Monthly Archives: November 2013

Call for papers final reminder: Refugee Voices

Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford REFUGEE VOICES CONFERENCE

Call for papers – Deadline: 30 November

Submit online: www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/events/rsc-international-conference-2014

The Refugee Studies Centre International Conference will explore the voices and aesthetic expressions of those dispossessed, displaced and marginalised by the pre-eminence of the nation state.

The Conference will bring together scholars from across the social sciences and researchers in cultural studies, literature and the humanities to look beyond the nation state and international relations in order to give new attention to the voices and aspirations of refugees and other forced migrants themselves. Among the themes to be explored are historical and cultural sources and meanings of flight, exile and forced migration, as well as the significance of encampment, enclosures and forced settlement.

Conference papers are sought which recognise and investigate unheard voices of forced migrants who exhibit adaptability, resilience and resistance in the ‘grey zones’ and borderlands between states and state bureaucracies.

Most academic disciplines, including refugee studies, and humanitarian practices adopt the nation-state’s perspective in their approach to forced migrants. People must be tied to territory, and thus humanitarian practices are frequently about re-settlement either in the state of origin, the state of current emplacement or a third nation-state. However, the current realities of displacement situations do not support either current forced migration theory or most humanitarian aid practices, and an epistemological change in thinking about forced migrants, exiles and refugees is urgently required.

Some of the questions which might be addressed at the Conference include: Under what circumstances do refugees, exiles and forced migrants leave a nation state that is collapsing? How do they cope with existence outside the nation state? How are resilience and resistance to the ‘bare life’ of the refugee and exile expressed across different refugee experiences? What mechanisms and mediums are used to express loss, perseverance and hope? How do they perceive their futures and manipulate existing systems outside the nation state to achieve their goals of dignity, justice and freedom (i.e. well-being)?

Abstracts are sought which investigate, among others, the following modes of expression:

– Cultural expression: e.g. aesthetic expression through art, music, literature, story-telling; contextualising our understanding of refugee experiences.

– Socio-Legal and Political expression: e.g. refugees’ preferences not to be put in camps (Syria), or their preferences for durable solutions (e.g. when should repatriation happen for refugees from Burma).

– Methodological/Ethical expression: e.g. the crucial role that refugees play in facilitating academic work (as translators, research assistants – but rarely as authors/academics); explorations of methodological concerns and research ethics such as that raised by ‘second-hand’ ethnography.

– Meanings of voice: e.g. the need not only for articulation but also for dialogue/conversation; the difference between having voice and being heard – soliciting refugees’ voices is one dimension but genuinely listening to what those voices say is a much deeper phenomenological process.

Abstracts of no more than 300 words should be submitted by 30th November 2013. Authors of abstracts which are selected to proceed to full papers will have until 28 February 2014 to submit their final drafts. The conference organisers intend to edit and publish a selection of papers in special issues of leading journals. An interest in having a paper published should be indicated at the time of submission of the abstract. Other initiatives to share the outcomes of the conference papers and events with those whose voices have been sought will also be developed.

New Book: The Making of the Modern Refugee by Peter Gatrell

Oxford University Press has just published the new book by Professor Peter Gatrell and entitled, “The Making of the Modern Refugee.” Further detailed below.

From the Oxford University Press:

Link:-  ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199674169.do

  • Provides the first comprehensive history of global population displacement in the twentieth century
  • Locates refugees in historical and political context, drawing attention to the stance adopted by governments, NGOs, international organisations and relief workers
  • Demonstrates the ways in which refugees have been represented culturally by means of photography, film, and other media
  • Establishes the trajectories followed by refugees and the meanings they ascribed to their displacement across time and place

The Making of the Modern Refugee is a comprehensive history of global population displacement in the twentieth century. It takes a new approach to the subject, exploring its causes, consequences, and meanings. History, the author shows, provides important clues to understanding how the idea of refugees as a ‘problem’ embedded itself in the minds of policy-makers and the public, and poses a series of fundamental questions about the nature of enforced migration and how it has shaped society throughout the twentieth century across a broad geographical area – from Europe and the Middle East to South Asia, South-East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Wars, revolutions, and state formation are invoked as the main causal explanations of displacement, and are considered alongside the emergence of a twentieth-century refugee regime linking governmental practices, professional expertise, and humanitarian relief efforts.

