Monthly Archives: June 2013

TOC: Regions & Cohesion (3:1) – Rights, Mobility, and Cohesion as Building Blocks for Regional Integration

From Berghahn Publishers:

We are pleased to announce that the latest issue of Regions & Cohesion has
been published by Berghahn Journals.

Since its inception, this journal has noted that political and academic
discussions of regionalism focus more on the integration of territories and
markets than on the role that people play in these processes. This issue of
Regions & Cohesion directly addresses this by “bringing the people back in.”
This issue also focuses on an important aspect of region-building processes
that is often overlooked: the question of rights.

Please visit the Berghahn website for more information about the journal:
http://journals.berghahnbooks.com/reco

EDITOR’S NOTE
Rights, mobility, and cohesion as building blocks for regional integration
http://bit.ly/1293sFQ

ARTICLES
Comparative regional integration in SADC and ASEAN: Democracy and governance
issues in historical and socio-economic context
http://bit.ly/11WRjYT
Robert W. Compton, Jr.

Regional social integration and free movement across borders: The role of
social policy in enabling and preventing access to social entitlements by
cross-border movers. European Union and Southern Africa compared
http://bit.ly/16EGWKp
Bob Deacon and Sonja Nita

“Illegality,” health problems, and return migration: Cases from a migrant
sending community in Puebla, Mexico
http://bit.ly/15gnXm8
Alison Elizabeth Lee

LEADERSHIP FORUM/LIDERAZGO FORUM
Bringing social cohesion into the equation of regional integration: A case of
Southern Africa
http://bit.ly/17VJneG
Ndangwa Noyoo

Atencion a las mujeres desplazadas victimas de la violencia sexual por
actores del conflicto armado interno. Seguimiento del Auto 092 de la Corte
Constitucional en Colombia
http://bit.ly/11WRyD7
Sara Yaneth Fernández Moreno

BOOK REVIEWS/COMPTES RENDUS/RESENAS
http://bit.ly/19fXzwP

Recommend Regions and Cohesion to your library
Are your colleagues unable to access these articles through your library?  As
a key researcher in your field you can recommend Regions and Cohesion to your
library for subscription by submitting this form:
http://journals.berghahnbooks.com/reco/reco_lib.pdf

Free Sample Issue
Berghahn offers a free sample issue of Regions & Cohesion.
http://journals.berghahnbooks.com/reco/index.php?pg=sample

For additional information, including submission guidelines, visit:
http://journals.berghahnbooks.com/reco

 

Re-blog: The State of Civil Society 2013 Report

26._Protest_at_the_Majlis_40_Source_Dying_regime8edb21a3a2d6IPS is pleased to share with you its contribution to the recently published CIVICUS report “The State of Civil Society 2013”. The full report includes nearly 50 contributions from experts and civil society leaders from around the world, highlighting good practices and challenges on the horizon for citizens and civil society globally.

Mario Lubetkin and Stefania Milan contributed with the chapter ‘Messages that make an impact: Rethinking civil society communication strategies’. Lubetkin and Milan put a lens on how civil society is dealing with the increasing diffusion of social media and mobile technology and the use of digital platforms for self-expression in the face of an unprecedented global crisis. But the question is if civil society is able to communicate on its own terms?

You can access the IPS contribution here Messages that make an impact: Rethinking civil society communication strategies.

The IPS news story about the launch of the report is here: Clampdown on CSOs Worldwide

And the full report here The State of Civil Society 2013.

– See more at: http://www.ips.org/institutional/the-state-of-civil-society-2013-report/#sthash.sWWzmi5g.dpuf

Publication: Report on Human Rights in Iraq: July – December 2012

Reblogged from Reliefweb – Report on Human Rights in Iraq: July – December 2012

Iraq’s human rights progress in question as violence takes its toll: UN Report

BAGHDAD / GENEVA (27 June 2013) – “Despite some progress, human rights in Iraq are under further threat from mounting violence”, says the UN on the release of its latest Report on Human Rights in Iraq.

The report, published by the Human Rights Office of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) in cooperation with the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), provides an overview of the human rights situation in Iraq from 1 July to 31 December 2012. Of primary concern is the upturn in armed violence. At least 3,238 civilians were killed and 10,379 injured in 2012 in a worrying reversal of the trend that had seen violence decline in recent years.

“The return to high casualty figures means that much more needs to be done to protect civilians,” said Martin Kobler, Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) for Iraq. “We have consistently urged Iraqi leaders to engage in dialogue and develop policies that address the root causes of the problem. Too many innocent lives have been lost,” he added.

