding to Gender-based Violence in Humanitarian Contexts.
HPN Network Paper, no. 77.
Humanitarian Practice Network.
[Download Full Report]

The Human Rights of Stateless Rohingya in Thailand.
By the Equal Rights Trust.
[Download Full Report]

Guide to Dataset Use for Humanitarian and Development Practitioners.
By the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project.
[Download Full Report]

Securing Borders: The Intended, Unintended, and Perverse Consequences.
By the Migration Policy Institute.
[Download Full Report]

Between Destitution and a Hard Place: Finding Strength to Survive Refusal from the Asylum System – A Case Study from the North East of England.
By the University of Sunderland.
[Download Full Report]

The Organisation of Reception Facilities for Asylum Seekers in Different Member States.
By the European Migration Network.
[Download Full Report and Summary.]


Publication: UNHCR Report: Asylum Trends 2013

UNHCR Report: Asylum Trends 2013

This is to inform you that the following report has been published today and can be downloaded from the UNHCR website at http://www.unhcr.org/532afe986.html.

– Asylum Trends 2013 (Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries)

Key findings:

Copyright: UNHCR

A.  An estimated 612,700 asylum applications were registered in 2013 in the 44 industrialized countries covered by the report, some 133,000 claims more than the year before (+28%). This is the third consecutive annual increase and the second highest annual level of the past 20 years.

B.  With 109,600 new asylum applications registered during 2013, Germany was for the first time since 1999 the largest single recipient of new asylum claims among the group of industrialized countries. The United States of America was second with an estimated 88,400 asylum applications, followed by France (60,100), Sweden (54,300), and Turkey (44,800). The top five receiving countries together accounted for six out of ten new asylum claims submitted in the 44 industrialized countries.

C.  The Syrian Arab Republic, the Russian Federation, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Serbia (and Kosovo: Security Council resolution 1244 (1999))  were the five top source countries of asylum-seekers in the 44 industrialized countries in 2013. Among the top-10 countries of origin six are currently experiencing violence or conflict – Syria, Afghanistan, Eritrea, Somalia, Iraq and Pakistan.

D.  The Syrian Arab Republic became for the first time the main country of origin of asylum-seekers in the 44 industrialized countries. Provisional data indicate that some 56,400 Syrians requested refugee status in 2013, more than double the number of 2012 (25,200 claims) and six times more than in 2011 (8,500 claims). The 2013 level is the highest number recorded by a single group among the industrialized countries since 1999.

New Reports and Publications on Children; Refugee Law; North Africa; Syria; Trafficking Humanitarian Evidence

A collection of newly released reports and publications on Refugee and Forced Migration issues:

Children on the Run: Unaccompanied Children Leaving Central America and Mexico and the Need for International Protection.
A new report by UNHCR.

WASHINGTON, DC, United States, March 12 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency, in a report released on Wednesday, said it was concerned at the increasing numbers of children in the Americas forced from their homes and families, propelled by violence, insecurity and abuse in their communities and at home.
(Source: UNHCR).

[Download Full Report]

Children’s Report: Stand with me, Our Uncertain Future.
By World Vision.

A new report, written and researched by refugee children three years after the beginning of the Syrian conflict, reveals children are burdened by financial insecurity, physical and verbal abuse and increasingly uncertain futures.

In the report, supported by international agency World Vision, the children found that 86 percent of their peers have been exposed to violence in their new communities.
(Source: ReliefWeb).


[Download Full Report]

Guide on Establishing a Refugee Law Clinic.
By the Hungarian Helsinki Committee.
[Download Full Report]

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Handbook for the North African Region

Description: In response to the growing need to facilitate and assist the voluntary return and reintegration of vulnerable migrants in North Africa, IOM Egypt has produced the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Handbook for the North African Region. This handbook will serve as a tool to build the capacities of governments, NGOs, international organizations and other relevant partners in North Africa to establish effective assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR) programmes in accordance with IOM standards. AVRR is an indispensable part of IOM’s comprehensive approach to migration governance that supports the orderly and humane return and reintegration of migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host countries and wish to voluntarily return to their countries of origin.
(Source: IOM).

[Download Full Report]

Syria: Squeezing the life out of Yarmouk: War crimes against besieged civilians.
By Amnesty International.
[Download Full Report]

Humanitarian Action for Children 2014: Overview.
Published by UNICEF.
[Download Full Report]

“I wanted to lie down and die”: Trafficking and Torture of Eritreans in Sudan and Egypt.
A new report published by Human Rights Watch.
[Download Full Report]

Tip of the Iceberg? Improving the Interpretation and Presentation of Trafficking Data By. ICMPD,
[Download Full Report]

Insufficient Evidence? The Quality and Use of Evidence in Humanitarian Action.
Published by ALNAP.
[Download Full Report]




Publications: New MPC/CARIM-East Regional Migration Report: South Caucasus

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.

The Migration Policy Centre (MPC) is delighted to present you the following CARIM-East “Regional Migration Report: South Caucasus”: http://www.carim-east.eu/publications/regional-migration-report/

Human mobility in the South Caucasus is a dynamic phenomenon that has been changing social, economic and even political realities there. The three countries considered in the present report, namely, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, have been through very different post-communist transitions, which have influenced the conditions for short- and long-term migration to, from and across their territories. South Caucasus is a region of relatively high instability with frozen conflicts and constant geopolitical struggles. Each political decision naturally influences migration dynamics: the volume, the character and, of course, the direction. The present report testifies to this ever changing reality and offers a solid basis for understanding its dynamics. It gathers the fruits of over two years work carried out by the CARIM-East network of correspondents. It proposes a collection of informative chapters on various migration topics, developed from three perspectives: demographic, legal and socio-political.

Come and visit the MPC website: http://www.migrationpolicycentre.eu/
Come and visit the MPC blog: http://blogs.eui.eu/migrationpolicycentre/
Come and visit the MPC Facebook page: http://www.facebook.com/MigrationPolicyCentre/