Daily Archives: Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Journal of Refugee Studies Table of Contents for March 1, 2015; Vol. 28, No. 1

Oxford Journals have published the latest table of contents alert for the Journal of Refugee Studies.  Further details on the articles available in
Vol. 28, No. 1, March 2015, are detailed as follows:

Articles

‘He’s a Cracking Wee Geezer from Pakistan’: Lay Accounts of Refugee Integration Failure and Success in Scotland
Steve Kirkwood, Andy McKinlay, and Chris McVittie
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 1-20
[Abstract]

Control and Biopower in Contemporary Humanitarian Aid: The Case of Supplementary Feeding
Tom Scott-Smith
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 21-37
[Abstract]

To ‘Promote, Protect and Ensure’: Overcoming Obstacles to Identifying Disability in Forced Migration
Laura Smith-Khan, Mary Crock, Ben Saul, and Ron McCallum
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 38-68
[Abstract]

Narrative and Silence: How Former Refugees Talk about Loss and Past Trauma
Teresa Puvimanasinghe, Linley A. Denson, Martha Augoustinos, and Daya Somasundaram
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 69-92
[Abstract]

The British–Jewish Roots of Non-Refoulement and its True Meaning for the Drafters of the 1951 Refugee Convention
Gilad Ben-Nun
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 93-117
[Abstract]

Review Article

Closing Legal Black Holes: The Role of Extraterritorial Jurisdiction in Refugee Rights Protection
Tom De Boer
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 118-134
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Book Reviews

The Rise and Decline of a Global Security Actor: UNHCR, Refugee Protection and Security. By Anne Hammerstad
Frederick Laker
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 135-136
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Migration, Security and Citizenship in the Middle East. Edited by Peter Seeberg and Zaid Eyadat
Emanuela Paoletti
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 137-138
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Humanitarian Crises and Migration: Causes, Consequences and Responses. Edited by Susan F. Martin, Sanjula Weerasinghe and Abbie Taylor
Jørgen Carling
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 138-140
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

The Making of the Modern Refugee. By Peter Gatrell
Gil Loescher
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 140-141
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Ottoman Refugees, 1878–1939: Migration in a Post-Imperial World. By Isa Blumi
Vladimir Troyansky
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 141-142
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Rescripting Religion in the City: Migration and Religious Identity in the Modern Metropolis. Edited by Jane Garnett and Alana Harris
Jennifer B. Saunders
Journal of Refugee Studies 2015 28: 142-144

 

CMRB Event: Sovereignty and Agency in the Post-Ottoman Middle East, Dr. James Renton, Edge Hill University

The University of East London’s CMRB (Centre for research on Migration, Refugees and Belonging) is pleased to announce the following seminar:

Sovereignty and Agency in the Post-Ottoman Middle East

Dr. James Renton, Edge Hill University

This seminar will take place in EB G.06, Docklands Campus,

UEL, E16 2RD

http://www.uel.ac.uk/about/campuses/docklands/

Monday 27th April 2015, 4–6pm

The event is free but space is limited so please reserve a place at

                                  jamesrenton.eventbrite.co.uk                      

Dr James Renton is a Reader in History at Edge Hill University, and Senior Honorary Research Associate in the Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies at University College London. He is the author of The Zionist Masquerade: The Birth of the Anglo-Zionist Alliance, 1914-1918 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007), and is currently writing a history of the idea of the Middle East.

For more info on CMRB: uel.ac.uk/cmrb

 

Gallery

Asylum in the EU: Facts and Figures

This gallery contains 10 photos.

