Daily Archives: Thursday, September 18, 2014

ToC Alert: International Journal of Refugee Law Table of Contents for October 1, 2014; Vol. 26, No. 3

Oxford Journals have published the latest table of contents journal alert for the International Journal of Refugee Law.  This is for Volume 26 Number 3, (October 1) and further details of the articles in this volume are detailed as follows:


Why We Should Use the Term ‘Illegalized’ Refugee or Immigrant: A Commentary
Harald Bauder
Int J Refugee Law 2014 26: 327-332
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Detention of Undocumented Immigrants and the Judicial Impact of the CJEU’s Decisions in France
Ana Beduschi
Int J Refugee Law 2014 26: 333-349
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Exclusion from Refugee Status: The Purposes and Principles of the United Nations and Article 1F(c) of the Refugee Convention
Sandesh Sivakumaran
Int J Refugee Law 2014 26: 350-381
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

International Humanitarian Law and the Interpretation of ‘Persecution’ in Article 1A(2) CSR51
Eric Fripp
Int J Refugee Law 2014 26: 382-403
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Natural Disasters, Climate Change and Non-Refoulement: What Scope for Resisting Expulsion under Articles 3 and 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights?
Matthew Scott
Int J Refugee Law 2014 26: 404-432
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Case Law

Secretary of State for Home Department (Appellant) v MN and KY (Respondents) (Scotland): The Supreme Court
Int J Refugee Law 2014 26: 433-453
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]


UNHCR Factum: Luis Alberto Hernandez Febles (Appellant) v Minister of Citizenship and Immigration (Respondent)
Int J Refugee Law 2014 26: 454-468
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Book Reviews

Borderline Justice: The Fight for Refugee and Migrant Rights
Thomas Harré
Int J Refugee Law 2014 26: 469-471
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Komplementärer Schutz: Die aufenthaltsrechtliche Stellung nicht rückführbarer Personen in der EU (The Right to Residence of Non-returnable Persons in the EU)
Dr Sarah Krieg
Int J Refugee Law 2014 26: 471-473
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]


Calls for Papers: Anti-Jewish and anti-Muslim racisms and the question of Palestine/Israel

*Please circulate widely*

A conference call for papers: Anti-Jewish and anti-Muslim racisms and the question of Palestine/Israel

This conference seeks to explore the multiple, complex and inter-related ways that anti-Jewish and anti-Muslim racisms are being constructed in relation to the question of Palestine/Israel. In particular it seeks to examine how the histories of Zionist settlement, anti-colonial and nation-building struggles and 20th century warfare in the Middle East region are being transformed in the current historical conjuncture. Of particular importance in this context will be ideological and political alliances that have emerged locally, regionally and globally around notions such as the ‘New Antisemitism’, ‘Islamophobia’ and how these relate to racialised discourses against Jews and Muslims. Drawing on the expertise of scholars and activists from a variety of backgrounds, the aim of the conference will be to serve as a step for building a transversal anti-racist political vision that will aim to destabilise some of the oppositional dichotomies which are currently hegemonic in discourses around Jews, Muslims and Middle East politics.

Location: SOAS

Date: 10 February 2015 (tbc)

Call for Paper Deadline: 30th September 2014

Sponsors: Centre for research on Migration, Refugees and Belonging (UEL), Centre for the study of Human Rights (LSE), The Runnymede Trust, Centre for Palestine Studies, London Middle East Institute (SOAS).

Confirmed plenary speakers (listed alphabetically):

Prof. Gilbert Achcar (SOAS)

Dr. Muhammad Idrees Ahmad (University for the Creative Arts)

Prof. Chetan Bhatt (LSE)

Prof. Gargi Bhattacharyya (UEL)

Prof. Haim Bresheeth (SOAS)

Dr. John Bunzl (OIIP)

Prof. Robert Fine (Warwick)

Prof. Yosefa Loshitzky (SOAS)

Dr. Dina Matar (SOAS)

Yasmin Rehman (Cross government working group on hate crimes)

David Rosenberg (Jewish Socialists’ Group)

Prof. Nira Yuval-Davis (UEL)

Prof. Sami Zubaida (Birkbeck)


Conference schedule

9-9.30 Coffee and registration

9.30-10 Welcome by organizers

10-11.15 Plenary panel 1: The Role of the Palestine/Israel Question in Racialised Discourses on Jews

11.15-12.30 Parallel sessions

12.30-1.30 Lunch

1.30-2.45 Plenary panel 2: The Role of the Palestine/Israel Question in Racialised Discourses on Muslims

2.45-4 Parallel discussion workshops

4-4.30 Tea break

4.30-6 Plenary panel 3: The Interrelationships between Anti-Jewish and Anti-Muslim Racialised Discourses

6-6.30 Final session: The Way Forward

We invite abstracts (500 words max.) for 20 minute presentations for the parallel sessions that address any aspect of the issues outlined above. Please send all abstracts to Jamie Hakim at j.hakim@uel.ac.uk. Please include a short biographical note when sending the e-mail.

Call for Papers: The role of EU Institutions in migration and asylum policies: liberal constraint?

Call for Abstracts for a Panel Proposal for the 2015 CES Conference

The role of EU Institutions in migration and asylum policies: liberal constraint?

We invite scholars who investigate the role of EU institutions in migration and asylum policies to submit an abstract to be included in a panel proposal for the 2015 CES conference which will take place 8-10 July 2015 in Paris, France (http://councilforeuropeanstudies.org/conferences/2015-ces-conference).

For many years, European cooperation on asylum and migration policies raised concerns about the potentially restrictive impact of such cooperation on the rights of migrants and refugees (Guiraudon 2000; Hathaway 2003; Juss 2005; Fry 2005).  However, the communitarisation of EU asylum and migration policies since the Treaty of Amsterdam (1997) and the introduction of Community law and policies since the early 2000s represent a major turning point in the politics of migration and asylum in Europe. The consequences of this communitarization are only gradually becoming apparent. It has been observed that the shift of power from the member states to EU institutions such as the Court and the Commission has produced new liberal constraints on member states. As a result, it is argued, the European Union is no longer a venue to which member states with restrictive policy preferences can ‘escape’ to circumvent domestic constraints (El-Enany & Thielemann 2011; Acosta Arcarazo & Geddes 2013; Kaunert & Leonard 2012; Bonjour & Vink 2013; Block & Bonjour 2013).

This argument raises questions about the role of EU institutions in asylum and migration policies. Can the policy impact of EU institutions such as the Court, the Commission, and the European Parliament in the field of migration  and asylum indeed be characterized as a ‘liberal constraint’? How can we explain the (liberal) policy preferences and positions adopted by different EU institutions? At which stages in the policy process (agenda-setting, decision-making, implementation) does this impact become apparent and through which channels does it shape national and EU policies? How about the role of EU agencies such as Frontex or the European Asylum Support Office (EASO)?

Please send your abstract (250-500 words) to s.a.bonjour@uva.nl no later than Friday, 26 September 2014.

We will let you know whether your abstract has been included in our panel proposal no later than 10 October 2014. The conference organizers will let us know whether our panel proposal has been accepted no later than 18 December 2014.

Best regards,

Eiko Thielemann (E.Thielemann@lse.ac.uk)

Saskia Bonjour (s.a.bonjour@uva.nl)

Acosta Arcarazo, Diego & Geddes, Andrew, 2013.  The Development, Application and Implications of an EU Rule of Law in the Area of Migration Policy. Journal of common market studies, 51 (2): 179-193. Bonjour, S.  &  M. Vink (2013). When Europeanization backfires: the normalization of European migration politics, Acta Politica 48: 389-407. Block, Laur & Bonjour, Saskia (2013). Fortress Europe or Europe of Rights? The Europeanisation of family migration policies in France, Germany and the Netherlands. European Journal of Migration and Law, 15 (2): 203-224. El-Enany and Thielemann (2011) The Impact of the EU on National Asylum Policies, in Wolff, S, Jaap de Zwaan and Flora Goudappel, on “The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: myth or reality? Taking stock of the Lisbon Treaty and the Stockholm Programme”,The Hague: Asser, pp. 97-116 Fry J.D. (2005) European Asylum Law: Race-to-the-Bottom Harmonization?, Journal of Transnational Law & Policy, Vol. 15, pp. 97-108.

Guiraudon, Virginie (2000): European Integration and Migration Policy: Vertical Policy-Making as Venue-Shopping, in: Journal of Common Market Studies, 38: 2, pp. 251-271.

Hathaway, James C. (1993): Harmonizing for Whom? The Devaluation of Refugee Protection in the Era of European Economic Integration, in: Cornell International Law Journal, 26: 3, pp. 719-735.

Juss (2005) The Decline and Decay of European Refugee Policy, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 25, Issue 4, pp. 749-792. C. Kaunert and S. Léonard (2012). The Development of the EU Asylum Policy: Venue-shopping in Perspective’, Journal of European Public Policy 19:1396–1413.


Calls for Papers: Advancing Protection and Fostering Belonging in a Global Era of the Criminalization of Migration

(français suit)

Advancing Protection and Fostering Belonging in a Global Era of the Criminalization of Migration

8th Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Refugee and Forced Migration Studies (CARFMS)

Hosted by Department of Criminology, Ryerson University in collaboration with Ryerson Centre for Immigration and Settlement (RCIS)

Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 13-15 May 2015

The United Nations Member States recently acknowledged the need to promote and protect effectively the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all persons, regardless of their migration status. Similarly, there is recognition of the importance of addressing international migration through a comprehensive and balanced approach, recognizing the roles and responsibilities of countries of origin, transit and destination in promoting and protecting the human rights of all migrants (Declaration of the High Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development, 2013). While the international community’s aim to promote a balanced and human-rights-centred approach to migration is laudable, it is also highly challenging to achieve due to the increasing criminalization of migration. Over the past decades, countries of the Global North have resorted to criminal law measures to deter and punish irregular migrants, including those in need of international protection. They have imposed criminal penalties on forced migrants for entering or staying in their territory in an irregular manner, or using false documents or for unauthorized employment. Detention has not only become increasingly common but pervasive. Transport companies and employers as well as other persons who come into contact with or help forced migrants, such as health professionals, humanitarian workers, landlords, family members and friends have also become the targets of criminal sanctions. Asylum systems have become stricter for refugee claimants arriving in the destination countries with the help of smugglers. These developments fuelled by negative political and popular discourses have significant repercussions for the situation of not only forced migrants whose fundamental rights have been constrained, but also for legal migrants who become tainted by suspicion and face ever stronger selection barriers to entry. This practice of criminalization is counterproductive: it may result in rising levels of discrimination against migrants and xenophobia; it may hamper the implementation of integration and settlement policies; it may discourage forced migrants who are the victims of human trafficking, sexual assault, labour exploitation, abuse by employers or domestic violence and other crimes from coming forward, receive adequate protection and denounce the perpetrators of such crimes; ultimately it may contribute to driving forced migration underground, enhancing the possibilities of exploitation, oppression and infringement to their human dignity.

The 2015 CARFMS Conference will bring together students, instructors, researchers, academics, governmental officials, decision-makers, practitioners (including non-governmental organizations), refugee lawyers and members of community organizations, from diverse disciplinary and regional backgrounds to discuss changes, achievements, challenges and short and long-term options for advancing the protection of migrants and fostering their belonging in their receiving societies. The conference will feature keynote and plenary speeches from leaders in the field and from people with direct experience of forced migration. We invite participants with a wide range of perspectives to explore practical, social, legal, policy-oriented and theoretical questions related to the general theme outlined above. We welcome proposals for individual papers, organized panels and roundtables structured around the following broad subthemes:

1.        Advancing Protection in a Global Era of the Criminalization of Migration: Local, National, Regional, Comparative and International Issues and Concerns

This subtheme analyses discourse, norms, procedures and practices regarding immigration and asylum systems and integration policy as well as their effectiveness, consequences and compatibility with domestic and international human rights and refugee protection standards. What are the social, legal, economic and systemic consequences of the criminalization on immigration and asylum system in Canada and abroad? How do we advance the protection of migrants, including temporary migrant workers, irregular migrants, asylum seekers, refugees, internally displaced persons and stateless persons, at local, national, regional and international levels? How can we understand and respond to the differential experiences of migrants due to identity power relations based on gender, age, ability, sexuality and other axes of “difference”? What is the role of international, regional and local actors, institutions and agencies, employers and members of civil society in advancing protection of migrants? How can solidarity and responsibility-sharing mechanisms be promoted and partnerships amongst the relevant stakeholders be strengthened?

2.        Fostering Belonging in a Global Era of the Criminalization of Migration: Local, National, Regional, Comparative and International Issues and Concerns

This subtheme explores the strengths and the weaknesses of reception, settlement, and integration policies against the background of the criminalization of migration. How do criminal law measures against forced migrants and those who come into contact with them, such as NGO members and health professionals, affect the reception, settlement and integration of migrants? What are the best practices and strategies in the reception, settlement and integration of migrants? What are the best practices and strategies in tackling acts, manifestations and expressions of racism, discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance against migrants? What are the roles played by local, national and regional authorities, employers and members of civil society dealing with issues such as health, education, social welfare, employment and law enforcement? How does gender, sex, age, race, nationality or statelessness and other factors, taken individually or collectively, affect reception, settlement and integration?

3.        New Approaches, Research Methods and Theories in Advancing Protection and Fostering Belonging

This subtheme solicits research on innovative approaches, theories and methods in the field of forced migration, settlement and integration, developed within traditional disciplines or along interdisciplinary lines. New theoretical, conceptual, methodological issues from diverse critical and institutional perspectives lead to a better understanding of recent developments and challenges in the field of migration, and, ultimately, to more protective and inclusive policies and practices affecting forced migrants in local, national, regional, and international contexts. What are the practical issues and challenges of researching migration, settlement and integration in a global era of the criminalization of migration? How do we do research on these issues? How does our research influence the theoretical foundations of mobility, borders, citizenship and diversity, as well as policies of integration? What are the implications of positioning ourselves as academics, policy makers, displaced persons, advocates, or activists when we are looking into issues of forced migration, protection, belongingness and care?

Individuals wishing to present a paper, organized panels and roundtables at the conference must submit a 250-word abstract and 100-word biography by October 1st, 2014. Panel proposals or round-tables must include a general title and a 250-word abstract of each paper forming the panel or roundtable.

Please submit your abstract online via the this link: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1lpDIDb-aycwXnqpYux3rICmETRxjnQpGt1p1Ke03TSY/viewform

Information on the conference will be posted to the CARFMS website: www.carfms.org

For more information, please contact:
Michele Millard
Coordinator, Centre for Refugee Studies
8th Floor, York Research Tower
4700 Keele Street Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 Tel : 416-736-2100 GRATUIT 416-736-2100  ext. 30391
Fax : 416-736-5688
Email : mmillard@yorku.ca

Promouvoir la Protection et Favoriser le Sentiment d’Appartenance à l’Ère de la Criminalisation des Migrations

8ème Conférence annuelle de l’Association Canadienne des Études sur les Réfugiés et la Migration Forcée (ACERMF) organisée par le Département de Criminologie, Ryerson University en collaboration avec Ryerson Centre for Immigration and Settlement (RCIS)