This new study rests upon scholarship from several disciplines and draws extensively upon oral testimony, eye-witness accounts, and film, as well as unpublished source material in the archives of governments, international organisations, and non-governmental organisations. The Making of the Modern Refugee explores the significance that refugees attached to the places they left behind, to their journeys, and to their destinations – in short, how refugees helped to interpret and fashion their own history.

 

 

New Publication: Recognising Victims of Torture in National Asylum Procedures

The International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT) has just published a new report entitled, “Recognising Victims of Torture in National Asylum Procedures.”

The following information is taken from the press release accompanying the launch of the report:

The majority of asylum-receiving countries do not have the appropriate systems in place to identify victims of torture.

 

This is according to a new report by the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT), which conducted an 18-country overview of asylum systems in Europe, North America and the Pacific.

 

The countries considered in the report are: Bulgaria; Croatia; Finland; France; Germany; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Netherlands; Sweden; Armenia; Kosovo; Moldova; Turkey; Canada; USA; Australia; New Zealand.

 

What does it mean to not be identified as a victim of torture? Asylum-seekers, who have survived torture and trauma and requested protection, may instead find themselves detained and re-traumatised, deported through “accelerated procedures” at the airport, or have the submitted medico-legal evidence of torture misread or ignored by immigration officials.

 

“While these may be the worst-case scenarios, our research found that many developed countries still do not have the proper policies in place to ensure that victims of torture are not re-traumatised by the asylum process, or are deported back to the country where they were tortured,” said Rachel Towers, Legal Advisor at the IRCT and author of the report.

Key findings of the 18 represented countries in the report include:

 

 

  • Fourteen countries (Armenia, Bulgaria, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Moldova, Netherlands, Sweden, Turkey, Australia and New Zealand) have no legislation in place determining who is in charge of identifying victims of torture;
  • While medico-legal reports, a physical and psychological assessment of torture allegations conducted by an expert, are the best form of evidence in asylum cases, only three countries (Kosovo, Moldova and the Netherlands) mention them in the law;
  • In eight countries (Germany, Finland, Ireland, USA, Moldova, France, Turley and Canada), victims of torture may be expected to bear the costs of producing a medico-legal report, which costs on average 800 EUR.

 

 

The IRCT calls on state authorities to put policies in place to ensure the early identification of victims of torture in their asylum systems.

 

Early identification and proper documentation of torture allegations must be complemented by access to appropriate and holistic rehabilitation to which they have a right. These elements are essential for the individual to integrate into, and contribute to, the host society.

 

Taken from:  Majority of asylum-receiving countries do not have appropriate systems to identify victims of torture, 12-11-2013.

 

 Download the full report Recognising victims of torture in national asylum procedures.

 

Events: Undocumented workers, ethnic enclaves and networks conference, 6th December

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.

Undocumented Migrants, Ethnic Enclaves and Networks: Opportunities, traps or class-based constructs

Registration deadline: 15 November 2013 (Email: L.Kumarappan@londonmet.ac.uk) Registration is free but places are limited

UndocNet

End of project conference

The Graduate Centre, London Metropolitan University, N7 8DB

9:30 AM to 6 PM, 6th December 2013

UndocNet, a two-year project funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, will be holding its end of research project conference in London on Friday 6 December 2013. UndocNet has been exploring the labour market experiences and aspirations of 55 irregular migrants in London from three countries of origin – Bangladesh, China and Turkey (including Kurds) – and 24 minority ethnic entrepreneurs employing people from these three groups. The context of the research has been the economic downturn, increasingly restrictive immigration controls, raids on businesses suspected of employing people without correct documentation and the deportation of irregular migrants. Within this contemporary context the project has been concerned with understanding decisions to use or not to use social capital in the form of co-ethnic networks in the search for work and for workers, in or out of ethnic enclaves, from the perspectives of workers and their employers. The research has investigated the ways in which migrants and their employers use their social networks and other resources in relation to work and the ways in which working relationships operate within frameworks of ethnicity, class and gender (www.UndocNet.org)

Findings from the conference will be presented by the research team:

Professor Alice Bloch,University of Manchester

Professor Sonia McKay, London Metropolitan University

Dr Leena Kumarappan, London Metropolitan University

Plenary lectures:

Professor Bernard Ryan, Law School, University of Leicester: Irregular Migrants: Legal Dilemmas Dr Hannah Lewis, School of Geography, University of Leeds: The increasingly hostile environment: discomfort as a policy goal Professor Louise Ryan, Social Policy Research Centre, Middlesex University: Making Connections: re-appraising social networks, family and social capital Professor Bridget Anderson, COMPAS, University of Oxford: “Illegal immigrants are not criminals!” Aren’t they?

PAPER PRESENTATIONS IN THE MORNING AND AFTERNOON All welcome to a drinks reception after the conference

FURTHER DETAILS WILL BE SENT FOLLOWING REGISTRATION

 

RSC Annual Harrell-Bond Lecture: Professor Yakin Ertürk, 20 November

RSC ANNUAL HARRELL-BOND LECTURE

YAKIN ERTURK

Refugee rights: beyond the 1951 Convention

Time: 5pm, Wednesday 20 November

Venue: Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PW

Register: http://www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/harrell-bond-registration-2013

The Refugee Studies Centre is honoured that Professor Yakin Ertürk, former UN Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women and now a member of the Council of Europe, Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT), will deliver the 2013 Annual Harrell-Bond Lecture, taking place on 20 November in Oxford. Professor Ertürk will be speaking on the role of UN mandates in the protection of the human rights of refugees.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER

Yakin Ertürk (Turkey) received a PhD in Development Sociology from Cornell University in 1980. She served as a faculty member at the Department of Sociology, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, from September 1986 to October 2010.

In addition to her academic career, she has worked for various national and international agencies on rural development and women in development, and she has provided training to public and civil actors on human rights and development issues.

Professor Ertürk has also undertaken numerous international assignments, including as:

  • Director of the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW), Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (Oct 1997-Feb 1999);
  • Director of the Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW), UN Headquarters, New York (Mar 1999-Oct 2001);
  • UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women (SRVAW) (2003-2006);
  • member of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry into the Events in Southern Kyrgyzstan in June 2010 (Oct 2010-April 2011);
  • member of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic (Sept 2011-Mar 2012).

In her capacity as the SRVAW, she undertook 17 country visits at the invitation of the governments concerned. Since November 2009, Yakin Ertürk has been serving on the Council of Europe Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT).

CONTACT

For any enquiries, please contact: heidi.el-megrisi@qeh.ox.ac.uk

Refugee Studies Centre
Oxford Department of International Development
3 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TB

www.rsc.ox.ac.uk
www.facebook.com/refugeestudiescentre
www.twitter.com/refugeestudies

 

Events: Book launch: Enduring Violence: Everyday life and conflict in eastern Sri Lanka

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.

BOOK LAUNCH

Enduring Violence: Everyday life and conflict in eastern Sri Lanka by Rebecca Walker

Date: Thursday, 14th November

Time: 16:00 – 18:00

Venue: Centre for Indian Studies in Africa (CISA), 36 Jorissen Street, Braamfontein

(opposite Senate House, corner Henri and Jorissen)

PANELISTS:

Prof Dilip Menon (Centre for Indian Studies in Africa, CISA)

Adele Kirsten  (Gun Free South Africa)

Richard Smith (Action Support Centre)

RSVP: Reshmi Singh 011 717 4020  reshmi.singh@wits.ac.za

Abstract

 Located in the war-torn eastern province of Sri Lanka, this book provides a rich ethnography of how Tamilspeaking communities in Batticaloa live through and make sense of a violence that shapes everyday life itself. The core of the book comes from the author’s two-year close interaction with a group of (mainly women) human rights activists in the area. The book describes how the activists work in clandestine, informal ways to support families whose loved ones have been threatened, disappeared or killed and how they build networks of trust within the context of everyday violence. As Sri Lanka faces up to the enormity of the task of ‘post-war reconciliation’, this book aims to create a wider conversation about grief, resistance and healing in the context of violence and its long afterlife.

Courses: Northwestern Forced Migration Summer Institute 2014: Refugee Status Determination Process

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.

Center for Forced Migration Studies’ Summer Institute: “The Refugee Status Determination Process”, June 1-7, 2014

Register here: http://www.northwesternevents.com/profile/web/index.cfm?PKWebId=0x60244dc0

The CFMS Summer Institute is an intensive, rigorous seven-day, non-degree earning certificate program. Through lectures, focused discussions, workshops, films and simulation exercises, the CFMS Summer Institute, held at Northwestern University’s campus in Evanston, IL, provides a forum to exchange ideas, build relationships, develop new approaches and policy recommendations and learn about new developments in the field. Past participants have included government officials, non-governmental organization personnel, university faculty and graduate students (select advanced undergraduate students may seek permission to attend). Applicants must have good to excellent English speaking and reading skills. No translation services are available.

The 2014 Summer Institute on The Refugee Status Determination Process introduces participants to the 1951 Refugee Convention and 1967 Protocol refugee regime, the international legal basis for refugee status and the variations in how UNHCR and authorities in differentcountries determine whether an asylum-seeker is eligible for refugee status, with a particular focus on the United States. It provides students with lectures and workshops focused on decision making and analytical skills, legal writing, research, and procedural issues, case preparation including takingtestimony, evidence documentation, working with victims of trauma and with issues of credibility and includes a focus on special topics such as LGBTI and gang-related asylum claims and cases involving unaccompanied minors. The training materials consist of training modules that include case studies, accompanying memoranda, procedures manuals, precedent Board of Immigration Appeals decisions, federal court decisions, and other documents.  The attached table of contents lists the specific topics that constitute the course and training materials provided on each topic.

Faculty include: Barbara Harrell-Bond, (University of Oxford); Michael Kagan (University of Nevada, Las Vegas); Uzoamaka Nzliebe (Northwestern University); Miriam Marton (University of Connecticut); Rachel Levitan (Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society); Sioban Albiol (DePaul University) and representatives from the United Nations High Commission for Refugees and the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services Asylum Division

Summer Institute Director:  Galya Ruffer, CFMS Founding Director.

The 2014 Summer Institute is targeted at UNHCR staff, government employees, practicing attorneys, NGO refugee case workers, academics, law students and other graduate students seeking to expand their knowledge of critical elements of the refugee status determination process.

CLE-eligible based on state approval for 37.5credits, 1.5 of which are ethics)

Read the full schedule for the 2014 Summer Institute: http://www.bcics.northwestern.edu/documents/cfms/2012-CFMS-SummerInstituteSchedule.pdf

Institute Fees:

Registration – $800 (Does not include meals or housing)

Late Registration – $1,000 (After May 2)

**Limited Scholarships andpartial tuition assistance are available** Please contact cfms@northwestern.edu for more information.

Visa Applicants: Contact the US embassy nearest you for visa application

Do you think you might need a visa? See: http://travel.state.gov/visa/

Accommodation:

The Institute will be held on the Northwestern University Campus in Evanston, IL. A limited number of homestays are available upon request and as well as a dormitory option. There are also several hotels in Evanston and the surrounding area. Please direct accommodation related questions to cfms@northwestern.edu.

 

Events: Health in Humanitarian Settings, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, 28 November

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.

Events:

Health in Humanitarian Settings, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
28 November

LIMITED SPACES AVAILABLE!

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine’s annual conference: Health in Humanitarian Settings will be held on the 28th of November this year with keynote speeches from Leigh Daynes, executive director of Doctors of the world UK and Professor Simon Hay, president of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

We received many fascinating abstracts, and a full day of engaging presentations and discussions has been arranged looking thematically at current humanitarian research, followed by a social evening event with humanitarian films, food and drinks!

