Tag Archives: irregular migrants

New Publications on The Migrant Journey; Irregular Immigrants; Children; and Tinsley House Immigration Removal Centre

Children – First and Foremost

The Migrant Journey
Third Report. Research Report 69. February 2013
Published by the UK Home Office

This third report follows on from ‘The Migrant Journey’ (Achato, Eaton and Jones, 2010) and ‘The Migrant Journey: Second Report’ (Achato, Eaton and Jones, 2011), by providing new analysis on two further cohorts of migrants granted entry clearance visas in 2005 and 2006 and migrants granted settlement in 2010 and 2011. The report also provides updated estimates for the previously published 2004 and 2009 cohorts. For the first time migrants granted visit visas have been included.

[Download Full Report]
See Also – Data tables – Migrant Journey: Third Report (Microsoft Excel file – 115kb)
(Source: The Home Office – Migrant Journey: Third Report).

Returning Irregular Immigrants: How Effective is the EU’s Response?
Briefing written by Myriam Cherti and Miklos Szilard for the Institute for Public Policy Research, (IPPR).
[Download Full Report]

Returning Irregular Immigrants: Is Deportation the UK’s Only Option?
Briefing written by Myriam Cherti and Brhmie Balaram for the Institute for Public Policy Research, (IPPR).
[Download Full Report]

Children – First and Foremost: A guide to realising the rights of children and families in an irregular migration situation.
Report produced by PICUM: the Platform for International Cooperation on Undocumented Migrants.

This guide is the result of the “Building Strategies to Improve the Protection of UndocumentedChildren in Europe” project, which aimed to spread understanding of the challenges children in an irregular migration situation face in accessing their fundamental rights to education, healthcare and housing in Europe, and to share and develop good practices and strategies to overcome these barriers.

Equally, in a press release by the Migrants’ Rights Network, it is stated that:

Children – First and Foremost explains that undocumented children face higher risks of poverty, exploitation, social exclusion andf violence. Whilst children in general are supposed to be protected by special laws and institutions promoting their right to security, education and health services, those whose irregular immigration status, or who are a part of a family with adult members threatened with detention and removal, are often unable to obtain the benefit of this system.

[Download Full Report]
(Source: Migrants’ Rights Network – New PICUM report sets out ways to act to support the rights of undocumented children).

Report on an announced full follow-up inspection of Tinsley House Immigration Removal Centre, 8 -11 October 2012
by HM Chief Inspector of Prisons

Tinsley House holds up to 119 male detainees, and also has an adjoining facility for families with children which can hold up to eight families. Over the previous 12 months, just over 40 families had been held in the family unit, normally for a matter of hours. At its last inspection in February 2011, the centre was performing reasonably well or better against inspectors’ four tests of a healthy establishment. This inspection found evidence of further improvement with the centre now performing well in three of the tests: safety, activities and preparation for removal and release.

[Download Full Report]
(Source: HM Inspectorate of Prisons – Tinsley House Immigration Removal Centre – continued progress).


New Pub: No way out, no way in: Irregular migrant children and families in the UK

From the Press Release:

No Way Out, No Way In: Migrant children fall through the net

No Way Out, No Way In

No Way Out, No Way In

An estimated 120,000 children living in the UK without legal immigration status are at risk of destitution, exploitation and social exclusion because of contradictory and frequently changing rules and regulations which jeopardise their access to healthcare, education, protection by the police and other public services, a new report published today by the University of Oxford shows.

The report “No Way Out, No Way In: Irregular migrant children and families in the UK” is published by the ESRC Centre on Migration Policy and Society (COMPAS) at the University of Oxford. It shows that irregular migrant children – more than half of whom were born in the UK and have lived here their entire lives – are being trapped between laws protecting children and the enforcement of migration control.

Dr Nando Sigona, the report’s main author, said: “Current immigration policy seems to override the concern for children’s rights. Nobody, not the public, nor the children or their families, benefits from this”.

Both international and British laws guarantee children access to education and healthcare, irrespective of their immigration status, and oblige public authorities to work in the children’s best interests. But increased demands on public authorities by the UK Border Agency – such as asking social services to report suspected irregular migrants – are pushing families and children away from essential services, leaving them more vulnerable and isolated. This can also mean that children and their families who are victims of serious crime may be afraid to report it to police because of their fears about their immigration status.

Frontline professionals like GPs and teachers are increasingly being asked to check the legal status of children in their care. Not having legal status can mean the children either don’t go to school or can’t participate fully. It also means they may not be able to register with a GP or that pregnant mothers who lack legal status may avoid antenatal and postnatal care because of for fear of being reported to UKBA.

Dr Paramjit Gill of The Royal College of General Practitioners stated: “Having a large group of young people without access to healthcare has significant public health implications such as missing out on routine immunisation and screening programmes”.

Dr Sigona said: “The point of the report is to identify the situation that these children are in, and the difficulties that this places on the public service providers with whom they come into contact. Teachers, GPs and social workers should be allowed to do their jobs without having to act as de facto immigration control officers”.

Through a vivid portrait of children’s everyday lives, the report shows the profound extent to which the immigration system can affect the health and educational achievements of irregular migrant children from an early age, and seeks to contribute to the policy debate on how to reconcile the protection of children’s rights and migration control for the benefit of both the children and British society more broadly.

Ilona Pinter, Policy Advisor on Young Refugees and Migrants, The Children’s Society said: “This research shows the harsh reality facing tens of thousands of undocumented migrant children across the UK. Denying families access to support and vital services is leaving

children hungry, homeless and destitute. Regardless of their immigration status, the government has a responsibility to protect all children in the UK”.

Finally, considering that children who were born or spent most of their childhood in the UK are unlikely to be deported and the potential negative impacts on British society of a long term excluded population, the report recommends policy makers to provide effective pathways for irregular migrant children to regularise their legal status.

About the report

The study was carried out by a research team at the ESRC Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS). It was funded by the Barrow Cadbury Trust and was part of a comparative research project in collaboration with the Institute for the Study of International Migration (ISIM) at Georgetown University (USA). The research team conducted their qualitative study over two years, interviewing 49 irregular migrant families from Jamaica, Afghanistan, China, Brazil, Nigeria and ethnic Kurds reaching in total over hundred minors, and carrying out 30 interviews with public service providers (teachers and GPs), local authorities, policy makers and support organisations.

About the authors of the report

Dr Nando Sigona, the main author of the study, is Research Associate at the ESRC Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS) and Senior Research Officer at the Refugee Studies Centre, both at the University of Oxford. His main research interests include: irregular and child migration, asylum in the EU, Roma politics and anti-Gypsyism in Europe, and the relationship between migration, citizenship and belonging.

Vanessa Hughes is Research Assistant at the ESRC Centre on Migration, Policy and Society where she contributes on a number of research activities and projects on irregular and child migration, migrant integration in the EU, citizenship, and urban change.

Please feel free to circulate the report as widely as you see fit. The report is available on the project blog http://irregularvoices.wordpress.com and at http://www.compas.ox.ac.uk/research/welfare/undocumented-migrant-children-in-the-uk/