Iraq is also yet to respond to UN and international calls for a moratorium on the death penalty. “Weaknesses in the criminal justice system mean that the death sentence is often handed down under questionable circumstances in Iraq,” said Navi Pillay, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. “With 123 prisoners executed in 2012, there is a great risk that the worst miscarriages of justice imaginable are taking place here,” said Ms. Pillay.

The UN welcomed progress made to implement the National Action Plan on Human Rights, and a number of laws passed by the Council of Representatives. It called for further efforts to empower the Iraqi High Commission for Human Rights and to reduce interference by political blocs.

“Women, minorities, the disabled, and other vulnerable groups in Iraq continue to suffer from discrimination, economic and social barriers, and targeted attacks,” said Ms. Pillay. “I urge the Government of Iraq to do everything possible to implement the recommendations made in this report. Strengthening human rights institutions should be a top priority.”

“Iraqi citizens look to their leaders for protection,” concluded Mr. Kobler. “The human rights of all Iraqis should be of paramount concern for all members of the Iraqi Government.”

[Download Full Report]

See Also –Mounting violence in Iraq erodes progress on human rights – UN report

See Also – Iraq’s human rights progress in question as violence takes its toll: UN Report

ENDS

For further information and interview requests, please contact:

In Baghdad: Eliane Nabaa, Chief of Public Information Office, United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (+964 79 01 101 989 / Email: nabaa@un.org)

In Geneva: Mr. Rupert Colville, Spokesperson for the UN Human Rights Office – (+41 22 917 9767 / rcolville@ohchr.org); Liz Throssell (+ 41 22 917 9434 / ethrossell@ohchr.org) or Cécile Pouilly (+41 22 917 9310 or +41 79 618 3430 / cpouilly@ohchr.org).

 

Event: Child Trafficking:Prevention is Better than Cure!

Child Trafficking: Prevention is Better than Cure! 

AFRUCA is holding a community event hosted by Meg Hillier MP at the House of Commons with the theme: ‘Child Trafficking: Prevention is Better than Cure!’ 

This event is being organised as part of AFRUCA’s ‘7 Days Activism Against Human Trafficking’ to spread awareness of the impact of Human Trafficking among African communities across London and Greater Manchester. This community session will bring together key stakeholders within the African community to highlight the issue, promote knowledge and understanding of the impact of trafficking and exploitation on victims and draw up a community response and set of recommendation that will help improve protection for victims.This campaign is also being held to mark the 12th anniversary of AFRUCA.

Meg Hillier MP, Host and Facilitator

Speakers;

  1. Debbie Ariyo, OBE:  Founder/Executive Director, AFRUCA
  2. Raggi Kotak: Barrister, 1 Pump Court Chambers
  3. Klara Skrivankova:Trafficking Programme Coordinator, Antislavery International
  4. Jenny Pennington:  Researcher, Institute of  Public Policy Research (IPPR)
  5.  Representative from UK Human Trafficking Centre
Date: 1 July 2013
Time: 6:00 PM – 8:00 PM
Venue: Macmillan Room, Portcullis House, House of Commons, London
Registration: Attendance is free but registration is compulsory

For any further enquiries please contact: saater@afruca.org

This event is part of activities to mark  AFRUCA’S ‘7 Days Activism against Human Trafficking’ campaign.

This event is funded by: Esmeé Fairbairn and Comic Relief

 

Written out of the picture?

North East Child Poverty

Written

This week we launched a report exploring the role of local services in tackling poverty amongst asylum seekers and refugees.

The Poverty and Social Exclusion website very kindly offered to host a guest blog on the topic for us and so we’d like you to click here to find out more about the report and to get a copy of it. You an also get a copy by clicking directly on the image above

The report was jointly authored by the North East Child Poverty Commission and the Regional Refugee Forum North East and was funded by the Big Lottery and the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Best wishes,

Steve

View original post

Re-blog: Amnesty International Report 2013: The State of the World’s Human Rights – ReliefWeb

Re-blogged from:   reliefweb.int/report/world/amnesty-international-report-2012-state-worlds-human-rights

Amnesty International Report 2013: The State of the World’s Human Rights

World Increasingly Dangerous for Refugees and Migrants

(London) Global inaction on human rights is making the world an increasingly dangerous place for refugees and migrants, Amnesty International said today as it launched its annual assessment of the world’s human rights.

The organization said that the rights of millions of people who have escaped conflict and persecution, or migrated to seek work and a better life for themselves and their families, have been abused. Governments around the world are accused of showing more interest in protecting their national borders than the rights of their citizens or the rights of those seeking refugee or opportunities within those borders.

