New Journal Research Articles for Refugee and Forced Migration Studies 01/09/2016

  • “Alleged perpetrators of serious non-political crimes are excluded from refugee protection on the basis of Article 1F(b) of the Refugee Convention. This study offers a first complete and systematic empirical analysis of the application of Article 1F(b) in a given country, in this case the Netherlands. The analysis shows that most of the cases in which 1F(b) is applied are crimes motivated not by personal reasons or gain, but rather by political, ideological, ethnic and/or religious beliefs. The study furthermore suggests that, in determining what constitutes ‘serious’ non-political crimes, factors extraneous to the commission of the crime itself, such as post-crime rehabilitation, are deemed irrelevant. Finally, the study shows that the post-exclusion phase of 1F(b) cases is full of hurdles: domestic prosecution and extradition are often not possible, while voluntary or forced return may be barred because of non-refoulement obligations. Consequently, possibly dangerous, unwanted but unreturnable individuals disappear from the radar and travel around in Europe. “


  • “This article examines the different forms of representation and participation set up by Togolese refugees as a means of organizing life in the Agamé camp in Benin between 2005 and 2013, and the wave of protests which accompanied their claims to statutory rights during that same period. The emergence of ‘refugee politics’ is considered not as an epiphenomenon, but as an aspiration that is found in numerous camp contexts, and which is indicative of the tensions brought about by the confrontation between refugees and humanitarian organizations. It is in fact a hybrid form of politics, at the crossroads between traditional political representation (electing a president, nominating representatives) and the categorization advocated by humanitarian organizations in an attempt to give an increased voice to vulnerable groups. Furthermore, self-organization by refugees and the instances of insubordination seen in the camps seem to be determining factors in the strategies employed by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the organizations running the camps as regards setting them up, withdrawing from them and eventually dismantling them. “


  • “On a global scale, millions of refugees are contained in camps of one sort or another. This special issue and this introductory article explore what characterizes a camp and how camps affect the lives of those who are placed in them. It argues that the camp is an exceptional space that is put in place to deal with populations that disturb the national order of things. While being exceptional, the camp does not, however, produce bare life in an Agambenian sense. Life goes on in camps—albeit a life that is affected by the camp. Camps are defined along two dimensions: spatially and temporally. Spatially, camps always have boundaries, while in practice refugees and locals cross these boundaries for trade, employment, etc. Temporally, refugee camps are meant to be temporary, while in practice this temporariness may become permanent. The article proposes that camps may be explored along three dimensions. First, analyses of refugee camps must be attentive to the fact that a camp is at once a place of social dissolution and a place of new beginnings where sociality is remoulded in new ways. Second, we must explore the precarity of life in the camp by exploring relations to the future in this temporary space. Finally, the depoliticization of life that takes place in refugee camps due to humanitarian government, paradoxically also produces a hyper-politicized space where nothing is taken for granted and everything is contested. “


Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.


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