Monthly Archives: December 2014

Myanmar, stop anti-Muslim discrimination, United Nations say

Dear Kitty. Some blog

This video says about itself:

Fanatical Buddhist Monk Saydaw Wirathu Calling for Boycott of Myanmar Muslims

2 April 2013

Buddhist Monk Saydaw Wirathu, the self-styled “Burmese bin Laden”, has called for a national boycott of Muslim businesses in Myanmar in a controversial video that emerged on YouTube.

Wirathu, who has led numerous vocal campaigns against Muslims in Burma and was arrested in 2003 for distributing anti-Muslim literature, urges Burmese people “to join the 969 Buddhist nationalist campaign” and “do business or interact with only our kind: same race and same faith”.

“Your purchases spent in ‘their’ (Muslim) shops will benefit the Enemy,” says Wirathu. “So, do business with only shops with 969 signs on their facets”.

The numerology of 969 is derived from the Buddhist tradition in which 9 stands for the special attributes of Buddha; 6 for the special attributes of his teaching or Dhamma and 9 for…

View original post 391 more words

Nonviolent Conflicts in 2014 You May Have Missed Because They Were Not Violent

Calls for papers: 2015 SIEF Congress: panel on ‘Refugee Visions and Realities: Interpreting Time with People on the Move’

Source: Forced Migration List.

Please find below the call for papers for our panel at the 2015 SIEF Congress in Zagreb, Croatia. The deadline for submissions is midnight, January 14th, 2015. Please feel free to circulate the CFP to anyone who might be interested.

Thank you and best regards,

Sahil Warsi (SOAS, UK) and Milena Belloni (University of Trento, Italy)

Refugee Visions and Realities: Interpreting Time with People on the Move

Short Abstract

This panel aims to investigate how refugees conceive and make sense of time while inhabiting various contexts where they are “in transit”, and how different imaginations of the past and the future influence their present lives.

Long Abstract

“How can the past and future be, when the past no longer is, and the future is not yet? As for the present, if it were always present and never moved on to become the past, it would not be time, but eternity” – Augustine of Hippo

This panel aims to investigate how refugees on the move make sense of “time” and how different imaginations of the past and future influence refugees’ present lives. The reality of refugees living in a condition of transit, perceived or real, is often shaped by institutionally framed futures (repatriation, integration, resettlement) and requirements of demonstrable pasts (persecution, traumatic events). As part of navigating their present realities and coping with challenges of daily life, refugees are themselves engaged in achieving desired futures often imagined “elsewhere”, and in managing relationships with past homelands, travels, etc. Drawing on theoretical debates about refugees’ movements, aspirations, and imagination (e.g. Malkki 1995; Appadurai 2004; Horst 2006), this panel invites original ethnographic contributions which explore conceptions and practices through which refugees make sense of their “time” while living on the move. Presenters are encouraged to investigate the interaction of imagination and reality through questions that might include: What future projects, memories, and selves are engendered in refugees’ movements among various geographical contexts? How are refugees’ everyday practices productive of or tempered by imagination of the future or the past? What implications can the focus on conceptions of time have for ethnographic research on refugees and migration?

Calls for papers: North American Refugee Health Conference

North American Refugee Health Conference
Toronto, Canada

June 4-6, 2015  |  Metro Toronto Convention Centre

Call for abstracts!

We are now accepting abstracts for the inclusion in the conference.

Submission deadline: Friday, January 9, 2015
Acceptance notification: Monday, March 2, 2015

Themes for abstract submissions:
. Screening of Refugees
. Vaccination
. Tropical Diseases
. Nutrition
. Mental Health or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
. Women’s Reproductive and Obstetrical Health Issues
. Research
. Advocacy, Policy and Education
. Children’s Health Issues
. Global Refugee Health & Migration Settlement
. Resettlement Issues
. Chronic Diseases

Click here to submit your abstract:

Registration and program details will be available soon. Please check the conference website for updates:

* Please disseminate widely to your colleagues.

Source: Forced Migration List.


Conferences: Humanitarian Innovation Conference 2015: Facilitating Innovation

Source: Forced Migration List.