This is an amazing opportunity for anyone with an interest in tropical disease, aid work, or healthcare in conflict/ disasters or low resource settings to see a breadth of current research in humanitarainism, network with like-minded people and enjoy a stimulating day of learning, debate and socialising.

More information is available and tickets can be purchased at: https://healthinhumanitariansettings.eventbrite.co.uk/

 

Event: Save the date for NORMAL: Real stories from the sex industry! 28 Nov 6.15pm, Sussex, Film screening and debate

The next Sussex Centre for Cultural Studies event, organised jointly with the Centre for Life History and Life Writing Research, will be a screening of the documentary film:

Normal – Real Stories from the Sex Industry on Thursday 28 November, SB309, 6.15-8pm. 

The Director Prof Nicola Mai will introduce the film and answer questions after the screening. After the session there will be refreshments in the School of Media, Film and Music social space and an opportunity to meet Nicola.

This event will be of interest to those engaged in the politics of representation;  media practice as research; documentary; life histories and oral histories, especially of marginalised  groups; sexuality and gender studies; queer theory; migration studies.

Hope to see you there,

Lyn and Margaretta

6.15-8pm, Thursday 28 November, SB309 (Silverstone Building, University of Sussex Campus), Film Screening and Debate:

FREE, ALL WELCOME

Normal – Real Stories from the Sex Industry (Nicola Mai 2012 – 48min)

 Trailer: https://vimeo.com/69792536

How can we represent the complexity of migrants’ trajectories within the global sex industry? How can we give voice to migrants while protecting their identities? How can we interrogate the politics of victimhood in representations of all migrant sex workers as either victims or villains within hegemonic fictions and documentaries on sex trafficking?

These issues and questions are at the core of Normal, a 48 minute creative documentary that brings the life stories of male, female and transgender migrants working in the sex industry to the screen. Drawing on original interviews with people working in the sex industry in Albania, Italy and the UK, documentary director and ethnographer Nicola Mai reveals their unheard stories.  The viewer is continually challenged by their words, their dreams and the lives that they lead. Actors portray all the characters in order to guarantee the anonymity and safety of the original interviewees; this technique also challenges the criteria of authenticity underpinning research, humanitarianism and documentary film-making.

Prof Nicola Mai

Nicola Mai is an Italian ethnographer and filmmaker working as Professor of Sociology and Migration Studies at the Working Lives Research Institute of London Metropolitan University and at LAMES – the Mediterranean Laboratory of Sociology of Aix-Marseille University. His academic writing and films focus on the experiences and perspectives of migrants selling sex and love in the globalized sex industry in order to live their lives. Through experimental ethno-fictions and original research findings Nicola Mai challenges the humanitarian politics of representation of the nexus between migration and sex work in terms of trafficking, while focusing on the ambivalent dynamics of exploitation and self-affirmation that are implicated.

Call for Papers: Diaspora and Education workshop

Call for Papers:

Diaspora and Education Workshop
16th January 2014

Centre for Research in Identity, Governance and Society, Department of Geography (CRIGS), Loughborough University

Organisers: Liz Mavroudi and Marco Antonsich, Department of geography, Loughborough University

We are very pleased and grateful that Claire Dwyer has agreed to act as a keynote speaker for this event.

This workshop wishes to stimulate debate on the relationships between diaspora and education/learning and views education in a broad and open-ended way. By examining diaspora and education, we wish to discuss broader impacts of education and learning on diasporic individuals, families and groups but also in relation to homeland/host country contexts. Papers are welcomed on (but are not limited to) these themes:

• Formal education and policy. E.g.: How do schools and higher education institutions deal with diasporic pupils and students with particular religious, social, cultural, political and emotional needs and wishes?

• Learning and performing identities. E.g.: The informal, active ways in which those in diaspora construct and negotiate their cultural, national, religious, political identities in relation to factors such as space, place, gender, generational differences, language, religion and diasporic/transnational connections. What role do certain spaces play in such negotiations? What is the importance of strategic uses of nationalism and citizenship?

• Educating ‘our’ diaspora and homeland. E.g.: the more formal ways diasporic leaders or the sending state attempt to mould and guide the diaspora. How do those in diaspora engage with their homeland by creating educational, academic and skilled/highly skilled/professional networks aimed at stimulating change and development?