“The failure to address conflict situations effectively is creating a global underclass. The rights of those fleeing conflict are unprotected. Too many governments are abusing human rights in the name of immigration control – going well beyond legitimate border control measures,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

“These measures not only affect people fleeing conflict. Millions of migrants are being driven into abusive situations, including forced labour and sexual abuse, because of anti-immigration policies which means they can be exploited with impunity. Much of this is fuelled by populist rhetoric that targets refugees and migrants for government’s domestic difficulties,” said Shetty.

In 2012 the global community witnessed a range of human rights emergencies that forced large numbers of people to seek safety, within states or across borders. From North Korea to Mali, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo people fled their homes in the hope of finding safe haven.

Another year has been lost for the Syrian people, where little changed apart from the ever-increasing numbers of lives lost or ruined as millions of people have been displaced by conflict. The world stood by while Syrian military and security forces continued carry out indiscriminate and targeted attacks on civilians, and to subject to enforced disappearance, arbitrarily detain, torture and extrajudicially execute those deemed to oppose the government, while armed groups continue to hold hostages and to carry out summary killings and torture on a smaller scale.

The excuse that human rights are ‘internal affairs’ has been used to block international action to address rights emergencies such as Syria. The UN Security Council – entrusted with global security and leadership – continue to fail to ensure concerted and unified political action.

“Respect for state sovereignty cannot be used as an excuse for inaction. The UN Security Council must consistently stand up to abuses that destroy lives and force people to flee their homes. That means rejecting worn-out and morally bereft doctrines that mass murder, torture and starvation are no one else’s business,” said Shetty.

People attempting to flee conflict and persecution regularly encountered formidable obstacles trying to cross international borders. It was often harder for refugees to cross borders than it was for the guns and weapons that facilitated the violence that forced such people from their homes. However, the UN’s adoption of an Arms Trade Treaty in March 2013 offers hope that shipments of weapons that may be used to commit atrocities may at last be halted.

“Refugees and displaced people can no longer be ‘out of sight, out of mind’. Their protection falls to all of us. The borderless world of modern communications makes it increasingly difficult for abuses to be hidden behind national boundaries – and is offering unprecedented opportunities for everyone to stand up for the rights of the millions uprooted from their homes,” said Shetty.

Refugees who were able to reach other countries seeking asylum often found themselves in the same boat – literally and figuratively – as migrants leaving their countries to seek a better life for themselves and their families. Many are forced to live in the margins of society, failed by ineffective laws and policies, and allowed to be the targets of the kind of populist, nationalist rhetoric that stokes xenophobia and increases the risk of violence against them.

The European Union implements border control measures that put the lives of migrants and asylum-seekers at risk and fails to guarantee the safety of those fleeing conflict and persecution. Around the world, migrants and asylum-seekers are regularly locked up in detention centres and in worst case scenarios are held in metal crates or even shipping containers.

The rights of huge numbers of the world’s 214 million migrants were not protected by their home or their host state. Millions of migrants worked in conditions amounting to forced labour – or in some cases slavery-like conditions – because governments treated them like criminals and because corporations cared more about profits than workers’ rights. Undocumented migrants were particularly at risk of exploitation and human rights abuse.

“Those who live outside their countries, without wealth or status, are the world’s most vulnerable people but are often condemned to desperate lives in the shadows,” said Shetty. “A more just future is possible if governments respect the human rights of all people, regardless of nationality. The world cannot afford no-go zones in the global demand for human rights. Human rights protection must be applied to all human beings – wherever they are.”

Notes to editors

  1. Amnesty International Report 2013: State of the World’s Human Rights covers January-December 2012.
  2. Facts and figures, audio-visual materials, details of media events and other information are available. Please email press@amnesty.org for further details.
  3. For more information or to arrange an interview with an AI spokesperson and those involved in the frontline of the struggle for human rights, contact the Press Office on + 44 (0) 20 7413 5566 or press@amnesty.org.

Other human rights developments highlighted in Amnesty International Report 2013:

  • Amnesty International documented specific restrictions on free speech in at least 101 countries, and torture and ill-treatment in at least 112 countries.
  • Half of humanity remained second-class citizens in the realization of their rights, as numerous nations failed to address gender-based abuse. Soldiers and armed groups committed rapes in Mali, Chad, Sudan and the DRC; women and girls suffered execution-style killings by the Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan; and women and girls pregnant through rape or whose pregnancy threatened their health or life were denied access to safe abortions in countries like Chile, El Salvador, Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic.
  • Across Africa, conflict, poverty and abuses by security forces and armed groups exposed the weakness of regional and international human rights mechanisms – even as the continent prepared to commemorate the African Union’s 50th Anniversary, marked by a major AU summit in Ethiopia this week (19-27 May 2013).
  • In the Americas, prosecutions in Argentina, Brazil, Guatemala and Uruguay marked important advances towards justice for past violations. The Inter-American human rights system came under criticism by several governments.
  • Freedom of expression came under fire across Asia Pacific, with state oppression in Cambodia, India, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives, while armed conflicts blighted the lives of tens of thousands in Afghanistan, Myanmar, Pakistan and Thailand. Myanmar freed hundreds of political prisoners, but hundreds more remained under lock and key.
  • In Europe and Central Asia, accountability for crimes committed in Europe in the US-led renditions programme was elusive; in the Balkans, the likelihood of justice receded for some victims of 1990s war crimes; and Georgia’s elections were a rare example of democratic transition of power in the former Soviet Union as authoritarian regimes retained their grip on power.
  • In the Middle East and North Africa, countries where autocratic rulers had been ousted saw greater media freedom and expanding opportunities for civil society, but setbacks too, with challenges to freedom of expression on religious or moral grounds. Across the region, human rights and political activists continued to face repression, including imprisonment and torture in custody. November saw a new escalation in the Israel / Gaza conflict.
  • Globally, the death penalty continued to retreat – despite setbacks including Gambia’s first executions for 30 years, and Japan’s first execution of a woman in 15 years.

Download PDF (1.76 MB)  Full Report

Re-blog: Amnesty International Report 2013

Amnesty International’s flagship annual report was released today.  The 2013 edition includes a focus on “People on the Move,” with the press release noting “that the rights of millions of people who have escaped conflict and persecution, or migrated to seek work and a better life for themselves and their families, have been abused. Governments around the world are accused of showing more interest in protecting their national borders than the rights of their citizens or the rights of those seeking refugee or opportunities within those borders.”

The report begins with an introductory essay on “Human Rights Know NO Borders,” and continues with surveys on the state of human rights in 159 countries and territories. A global update, regional overviews, and other language editions can be found on the report’s web site.

Previous editions of the report can be accessed via my wiki.

Re-blogged from: [here]

 

Re-blog: Improvements Made in Handling of Legacy Asylum Cases but Further Work Required

Re-blogged from: www.ein.org.uk/news/improvements-made-handling-legacy-asylum-cases-further-work-required

Improvements Made in Handling of Legacy Asylum Cases but Further Work Required

Organization:
Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration
Date of Publication:
26 June 2013
Summary:
Independent Chief Inspector issues new report on the Home Office’s progress made on legacy asylum and migration cases

Improvements Made in Handling of Legacy Asylum Cases but Further Work Required

June 26, 2013

The handling of legacy asylum and migration cases by the former UK Border Agency had improved in the three months since November 2012, but there were still issues that needed to be addressed. These were the findings of the Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration following his investigation into the progress made on legacy asylum and migration cases.

In his November 2012 report on the handling of legacy asylum and migration cases the Chief Inspector found a number of serious failings:

• the Case Audit and Assurance Unit was overwhelmed with unresolved casework;

• security checks had not been undertaken routinely or consistently since April 2011;

• cases had been archived without checks with other government departments or financial institutions having being undertaken to trace applicants, contrary to assurances given to Parliament;

• there were poor levels of customer service and the inadequate implementation of a policy change which adversely impacted applicants.

As a result the Home Secretary asked the Chief Inspector to conduct a follow up investigation into the operation of the Case Assurance and Audit Unit. This investigation took place between January-March 2013.

The Chief Inspector found there had been some improvements. For example:

governance had improved in a number of areas, including management information

• management and staff demonstrated a strong commitment to this work going forward

resources had been increased to tackle some of the challenges identified in the previous legacy inspection report

• a national quality assurance framework was being introduced into legacy casework

• caseworkers were correctly following relevant policies and guidance when making decisions to grant or refuse leave on live cases

• CAAU had been renamed as the Older Live Cases Unit which more appropriately describes its purpose.

However, the Chief Inspector was concerned to find:

• there were some cases where the information contained in paper files was not being used to trace applicants. Ministers were not specifically informed that the proposed closure criteria to be used for legacy cases did not include the risks associated with not examining paper files;

• the Agency had not reviewed Police National Computer (PNC) information, either to obtain addresses for 3,077 positive matches, or to take any action in relation to ‘maybe’ matches. By not using PNC data in this way the Agency missed an opportunity to identify and locate applicants;

• work had not yet commenced on archived cases and active reviews that had been reopened as a result or positive data matching results.

The Chief Inspector made FOUR recommendations to the Home Office, which included, publishing a realistic and achievable timescale within which legacy asylum and migration cases would be completed, and prioritising the implementation of all outstanding recommendations from his November 2012 report.

Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration, John Vine, CBE QPM, said:

“I was pleased to find that there was progress made against my recommendations in the November 2012 report. The improvements in governance of management information and resources were positive, and the introduction of the national quality assurance framework is encouraging.

However, there were still a number of cases where there was information contained in paper files which could have been used to trace applicants. I believe the Home Office needs to demonstrate to applicants, Parliament and the public that it has taken all reasonable action to identify whether individuals remain in the UK illegally.

While action had been taken to reopen archived cases following positive data matching results, I was concerned that no work had actually started on them. This was also true of active reviews.

The Home Office will now need to ensure that these cases are afforded priority and publish a realistic and achievable timescale for the completion of all legacy asylum and migration cases.”

PDF Download

Download the full report here

 

Re-blog: Bangladesh: Indigenous Peoples engulfed in Chittagong Hill Tracts land conflict – Amnesty International

12 June 2013

Bangladesh: Indigenous Peoples engulfed in Chittagong Hill Tracts land conflict

Re-blogged from: www.amnesty.org/en/for-media/press-releases/bangladesh-indigenous-peoples-engulfed-chittagong-hill-tracts-land-conflict

The Bangladeshi government’s failure to address rights to traditional lands in the eastern Chittagong Hill Tracts region has left tens of thousands of Pahari Indigenous people landless and trapped in a cycle of violent clashes with Bengali settlers, Amnesty International said in a new report released today.

The report, Pushed to the Edge, documents how the Pahari are still waiting for the government to live up to the terms of an accord signed more than 15 years ago, by restoring their traditional lands to them.

Clashes between the Pahari and Bengali settlers in the region over land use are all too common.

“The current situation, with violent clashes being fuelled by disputes over land, continues to cause immense insecurity and suffering for the Pahari Indigenous People, and the Bangladeshi authorities have to address it immediately,” said Andrew Erueti, Amnesty International’s Researcher on Indigenous Peoples’ Rights.

“That the Pahari Indigenous People are being denied their traditional lands, or adequate compensation for land taken away from them, is a clear violation of international human rights law.”

The Chittagong Hill Tracts region in southeastern Bangladesh has long seen internal armed conflict following Pahari demands for greater autonomy and protection of traditional lands.

A 1997 peace accord included a series of reforms to restore Pahari traditional lands to them, but these have only at best been partially fulfilled despite repeated promises by the current Bangladeshi government.

“The government has still time to fulfill its promises before the general elections in 2014”, said Erueti.

The conflict had a devastating effect on the Pahari and still today it is estimated that more than 90,000 Pahari families remain internally displaced.

A Land Commission – set up under the Peace Accord to settle land ownership claims after the conflict – has yet to make a single ruling on a land dispute.

Thousands of Bengali settlers who have moved to the Chittagong Hill Tracts during and after the conflict have gradually occupied and encroached on traditional Pahari land, giving rise to renewed violent clashes. During the conflict, the settlers – mostly landless families from the plains districts – were encouraged to move to the Chittagong Hill Tracts with offers of land as part of a counter insurgency strategy.

Pahari tend to suffer disproportionately in the clashes, which have over recent years left hundreds of Pahari families homeless as their houses have been burned down in mob violence triggered by land disputes.

In February 2011, for example, a mob of some 200 Bengali settlers burned at least 23 Pahari homes in the Longadu after a Bengali settler accused the Pahari community of murdering his brother. Nobody has been held accountable for the attacks on the village.

The authorities have remained ineffectual throughout, failing to protect the Paharis’ right to security and their rights to traditional lands – as well as their livelihoods and way of life, which is inextricably linked to those lands.

Pahari women are especially negatively affected, as one Pahari woman told Amnesty International:

“We are now left with no land to do jum (farming) and grow crops, or forest to go to for collecting fuel wood, and fruit. Life has become very hard as we have [the] army at very close proximity and I feel very insecure even walking short distances. Our home has become an insecure unsafe place to live in. I’m now constantly worried about getting food for my family and security of my children.”

“For many Pahari Indigenous people, in particular in rural areas, their traditional lands are linked to not just their livelihood but also their very way of life. It is inconceivable that after 15 years the Land Commission set up to restore Pahari to their lands is not operational,” said Erueti.

Despite the 1997 peace accord promising to remove all temporary army camps from the Chittagong Hill Tracts, the region still remains Bangladesh’s most militarized with a substantial army presence. Many Pahari view the army as providing support for Bengali settlers’ continued occupation of Pahari land.

“This violence is likely to continue as long as these serious land disputes remain unresolved. It is also indicative of the Bangladeshi authorities’ failure to adequately protect Pahari people at risk, despite the huge security presence in the region,” said Erueti.

Amnesty International calls on the government of Bangladesh to respect its obligations under international human rights law, including the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the ILO Convention on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples No.107, and take concrete steps to return the Paharis’ traditional lands to them, with the effective participation of Pahari women and men in the process.

Amnesty International is also calling on political parties in the lead up to next year’s general elections to include the restoration of Pahari right to their traditional land in their election manifesto.

AI Index: PRE01/269/2013

Bangladesh: Pushed to the edge. Indigenous rights denied in Bangladesh’s Chittagong hill tracts

Download:

Updated List of New Reports and Publications Part 3

Working with Urban Refugees: A Handbook.
Produced by the Jesuit Refugee Service.[Download Full Report]

Pushed to the margins: Five stories of Roma forced evictions in Romania.
By Amnesty International.

Roma in Romania are being denied their right to adequate housing and subjected to continuing poverty, insecurity and social exclusion as a result. Despite Romania’s obligations to protect the right to adequate housing for all, Roma and others living in informal housing remain vulnerable to forced evictions and many experience eviction several times during their lives. This report examines the emotional and social impact of forced evictions on the lives of five Romani people, their families and communities, and the daily challenges they face in being denied an equal place in society.

[Download Full Report].
See also: Amnesty International Press Release – Romania: Thousands of lives uprooted in forced evictions.

Scapegoats of fear: Rights of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants abused in Libya
By Amnesty International.

The human rights of tens of thousands of foreign nationals, including many asylum-seekers and refugees, are being routinely violated by the government and various militias in Libya. Against a background of political instability and lawlessness, foreign nationals are being exploited, arrested and indefinitely detained pending deportation. This report shows that the government has failed to combat the growing xenophobia and racism that are fuelling the abuses and spreading baseless fears about foreign nationals, and has yet to implement an asylum system to protect those fleeing persecution.

[Download Full Report].
See also: Amnesty International Press Release – Libya: Refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants held indefinitely in deplorable conditions.

Repatriation: the politics of (re)-constructing and contesting Rwandan citizenship
RSC Working Paper Number 92
Authors: Kelly O’Connor
[Download Working Paper]

28 June 2012: Global Report on the UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture.
Produced by IRCT.
[Download Full Report]

Global and regional estimates of violence against women: prevalence and health effects
of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence.
Report by the World Health Organization.
[Download Full Report].

 

Re-Blog: Aid agencies turn blind eye to ‘catastrophe’ in Ethiopia 15 April 2013

Aid agencies turn blind eye to ‘catastrophe’ in Ethiopia 15 April 2013

© Survival.  Full Article via Aid agencies turn blind eye to ‘catastrophe’ in Ethiopia – Survival International.

Three new reports predict disaster in Lower Omo Valley

Three new reports predict 'catastrophe' for half a million tribal people such as the Mursi of Ethiopia's Lower Omo Valley.

Three new reports predict ‘catastrophe’ for half a million tribal people such as the Mursi of Ethiopia’s Lower Omo Valley.
© Survival

Three independent reports have warned that the controversial Gibe III dam, and land grabs for plantations, risk imminent ‘catastrophe’ in Ethiopia’s Lower Omo Valley.

Half a million tribal people in Ethiopia and Kenya stand to be overwhelmed by these projects, whose immediate suspension Survival International has demanded.

Lake Turkana and the Lower Omo – Hydrological Impacts of Major Dam and Irrigation Projects published by the Africa Studies Centre at Oxford University predicts the Ethiopian government’s Kuraz Sugar Project alone will cause Lake Turkana, the world’s largest desert lake, to drop by up to 22 meters. Much of the lake’s aquatic life will be destroyed, including fish stocks vital to the Turkana and other peoples living by the lake.

Bodi, Kwegu and Mursi tribespeople are now being forcibly evicted for the Kuraz project and moved into resettlement areas. Once here, they are told they must sell most of their herds and can only keep a few head of cattle. The Bodi have been told they will only get food aid when they have moved.

The Gibe III dam will stop the Omo River's natural flood, on which the tribes depend.

The Gibe III dam will stop the Omo River’s natural flood, on which the tribes depend.
© Survival

Humanitarian Catastrophe and Regional Armed Conflict Brewing in the Transborder Region of Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan published by the Africa Resources Working Group concludes that 200,000 tribal people in Ethiopia and 300,000 in Kenya will suffer irreversible impacts from the dam and plantations.