Originally posted on European Parliamentary Research Service Blog:
Written by Eva-Maria Poptcheva, Susan Saliba and Giulio Sabbati Asylum is a form of international protection given by a state on its territory to someone who is threatened by persecution on grounds of race,…

Read On! National Case Law as a Generator of International Refugee Law: Rectifying an Imbalance within UNHCR Guidelines on International Protection

IntLawGrrls

Emory International Law Review recently published my article which seeks  to evaluate UNHCR Guidelines on International Protection in order to examine whether there are discrepancies in the citation of national case law. Part I pursues quantitative analysis of UNHCR’s references to national case law in its guidelines. It is suggested that there are two main problems: first, the absence of reference to national case law in some guidelines and second, the dominance of common law/English-language national decisions in other guidelines which renders UNHCR output subject to legitimacy challenges as it seeks to provide objective guidance on interpretation of the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees. It also quantifies and discusses the nature of reference to case law from international human rights and criminal tribunals within UNHCR guidelines. Part II presents an alternative view on the importance of transnational judicial dialogues within Refugee Law, using as a case example the treatment…

View original post 97 more words

Courses: CMRS Summer Short Courses, American University in Cairo

Center for Migration and Refugee Studies
Summer Short Courses May 24th  – June 11th, 2015

The Center for Migration and Refugee Studies (CMRS) at The American University in Cairo (AUC) is offering the following three short courses during the month of May and June 2015:

1.       Displaced by Armed Conflict: Protection under International Law (May 24  – 28, 2015)
2.       International Refugee Law (May 31 – June 4, 2015)
3.       Diaspora and transnationalism  (June 7 – 11, 2015)

1. Eligibility for all courses:

Requirements: These courses are offered for undergraduate and postgraduate students, and researchers as well as practitioners working with migrants and refugees. A minimum knowledge of displacement and migration terminologies and context is a requirement for participation in any of the three courses.

All courses are conducted in English and no translation facilities are provided.  Participants should have a sufficient command of the English language. Each course will run from 9 am till 5pm for five days.

Interested applicants can apply for one course or for all the three courses.

Number of Participants: minimum of 12 in each course

NB: Non- Egyptian applicants are strongly encouraged to apply early in order to have enough time to obtain their visa.

2. Dates and Location

CMRS courses will take place between Sunday 24th of May and 11th of June at the AUC Tahrir Campus in Downtown Cairo. The exact location and room numbers will be forwarded to accepted participants before the start of the courses.

3. Courses’ Descriptions

3.1 Displaced by Armed Conflict: Protection under International Law (May 24 – 28, 2015)

This course provides an introduction to the international legal framework protecting those displaced by armed conflict. It is useful to post-graduate students and those working in international, national and non-governmental organizations that engage with internationally displaced persons, particularly those working with situations of mass displacement. Through lectures, case studies, and discussions, this one-week intensive course introduces the different areas of international law that govern conflict-induced displacement. Questions explored include: How does international humanitarian law, especially the four Geneva Conventions and their Protocols, protect displaced peoples? How does international humanitarian law intersect with international refugee law and international human rights law? What are temporary or complementary protection regimes? What are the protection gaps faced by those displaced by armed conflict? How have states and international organizations such as UNHCR and ICRC adapted to manage these gaps? These questions are explored through case studies from the Arab region, including displacement from Palestine, Iraq and Syria. A background in law is useful but not required for participation.

About the Instructors: Jasmine Moussa (PhD, LLM, MA, BA, LLB) is assistant professor of law at the American University in Cairo (AUC), where she teaches public international law and the law of armed conflict and the use of force. Before joining AUC, Dr. Moussa completed her PhD in Law at the University of Cambridge (2014). Her recent research projects focused on the relationship between international humanitarian law and the law on the use of force, as well as the development of the theory and practice of humanitarianism in the Arab region. She has also worked on legal affairs and human rights affairs at the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Other engagements include providing legal advise to several international non-governmental organizations and think tanks.

Usha Natarajan (PhD, MA, LLB, BA) is assistant professor of international law at the Department of Law and the Center for Migration and Refugee Studies in the American University in Cairo. Her research is multidisciplinary, utilizing third world and postcolonial approaches to international law to provide an interrelated understanding of the relationship between international law and issues of development, migration, environment and conflict. Dr Natarajan explores the interplay of these issues globally and in the Arab region, with a particular focus on Iraq as well as the ongoing Arab uprisings. Prior to joining AUC in 2010, she served as Legal Research Fellow for Human Rights and Poverty Eradication at the Center for International Sustainable Development Law at McGill University, and taught international law at the Australian National University. She has worked with various international organizations including UNDP, UNESCO and the World Bank on law reform initiatives in Asia, including Indonesia during its democratic transition, and in post-independence Timor-Leste.

