Daily Archives: Monday, January 6, 2014

New Resources: Gulfmigration.eu

With more than 23 million third-country nationals, the states of the Gulf Cooperation Council are the third largest destination of global migrants.

The Gulf Labour Markets and Migration (GLMM) programme is pleased to announce the first website dedicated to migration to the Gulf States: gulfmigration.eu.

GLMM is an international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of the Migration Policy Centre (MPC – Florence, http://www.migrationpolicycentre.eu/) and the Gulf Research Center (GRC – Jeddah, Geneva, Cambridge, Tokyo, http://www.grc.net/).

GLMM provides data, analyses, and recommendations aiming at a better understanding and improved management of Gulf labour markets and migration, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholders.

GLMM intends to become an indispensable tool for researchers, students, policymakers, advocates, migrants in and nationals of GCC countries.

For further information please write to: info.glmm@grc.net.

Circulated by the Forced Migration Discussion List.


New publications: Refugee Studies Centre Working Papers: Civitas, polis and urbs; Future citizens of the world?

Civitas, polis and urbs: reimagining the refugee camp as the city, Working Paper 96 Peter Grbac http://www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/publications/working-papers-folder_contents/wp96-civitas-polis-urbs-2013.pdf/view



In this paper, the author sets out how refugee camps are currently viewed: as impermanent spaces somewhere between formality and informality, even though they may persist for long periods of time. The author argues in favour of rethinking these camps as more permanent urban spaces so that the refugees living in them may claim the political the political social rights afforded to residents of legally-established cities.



Peter Grbac was an MSc student at the Refugee Studies Centre from 2012-2013.






Future citizens of the world? The contested futures of independent young migrants in Europe, Working Paper 97 Dr Elaine Chase and Jennifer Allsopp http://www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/publications/working-papers-folder_contents/wp97-future-citizens-of-the-world-2013.pdf/view


This paper outlines and critically analyses the European policy approach to independent young migrants, and what happens to these young migrants when they reach the age of legal adulthood in their European host countries (usually 18). It looks at the ways in which European governments attempt to shift the burden of responsibility for them elsewhere, as well how these young people experience belonging and identity, and their plans for the future. The authors argue that the current approach does not constitute a ‘durable solution’ – either for the state or for these young migrants, and they highlight further avenues for research.


Dr Elaine Chase is a Research Officer at the Department of Social Policy and Intervention, University of Oxford. Jennifer Allsopp is a Research Assistant at the Department of Social Policy and Intervention and the Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford. They are part of the research project ‘In protracted limbo: transitions to adulthood and life trajectories of former unaccompanied migrant children in Europe’: http://www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/research/experiences/in-protracted-limbo.

Circulated by the Forced Migration Discussion List.


New publications: A comparative study on the asylum landscapes within the EU for Iraqis after the 2003 Iraq war and Syrians after the 2011 Syrian civil war

MPC Publications

The Migration Policy Centre (MPC) is delighted to present you its new Working Paper:

A comparative study on the asylum landscapes within the EU for Iraqis after the 2003 Iraq war and Syrians after the 2011 Syrian civil war
by Christine Fandrich

This paper attempts to formulate the general asylum landscapes within the EU during the 2003 Iraq War and the 2011 Syrian Civil War. The overall picture gleamed from this comparison is intended to evaluate how the EU and its MS addressed the effects of one Middle Eastern crisis (in Iraq) in order to apply lessons learned to the current crisis in the Middle East (Syria). By concurrently analysing the phenomenon of Iraqis seeking shelter within the European Union following the 2003 Iraq War as well as the occurrence of Syrians fleeing to the EU following the 2011 Syrian civil war, this study attempts to provide a comparative lens with which to view the present-day crisis in Syria, to document the progress regarding asylum adjudication within the EU -indeed how asylum-seekers are granted or not granted protection within the European Union, especially in times of mass humanitarian crises- and to acquire an understanding of the past in order to formulate new solutions to current crises.

Circulated by the Forced Migration Discussion List.


New publications: Still Human Still Here: commentary on the January 2013 Nigeria Operational Guidance Note

Please find a link below to Still Human Still Here’s latest commentary on the Nigeria Operational Guidance Note (OGN). This commentary identifies the main inconsistencies and omissions between the available country of origin information and case law and the conclusions reached in the current Nigeria OGN (issued in January 2013).

Link: http://www.asylumresearchconsultancy.com/webfm_send/125

The commentary is intended as a tool to assist legal practitioners and to help ensure that all relevant material is considered by decision-makers.