Humanitarian Innovation Conference

Facilitating Innovation

Following the success of the inaugural Humanitarian Innovation Conference, we are delighted to announce that #HIP2015 will take place in Oxford in July 2015. The 2015 conference theme is ‘facilitating innovation’. As interest and dialogue around humanitarian innovation continues to expand, conference participants are invited to explore the challenges of creating an enabling environment for humanitarian innovation.

In the lead up to the World Humanitarian Summit, a key focus of the conference will explore how we enable innovation by and for affected communities. What does it mean to take a human-centred approach seriously, and to engage in co-creation with affected populations? It will also seek to examine what facilitation means across the wider humanitarian ecosystem, and how we can better convene the collective talents of people within and across traditional and non-traditional humanitarian actors.

Call for Papers (deadline: 20 February 2015)

We are accepting submissions for individual presentations or proposals for full panel sessions.

Authors are invited to submit an abstract for individual paper proposals or a brief outline for panel proposals or alternative sessions.  These should include the title of the paper and an abstract of up to 250 words. Panel proposals should include the title of the panel, an abstract for the panel theme, and details of all the authors and papers to be included. We welcome presentations from academics, policymakers and practitioners. For more details, see our full call for papers: Please submit a title and a brief abstract for your presentation to

Get Involved

There are many ways to participate in #HIP2015. We welcome contributions and presentations from academics, policymakers and practitioners. We invite individual paper proposals, full panel proposals, and suggestions for alternative and original format sessions (e.g. films, debates, demonstrations) from across sectors. Creativity and diversity are encouraged!

Conference Presentations & Papers

We are accepting submissions for individual presentations or proposals for full panel sessions. For more details, see the full call for papers below. Please submit a title and a brief abstract for your presentation by 20 February 2015. We are also accepting submission of full conference papers. If you wish to submit a paper to the conference, the deadline is 1 July 2015. Accepted papers will be shared with conference participants and on the HIP website.

Innovation Workshops

We also invite submissions from organisations or projects that would like to host an interactive workshop on innovation or other participation-based sessions for conference participants. This includes suggestions for alternative and original sessions such as debates, ‘open space’ formats, and innovative facilitation techniques from across sectors. Creativity and diversity are encouraged!

#HIP2015 Innovation ‘LAB’

This year there will be space at the conference to set up demonstrations or other interactive platforms for products or programmes in humanitarian innovation. Please get in touch if you or your organisation would be interested in organising an interactive and hands-on workshop at the conference.

‘Innovation’ Photo Exhibition

The Humanitarian Innovation Project will sponsor a photo exhibition for ‘Humanitarian Innovation in Action’. All conference participants are invited to submit their favourite photo depicting a ‘humanitarian innovation’ along with a 100-200 word description. Selected photos will be displayed at the conference, and a photo book will be published and made available following the conference.

Display Materials & Literature

There will be space at the conference for speakers and organisations to display posters or printed materials to share with other participants. If you are interested in sending or bringing materials for display, please let us know in advance so that we can arrange a space for you. We can also make arrangements if you would like to ship your materials in advance of the conference.


Registration to attend the conference will be open online from early 2015.

Social Media

Follow @hiprojectOx on Twitter and view the hashtag #HIP2015 for updates. Find out more about the Humanitarian Innovation Project at

Isis fills war chest by selling looted antiquities to the west | The Times

Islamic State is now selling looted antiquities worth millions of pounds directly to western collectors, according to a senior police officer involved in stopping the trade.Willy Bruggeman, a former deputy director of Europol who is now president of the Belgian federal police council, said that some of the artefacts had almost certainly been sold illegally to buyers in the UK, although none had yet been traced to Britain.

via Isis fills war chest by selling looted antiquities to the west | The Times.