3.2 International Refugee Law (May 31 – June 4, 2015)

The course will provide post-graduate students, international agency staff, NGO workers, lawyers and others working with refugees or interested in refugee issues with an introduction to the international legal framework which governs the protection of refugees.  Through lectures, case studies and  small group discussions, course participants will learn about the basic features of international refugee law through the lens of the 1951 Refugee Convention, looking at the elements of the definition(s) of “refugee,” who is excluded from the definition, the role of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the process by which refugee status is determined, the rights of refugees under international law, the ethical and professional obligations of those representing refugees, and other issues of refugee policy.  A background in law is useful but not required.

About the Instructor: Parastou Hassouri has previously taught international refugee law at the American University of Cairo and has extensive experience in the field of international refugee law and refugee and immigrant rights and migration policy. Most recently, as a consultant with the Global Detention Project, she researches the issue of migration-related detention in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries.  Her previous experience also includes serving as a consultant with the UNHCR in the Zaaatari Refugee Camp in Jordan, and with the UNHCR office in Moscow.  Prior to that, as a consultant for Human Rights First, she conducted extensive research on the resettlement of Iraqi refugees out of the Middle East to third countries.  She has worked as a Legal Advisor and Sexual and Gender-Based Violence Focal Point at Africa and Middle East Refugee Assistance (AMERA) in Cairo.  Her experience in the United States includes serving as an Attorney Advisor at the Immigration Courts of New York City and Los Angeles and working as an immigration attorney in private practice in New York City.  In addition, she designed and directed the Immigrant Rights Project at the American Civil Liberties Union of New Jersey, where she focused on responding to ethnic profiling and other forms of anti-immigrant backlash in the United States in the aftermath of the attacks of September 11.

3.3 Diaspora and transnationalism (June 7 – 11, 2015)

The concepts of Diaspora and transnationalism both refer to cross-border processes and are becoming increasingly prominent to understand patterns in international migrations, the meaning of State borders, identities constructions and socio-economic relationships. The aim of the course is to define those processes, looking at Diasporic groups and their relationship to both host countries and (real or perceived) homeland, as well as analyzing the social formations and transformations induced by transnationalism. Following the review of theoretical literature, we will focus on the methods used to study Diasporic communities and transnationalism and engage in a series of case studies.

About the instructor: Alexandra Parrs is a sociologist and she teaches at the Center for Migration and Refugee Studies. She has taught graduates courses on integration, citizenship transnationalism, migration and international relations. She received her doctorate in sociology in 2009. She has taught in the US, Oman, Burma and Egypt. Her areas of research are migrations, ethnic minorities, integration, transnationalism, and gender. She is currently working on a book on Egyptian Gypsies.

Deadlines for submitting application for all courses are:

·         24th of April, 2015
·         Deadline for paying course deposit (30% of the course’s fee- 150$) is 3rd of May, 2015

Application Information:

To apply for the courses:

1. Fill out the application form. The form is available on CMRS website:
http://www.aucegypt.edu/GAPP/cmrs/outreach/Pages/ShortCourses.aspx

2. Send the application form to cmrscourses@aucegypt.edu with your most recent CV; Att. Ms. Naseem Hashim

Applicants may apply to and be accepted in more than one course. Please do not hesitate to contact cmrscourses@aucegypt.edu if you have any difficulty with the application process.
Applicants accepted for the course will be notified by email within a week after the deadline for submitting the application.

Fees and Scholarship:

The fee for each course is $ 500. Participants are expected to pay a 30% of the total fees ($150) as a deposit. Please pay attention to the deposit deadline and kindly note that the deposit is non-refundable.  More information on payment method will be provided to accepted participants.

Tuition fees will cover course material and two coffee breaks per course day. All participants are kindly requested to secure their visa and organise and cover expenses for their travel to and from Egypt, as well as their accommodation and local transportation in Egypt.

Independent researchers and students can apply for the limited number of scholarships. Scholarships are not intended for participants who can be funded by their own institutions.

New Articles on Refugee and Migration History 04/14/2015

  • “Bruno Cabanes’s The Great War and the Origins of Humanitarianism, 1918-1924 complicates current scholarship of the 1920s as he traces the emergence of a discourse of rights following the First World War. The shift from war to peace radically changed traditional identity categories, and this evolving process of redefinition from 1918 through to 1924 is the crux of Cabanes’s study. Instead of confining himself to a more conventional legal and political framework, Cabanes adopts the perspective of the social historian, in order to illuminate how the traumatic experience of the Great War informed the rise of transnational humanitarianism. The five figures under study here—René Cassin, Albert Thomas, Fridtjof Nansen, Herbert Hoover, and Eglantyne Jebb—all found themselves in precarious positions while negotiating competing interests in their attempts to relieve international crises. These diverse responses to the aftermath of the First World War position the 1920s ‘not as a step in the history of rights but a key moment in shaping attitudes and values’ (p. 10; author’s emphasis). “

    tags:newjournalarticles newjournalarticleshistory

  • “From 1963 to 1981, the London borough of Ealing bussed South Asian students away from neighborhood schools, citing a need to assimilate migrant students into British culture. The increasing number of migrants in the area and their supposed detrimental effect on education frightened local parents, who pressured Ealing Council to implement bussing to maintain a majority of white, “native” children in each school in the borough. The bussing system and its advocates, initially supported by the Department of Education and Science, relied on ill-defined ideas of assimilation and integration that privileged British cultural authority. The practice also lent itself to American comparisons: the idea of bussing as a progressive civil rights practice across the Atlantic provided a liberal gloss that obscured how bussing worked in different political contexts. This article examines the parties involved in bussing— including educational reformers, South Asian students and parents, and race relations authorities—who invested it with their own meanings and values, making competing arguments for the merit of the practice in England. It argues that despite its liberal transatlantic veneer, bussing made South Asian children vulnerable to racism and ostracization, a position which many parents and local organizations made abundantly clear. The borough terminated the practice only after the Race Relations Board found Ealing guilty of educational discrimination. The long debate over bussing’s legitimacy in London came to represent both national and international discourses of integration and segregation, even as Ealing officials pursued drastically different goals than their counterparts in the United States. “

    tags:newjournalarticles newjournalarticleshistory

  • “The search for the origins of the process of denization in England has traditionally focused on the needs of merchants and the context of international trade, and no credible explanation has been given for why denization emerged as a recognisable Chancery form in the 1380s and 1390s. A new consideration of wartime treatment of aliens demonstrates the slow emergence, between c.1250 and c.1400, of an official policy towards lay foreigners that sought to minimise the disruptions arising in moments of national emergency and to accord rights of denizen equivalence to foreigners whose presence was profitable to the realm. In certain exceptional conditions during the 1270s and 1340s, alien residents with good connections at court could secure more developed statements of their rights as denizens. However, it was a series of events set off by the announcement of an intention to expel all French residents in 1377–78 that generated letters of protection containing specific reference to a change of allegiance, and thus established the principle that the recipient should renounce his former commitment and became a subject of the English Crown. Applied to other nationalities and outside the immediate context of war, these developments would give rise to the form known as letters of denization during the decades that followed. “