Toronto, Ontario
13-15 mai 2015

Les États membres des Nations Unies ont récemment affirmé la nécessité de promouvoir et de protéger de manière effective les droits humains et les libertés fondamentales de toute personne, indépendamment de son statut migratoire. De même, ils ont reconnu l’importance d’adopter une approche globale et équilibrée à la migration internationale, qui reconnaît les rôles et les responsabilités des pays d’origine, de transit et de destination dans la promotion et la protection des droits humains de tous les migrants (Déclaration du Dialogue de haut niveau sur les migrations internationales et le développement, 2013). Bien que l’objectif de la communauté internationale d’aborder la migration dans le cadre d’une approche équilibrée et centrée sur les droits humains soit louable, sa realisation reste un défi majeur en raison de la criminalisation croissante de la migration. Au cours des dernières décennies, les pays du Nord Global ont eu recours à des mesures de droit pénal pour dissuader et réprimer les migrants irréguliers, y compris ceux qui ont besoin d’une protection internationale. Ils ont imposé des sanctions pénales aux migrants forcés pour l’entrée et le séjour irréguliers sur leur territoire, l’utilisation de faux documents ou l’emploi non autorisé. La détention est devenue une pratique courante et omniprésente. Des compagnies de transport et des employeurs ainsi que d’autres personnes qui aident ou entrent en contact avec les migrants forcés, tels que les professionnels de santé, les travailleurs humanitaires, les propriétaires, les membres de la famille et amis ont également fait l’objet de sanctions pénales. Les systèmes d’asile sont devenus plus restrictifs pour les demandeurs d’asile arrivant dans les pays de destination avec l’aide de passeurs. Ces développements alimentés par les discours politiques et populaires négatifs ont eu des répercussions importantes sur la situation des migrants. Les droits fondamentaux des migrants forcés ont été considérablement limités. Les migrants légaux font, eux aussi, face à des obstacles majeurs dans le processus d’immigration. La pratique de la criminalisation est contre-productive: elle peut entraîner plus de discrimination contre les migrants et de xénophobie; elle peut entraver la mise en œuvre des politiques d’établissement et d’intégration; elle peut décourager les migrants forcés qui deviennent victimes de crimes tels que la traite humaine, les agressions sexuelles, l’exploitation par des employeurs ou la violence domestique, de dénoncer leur agresseur et de bénéficier d’une protection adequate. Paradoxalement la criminalisation peut contribuer à l’augmentation de la migration irrégulière, de l’exploitation et d’atteintes au respect de la dignité humaine des migrants.

La Conférence annuelle de l’ACERMF réunira des étudiants, des chercheurs, des universitaires d’horizons disciplinaires et de régions différents, des représentants gouvernementaux, des décideurs, des avocats, des activistes et des représentants de la société civile, y compris des organisations non-gouvernementales, des migrants et des réfugiés, en vue de discuter les changements, les réalisations, les défis et les solutions à court et long terme dans le domaine de la protection des migrants et la promotion des politiques d’établissement et d’intégration dans les pays de destination. Des personnalités reconnues dans le domaine des migrations et des réfugiés interviendront pendant la conférence inaugurale et les sessions plénières. Nous sollicitons la soumission de présentations individuelles, de panels ou de tables rondes explorant les questions pratiques, sociales, juridiques, économiques, politiques et théoriques relatives aux axes suivants :

1.        Promouvoir la protection des migrants à l’ère de la criminalisation des migrations : Les questions et préoccupations aux niveaux local, national, régional et international

Cet axe a pour objectif d’analyser les discours, normes, procédures et pratiques en matière de politique d’immigration et d’asile, ainsi que leur efficacité et conséquences. On y examine leur compatibilité avec les droits humains aux niveaux national, régional et international, et avec les normes de protection des réfugiés. Quelles sont les implications de la criminalisation dans le système d’immigration et d’asile au Canada et ailleurs? Comment peut-on promouvoir la protection des migrants, y compris des travailleurs temporaires, des migrants irréguliers, des demandeurs d’asile, des réfugiés, des personnes déplacées et des apatrides, aux niveaux local, national, régional et international? Comment peut-on comprendre et rendre compte des expériences des migrants dans le cadre des relations de pouvoir fondées sur le sexe, l’âge, la capacité, la sexualité et d’autres marqueurs de la « différence »? Quel est le rôle des acteurs internationaux, régionaux et locaux, des institutions et organismes, des employeurs et des membres de la société civile dans la protection des migrants? Comment les mécanismes de solidarité et de partage des responsabilités peuvent être promus et les partenariats entre les parties prenantes concernées renforcés?