• Gaining an education. E.g.: clarifying and understanding the role and importance of education to those in diaspora. Is education seen as the key to career ‘success’ or diasporic survival?

This is a free workshop but numbers are limited.

Please send abstracts (300 words maximum) to Liz Mavroudi
(e.mavroudi@lboro.ac.uk) by December 1st 2013

Reminder – Call for Papers | Superdiversity: Theory, method and practice in an era of change

CALL FOR PAPERS

(Deadline 10 Dec 2013)

Superdiversity: Theory, Method and Practice in an era of change International Conference, University of Birmingham, 23-24 June 2014

Download the Call for Papers here (PDF).

Keynote speakers include:

*   Professor Jan Blommaert, Babylon Centre for the Study of Superdiversity, University of Tilberg, The Netherlands.

*   Professor Peggy Levitt, Wellesley College, USA.

*   Professor James Nazroo, The Cathie Marsh Centre for Census and Survey Research, University of Manchester, UK.

*   Professor Gill Valentine, University of Sheffield, UK.

*   Professor Steven Vertovec, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity, Gottingen, Germany.

With the unprecedented speed, scale and spread of global migration, academics have an important role in developing new methods, advancing theoretical understanding and producing empirically informed knowledge about the emergence of superdiversity.

The Institute for Research into Superdiversity (IRiS) at the University of Birmingham are organising the first international interdisciplinary conference on superdiversity. The conference will be held at University of Birmingham on the 23rd and 24th June 2014. It will feature invited plenaries, academic panels and a policy roundtable on topics at the forefront of the superdiversity research agenda. The aim of the conference is to map the state of the art in knowledge on superdiversity and to draw an agenda for future research.

We welcome academics from a broad range of disciplines, including anthropology, sociology, social policy, geography, linguistics, history, psychology, economics, medicine, demography, politics, and development studies, policy makers and practitioners to submit innovative papers, panel proposals or posters on any aspect related to superdiversity. Doctoral researchers are welcome to submit their work. The conference will be an opportunity for meeting fellow PhD students and senior academics working on superdiversity.

The conference will include parallel sessions on:

*   Migration processes, transnational practices, and globalization

*   Patterns and experiences of space and place

*   Interchanges, interactions and encounters

*   Immigration regimes, rights and belonging

*   Discrimination, segregation and inclusion

*   Hybridity, representations and belonging

*   Communication, language and media

*   Policy, planning and service delivery

*   Research methods and approaches

*   Markets, finance and opportunity

*   Art, culture and history

*   Faith, religion and spirituality

*   Health and healthcare

*   New demographies

Abstracts should be submitted electronically, using the on-line submission link at http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/research/activity/superdiversity-institute/events/2014/06/call-for-papers.aspx. The deadline for submitting an abstract is: 10th December 2013. Please read the Call for Papers (pdf) for further details.

For further queries, please contact: Ann Bolstridge, IRiS manager:a.bolstridge@bham.ac.ukmailto:a.bolstridge@bham.ac.uk or visit www.birmingham.ac.uk/iris<http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/iris

 

Events: Crisis in Syria: Conflict & Refugees (short films and panel discussion)

The Refugee Council, in collaboration with the Refugee Law Initiative at the School of Advanced Study, is hosting a film screening and panel discussion entitled ‘Crisis in Syria: Conflict & Refugees’. Four short documentary films on the Syrian crisis will be shown, followed by an expert panel discussion.

The panel discussion will include: Roland Schilling (UK representative, UNHCR), Olly Lambert (Filmmaker), Maurice Wren (CEO, Refugee Council and panel Chair), Sonia Koury (Syrian refugee doctor) and further speakers (TBC).

Date and time: Friday 22nd November, 6.30 – 9.00pm (refreshments will be served).

Location: Chancellor’s Hall, Senate House, Malet Street, London, WC1E 7HU.

To book your free tickets please RSVP to rebecca.lancaster@refugeecouncil.org.uk.

www.refugeecouncil.org.uk/syria