    tags:newjournalarticleshistory

  • “This article looks at Britain’s response to the World Refugee Year (1959–60), and in particular the government’s decision to allow entry to refugees with tuberculosis and other chronic illnesses. In doing so, it broke the practice established by the 1920 Aliens’ Order which had barred entry to immigrants with a range of medical conditions. This article uses the entry of these sick refugees as an opportunity to explore whether government policy represented as much of a shift in attitude and practice as contemporary accounts suggested. It argues for the importance of setting the reception of tubercular and other ‘disabled’ refugees in 1959–61 in its very particular historical context, showing it was a case less of the government thinking differently about refugees, and more of how, in a post-Suez context, the government felt obliged to take into account international and public opinion. The work builds on and adds to the growing literature surrounding refugees and disease. It also places the episode within the specificity of the post-war changing epidemiological climate; the creation of the National Health Service; and the welfare state more broadly. In looking at the role of refugee organizations in the Year, the article also contributes to debates over the place of voluntary agencies within British society. “

    tags:newjournalarticleshistory newjournalarticles

  • “Planned relocation has gained recent prominence as a tool for reducing vulnerable communities’ exposure to the impacts of climate change and disasters. This article situates the phenomenon of cross-border relocation within a history spanning the 18th century to the present, connecting resettlement programmes with legally-sanctioned population transfers and exchanges. “

    tags:newjournalarticleshistory newjournalarticles

  • “We have needed a textbook synthesis of the flood of work on early modern London for a long while now. So, Bucholz and Ward’s London is timely, but unlike the city it describes this book lacks shine and is rather flat and lackluster. This is partly down to a lack of interpretative threads that would give London more substance and coherence along the lines of how what were in effect late-medieval structures and concepts—guilds, government, policing, jurisdictions, citizenship, and the like—responded to and were shaped by London’s scary speedy growth, for instance, or how a more commercial-market ethos—seen in banking, shopping, advertising, water supply, and street-cleaning and lighting and so on—reconfigured what it meant to live in London, or how people from all walks of life understood growth through new strategies and reimagining their home city. Any one of these threads would have given London a stronger spine and unifying lucidity.

    London is aimed at student pockets but it is too dense at times and riddled with basic errors: Bridewell did not “house orphans,” that was in the hands of the governors of Christ’s Hospital (52), there were more than four Inns of Court (54), Southwark Cathedral did not ”

    tags:newjournalarticleshistory newjournalarticles

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Daily News and Updates from Reliefweb 04/14/2015

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Refugee Council Archive: Daily News Stories On Refugee and Forced Migration 04/14/2015

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

New Articles on Refugee and Forced Migration Issues 04/14/2015

  • “Bruno Cabanes’s The Great War and the Origins of Humanitarianism, 1918-1924 complicates current scholarship of the 1920s as he traces the emergence of a discourse of rights following the First World War. The shift from war to peace radically changed traditional identity categories, and this evolving process of redefinition from 1918 through to 1924 is the crux of Cabanes’s study. Instead of confining himself to a more conventional legal and political framework, Cabanes adopts the perspective of the social historian, in order to illuminate how the traumatic experience of the Great War informed the rise of transnational humanitarianism. The five figures under study here—René Cassin, Albert Thomas, Fridtjof Nansen, Herbert Hoover, and Eglantyne Jebb—all found themselves in precarious positions while negotiating competing interests in their attempts to relieve international crises. These diverse responses to the aftermath of the First World War position the 1920s ‘not as a step in the history of rights but a key moment in shaping attitudes and values’ (p. 10; author’s emphasis). “

    tags:newjournalarticles newjournalarticleshistory

  • “From 1963 to 1981, the London borough of Ealing bussed South Asian students away from neighborhood schools, citing a need to assimilate migrant students into British culture. The increasing number of migrants in the area and their supposed detrimental effect on education frightened local parents, who pressured Ealing Council to implement bussing to maintain a majority of white, “native” children in each school in the borough. The bussing system and its advocates, initially supported by the Department of Education and Science, relied on ill-defined ideas of assimilation and integration that privileged British cultural authority. The practice also lent itself to American comparisons: the idea of bussing as a progressive civil rights practice across the Atlantic provided a liberal gloss that obscured how bussing worked in different political contexts. This article examines the parties involved in bussing— including educational reformers, South Asian students and parents, and race relations authorities—who invested it with their own meanings and values, making competing arguments for the merit of the practice in England. It argues that despite its liberal transatlantic veneer, bussing made South Asian children vulnerable to racism and ostracization, a position which many parents and local organizations made abundantly clear. The borough terminated the practice only after the Race Relations Board found Ealing guilty of educational discrimination. The long debate over bussing’s legitimacy in London came to represent both national and international discourses of integration and segregation, even as Ealing officials pursued drastically different goals than their counterparts in the United States. “

    tags:newjournalarticles newjournalarticleshistory

  • “The search for the origins of the process of denization in England has traditionally focused on the needs of merchants and the context of international trade, and no credible explanation has been given for why denization emerged as a recognisable Chancery form in the 1380s and 1390s. A new consideration of wartime treatment of aliens demonstrates the slow emergence, between c.1250 and c.1400, of an official policy towards lay foreigners that sought to minimise the disruptions arising in moments of national emergency and to accord rights of denizen equivalence to foreigners whose presence was profitable to the realm. In certain exceptional conditions during the 1270s and 1340s, alien residents with good connections at court could secure more developed statements of their rights as denizens. However, it was a series of events set off by the announcement of an intention to expel all French residents in 1377–78 that generated letters of protection containing specific reference to a change of allegiance, and thus established the principle that the recipient should renounce his former commitment and became a subject of the English Crown. Applied to other nationalities and outside the immediate context of war, these developments would give rise to the form known as letters of denization during the decades that followed. “

    tags:newjournalarticleshistory

  • “This article looks at Britain’s response to the World Refugee Year (1959–60), and in particular the government’s decision to allow entry to refugees with tuberculosis and other chronic illnesses. In doing so, it broke the practice established by the 1920 Aliens’ Order which had barred entry to immigrants with a range of medical conditions. This article uses the entry of these sick refugees as an opportunity to explore whether government policy represented as much of a shift in attitude and practice as contemporary accounts suggested. It argues for the importance of setting the reception of tubercular and other ‘disabled’ refugees in 1959–61 in its very particular historical context, showing it was a case less of the government thinking differently about refugees, and more of how, in a post-Suez context, the government felt obliged to take into account international and public opinion. The work builds on and adds to the growing literature surrounding refugees and disease. It also places the episode within the specificity of the post-war changing epidemiological climate; the creation of the National Health Service; and the welfare state more broadly. In looking at the role of refugee organizations in the Year, the article also contributes to debates over the place of voluntary agencies within British society. “

    tags:newjournalarticleshistory newjournalarticles

  • “Planned relocation has gained recent prominence as a tool for reducing vulnerable communities’ exposure to the impacts of climate change and disasters. This article situates the phenomenon of cross-border relocation within a history spanning the 18th century to the present, connecting resettlement programmes with legally-sanctioned population transfers and exchanges. “

    tags:newjournalarticleshistory newjournalarticles

  • “We have needed a textbook synthesis of the flood of work on early modern London for a long while now. So, Bucholz and Ward’s London is timely, but unlike the city it describes this book lacks shine and is rather flat and lackluster. This is partly down to a lack of interpretative threads that would give London more substance and coherence along the lines of how what were in effect late-medieval structures and concepts—guilds, government, policing, jurisdictions, citizenship, and the like—responded to and were shaped by London’s scary speedy growth, for instance, or how a more commercial-market ethos—seen in banking, shopping, advertising, water supply, and street-cleaning and lighting and so on—reconfigured what it meant to live in London, or how people from all walks of life understood growth through new strategies and reimagining their home city. Any one of these threads would have given London a stronger spine and unifying lucidity.

    London is aimed at student pockets but it is too dense at times and riddled with basic errors: Bridewell did not “house orphans,” that was in the hands of the governors of Christ’s Hospital (52), there were more than four Inns of Court (54), Southwark Cathedral did not ”

    tags:newjournalarticleshistory newjournalarticles

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.