Previous commentaries on the Afghanistan, DRC, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Palestine, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan and Zimbabwe OGNs can be accessed at: http://stillhumanstillhere.wordpress.com/resources/ and www.asylumresearchconsultancy.com.

We would be grateful if you could distribute this document to your contacts and on your website.

Circulated by the Forced Migration Discussion List.


New publications: COE Issue Paper; SVR Policy Brief; Danish Refugee Council report on Libya; European Network on Statelessness good practice guide


The right to leave a country, including one’s own, is a necessary prerequisite to the enjoyment of a number of other human rights, most notably the right to seek and enjoy asylum and to be protected against ill-treatment. States are entitled to place restrictions on the right to leave, if they are in compliance with the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Court of Human Rights case law.

A number of measures taken or envisaged in recent years by some Council of Europe member states in the Western Balkans pose serious challenges to the right to leave a country, enshrined in the 1963 Protocol No. 4 to the European Convention on Human Rights, as well as to the right to seek and enjoy asylum. The situation is of particular concern to the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights given that these restrictive, migration-related measures have been adopted at the instigation of EU member states in pursuance of their immigration and border control policies, and have been tainted by discrimination as they have targeted and affected, in practice, the Roma.

This Issue Paper examines the right to leave a country and what it means both as a right in international human rights instruments and as interpreted by European courts and UN treaty bodies. It focuses on six major themes: the right to leave a country, including one’s own; the right to seek and enjoy asylum; non-nationals’ right to leave a country; prohibited discrimination as regards the right to leave a country; the situation in the Western Balkans; and the impact of the EU externalisation of border control policies on the right to leave a country. The conclusions highlight the need for European states to examine or re-examine their migration laws and policies in order to fully align them with the European Convention on Human Rights

Link: https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc.jsp?id=2128255

CommHR thematic website on migration: http://www.coe.int/en/web/commissioner/thematic-work/migration




Dear Sir or Madam,

The number of people seeking asylum in the European Union is on the rise – and refugees continue to be confronted with widely diverging standards in the individual member states, be it in terms of reception conditions or the asylum procedure itself. Moreover, the burdens of the EU’s common refugee policy are very unevenly distributed. Countries like Sweden and Belgium take in significantly more asylum-seekers than other larger member states such as Germany, the United Kingdom or Poland in relation to the size of their population. The asylum systems in Greece, Malta and Cyprus are so overloaded that the reception and processing conditions do not even meet the minimum standards set forth by EU law. Still, the member states have not been able to agree on specific criteria by which to determine a fair and equitable distribution of responsibility.

As a possible way forward, this SVR Policy Brief – published jointly with the German Institute for International and Security Affairs – proposes a multi-factor model which takes into account the economic strength, population, size of territory and unemployment rate of individual EU countries. When comparing model outcomes with countries’ actual intakes it becomes evident that Sweden, Belgium, Greece and Austria, in particular, received far more asylum applications than mandated under the quota. Cyprus, Malta, France and the Netherlands were also disproportionately affected.

According to the model, most of the other EU countries did not receive their fair share of asylum applications. These include “old” member states such as Italy, Luxembourg and Spain, as well as new members like Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic and Romania. The multi-factor model proposed here is capable of calculating a fair reception quota for every member state based on publicly available official data. The model can be seen as a contribution to an urgently needed political debate on the distribution of burdens and responsibilities in European refugee protection: Fair quotas could serve, on the one hand, as a basis for a more equitable distribution of asylum-seekers. On the other hand, they could help develop a system of financial compensation as well as a mechanism to identify when individual member states are overburdened.

We are pleased to provide you with the study.

The Policy Brief can be downloaded here in English (http://bit.ly/JalbeV) and in German (http://bit.ly/ICzckW).

Best wishes,

Dr. Jan Schneider
Head of the SVR Research Unit

About the Expert Council’s Research Unit

The Expert Council´s Research Unit conducts independent, practice-oriented research projects in the field of integration and migration. The project-based studies focus on emerging trends and issues with education as one of the main research focal points. The Research Unit complements the work of the Expert Council. The core funding is provided by the Stiftung Mercator.

The Expert Council of German Foundations on Integration and Migration is based on an initiative of the Stiftung Mercator and the VolkswagenStiftung. The initiative further includes:
Bertelsmann Stiftung, Freudenberg Stiftung, Gemeinnützige Hertie-Stiftung, Körber Foundation, Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft and Vodafone Foundation Germany. The Expert Council is an independent nonprofit, monitoring, evaluating and advisory committee on integration and migration policy issues that provides action-oriented policy recommendations.

