Monthly Archives: April 2013

New Journal Articles on Refugee Issues (weekly)

  • “This article assesses the economic role of refugee settlers in Australia. Refugee-humanitarian labour force participation rates are lower than for other migrant groups or the Australia-born. However, their labour market performance converges toward that of the Australia-born over time. Moreover, the second generation performs at a higher level. There are a number of significant impediments to participation including language, education, structural disadvantage and discrimination. Indeed, there is evidence of a significant refugee gap which can only be explained by discrimination. It is shown that refugees represent a significant stock of human capital that is not being fully realized. They suffer more than other groups through non-recognition and there is substantial “brain waste” with negative results for the economy and the migrants themselves. Finally, it is shown that refugee-humanitarian settlers show greater propensity to form their own business than other migrants and that risk-taking, entrepreneurialism and an ability to identify and take advantage of opportunities is a key characteristic of the group.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights has recently published her much anticipated report on strengthening the United Nations (UN) human rights treaty system. The latest in a series of initiatives launched by the UN over the years to improve the beleaguered treaty system, the report contains a series of recommendations aimed at improving the impact of the treaty system on rights-holders and duty-bearers at the national level. The proposals in the report are based on years of extensive consultations with key stakeholders in the treaty body system that were designed to intensify awareness of the current challenges facing the system as well as to stimulate suggestions for reform. This article considers in detail the potential of the High Commissioner’s proposals to tackle the problems in the system and their overall feasibility in the current political climate. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The proclamation of India’s ‘tryst with destiny’ in 1947 was hailed as a watershed in expanding the possibilities for liberation in the colonized world. This article will assess the changing roles of India in the decolonization process of one such colonized region—Africa. Central to the tales of Indo-African brotherhood that characterize writing on the topic stands one behemoth of the Indian independence movement, Mohandas Gandhi, who famously began his political career in South Africa. In India, this experience was rightfully woven into the broader hagiography of his fight for equality and philosophical transformation into the ‘Mahatma’. In so doing, however, certain anachronistic celebrations of his commitment to African rights have on occasion formed part of the India-Africa narrative.

    It should not be forgotten that the young lawyer was specifically concerned with Indian rights in Transvaal and Natal, as well as the liminal place of South Africa’s Indians within burgeoning concepts of Indian nationhood.2 Indeed, the special position of his infamous night at Pietermaritzburg station in 1893 within the story of satyagraha arguably masks the opinions of the young man on Africans and racial hierarchy. Nevertheless, as in India, so too in Africa did the heroism of the Mahatma live on during the heady days of the freedom struggle. Thus, while many African commentators understandably did not draw directly on Gandhi’s specific African experiences in discussion of Indian roles in African liberation, leaders such as Kwame Nkrumah did pay hearty tribute to the influence of Gandhism on their own protest.3″

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Why have some democracies made considerable progress in prosecuting dictatorship-era human rights violations or in publicly exposing the truth about repression while others still have amnesty laws that prevent, or at least hinder, even the judicial review of such abuses? This article compares Spain, Chile and Argentina to understand the impact of their contrasting histories of repression on how they have dealt with their violent pasts. I assess whether a greater degree of legal repression and direct judicial involvement in repression explains why there is more resistance to prosecuting those responsible for human rights violations, establishing truth commissions or annulling the political sentences of the past during democratization. Once democracy has been consolidated, different dynamics may emerge, but this history of judicial complicity has proved to be a key factor in understanding the continuous lack of judicial accountability in Spain. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Persistent immigration towards industrialized countries has challenged traditional conceptions of citizenship. In Germany, immigration has visibly changed the ethic fabric of the national football team, which is one of the few national post-war icons. Although some commentators consider the team to be a role model for successful integration of immigrants, unanimous approval of a multi-ethnic team would be surprising, given substantial xenophobic tendencies in Germany. Therefore, by analysing regional TV ratings, we examine consumer discrimination against the presence of ethnic out-group players in the national football team and explore how such discrimination relates to discriminatory attitudes. We find some but limited evidence for consumer discrimination but also for a trend towards a ‘taste for diversity’, suggesting that the audience gets used to a multi-ethnic team. While identity politics seems to be important for sport consumption, the links between sport, identity, consumer discrimination, and discriminatory attitudes seem more complex than initially assumed. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “In this contribution, we aim to develop an understanding of the behavioural manifestations of nationalism. Building on social identity theory and ethnic competition theory, we examine to what extent nationalist attitudes and perceived cultural ethnic threat are related to domestic music listening, participating in national celebrations and commemorations and voting for far right parties. We use data from the Social and Cultural Developments in The Netherlands surveys (SOCON, wave 2007). We find that the stronger one’s nationalist attitudes and perceived cultural ethnic threat, the more likely one is to listen to domestic music. With regard to participation in national celebrations and commemorations, only nationalist attitudes have a positive effect, which seems to be mainly driven by feelings of national pride. With respect to voting for far right parties, perceived cultural ethnic threat is most important, whereas nationalist attitudes hardly affect far right voting. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Although home is central to any understanding of displacement, the concept has not been explored as fully as possible in forced migration literature. This may be due, at least in part, to the pervasive logic of the nation-state, which views migrants as a threat to the national and ‘natural’ order. Viewing refugees as a problem to be solved or ignored, as objects rather than subjects, leads to a preoccupation with determining their belonging to a “home” or “host” nation in order to normalise them. However, such Othering rhetoric denies the agency of individual refugees, at the same time as ignoring the complexity and diversity of the meaning of home, especially for those who have experienced displacement. This article moves beyond a “here” or “there” dichotomy to explore the lived experience of home for Cypriots living in protracted exile in London, since political unrest and partition forced them to leave Cyprus in the 1960s and 1970s. The article proposes one possible way of understanding the multi-faceted and often contradictory meaning of home by focusing on four key themes – the spatial, temporal, material and relational home – both before and during exile. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article examines transitional justice in the age of the French Revolution. It argues that the democratizing thrust of the Revolution gave rise to new moral and political dilemmas around accountability and shows how French society faced these dilemmas in the aftermath of the Reign of Terror, an episode of massive repression and violence. In this sense, the article makes a case for a broader view of the history of transitional justice and, indeed, for the inclusion of historians in ongoing debates in the field. In making its case, the article draws on primary sources as well as on the extensive secondary literature on the French Revolution.1”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article argues in favour of theorizing transitional justice in established democracies. Using a New Zealand example, the article employs liberal theory to develop a legitimating account of transitional justice. This account not only offers ways of replying to those who critique the transitional justice aspirations of established democracies but also constitutes a response to those who argue against the coherence of transitional justice as a theory. Although transregime legitimation is certainly not transitional justice’s only role, it is an important function and provides resources for a unified political theory of transitional justice. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “To most women’s rights academics and practitioners, the need to analyse and give weight to the various gender dimensions of any conflict and postconflict context is obvious. Yet, even more recent developments, such as International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecutions, have demonstrated an inability to make substantial progress in addressing gender-based crimes. A growing body of literature over the past decade, and particularly the past five years, has analysed this trend in international law and directed staunch criticisms at the failure of transitional justice to adequately take into account gender and violations of women’s rights in all their forms.

    As has been witnessed globally, gender-based violence is frequently an element of conflict. Impunity is pervasive and women often lack access to justice to address such crimes. While UN Security Council Resolutions 1325, 1820, 1888, 1889 and 1960 on women, peace and security and sexual violence in conflict have helped to garner global commitment to ending violence against women and ensuring women’s participation in postconflict processes, criminal courts have had limited success in prosecuting the many violations of women’s rights that take place in times of conflict.

    Moreover, much of the global discourse on postconflict justice has focused on crimes against women that are of a sexual nature. Even the jurisprudence that emerged from the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia, which has been heralded for redefining how sexual violence is categorized and prosecuted under international law, ignores the many distinct gender-based violations that do not fit the sexual violence victim archetype.1 Furthermore, interventions are often timebound. They fail to step adequately beyond the immediate postconflict period and to support essential long-term social and cultural change that would help to challenge norms around masculinities (and machismo) and femininities (and the ‘inviolability’ of women’s bodies) and to help create … “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • tags: newjournalarticles

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Statistics: Evidence presented on Migration Statistics to the Public Administration Select Committee

The following information has recently been circulated via the Migration Statistics User Forum Jiscmail discussion list*.

The Public Administration Select Committee (PASC) is examining the topic of migration statistics, as part of a programme of work on statistics and their use in government.  The written and oral evidence which was  presented to the committee has now been made available for download from the Migration Statistics section of the PASC website, available here.

Details include both written and oral evidence as outlined below:

The Committee is undertaking a programme of work on statistics and their use in government by means of a series of ten studies. One of these studies looks at migration statistics.

Written Evidence

Issues and questions paper

Written evidence (PDF PDF 796 KB)Opens in a new window

Oral Evidence

24 April 2013

Witnesses: Dr Scott Blinder, Director, The Migration Observatory, Councillor Philippa Roe, Leader, Westminster City Council, and Professor John Salt, Co-Director, Migration Research Unit, University College London

Jon Simmons and Chris Kershaw, Home Office, Guy Goodwin and Ben Humberstone, Office for National Statistics.

Further background information can be found here:-  PASC to take evidence on Migration statistics.  On this page, the purpose of the inquiry is outlined as being:

The purpose of the inquiry: to assess the quality of migration statistics produced by the Office for National Statistics and the Home Office. Are they sufficiently accurate, detailed, meaningful and timely for the purposes to which they are put? The Committee will take evidence from three users of official migration statistics, who can describe the statistics’ current strengths and weaknesses as well as those aspects of the statistics they would like to see improve. The second part of the session will give Committee the opportunity to question the producers of migration statistics, who can talk about recent developments in the production of migration statistics and options for their improvement in future.

* The Migration Statistics User Forum Jiscmail discussion list is available to join here and aims to:

This is a forum for discussion of migration statistics that allows users to discuss their need for and use of the data and for producers to consult on presentation and changes. The main focus will be on figures for the United Kingdom, but this would not exclude discussion of migration statistics for other countries. In order to meet these objectives, members are encouraged to post discussions, respond to other users as appropriate and post their own proposals and publications.


RSC Short Course – Palestine Refugees and International Law 13-14 September 2013

Palestine Refugees and International Law 13-14 September 2013

Venue – The British Institute, 102 Uhod Street, Tia’Al-Ali, Amman, Jordan

This two-day, non-residential short course places the Palestine refugee case study within the broader context of the international human rights regime.  It examines, within a human rights framework, the policies and practices of Middle Eastern states as they impinge upon Palestinian refugees. Through a mix of lectures, working group exercises and interactive sessions, participants engage actively and critically with the contemporary debates in international law and analyse the specific context of Palestinian refugees in the Middle East (Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the West Bank and Gaza).

The workshop commences with the background of the Palestinian refugee crisis, with special attention to the socio- political historical context and legal status of Palestinian refugees in the region. This is followed by a careful examination of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights including its philosophical underpinnings and ensuing human rights instruments in international law. The key themes, which have taken centre stage in the debate on the Palestinian refugee crisis, are statelessness, right of return, repatriation, self-determination, restitution compensation and protection. These themes are critically examined along with current discussions about the respective roles of UNRWA, UNHCR and the UNCCP in the Palestinian refugee case.


Professor Dawn Chatty is University Professor in Anthropology and Forced Migration and Director of the Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford. She is a social anthropologist and has conducted extensive research among Palestinian and other forced migrants in the Middle East.  Some of her recent works include Children of Palestine: Experiencing Forced Migration in the Middle East (ed. with Gillian Lewando-Hundt), Berghahn Press, 2005, and Dispossession and Displacement in the Modern Middle East, Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Dr Susan M. Akram is Clinical Professor at Boston University School of Law, teaching immigration law, comparative refugee law, and international human rights law  She is a graduate of Georgetown University Law Center, Washington DC (JD), and the Institut International des Droits de l‘Homme, Strasbourg (Diploma in international human rights). She is a past Fulbright Senior Scholar in Palestine, teaching at Al-Quds University/Palestine School of Law in East Jerusalem

Maximum twenty-five places on the workshop.

Fee rate £350. The fee includes tuition, lunches, tea/coffee breaks, and course materials.

To apply online

For further information contact: Heidi El-Megrisi,
Tel +44 (0)1865 281728


Event: Oral Labour Histories: Britain at Work 1945-95 : symposium Saturday 11 May 2013

Oral Labour Histories: Britain at Work 1945-95

Britain at Work (B@W) in association with:

British Universities Industrial Relations (BUIRA) IR History Group and

Oral History Society (OHS)


Saturday 11 May 2013

The Goss Room, Bishopsgate Institute, 230 Bishopsgate (nearest tube: Liverpool Street) Click on this hyperlink for full location details:

Once again Britain at Work(B@W) is organising an Oral Labour History Day at the Bishopsgate Institute in London, this time on Saturday 11 May. It will be similar to the one organised in March 2012, but with an afternoon theme focusing on migrant workers and their experiences in the UK. B@W is an initiative to capture the memories of people at work between 1945-1995. Working life as experienced during the half-century 1945-1995 was marked by extreme diversity and change and by the growth of trade union organisation and influence to a high point in the mid-1970s. The trade union movement injected a strong democratic current into British workplaces, to which management responded in different ways, as evident from the significant conflicts between unions and employers, associated with the problems of technological change, de-industrialisation and new union legislation. The main theme this year is migrant workers, in particular Irish and Black workers and those involved in the NHS. The day will, however, begin with round table introductions on the projects in which different participants are involved and their interest in oral labour history. Following lunch, the afternoon will focus on migrant workers, and the day will conclude with the showing of Philip Donnellan’s 1965 film The Irishmen. All those engaged in or with an interest in oral labour history are welcome to participate. If you would like to attend, please contact Michael Gold (  or Linda Clarke (

For further information about the Britain at Work programme see our website at


Coffee/ tea 10.30am

11.00am: Welcome and introduction: Stefan Dickers, Bishopsgate Institute

11.15 – 11.45 Opening address: Dr Sundari Anitha, University of Lincoln on ‘Asian Women’s experiences in the Grunwick Dispute: recording and disseminating oral history’ with accompanying exhibition

11.45 – 12.00 Michael Gold – Oral History with a Purpose – Oral Labour History, followed by:

12.00 – 1.00pm B@W updates: Round table introductions:

Five minutes from everyone (if they wish), saying who they are, the project(s) they are involved in and their interest in oral labour history

Lunch 1.00-1.40pm

Presentations and panel discussions (in plenaries)

1.40-2.30         Irish migrant workers –led by Linda Clarke and Christine Wall, with Sara Goek

2.30-3.15         Black workers in London – led by Wilf Sullivan (TUC), with Glenroy Watson (RMT)

3.15-3.30         Break

3.30-4.15         Creating the NHS – led by Joanna Bornat (OHS) – Asian doctors, Irish workers

4.15-4.30         Conclusions

4.30 – 5.30      Film showing: Philip Donnellan’s The Irishmen (1965)


New Regional Publications on Europe and Thematic Publications on Assistance and Protection in Urban Areas

Details of these new publications were originally circulated by Elisa Mason on the incredibly useful: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog.  Further details can be found on the website at:

New Publications on Europe

The Forgotten Victims of the Nagorno Karabakh Conflict (Refugees International Blog, April 2013) [text]

The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Country Update, 1 January-31 March 2013 (UNHCR, April 2013) [text]

Greece Must Curb Hate Crime and Combat Impunity (Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, April 2013) [text]
– Report includes recommendations regarding addressing shortcomings in Greek asylum law and practice.

Home Affairs Select Committee Inquiry on Asylum: Submission of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR, April 2013) [text]

Into the Fire [access via PICUM]
– Documentary about mistreatment of refugees and migrants in Greece.

A Question of Credibility: Why so Many Initial Asylum Decisions Are Overturned on Appeal in the UK (Amnesty International & Still Human Still Here, April 2013) [text]
– See also related Huffington Post comment.

UNHCR Comments and Recommendations on the Draft Modification of Certain Migration-Related Legislative Acts for the Purpose of Legal Harmonisation (UNHCR, April 2013) [text]

New Publications on Assistance and Protection in Urban Areas

A study on The Implementation of UNHCR’s Policy on Refugee Protection and Solutions in Urban Areas has just been released.  Its findings are “based on a detailed survey that was sent to the agency’s 24 programs with urban refugee programs that numbered more than 5,000 according to UNHCR’s 2011 statistics. The survey sought to gauge the rate of implementation for each of the 24 UNHCR operations against the twelve protection strategies set forth in the policy. By doing this we hoped to provide a baseline for future implementation measurements, and, to identify good practices and specific challenges concerning urban refugees.”

Other recent publications include:

Accessing Services in the City: The Significance of Urban Refugee-Host Relations in Cameroon, Indonesia and Pakistan (Church World Service, Feb. 2013) [text]

Adapting to Urban Displacement: The Use of Cash Transfers in Urban Areas, Thesis (Sciences Po Grenoble, Sept. 2012) [text]

Understanding the Nature and Scale of Urban Risk in Low- and Middle-income Countries and its Implications for Humanitarian Preparedness, Planning and Response (IIED, March 2013) [text]

Re-blog: Parliamentary inquiry into asylum: our evidence

From the Refugee Council:

Parliamentary inquiry into asylum: our evidence

24 Apr 2013

The Refugee Council has submitted evidence to the Home Affairs Select Committee, which launched an inquiry into the asylum system in February for the first time in ten years. The evidence has been published on the Committee’s website this week, alongside 98 other submissions from organisations and individuals. The Committee has now begun hearing evidence from key stakeholders, such as the Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration.

The aim of the inquiry is to look at, among other things, the effectiveness of the screening process for asylum applicants including the Detained Fast Track, the assessment of credibility of vulnerable asylum seekers, whether support to asylum seekers is sufficient and effective, the prevalence of destitution, and whether the media is balanced in their reporting of asylum issues.

The Refugee Council’s Advocacy team drew evidence from across the organisation to highlight the issues our clients regularly face. Our evidence includes:

How the dispersal of pregnant women in the asylum system puts their health at serious risk

Living on Section 4 support, including how the cashless system poses risks to pregnant women

Gaps in receiving asylum support and destitution as a result

Obstacles people experience in finding support, housing and employment after being granted refugee status

Problems for refugees applying for travel documents due to the new Biometric Residence Permits

The disproportionate and discriminatory nature of some reporting of asylum and refugee issues in the media.

Read our submission here, or to read all the evidence submitted to the Committee, click here.

Original News Story via Parliamentary inquiry into asylum: our evidence.

Urban Refugees of Kenya Await their Fate: Updates on the High Court Case

Refugee Work Rights

For many refugees residing in the urban regions of Kenya, business cannot be run as usual. As the High Court case of Kituo Cha Sheria v. Attorney General remains underway, members from the urban refugee community in Nairobi reported to Asylum Access that they fear participating in society as usual while their right to work and move freely outside refugee camps hang in the balance.

As previously reported by Asylum Access, the Kenyan government issued a directive in late 2012 and again in early 2013 to force all urban refugees to relocate to the already overcrowded refugee camps of Dadaab and Kakuma. Reports from human rights organizations emerged soon after the directive’s announcement, stating that as a result of the policies, refugees in Kenya’s urban centers, particularly those in Somali enclaves, had been subjected to a wide range of abuses, including police harassment, violence, discrimination, bribery and arbitrary detention. Local…

View original post 427 more words

UN Human Rights Chief: Speech laws must strike balance

Fifth release of colonial administration records | The National Archives

News release from The National Archives:

We are working with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) to transfer and begin releasing colonial administration records, referred to as the ‘migrated archives’ between April 2012 and November 2013. This is in accordance with FCO’s published timeline on GOV.UK

The fifth tranche will be made available in the reading rooms at The National Archives from Friday 26 April 2013. The collection forms record series FCO 141: Foreign and Commonwealth Office and predecessors: Records of Former Colonial Administrations: Migrated Archives.

What the records contain

This release will contain records from Ceylon, Kenya, Malta, Mauritius, New Hebrides, Nigeria, Northern Rhodesia, Nyasaland, Palestine, Sierra Leone and Singapore.

The records cover a wide range of subject matter relating to colonial administration. The material reflects events in the territories generally pre-independence and the views of Her Majesty’s Government at that time.

Using the records

A guide to the fifth tranche of files will be published on our website on Friday 26 April 2013, and will provide more information on how to search the records.

For up to date information about the records and ongoing release, go to our colonial administration records page.

via Fifth release of colonial administration records | The National Archives.

Updated List of Current Events and Opportunities

Details of these new events and opportunities were originally circulated by Elisa Mason on the incredibly useful: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog.  Further details can be found on the website at:

Opportunities and Risk: Enacting Socio-cultural Transformation in Refugee Camps in Uganda, Oxford, 24 April 2013 [info]
– First seminar in new Trinity Term series.

A Future without Immigration Detention?, London, 26-27 April 2013 [info]

Vacancy: Head of the Policy & Research Department, Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre [info]
– Apply for this Geneva-based position by 29 April 2013.

Center for Forced Migration Studies’ Summer Institute: “The Refugee Status Determination Process,” Evanston, IL, 2-9 June 2013 [info]
– Schedule is now available; register by 2 May 2013 for reduced rate.

Vacancy: Part-time Communications Assistant, Refugee Studies Centre [info]
– Apply by 9 May 2013 for this job in Oxford.

Summer Short Courses, Cairo, 2-27 June 2013 [info]
– Four courses are being offered – International Refugee Law; From Arab Winter to Arab Spring: Refugee and Migration Movements in the Middle East and North Africa; Addressing Global Trends: Psychosocial and Mental Health Interventions for Refugees Living the Urban Context; and International Migration and the State System – with various application deadlines ranging from 10 May to 22 May 2013.  Follow the link for more details.

CFP: Journal of Internal Displacement [info]
– Special issue on “Forced Migration and Displacement in Somalia and Somali Inhabited Territories”; submission deadline extended to 15 May 2013.

FY 2013 Funding Opportunity Announcement for NGO Programs Benefiting Colombian Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in FY 2013 [info]
– Proposal submission deadline is 16 May 2013.

FY 2013 Funding Opportunity Announcement for NGO Programs Benefiting Burmese Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Thailand and Malaysia [info]
– Proposal submission deadline is 21 May 2013.

Regional Protection Programmes: An Effective Policy Tool?, Brussels, 30 May 2013 [info]
– While an agenda is not yet available, registration is open for this event.

The Politics of Detention, York, UK, 1 July 2013 [info]


Course: Master in Migration and Global Interdepedence at Leiden University

Leiden University (undisputed top university in the Netherlands) is offering a master in Migration and Global Interdependence

Migration, integration, discrimination, urbanisation, citizenship, social cohesion, civil society, global interactions and economic crises:

all these are currently major topics of political and public debate.

They are the issues around which the Migration and Global Interdependence specialisation centres.

These topics are the focus of current political and public debate, but the historical and geographical comparative dimension is often missing.

Our MA specialisation will train you to approach these exciting themes from an academic perspective. To gain a deep understanding of these phenomena, you will focus on changes and continuities from the 16th century to the 20th century. Our approach is interdisciplinary; we apply and adapt theories from sociology, anthropology, political science, criminology and economics. Within this methodology you will learn the importance of paying systematic attention to differences based on gender, class, ethnicity and religion.


What characterises our unique programme is not only our approach, but also our preference for working with a wide variety of sources. You will work with diaries, newspapers, parliamentary papers, population registers, interviews, novels, photos and films, statistics, and business archives. This enables you to enhance your skills to work creatively and innovatively.

Moving and staying

Within our programme we look at the movement of people, goods, services, capital, and ideas. All these migrations and movements engendered change, for those who moved and for those who stayed. You will study the impact of connections, and changes within them, on cultures, state formation, economies and societies. We can do this at an individual level (migrants, citizens) or at a collective level (towns, nations, trade networks, organisations, EU, multinationals).

Borders, rules and institutions

Given the central theme of movement in this specialisation, we study means and restrictions, which can be demographic, physical, spatial, political, institutional, legal, technical, financial, and imagined or mental. For instance, in the Early Modern period the boundaries of cities were often more important than national borders. When later citizenship was transplanted from town to nation, the ideal of citizenship was bureaucratised, which had an effect on the way citizens were involved in civil services and civil society.

We saw large numbers of people crossings borders in the twentieth century, but the reverse was also true: borders moved across people when states and colonies lost existence or were created. Given that the influence of the European Union extends beyond the geo-political borders of Europe, the EU and other supranational bodies have in some respects made national borders less important.


Help for NHS staff to spot and support trafficking victims – Press releases – Inside Government – GOV.UK

Press release:

Help for NHS staff to spot and support trafficking victims

Department of Health

18 April 2013

More victims of human trafficking will be identified thanks to new training and advice launched today by Public Health Minister Anna Soubry.

Help for NHS staff to spot and support trafficking victims

More victims of human trafficking will be identified thanks to new training and advice launched today by Public Health Minister Anna Soubry.

The new tools are designed to make it easier for NHS staff to spot and give help to people who have been illegally trafficked and are available to healthcare workers across the country.

Last year, 1,186 potential victims of trafficking were identified through the UK’s victim support framework the National Referral Mechanism. This is an increase of 25 per cent compared to 2011 – but due to difficulties in recognising victims it is likely many more could be saved.

Victims of human trafficking can be men, women or children, who are often brought from abroad against their will. Most are then forced to work or are sexually exploited. Foreign nationals make up the majority of those who are trafficked but UK residents can also be trafficked around the country and abroad.

As a result of these tools, doctors, nurses and other health workers will be better equipped to spot the signs of trafficking and will know what to do if they think a patient might be a victim. Telltale signs could include someone who is afraid to speak to a doctor or nurse, or reluctant to explain how an injury occurred. A victim may also be vague when explaining where they live, work or go to school or be with someone who insists on speaking for them.

Read the full press release via Help for NHS staff to spot and support trafficking victims – Press releases – Inside Government – GOV.UK.

IPS – Inter Press Service News Agency » Blog Archive » Youth video competition on migration, diversity and social inclusion

Youth video competition on migration, diversity and social inclusion

IPS – Inter Press Service News Agency » Blog Archive » Youth video competition on migration, diversity and social inclusion

pluralThe United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), two longstanding IPS partners, invite the world’s youth to submit original and creative videos about migration, diversity or social inclusion to the PLURAL + competition. Young people up to 25 years of age can submit their videos until 30 June 2013.

Visit the PLURAL + website for more details about the competition and how to enter.

Get inspired by reading IPS stories from around the world about how Civilisations Find Alliances and Migration.

Further Information via IPS – Inter Press Service News Agency » Blog Archive » Youth video competition on migration, diversity and social inclusion.

Call for Papers: Transformations of border control: The politics of (im)mobility in times of crisis

We are currently accepting abstracts for our proposed workshop “Transformations of border control: The politics of (im)mobility in times of crisis”, to be organised across three workshop sessions at the 10th Annual IMISCOE Conference, 26-27 August, 2013.

The proposed IMISCOE three-session workshop will focus on the border itself as a locus of control, the control of border crossings (whether at the border or elsewhere) and recent transformations of border control, analysing these issues in the context of a perceived “crisis” of irregular immigration in comparison with the realities on the ground.

In doing so, the workshop will probe into the various contradictions of contemporary border management, including the contradiction between the stated objective to facilitate “legitimate travel” versus the objective to maintain absolute control about in- and, to a lesser extent, outflows; the contradictions emerging from the increasing shift towards risk analysis based and random selective control philosophies and the persistence of traditional control logics; and the contradictions emerging from the increasing use of human rights language by control actors and the exclusion of important aspects of control from the applicability of  (enforceable) human rights.

A second line of enquiry will focus on new and emerging modes of border control, often linked to technologies of surveillance and large-scale ICT based systems and technological fantasies suggesting that technological solutions will help to overcome inherent contradictions of border control and surveillance.

A third line of enquiry will focus on the wide range of pre-border controls established to filter out “undesirable aliens” from “bona fide” travellers before actually reaching the physical border.

Submissions from a wide range of disciplinary backgrounds and theoretical perspectives are encouraged.

Please send paper abstracts of 300 words or less (along with name, contact information and affiliation) to the workshop organisers Albert Kraler (<>), Maegan Hendow (<>) and Ferruccio Pastore

(<>) by 15 May, 2013. Selected panellists will also be eligible for funding for travel to the conference; if such funding is needed, please also send a brief reasoning for the request.

Selected panellists will be informed of the selection decision by 7 June 2013 at the latest, and expected to submit their full paper by 15 August, 2013.

The full workshop description can be found under

ions_of_border_control_full_description.pdf, a pdf version of the call for paper is available under

PERS.pdf. For practical information and the provisional programme of the 10th Annual IMISCOE Conference see


Events: SOAS Bhutanese Refugee Re-settlement Workshop, 22-23 May 2013

Bhutanese Refugee Re-settlement Workshop


Date: 22 May 2013Time: 9:30 AM

Finishes: 23 May 2013Time: 6:00 PM

Venue: Russell Square: College Buildings Room: B111 and L67

Type of Event: Workshop

In the early 1990s, approximately 100,000 ethnic Nepalis left their homes in southern Bhutan and migrated to UNHCR-administered refugee camps in Nepal. 20 years later, none had been repatriated to Bhutan but more than half had accepted offers of resettlement in third countries. The process of third country resettlement is now well advanced, with 60,000 resettled in a large number of scattered locations across the USA and smaller numbers in Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway and the UK.

Against this background, a workshop on issues and experiences of Bhutanese refugee resettlement is being held on 22nd and 23rd May at SOAS, University of London. The workshop will bring together researchers from across the globe working on different aspects of the re-settlement process and provide a platform to develop themes for future research, share ideas and explore the potential for working collaboratively.

A full draft programme and further information can be found via the following link:

CSAS Workshop – 22.05.13 and 23.05.13.