It warns that because the dam will cause the elimination of the Omo River’s natural flood, the river’s flow will be reduced by 60-70%, and the livelihoods of the tribes who live along its banks and in its plains will be devastated. It predicts ‘major inter-ethnic conflict’.

The Downstream Impacts of Ethiopia’s Gibe III Dam – East Africa’s Aral Sea in the Making? published by International Rivers  warns that the hydrological changes from the dam and associated irrigation for the plantations, which will use fertilizers, may lead to dead zones in the Omo River.

It says that the ‘destruction of livelihoods in the Lower Omo and the coercion necessary to appropriate their lands for plantation agriculture will severely disrupt the lives of an estimated 200,000-300,000  [tribal] people’. It calls for funding for the dam to be halted.

DFID and USAID, the UK and US governments’ aid departments, are the largest single donors to Ethiopia. Both have received numerous reports of human rights abuses in the Lower Omo.

When DFID officials visited Mursi and Bodi villages last year they were told about arrests, beatings, the destruction of grain stores, intimidation and rape.

When DFID officials visited Mursi and Bodi villages last year they were told about arrests, beatings, the destruction of grain stores, intimidation and rape.
© Survival

Prompted by Survival International and others, DFID sent officials to the Lower Omo to interview Mursi and Bodi villagers in January 2012. The officials were told about: arrests and beatings; the deliberate destruction of grain stores; of denied access to the Omo River; and of the widespread use of the military to intimidate people into giving up their land. There were also numerous accounts of rape.

DFID took nine months to prepare a ‘report’ of this visit, which concluded that a more detailed investigation would be required to ‘substantiate’ the allegations – since when it has done nothing.

DFID continues to fund Ethiopia’s ‘Protection of Basic Services’ program, without which the forced resettlement of thousands of tribal people probably could not be carried out.

Stephen Corry, Director of Survival International, said today, ‘UK money is bankrolling the destruction of some of the best-known pastoralist peoples in Africa. Taxpayers should be outraged, but they probably won’t be surprised. The UK government is renowned for only paying lip service to human rights obligations where tribal peoples are concerned. When it comes to human rights in Ethiopia, DFID’s many commitments are worthless – the department consistently ignores both its own policies and the laudable conventions it has signed up to.’

Note to editors:

Read the reports here:

Lake Turkana and the Lower Omo – Hydrological Impacts of Major Dam and Irrigation Projects by Dr Sean Avery published by the Africa Studies Centre at the University of Oxford
Humanitarian Catastrophe and Regional Armed Conflict Brewing in the Transborder Region of Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan by Dr Claudia J Carr of the University of California at Berkeley published by the Africa Resources Working Group
The Downstream Impacts of Ethiopia’s Gibe III Dam – East Africa’s Aral Sea in the Making? published by International Rivers

Updated List of New Reports and Publications Part 2

Missing in Lebanon: Report on the Needs of their Families.
A new report by the ICRC.

Decades later, the fate of thousands of people who went missing in connection with armed conflicts in Lebanon still haunts their families. The findings of a report by the ICRC showed that even many years after the disappearance, what families require primarily and most urgently is to know what happened to their missing relatives, a need that remains largely unmet.

[Download Full Report]

Case Digests: UN Committee on Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) 2004–12.
Open Society Justice Initiative
[Download Briefing Paper]

The Report of The Constitution Project’s Task Force on Detainee Treatment.
Produced by The Constitution Project’s Task Force on Detainee Treatment and available via the Open Society Justice Initiative
[Download Full Report]

Counting Civilian Casualties: An Introduction to Recording and Estimating Nonmilitary Deaths in Conflict.
Edited by Taylor B. Seybolt, Jay D. Aronson, and Baruch Fischhoff for Oxford University Press.
[Access]

Myth Buster: Migration, Displacement, and Climate Change.
By the UK Climate Change and Migration Coalition (et al).
[Download Full Report]

Cash Programme Review for IDPs in the Kabul Informal
Settlements,
Commissioned by the Danish Refugee Counci.
[Download Full Report]
The Disappearance in Sudan? Life in Khartoum for citizens without rights
By the International Refugee Rights Initiative.
[Download Full Report]
NORTH-WEST PAKISTAN: Massive new displacement and falling returns
require rights-based response.
Produced by the IDMC.
[Download Full Report]

Updated List of New Reports and Publications Part 1

Dilemmas in Peacebuilding Practice in the South Caucasus By International Alert. [Download Full Report]

4th Annual Report on Immigration and Asylum.
Produced by the European Commission.
[Download Full Report]

 

ACCORD: Pakistan – COI Compilation, June 2013
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/90_1371627314_accord-coi-compilation-pakistan-june-2013.pdf

Nations in Transit 2013 from Freedom House is available for 29 countries (some country reports still being in a draft version as of now) and covers democratisation and rule of law in 2012. The country reports are now added to ecoi.net and are available at the Freedom House website: http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/nations-transit/nations-transit-2013#tabs-0-bottom-2.