For additional information, please visit: www.svr-migration.de/Research-Unit



Dear Colleagues,

Danish Refugee Council has recently released a report on mixed migration in Libya. You can read the report “We risk our lives for our daily bread: Findings of a DRC Study of Mixed Migration in Libya” at http://drc.dk/news/news/artikel/new-report-on-mixed-migration-in-libya-reveals-serious-protection-gaps/

For further queries please contact:

Melissa Phillips
Senior Programme Officer, Danish Refugee Council Libya melissa.phillips@drc-libya.org



Dear All,

Please see below ENS’s inaugural publication Statelessness Determination and the Protection Status of Stateless Persons: a Summary Guide of Good Practices and Factors to Consider when Designing National Determination and Protection Mechanisms:


This is released as part of the recently launched ENS Campaign to Protect Stateless Persons in Europe: http://www.statelessness.eu/node/417

The Guide draws on good practice examples from those states that already have dedicated statelessness determination procedures in place, and is intended to provide practical support to states considering the establishment of such a specific mechanism, or who wish to improve their existing system. The Guide also seeks to serve as a tool for civil society organisations and other stakeholders advocating for improved protection for stateless persons. It addresses six key areas which states should consider in the process of building a national determination and protection regime for stateless persons. The issues cover the entire spectrum of determination and protection, from basic questions of structure and access through to procedural factors, evidentiary assessment, and finally appeal and status related considerations.

ENS has chosen to launch this publication to mark Human Rights Day and you can read our public statement on our website: http://www.statelessness.eu/node/434

Please disseminate the Guide as widely as possible, and a print copy can be obtained by emailing me at info@statelessness.eu

Chris Nash – ENS Coordinator
Register at http://www.statelessness.eu/sign-up to subscribe to the ENS Newsletter and other information updates

New resources: forced evictions toolkit from WITNESS and Amnesty International

WITNESS & Amnesty International launch a forced evictions toolkit.

In 2013 we celebrated alongside activists like yourself the big and small battles (http://bit.ly/JGRKBF and http://bit.ly/1hkavWB) that were won in the global fight for housing and land rights. However, with nearly 15 million people forcibly evicted each year-and many governments and multi-national corporations disguising human rights violations as “development”-there is still a lot of work to do.

To support this work, WITNESS is excited to release a multimedia, multilingual Forced Evictions Advocacy Toolkit (http://bit.ly/18W1ikX

) to help advocates use video to confront violations and demand justice. In collaboration with Amnesty International and our partners, we created this set of resources to strengthen the efforts of activists, social movements and communities advocating against forced evictions locally and globally, as well as those working to raise awareness on the issue.IN THE TOOLKIT:

Two videos, “Evict Them! In Five Easy Steps” (http://bit.ly/1i10gJz) and “People Before Profit” (http://bit.ly/JAJ5zV), serve as a great resources for sparking debates, educating new audiences and building solidarity among local and international communities.

The Amnesty International guides help inform community members of their rights, while reminding public officials of their obligations. The WITNESS materials outline creative ideas for incorporating video into campaign work, and provide quick tips on filming evictions.

Download the Toolkit at www.witness.org/campaigns/forced-evictions. There are a limited number of DVD versions available, please email us with requests: jackie@witness.org.

The resources are available in eight languages: Arabic, English, French, Italian, Khmer, Portuguese, Romanian and Spanish. Please contact us to assist with additional translations: translator@witness.org.

Please help us share the Toolkit! Mention the Toolkit on your blog, note it in your newsletter, post it on your Facebook page or host a screening! Connect with us on Facebook (https://www.facebook.com/WITNESS) or @witnessorg to tell us how you are using the Toolkit.

Don’t hesitate to be in touch with questions or feedback! Email jackie@witness.org.

Wishing you all the best,


Copyright © 2013 WITNESS, All rights reserved.

Our mailing address is:
80 Hanson Pl
Brooklyn, NY 11217

New publications: Recommendations on Accountability in Africa; Michigan Guidelines; Lampedusa

International Refugee Rights Initiative
Recommendations on Accountability in Africa
11 October 2013

A group of more than 20 African and international experts in international and transitional justice today issued a series of recommendations to the African Union, African member states, the International Criminal Court and the UN Security Council for a renewed approach to international justice issues in Africa.