2.        Favoriser le sentiment d’appartenance à l’ère de la criminalisation des migrations : Les questions et préoccupations aux niveaux local, national, régional et international

Cet axe explore les forces et les faiblesses des politiques d’accueil, d’établissement et d’intégration dans le contexte de la criminalisation de la migration. Comment les mesures du droit pénal visant les migrants forcés et ceux qui entrent en contact avec eux, tels que les membres des ONG et des professionnels de la santé, affectent l’accueil, l’établissement et l’intégration des migrants? Quelles sont les meilleures pratiques et stratégies dans la réception, l’établissement et l’intégration des migrants? Quelles sont les meilleures pratiques et stratégies dans la lutte contre le racisme, la discrimination, la xénophobie et l’intolérance à l’encontre des migrants? Quels sont les rôles joués par les autorités locales, nationales et régionales, les employeurs et les membres de la société civile dans le domaine de la santé, l’éducation, la protection sociale, l’emploi ainsi que la mise en œuvre de la loi? Comment le genre, le sexe, l’âge, la race, la nationalité ou l’apatridie et d’autres facteurs, pris individuellement ou  ensemble, affectent l’accueil, l’établissement et l’intégration des migrants?

3.        Promouvoir la protection des migrants et favoriser leur sentiment d’appartenance: Nouvelles approches, méthodes de recherche et théories

Cet axe sollicite des présentations traitant des approches, théories et méthodes innovantes dans le domaine de la migration forcée, l’établissement et l’intégration, développées dans les disciplines traditionnelles ou dans le cadre des  études interdisciplinaires. De nouvelles perspectives théoriques, conceptuelles et méthodologiques conduisent à une meilleure compréhension des développements récents en matière de migration et permettent d’explorer la complexité des politiques et des pratiques qui affectent les migrants dans des contextes locaux, nationaux, régionaux et internationaux. Quels sont les questions pratiques et les défis liés à la recherche menée en matière de la migration forcée, l’établissement et l’intégration dans une ère de la criminalisation de la migration? Comment nos recherches influencent-elles les fondements théoriques des concepts tels que la mobilité, les frontières, la citoyenneté et la diversité, ainsi que les politiques d’intégration? Quelles sont les difficultés rencontrées par les universitaires, les décideurs, les avocats, ou les militants lorsqu’ils se positionnent sur la question des migrations forcées, de la protection des migrants, de l’appartenance et de l’intégration?

Les personnes souhaitant présenter une communication individuelle lors de la Conférence sont priées de soumettre un résumé de 250 mots de leur communication, ainsi qu’une note biographique de 100 mots avant le 1er octobre 2014. Les propositions de panel ou de tables-ronde doivent comprendre un titre général et un résumé de 250 mots de chaque communication formant le panel ou la table-ronde.

Les propositions de communication doivent être soumises via le site internet: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1lpDIDb-aycwXnqpYux3rICmETRxjnQpGt1p1Ke03TSY/viewform

Informations sur la conférence sera affichée sur le site Web ACERMF : www.carfms.org

Pour plus d’informations, prière de contacter:

Michele Millard
Coordinator, Centre for Refugee Studies
8th Floor, York Research Tower
4700 Keele Street Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 Tel : 416-736-2100  GRATUIT 416-736-2100  ext. 30391
Fax : 416-736-5688
Email : mmillard@yorku.ca