3,000 migrants a month caught trying to enter Britain – Telegraph

The number of times migrants have been caught trying to enter Britain illegally has almost quadrupled over the past three years and reached nearly 3,000 a month, according to official figures.The Home Office on Thursday disclosed that 11,920 entry attempts were detected at Calais and British ports in the first four months of this year alone – equivalent to almost 100 a day.Migration experts said that Britain is one of the most “attractive” destinations for migrants in the World and suggested that many more illegal immigrants are likely to have successfully made it into Britain.The figures were published after John Vine, the chief inspector of borders, warned that the Home Office is failing “get the basics right” on immigration in the wake of a series of damning reports.Earlier this year hundreds of migrants tried to force their way onto ships bound for Britain forcing boats to lock their doors, raise their ramps and even use fire hoses to force them back.Related Articles Migrants storm the dock in Calais Stowaway immigrants beseige Calais port 05 Sep 2014 Home Office fails on ‘basic’ immigration tasks, says watchdog 17 Dec 2014 Fewer than 1% of overstaying immigrants left Britain under flagship scheme, report says 17 Dec 2014 The future of mobile working Sponsored by EELord Green of Deddington, the chairman of Migrationwatch, said: “The sharp rise in the number of clandestines might reflect more effective detection but an increase on this scale is more likely to be due to increased pressure on our borders.”Part of that may be due to deteriorating conditions in the Middle East and Africa but there is little doubt that the freedom of our society, the existence of a black market in labour and the presence of relatives and friends add up to making the UK a very attractive destination.”The government are seeking to make it more difficult to live in Britain illegally but it will take some time for recent measures to take effect.”

via 3,000 migrants a month caught trying to enter Britain – Telegraph.

Theresa May ‘buried’ bad news immigration report, watchdog warns – UK Politics – UK – The Independent

Theresa May has buried bad news about Britain’s asylum system by delaying and manipulating the publication of independent inspection reports, the head of the Government’s immigration watchdog has warned MPs.In a damning letter to the Public Accounts Committee, seen by The Independent, John Vine reveals that the Home Secretary is currently sitting on five reports believed to be critical of the Government, one of which was completed five months ago.Mr Vine warns the MPs that the failure to publish his reports in a “timely” manner is “reducing their impact” and has “compromised” the independence of his role.His letter, which comes just months after he announced he was stepping down early, raises serious questions about the extent to which Ms May’s is attempting to control critical stories about immigration in the run up to the election. It will also fuel suspicions that the Tories are unwilling to allow the publication of critical reports, after Norman Baker, the former Home Office minister, said the Government had suppressed reports on drug laws that would have contradicted their stance. The latest figures on immigration are to be published today. Tory MPs have been warned to expect net annual migration running at over 200,000 – twice its target.

via Theresa May ‘buried’ bad news immigration report, watchdog warns – UK Politics – UK – The Independent.

Serco given Yarl’s Wood immigration contract despite ‘vast failings’ – UK Politics – UK – The Independent

The Home Office has been condemned after it renewed a private security giant’s contract to run a controversial women’s immigration detention centre where staff have been accused of sexual misconduct.The decision to pay £70m to Serco to operate Yarl’s Wood in Bedfordshire over the next eight years was attacked by MPs, refugee groups and penal reformers.Yarl’s Wood, Britain’s largest detention centre for women facing deportation, has suffered a succession of damaging allegations since Serco began managing the facility in 2007.As well as the sexual misconduct claims, they include accusations that women have been locked up for long spells and pregnant detainees held without justification. Two staff members were fired for engaging in sexual activity with a detainee, while a third was sacked for failing to act when the detainee reported the incident, it emerged last year.Eleven months ago Serco, which also runs prisons, asylum seekers’ accommodation and supervision schemes for offenders, agreed to repay about £68.5m after overcharging the Ministry of Justice for contracts to fit electronic tags.

via Serco given Yarl’s Wood immigration contract despite ‘vast failings’ – UK Politics – UK – The Independent.

In Lebanon, Syrian Newborns Risk Statelessness –

BEIRUT — Nearly 30,000 Syrian children born as refugees in Lebanon are in a legal limbo, not registered with any government, exposing them to the risk of a life of statelessness deprived of basic rights.It is a problem that is replicated, to varying degrees, in nations across the Middle East where more than 3.3 million Syrians have found safe haven from the intractable civil war in their homeland.

via In Lebanon, Syrian Newborns Risk Statelessness –

Calls for papers: ‘Capabilities on the Move: Mobility and Aspirations’ (Human Development and Capability Association 2015 Conference)

Source: Forced Migration List.

Human Development and Capability Association

Call for Papers

2015 Conference: “Capabilities on the Move: Mobility and Aspirations”
September 10-13, 2015
Washington, DC, USA

Hosted by Georgetown University:

The annual conference of the Human Development and Capability Association (HDCA) brings together people from all over the world from different disciplines and fields interested in human development and the capabilities approach.

The theme of the 2015 conference at Georgetown University is “Capabilities on the Move: Mobility and Aspirations.” Human development has in large part been a story of mobility. Geographically, people move to seek a better job or a better life, and when they succeed, they move up the socioeconomic ladder, whether as assessed by income or by capabilities. People’s economic, social, and political aspirations fuel these efforts; yet aspirations can be quashed by poverty, inequality, or social exclusion. Mobility can also pose challenges to human development, ranging from overcrowded cities to widening inequality, as some get left behind. Examining how mobility and aspirations interact provides an important window on the dynamics of human development.

In addition to papers on the conference theme, papers on all core HDCA topics are welcome ( The Call for Papers is attached [Moderator’s note: Please follow the link to the conference website, where the Call for Papers can be downloaded]. The deadline for submitted abstracts is February 15, 2015.

Sharply reduced fees are available to those from low- and mid-income countries. In addition, Georgetown University has agreed to match the association’s budgeted scholarship amount, doubling the available scholarship money. For details on the fee structure, the theme of the conference, and the types of submission welcomed, please see the attached Call for Papers [Moderator’s note: Please use the link to the conference website to download the Call for Papers].

Additional information can be found at the conference website:


Call for Papers: Political Violence: Identity and Ideology

Call for Papers: Political Violence: Identity and Ideology

The ECPR Standing Group on Political Violence is organising a section entitled Political Violence: Identity and Ideology for the European Consortium for Political Research General Conference to be held at the Université de Montréal, 26-29 August 2015. Papers are now invited for submission via myECPR, the deadline is 16 February 2015.

Our principal aim is to bring together a multi-disciplinary group of scholars concerned with questions of political violence and its relationship to identity and ideology from both contemporary and historical perspectives. The section, comprised of four panels, will provide a forum for scholars to engage with a range of questions, including:

  • How do ideological claims and identity commitments inform how violence is practised?
  • Why do ideas that support violence become salient at particular moments in time and space, and how does this inform our understanding of cycles of contention?
  • When do radical ideas facilitate mobilisation, and how do they diffuse across contexts?
  • How is the interaction between ideology and identity influenced by ideological leaders and to what effects?
  • What impact do movement allies and adversaries play in shaping the ideological commitments and identity constructs implicated in political violence?
  • In what ways do the identities and ideologies of violent opponents impact state responses?
  • How do ideological commitments constrain the scope of political violence?

We welcome papers that promise new insights from across the disciplines concerned with questions of political violence. Submissions can address conceptual and theoretical issues pertaining to ideology, identity, and violent politics; methodological approaches to understanding the complex interactions between these phenomena, including qualitative and quantitative perspectives; historical studies, and empirical and comparative analyses exploring the impact of ideological and identity commitments on how and why political violence emerges and declines. Papers may look at different forms of political violence, and the range of actors and contexts in which they are used, including social and protest movements, insurgencies, civil wars, terrorist campaigns, repressive regimes, and the behaviour of armies, police forces and militias.

More information about the section is available at: CSTPV news


Calls for papers: ‘Dis-Placement: Refugees between Places’

Source: Forced Migration List.

Call for Papers
‘Dis-Placement: Refugees between Places’

Thematic Issue of ‘Peripherie – Zeitschrift für Politik und Ökonomie in der Dritten Welt’ (Journal for Politics and Economy in the Third World)

A refugee is defined by international law as a person who resides outside their country of citizenship due to well-founded fear of persecution. The Geneva Refugee Convention provides them with a special status in international law, which formally offers refugees a right to protection by the country of asylum or international assistance. However, this definition reflects powerful assumptions that are grounded in the international refugee regime and influence public discourse about displacement and migration.

Refugee policies are embedded in a world structured by the geo-political order of sovereign nation states, including national belonging. Refugees are generally perceived as existing outside this ‘national order of things’, appearing to be located between states. Subsiding in a position of transition between flight and return, they appear as having lost their nationality, culture and identity. This is true in particular for refugee camps that are commonly associated with chaos, alienation and loss of home and are seen as ‘non-places’ or ‘sites of exception’.
The perception of refugees being in the wrong location and, therefore, as constituting a problem leads to certain policies and practices. State institutions have the power to issue documents and to decide who will receive particular rights and who will not. They can grant asylum, residency status and citizenship as well as deport rejected asylum seekers, which in itself may be understood as a form of forced migration.

Concurrently, the international refugee regime creates a system in which affected people are labelled with specific categories, like refugees, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), asylum seekers, economic/poverty migrants. These distinctions imply an opposition between voluntary and forced migration or the necessity of crossing international borders to be able to claim international protection. They serve political interests but are subject to political negotiation and can be manipulated by the subjects themselves to realise new options and achieve a level of security in vulnerable situations. The system of categories links the global migration regime directly to the experiences of migrants. To hold a certain passport, to be accepted as refugee or to receive legal residency status opens some paths of action and blocks others. Moreover, this system circumscribes belongings, veils multiple social relations and reaffirms the order of nation states.

This state-centred perspective is complimented by a sedentary predisposition. Flight is perceived as linear, bi-directional migration: a unity of departure and return between two locations, the county of origin and the receiving country of the refugee. In this interpretation, the country of origin alone is ‘home’ and the return to it is everybody’s right. UNHCR for instance considers refugees’ local integration or resettlement in a third-country only if their voluntary repatriation to the country of origin is unattainable. The term ‘dis-placement’ itself expresses the imagination of people naturally belonging to a specific location, where they are rooted and remain. Therefore, all durable solutions imply the permanent settlement of refugees. They are based on the idea that a solution is only found once mobility ends. Even temporary solutions like self-settlement or refugee camps are usually associated with immobility. The right to movement is indeed often strictly limited for refugees living in camps.

In contrast, mobility and transnational networks constitute important strategies of coping for many refugees, in particular in protracted refugee situations. Forms of organisation like exile and diaspora are examined as expressions of the transnational lives of refugees. Mobility is also in many cases a mode of life for people before they become refugees. Thus, static concepts of ‘return’ and ‘home’ are criticised. Return to the country of origin is not the ‘end of the refugee cycle’ but often the beginning of another lengthy integration process, and possibly even the start of repeated ‘dis-placement’. Due to political, social, economic and cultural transformations, the former ‘home’ does not remain how refugees left it. In addition, refugees undergo personal changes, which are discernible upon return. Yet, the image of speedy return is deeply anchored in the mind of international refugee regime’s stakeholders and of refugees themselves. However, in reality, one third of all refugees worldwide live in protracted refugee situations.

In this context, refugee camps are of particular relevance. In the course of their long existence they have turned into spaces in which people have built neighbourhoods, earn their living and raise their children. Nonetheless, specific rules and power relations govern them. Moreover, refugee camps are situated in local contexts that create, not least from spatial proximity, insider/outsider relationships as well as economic interactions between the established population and refugees. Yet, urban refugees, especially in the case of mass refugee movements, can transform the social, economic and political structure of accommodating communities and cities, even of whole countries as in the current case of Syrian refugees in Lebanon. Thus, receiving societies become part of transnational networks and forced migration.

In consideration of these issues, we are particularly interested in original contributions about the following topics:

– Which transnational migration strategies and networks exist?
– What should be made of the usual distinction between voluntary and forced migration?
– The path of flight is in many cases not uni-directional and direct. At times, refugees undertake multiple attempts to reach the envisioned destination: What does it mean to flee for months if not years?
– What is the relevance of return for transnationally mobile refugees and which concepts of home and belonging do they develop? How are return polices implemented and what imaginations of belonging are they based upon?
– How do refugees relate different location meanings to one another? What role do concepts like ‘exile’ and ‘diaspora’ play? How do returnees refer to experiences in their previous societies of refuge?
– How does flight impact views of those left behind? How do those displaced relate to those who stayed behind?
– How do economic, power and other social relations work in refugee camp contexts?
– How does the refugee regime work on global, national and regional levels? What interests does it serve and how do the different levels relate?
– How do forced migrants make use of the refugee regime? Which options are provided? Which new belongings are created?

Please submit manuscripts in either German or English by 6 January 2015 to:

Selected English contributions will be translated into German for publication.

Calls for papers: Contributions for an edited volume on “Children and Forced Migration: Durable Solutions during Transient Years”

Source: Forced Migration List.

If interested in contributing to this edited volume, please contact Marisa Ensor ( or Elzbieta Gozdiak ( directly.



Seeking contributions for an edited volume on “Children and Forced Migration: Durable Solutions during Transient Years”.

Editors: Marisa O. Ensor (, and Elzbieta M. Gozdziak (

The proposed book project is conceived as a follow up to our successful volume “Children and Migration: At the Crossroads of Resiliency and Vulnerability” (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), to be included in Palgrave’s recent series on “Studies in Childhood and Youth”.


The official end of conflict rarely signifies the cessation of violence or the automatic (re)establishment of the rule of law and human rights protection. Limited opportunities and additional displacement similarly remain common features of life in many post-war societies. For children and youth, who often constitute the largest demographic sector of displaced groups, the search for viable solutions typically prioritizes needs and aspirations that reflect the transient nature of their age group, and differ from those of their elders. Additional difficulties are posed by the inconsistent definition and uneven implementation of the traditional “durable solutions” to forced displacement – i.e. “voluntary repatriation”, “local integration”, “resettlement to a third country” – on the part of national governments and international assistance agencies. Intergenerational differences regarding the impact and perceived desirability of these or other alternatives are rarely considered. They thus remain largely unexamined and insufficiently understood, impeding the transition from humanitarian aid to human development.

Given the very high proportion of children and youth among displaced populations worldwide, and the particular challenges and opportunities they must confront, their experiences, needs and aspirations must be investigated and factored into relevant policy and practice. The chapters included in this edited volume seek to contribute to this effort by sharing findings that may inform forced migration programming so that it better responds to the age-differentiated priorities of displaced communities, hence promoting more sustainable durable solutions. These dynamics are shown to have a significant impact on the way in which access to material assets, education, employment opportunities, political participation and other key resources is negotiated among the youngest members of displaced groups.


Responding to the need to better understand this complex issue, book chapters will address questions including:

 To what extent do so-called “durable solutions” to refugee problems factor in the specific needs of displaced children?

 How do refugee children’s experiences of repatriation, local integration and resettlement to a third country differ from those of their adult counterparts?

 What are the implications of these intergenerational differences for the long-term wellbeing of the affected children, their families and communities?

 What are the main factors – cultural, legal, structural – that facilitate or impede displaced children’s integration into their new societies?

 In which ways are the experiences of other groups of involuntarily displaced children broadly understood – e.g. survivors of human trafficking, undocumented child migrants, child soldiers, disaster survivors, etc. – similar and/or different from those of child refugees in terms of their prospects for achieving durable solutions to their situation?


Please email Marisa O. Ensor ( and Elzbieta M. Gozdziak ( to indicate your willingness to contribute a chapter to our volume by submitting a provisional title and abstract (300-400 words) by January 15, 2015.

Initial chapter drafts (7,000-8,000 words) by selected authors will be invited by May 15, 2008.

Fully revised drafts will be expected by September 1, 2015.

Courses: Summer Course on Refugees and Forced Migration (York University Centre for Refugee Studies)

Source: Forced Migration List.

Please distribute widely!


The Centre for Refugee Studies at York University is offering its annual Summer Course on Refugees and Forced Migration from May 4-8, 2015.

The Summer Course is an internationally acclaimed, non-credit course for academic and field-based practitioners working in the area of forced migration. It serves as a hub for researchers, students, practitioners, service providers and policy makers to share information and ideas.  The Summer Course is housed within the Centre for Refugee Studies (CRS), at York University in Toronto, Canada. All participants who complete the full course receive a York University Centre for Refugee Studies Summer Course Certificate.

2015 Summer Course topics will include:

– Forced displacement: International case studies

– Legal approaches to refugee studies

– UNHCR, the Convention and the international refugee regime

– Externalization of asylum

– Detention practices

– Urban refugees

– Refugee resettlement policy

– Internally displaced populations

– Sexual minority claims

– Environmentally-induced displacement

Dates: May 4-8, 2015

Location: York University, Toronto, Canada

Course Fee: $975 CAD +13% HST (by January 31, 2015)

Late Registration Fee: $1400 CAD +13%HST (February 1-April 1, 2015)

For more information, and to apply, please visit our website at