Global and Regional Estimates of Violence against Women
Produced by the World Health Organization

The report details the impact of violence on the physical and mental health of women and girls. This can range from broken bones to pregnancy-related complications, mental problems and impaired social functioning….

The report’s key findings on the health impacts of violence by an intimate partner were:

Death and injury – The study found that globally, 38% of all women who were murdered were murdered by their intimate partners, and 42% of women who have experienced physical or sexual violence at the hands of a partner had experienced injuries as a result.

Depression – Partner violence is a major contributor to women’s mental health problems, with women who have experienced partner violence being almost twice as likely to experience depression compared to women who have not experienced any violence.
Alcohol use problems – Women experiencing intimate partner violence are almost twice as likely as other women to have alcohol-use problems.

Sexually transmitted infections – Women who experience physical and/or sexual partner violence are 1.5 times more likely to acquire syphilis infection, chlamydia, or gonorrhoea. In some regions (including sub-Saharan Africa), they are 1.5 times more likely to acquire HIV.

Unwanted pregnancy and abortion – Both partner violence and non-partner sexual violence are associated with unwanted pregnancy; the report found that women experiencing physical and/or sexual partner violence are twice as likely to have an abortion than women who do not experience this violence.

Low birth-weight babies – Women who experience partner violence have a 16% greater chance of having a low birth-weight baby.
(Source: DocuBase)

[Download Full Report]

Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2013
Produced by the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction.
[Download Full Report]

UNHCR’s Mental Health and Psychosocial Support: For Persons of Concern: Global Report 2013.
Produced by UNHCR.
[Download Full Report]

 

New Regional Publication on Europe and the United Kingdom

New Regional Publications on Europe

FRA Annual Activity Report 2012.
Published by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights.

The founding regulation envisages that every year an annual report on activities has to be prepared and published.

[Download Full Report]

Fundamental rights: challenges and achievements in 2012.
Published by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights.

Against a backdrop of rising unemployment and increased deprivation, this FRA Annual report closely examines the situation of those, such as children, who are vulnerable to budget cuts, impacting important fields such as education, healthcare and social services. It looks at the discrimination that Roma continue to face and the mainstreaming of elements of extremist ideology in political and public discourse. It considers the impact the crises have had on the basic principle of the rule of law, as well as stepped up EU Member State efforts to ensure trust in justice systems.

[Download Full Report]

Fundamental rights at Europe’s southern sea borders.
Published by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights.

This FRA report examines the conditions at Europe’s southern sea borders with respect to the most fundamental rights of a person, the right to life and the right not to be sent back to torture, persecution or inhuman treatment. It looks at sea border surveillance and disembarkation procedures, as well as training and Frontex-coordinated operations. It examines practices across the EU Member States researched – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta and Spain.

[Download Full Report]

 

New Regional Publications on the United Kingdom

Report on an unannounced inspection of
HMP Lindholme
11–15 February 2013
by HM Chief Inspector of Prisons
[Download Full Report]

Secularism, Racism and the Politics of Belonging.
Edited by Nira Yuval-Davis and Phil Marfleet for The Runnymede Trust.
[Download Full Report]

 

Publications: Mixed Migration in Kenya

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.

The RMMS is pleased to share its latest publication, Migrant Migration in
Kenya. The report is the second, in a series of 9 research initiatives slated
to be published. The report documents the social economy and protection risks
associated with mixed migration flows involving Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea,
Kenya, Somalia (including Puntland), Somaliland and Yemen. It is a
compilation of most recent knowledge, data and analysis available of migrant
smuggling in the region.

It is hoped that the report will be used to increase the level of awareness
among relevant actors to advocate for the improvement in the protection and
assistance mechanisms being accorded to migrants in accordance with the human
rights values and further introduce durable solutions to migration linked
livelihood challenges.

The report is available on the publication section of our website. We have a
limited number of hard copies which can be circulated upon request on a first
come basis.

Mixed Migration in Kenya:
http://www.regionalmms.org/fileadmin/content/featured%20articles/series_bookl
ettwo.pdf

RMMS Research Initiatives: http://www.regionalmms.org/index.php?id=44
RMMS Publications: http://www.regionalmms.org/index.php?id=40