The AU has consistently affirmed its commitment to the fight against impunity in Africa. This is reflected in Article 4(h) of the AU Constitutive Act which authorises the Union to intervene in situations of mass atrocity. The recommendations note that the standards and instruments adopted by African states recognise justice as a legitimate aspiration of African peoples and require all AU member states to ensure effective access for their citizens to capable, independent and effective national, regional, continental and international accountability mechanisms.

However, the gathered experts now call on the AU and African states to reaffirm this commitment. The recommendations critique the stance of the African Union and African states calling on them to show their commitment to ensuring accountability. At the same time, however, the recommendations recognise the legitimate concerns of African states with regard to the operation of the International Criminal Court and other international justice processes, but calls on these actors to raise their concerns in the appropriate fora. In addition, it calls on the International Criminal Court to take on board constructive criticism and to reform its operations to take on board legitimate critiques.

Read the full recommendations here: http://www.refugee-rights.org/htdocs/Assets/PDFs/2013/Arusha%20Meeting%2011%20October%202013%20Recommendations-FINAL.pdf.


Michigan Guidelines on the Exclusion of International Criminals
By Colin Yeo
Free Movement blog


Piece by Nando Sigona for LSE EUROPP Blog on the Europeanization of the migrant tragedy in Lampedusa and its strategic value for the EU: http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2013/10/14/the-death-of-migrants-in-the-mediterranean-is-a-truly-european-tragedy/

Circulated by the Forced Migration Discussion List.

New publications: Urban Profiling of Refugee Situations in Delhi

JIPS releases Delhi Urban Profiling Report

Geneva, 10 October 2013 – Following the conclusion of the profiling study in Delhi, India, JIPS is now releasing the report “Urban Profiling of Refugee Situations in Delhi”.

JIPS, UNHCR, and the Feinstein International Centre (Tufts University) worked closely together between January and June 2013 to complete the profiling process. The study explored the differences in livelihood security between refugees from Myanmar, Afghanistan and Somalia and their local Indian neighbours, in order to identify impeding and contributing factors to better livelihoods. The ultimate goal is to improve self-reliance of urban refugees in Delhi through more evidence based programming and advocacy.

Download the report Urban Profiling of Refugee Situations in Delhi: http://www.jips.org/system/cms/attachments/605/original_Urban_Profiling_of_Refugees_Situations_in_Delhi.pdf.

The profiling in Delhi and the resulting report are part of a bigger effort to improve approaches to urban profiling and develop better methodologies to address data collection in the urban context. A report on urban profiling in Quito, Ecuador, is expected to be finalised in December 2013.

Circulated by the Forced Migration Discussion List.


New book free online: Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the Commonwealth – launch videos, Facebook site, future events

Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the Commonwealth: Struggles for Decriminalisation and Change, co-edited by Corinne Lennox (School of Advanced Study, University of London) and Matthew Waites (University of Glasgow).  Published by School of Advanced Study, University of London.

The book is available on the School of Advanced Study website, where it can be read online, downloaded or purchased in print – full details there.

British colonialism and its legacy of criminalization of same-sex sexual behaviour are central in the book’s conception.  In relation to existing UK-based LGBT activist and UK government moves to utilize the Commonwealth to ‘push’ for LGBT rights, we suggest the volume ‘opens up questions of how such developments should be interpreted in the contexts of colonialism and post-colonialism, and critical perspectives on cultural racism, Southern theory and homonationalism’.  There remains scope for much more analysis on these themes.

The book was launched in Toronto, Canada on 26 June during Pride week at the event ‘Sexuality, Repression and the Law’, in partnership with the unique global project ‘Envisioning Global LGBT Human Rights’ based at York University. Videos of the launch including chapter authors such as Monica Tabengwa from Botswana, and a film on Botswana from the Envisioning project, can be viewed online and perhaps used in sociological teaching and activism:
Part 1: http://vimeo.com/70217990
Part 2: http://vimeo.com/70371903
Part 3: http://vimeo.com/70417403

This was followed by a UK launch at Senate House in London on 5 July, including chapter author speakers on Jamaica and Uganda.  A video of my opening talk is available:

There is a Facebook site for the book, if you use Facebook you might wish to like and share this to support international dissemination:

If you would like further information about future dissemination and knowledge exchange events you might wish to follow via Twitter:

The videos of the book’s launches in Toronto and London, and further information about related events, can be found here: