Monthly Archives: December 2012

New Journal Articles on Refugee Issues (weekly)

  • “The European Union is currently in the process of revising the central directives that make up European Union refugee law, a project that will touch on almost every aspect of seeking asylum in Europe. This article will focus on the implementation of one doctrine, the internal protection or internal flight alternative, under the recently recast Qualification Directive. The article will first examine the application of the internal protection alternative, based on the text of the 1951 Convention, and UNHCR and academic commentary. Following this examination, the article will critique the recast Qualification Directive, concluding that, by effectively providing two alternative standards for IPA, it is unlikely to result in greater harmonization in Europe, and that both standards are problematic from the perspective of international law. Despite these shortcomings, recent European Court of Justice jurisprudence has clarified and improved previous interpretations of EU asylum law.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Antonio Cassese’s vision for the future of the international human rights and criminal justice regimes relied critically upon the availability of reliable and systematic sources of information about alleged violations, to be provided primarily by the major international human rights NGOs. But the reality is that the existing system is problematically fragmented, hierarchical, non-collaborative, and excessively shaped by organizational self-interest. The politics of information suggests that, in the absence of significant pressure for change, the major INGOs will continue to adopt a proprietorial rather than a communal approach to reported data. We argue that while new information and communications technologies have already demonstrated their potential to transform the existing human rights regime, there is a compelling case to be made for establishing a comprehensive reporting website, open to local actors as well as the international community, and equipped with a collaborative online editing tool that would begin to resemble a human rights version of the Wikipedia. The article explores the many advantages of a human rights wiki, and notes the range of choices that would need to be made in order to shape the structure, and modes of organization and management of such an initiative.”

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  • “A total of 44 state refugee health coordinators returned a survey assessing mental health screening practices and barriers to screening. Results show that less than half the states ask refugees about a history of war trauma or torture. Of the 25 states that provide mental health screening, 17 (70.8%) utilize informal conversation rather than standardized measures. Screening practices are highly associated with the number of refugees and community discretionary grants and with the presence of a Services for Survivors of Torture Program. Refugee health coordinators identified the need for short, culturally appropriate mental health screening tools to identify refugees who need assessment and treatment services.”

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  • “This article focuses on the experience of unaccompanied minor asylum seekers who recently traveled to Malta and who aspired to journey on from there to mainland Europe. It is a phenomenological study of people who are on the move and in transition, and adopts a qualitative ethnographic-style research design. The analysis combines grounded theory and discourse analysis to explore how language served to frame these young people’s ideas of themselves, their travels, and their lives. It suggests a core theory of how their definition and understanding of their African origins offers them stability despite the uncertainties that they encounter.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Homophobia and heterosexism are ubiquitous in Canadian society. They contribute to significant health and mental health disparities for lesbian, gay and bisexual youth and their families. Anti-homophobia efforts tend to focus on students and teachers at school. While these efforts are important, they do not reach parents, who play an important role in shaping young people’s attitudes towards gender and sexuality. To eliminate bullying and victimisation associated with homophobia at school and in the community, concerted efforts are urgently needed to mobilise parents to become champions against homophobia and heterosexism. In this paper, we report on our use of storytelling and critical dialogue to engage a group of Hong Kong Chinese immigrant parents in Toronto to interrogate their values and assumptions about homosexuality. In particular, we illustrate how we use storytelling to create a liminal space whereby the narrators and listeners collaborate to create counter-discourses that challenge social domination and exclusion. We then discuss the implications of using a critical dialogical approach to integrate anti-homophobia efforts in community parenting programmes.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The present study seeks to assess the differences and similarities in a set of consumer traits such as physical vanity–concern and view, fashion innovativeness, and media orientations across three populations: (1) residents of India (n = 184), (2) first-generation immigrants to the United States from India (n = 55), and (3) native-born residents of the United States (n = 215). The results suggest that certain attributes of the immigrants follow traditional notions of acculturation. However, evidence was also found suggesting overacculturation and hyperidentification of Indian immigrants, as well as unique attributes of the immigrants. Implications for marketers are also discussed.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This study investigates employment and health outcomes in Iraqi refugees compared to Iraqi immigrants. We surveyed 148 Iraqi professional refugees and 111 Iraqi professional immigrants residing in the United States. We hypothesized that Iraqi refugees would report lower employment and worse self-rated health as compared to Iraqi immigrants. Logistic regression was used to test various models. Results showed that more immigrants were employed, as well as employed in their original profession as compared to refugees. Regardless of immigration status, participants’ age and the way they rated their job played a larger role in health. The study is the first to demonstrate that, controlling for professional, ethnic, and cultural background, there are unknown mechanisms resulting in lower employment and skilled employment in refugees as compared to matched immigrant controls. Furthermore, satisfaction with the new work appears more important than employment, per se.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article links motorbike use with the work and living conditions of young migrant women in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) to highlight an example of the social and economic consequences of migration-assisted economic development in Southeast Asia. It traces a woman’s life from her teenage years in the market of a small seaside town in Vietnam to her purchase of a motorbike, migration to HCMC, move into a rooming house, and work in a major department store as a cosmetics saleswoman. The reflections on urban life by the woman and her roommates lead the author to consider the notion that the condition of the unregistered and temporary migrant is like that of the unrequited wandering ghosts (co hon), which are said to invisibly roam the city’s streets. While the author details the political economy of marginalization that situates the migrant saleswoman, he also shows how she struggles within it to constitute herself over time rather than in the present and to free herself from abstraction-producing social categories, both old and new. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article focuses on child health in the Palestinian refugee camp of Dheisheh in the West Bank region of the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Thirty in-depth interviews were carried out with parents to determine their perceptions of their children’s health. The questions related to physical, mental and social well-being, access to health facilities, factors that were likely to hinder health and measures that could be implemented to improve child health. The study was carried out prior to and during the Gaza War in December 2008 that resulted in the deaths of 1380 Palestinians including 431 children and 112 women [1]. The effects of occupation, conflict and being a refugee had a detrimental impact on perceptions of health. Interviewees revealed that their perceptions of their children’s health were determined by the camp’s conditions, the current economic climate, past and current political conflict and financial and social restrictions. The understanding of being healthy incorporated physical and mental health as well as social well-being. As a result, 70% of interviewees deemed that their children were not in good health. This finding accelerated to 100% after the Gaza War, showing the negative effect war has on health perceptions. Findings showed that perceptions of physical health are very much interlinked with mental well-being and parents’ perceptions of their children’s health, and are closely related to their state of mental health. Consequently, a clear correlation can be discerned between the ongoing occupation and its detrimental effects on mental health. Therapeutic and preventive health programmes such as child therapy and stress management that have already been implemented by the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme would be highly beneficial to both children and adults in Dheisheh refugee camp.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Keywords:

    Immigration Detention;
    Immigration Policy;
    United Kingdom;
    British Politics;
    United Kingdom History;
    Immigration Politics;
    Normative Theory;

    This article explores both the official history of immigration detention in the United Kingdom as well as a lesser-known narrative of challenges to the practice. After outlining the legislative development of the U.K. detention estate, the study uses original research to demonstrate that Parliament, the courts, and civil society have historically been the sites of disagreement with both the supposedly benign nature of immigration detention as well as its promulgation as an ancillary tool to immigration control. The article also employs explanatory and normative theories to make sense of the continuing expansion of immigration detention across liberal states despite the moral outcry. The primary finding is that the U.K. government’s attempts to normalize immigration detention have not been wholly successful.

    Related Articles

    Jenkins-Smith, Hank C., and Kerry G. Herron. 2009. “Rock and a Hard Place: Public Willingness to Trade Civil Rights and Liberties for Greater Security.” Politics & Policy 37 (5): 1095-1129. Sabia, Debra. 2010. “The Anti-Immigrant Fervor in Georgia: Return of the Nativist or Just Politics as Usual?” Politics & Policy 38 (5): 53-80.

    Related Media

    Report: by Silverman, Stephanie J., and Ruchi Hajela. 2012. “Immigration Detention in the UK.” Migration Observatory.

    Podcast: by Flynn, Michael. 2010. “Immigration Detention and the Aesthetics of Incarceration.” University of Oxford Podcasts—Audio and Video Lectures.

    Este artículo explora la historia oficial de la detención de inmigrantes en el Reino Unido así como la menos conocida narrativa de los retos que se han visto en la práctica. Luego una breve exposición del desarrollo legislativo de las detenciones en el Reino Unido, este artículo muestra una investigación original para demostrar que el Parlamento, las cortes y la sociedad civil históricamente han sido lugares de desacuerdo con la supuesta naturaleza benigna de la detención de inmigrantes así como con su promulgación como una herramienta auxiliar para el control de la inmigración. El artículo también hace uso de teorías explicativas y normativas para comprender la continua expansión de la detención de inmigrantes en los estados liberales, a pesar de la indignación moral. El resultado principal es que los intentos del gobierno del Reino Unido para normalizar la detención de inmigrantes no ha sido del todo exitosa.”

    tags: newjournalarticles


    A problem repeatedly reported in birth certificate data is the presence of missing data. In 2008, a Centre for Perinatal Epidemiology was created inter alia to assist the Health Departments of Brussels-Capital City Region to check birth certificates. The purpose of this study is to assess the changes brought by the Centre in terms of completeness of data registration for the entire population and according to immigration status.

    Birth certificates from the birth registry of 2008 and 2009 of Brussels were considered. We evaluated the initial missing information in January 2008 (baseline situation) and the corresponding rate at the end of 2008 after oral and written information had been given to the city civil servants and health providers. The data were evaluated again at the end of 2009 where no reinforcement rules were adopted. We also measured residual missing data after correction in socio-economic and medical data, for the entire population and according to maternal nationality of origin. Changes in registration of stillbirths were estimated by comparison to 2007 baseline data, and all multiple births were checked for complete identification of pairs.

    Missing information initially accounted for 64.0%, 20.8% and 19.5% of certificates in January 2008, December 2008, and 2009 respectively. After correction with lists sent back to the hospitals or city offices, the mean residual missing data rate was 2.1% in 2008 and 0.8% in 2009. Education level and employment status were missing more often in immigrant mothers compared to Belgian natives both in 2008 and 2009. Mothers from Sub-Saharan Africa had the highest missing rate of socio-economic data. The stillbirth rate increased from 4.6 ‰ in 2007 to 8.2 ‰ in 2009. All twin pairs were identified, but early loss of a co-twin before 22 weeks was rarely reported.

    Reinforcement of data collection was associated with a decrease of missing information. The residual missing data rate was very low. The stillbirth rate was also improved but the early loss of a co-twin before 22 weeks seems to remain underreported.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Immigrants often adopt new and unfamiliar occupations in an attempt to adapt to their new culture. Occupations provide a means for participation in the host country and play a significant role in formulating a person’s identity. This scoping review sought to identify the current knowledge on immigration and its impact on occupations. A scoping review for peer-reviewed articles published between 2000 and 2010 in English or French was completed. Thirty-six articles met the inclusion criteria. Four themes were identified: 1) role change; 2) work; 3) identity; and 4) health and well-being. Limitations include the lack of a consistent definition of occupation, research primarily being conducted in the North American context and the limited number of occupational therapy based articles. Future research should focus on a systematic review of the lived experiences of immigrants and their occupational contexts, and how this can inform policy development. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The Best Interest of the Child Questionnaire (BIC-Q) has been designed as an instrument for screening the quality of the rearing situation of asylum-seeking or refugee children. It is intended to aid legal decisions in asylum procedures. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and the construct validity of the BIC-Q. Based on a study sample of refugee or asylum-seeking children in the Netherlands (N = 74), the psychometric quality of the BIC-Q was investigated using Cohen’s kappa for the inter- and intrarater reliability and a nonparametric item response model for the construct validity. The interrater and intrarater reliabilities of the BIC-Q were good (kappa = .65 and .74 respectively). The results of the item response model revealed that the 14 pedagogical environmental conditions formed a strong and valid measurement scale for the quality of the childrearing environment (H = .55; rho = .94). Preliminary results indicate that the BIC-Q may be applied to support decisions on where the asylum-seeking or refugee child has the best opportunities for development. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “In 2003, the Oklahoma jumped to the forefront of progressive state immigration policy when it became one of only four states to allow unauthorized immigrants access to in-state tuition and scholarships. Four years later, Oklahoma reversed itself and passed HB 1804, a comprehensive set of immigration policies more restrictive than Arizona’s SB 1070. This substantial reversal occurred at a time when Oklahoma’s unemployment rate was only four percent and unauthorized immigrants accounted for an estimated one to two percent of the population.

    To understand the transformation of immigration policy in Oklahoma, we identify four key stages in the evolution of immigration policy: the adoption of in-state tuition and scholarship benefits for illegal immigrants in 2003; the introduction and rejection of a comprehensive anti-immigrant bill in 2005; the adoption of a revised comprehensive anti-immigrant bill in 2006, and the largely failed implementation of the comprehensive anti-immigrant legislation subsequently. We modify Tichenor’s (2003) theory about the dynamic interplay between strange bedfellow coalitions of interest groups, institutional arrangements, and ideas about the value of immigrants at the federal level to fit state political structures.

    We analyze the various political factors which alternatively reduced and increased the scope of conflict. Our data consists of a four year analysis of immigration stories in the Daily Oklahoman and interviews with political elites.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Largely in response to irregular migration flows, a Euro-African border is under construction at the southern edges of Europe. The latest phase in this ‘borderwork’ is a system known as Eurosur, underpinned by a vision of a streamlined surveillance cover of Europe’s southern maritime border and the African ‘pre-frontier’ beyond it. Eurosur and other policing initiatives pull in a range of sectors – from border guards to aid workers – that make the statistically small figure of the irregular border crosser their joint target. To highlight the economic and productive aspects of controlling migratory flows, I call this varied group of interests an ‘illegality industry’. Casting an eye on the Spanish section of the external EU border, this article investigates how the illegality industry conceptualizes migrants as a source of risk to be managed, visualized and controlled. The end result, it is argued, is a ‘double securitization’ of migrant flows, rendering these as both a security threat and a growing source of profits.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This study aimed at: (1) disentangling the associations between ethnicity, immigration, educational background, and mothers’ developmental expectations and (self-reported) child-rearing practices; and (2) identifying the cross-cultural differences and similarities in developmental expectations and child-rearing practices. Participants were 111 Dutch and 111 Turkish immigrant mothers in the Netherlands, and 242 Turkish mothers living in Turkey. Dutch and higher-educated mothers had a tendency to believe that children learn certain skills and behaviors at an earlier age than did Turkish and lower-educated mothers, respectively. Turkish mothers, majority group, and higher-educated mothers reported more child-centered parenting practices than Dutch mothers, immigrants, and mothers with less education, respectively. Parent-centered parenting practices were reported mainly by less educated mothers. The analyses on disentangling the associations between sociodemographic background variables and parenting pointed to the relative importance and consistency of maternal education as a predictor of parenting, compared to ethnic background and immigration history. It is concluded that disentangling variables that are often associated with studies comparing immigrant and majority groups is essential for a proper understanding of similarities and differences in developmental expectations and child-rearing practices. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

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  • “Chileans exiled during the Pinochet dictatorship used art (arpilleras) from the shantytowns of Santiago in their efforts to bring about a return to democracy in Chile. What was the significance of their doing so? From the exiles’ perspective, selling the art helped inform the public in their host countries about suffering caused by the dictatorship, it helped raise money to send back to shantytown women and the resistance movement, and it helped foster collective organizing and solidarity in Chile. Engaging in art-centred political activism was also important for the exiles themselves, as it made them feel they were ‘solidarios’ (compassionate and helping the resistance), politically active still, and engaged in the pro-democracy struggle. Furthermore, it helped them overcome trauma, giving meaning to their exile, and making them feel less isolated. These various meanings that exiles attributed to their political work with art were influenced by feelings of guilt, purposelessness, and a sense of rupture with past lives. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “At first glance, Burundi represents a successful negotiated transition to peaceful governance through power sharing, and a justification for regional and international peacebuilders’ involvement. It is undeniable that Burundi is safer than it was a decade or two ago. Most notably, while Burundi was once known for its ethnic divisions and antagonism, today ethnicity is no longer the most salient feature around which conflict is generated. Nevertheless, this article argues that the Burundian experience illuminates international peacebuilding contradictions. Peacebuilding in Burundi highlights the complex interplay between outside ideas and interests, and multiple Burundian ideas and interests. This is illustrated by the negotiation and implementation of governance institutions and practices in Burundi. Outsiders promoted governance ideas that were in line with their favoured conception of peacebuilding, and Burundian politicians renegotiated and reinterpreted these institutions and practices. Even as international rhetoric about peacebuilding emphasized liberal governance and inclusive participation, narrower conceptions of peacebuilding as stabilization and control became dominant. Thus, encounters between international, regional, and local actors have produced governance arrangements that are at odds with their liberal and inclusionary rhetorics. Paradoxically, the activities of international peacebuilders have contributed to an ‘order’ in Burundi where violence, coercion, and militarism remain central. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Prior research finds that Latino immigration reduced violence. We argue that this is because they settled in traditional immigrant areas. But recent migrants settled in new destinations where the immigration–violence link is more complex. Contrary to previous findings, we observe that (1) Latino homicide victimization is higher in new destinations; (2) Latino immigration increases victimization rates, but only in new destinations and only for Latinos entering after 1990, when they fanned out to new destinations; and (3) Latino deprivation increases victimization only in new destinations because, we speculate, these new areas lack the protective social control umbrella of traditional destinations. Thus, the “Latino paradox” may be less useful than time-honored sociological frameworks for understanding the link between Latino immigration and violence.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Background

    Exposure to violence in general and to armed conflict in particular has been consistently associated with an increased prevalence of mental illness. Colombia has sustained an internal armed conflict for decades and is considered one of the most violent countries in the world. However, certain areas have been more exposed to the conflict than others.

    This is a cross sectional study comparing two communities from different villages in the department of Cundinamarca, Colombia. One, Guasca, was directly impacted by armed conflict. The other one; Guatavita has never been affected by armed conflict. We applied two different instruments: the PHQ scale and a short standardized interview in order to estimate the prevalence of major psychiatric disorders and their link to violent events. Forty-two volunteers from each village were evaluated through a personal interview using these two instruments.

    Findings: Of the population surveyed in Guatavita, 2.4% reported direct exposure to violence compared to 23.8% from Guasca. In the population exposed directly to violent events, the prevalence of all disorders was greater than in the non-exposed population with an OR of 1.46 (95% CI 0.3809 – 5.5989) for anxiety; 4.54 (95% CI 1.1098 – 18.5984) for depression; 6.0 (95% CI 1.2298 – 30.2263) for somatization disorder; and 4.4 (95% CI 1.2037 – 16.0842) for alcohol abuse.

    Interpretation: There is a statistically significant association between the history of armed conflict, violence and the presence of mental illnesses, particularly depression, somatization disorder and alcohol abuse. Special attention should be paid to the detection, prevention and treatment of these disorders when dealing with populations exposed to violence and to armed conflict in particular. ”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Many refugee communities are host to a wealth of research projects. Yet, relationships between researchers and refugee research participants have been little studied. The current study provides an empirical, qualitative investigation of the relationships that may evolve between researchers and members of Tamil voluntary associations in Norway. It explores whether these relationships provided research participants with access to resources outside their group. The study draws on participant observation among researchers and Tamil research participants between 2006 and 2011, with particular focus on events related to the final stage of the civil war in Sri Lanka in 2009. It was found that social connectedness with researchers provided research participants with linking social capital. Researchers played multiple and overlapping roles within this part of the Tamil community, enabling access to resources outside the community. The study contributes to the theoretical development of the concept of linking social capital by construing it as the outcome of specific conscious or unconscious strategic investments embedded in features of social organization and cultural orientations of the involved actors, and the social and political context these investments occur in. Implications of the study for research designs are discussed. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “In the past two decades, refugee-hosting states have increasingly chosen to close their borders when confronted with mass refugee influxes. This article examines humanitarian responses to such closures. I argue that, particularly in the post-Cold War period, the international community has increasingly chosen not to condemn but to mitigate such closures, constructing alternative ‘safety’ zones. Yet while border closures that lead to ‘safe zones’ may offer a minimal security and preserve life through humanitarian relief, they cannot offer the full protections of refugee law, or a durable solution to persecution and political exclusion. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The Somali Bantu living in the United States, after many years in Kenyan refugee camps, face significant barriers to successful integration into American society. This study is based on qualitative interviews of 11 Somali Bantu adults and 11 refugee resettlement workers in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. It investigates the impact of globalized economic practices on resettlement at the local level. The link between a history of discrimination against the Somali Bantu and current barriers to economic self-sufficiency is illustrated. Results demonstrate the negative influence of neoliberal economic policies which include top-down management approaches and result in competition between agencies. Services are provided in a standardized manner which limits the ability to address the needs of a unique group like the Somali Bantu effectively. Of particular concern is the emphasis on economic self-sufficiency, which results in limited access to education and advancement opportunities. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The 20-year war that displaced more than 90 per cent of the population of Acholiland has drawn to a close and most people have left the IDP camps and returned to their rural homes. But some remain behind, unable to ‘re-place’ themselves in the traditional patterns of Acholi belonging to homes and land. Socially mediated access to land has been weakened by the death of husbands and parents; conjugal partnerships and children’s affiliation were not formally recognized during the years of violence and displacement, also undermining claims to land. Our recent study of ‘remainers’ at Awach, a former IDP camp in Gulu District, reveals how ‘fundamentalist’ patrilineal ideology was deployed to justify their exclusion from rural homes. They remain internally displaced not only within their country, but within the fellowships of kinship and marriage that constitute belonging. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Chileans exiled during the Pinochet dictatorship used art (arpilleras) from the shantytowns of Santiago in their efforts to bring about a return to democracy in Chile. What was the significance of their doing so? From the exiles’ perspective, selling the art helped inform the public in their host countries about suffering caused by the dictatorship, it helped raise money to send back to shantytown women and the resistance movement, and it helped foster collective organizing and solidarity in Chile. Engaging in art-centred political activism was also important for the exiles themselves, as it made them feel they were ‘solidarios’ (compassionate and helping the resistance), politically active still, and engaged in the pro-democracy struggle. Furthermore, it helped them overcome trauma, giving meaning to their exile, and making them feel less isolated. These various meanings that exiles attributed to their political work with art were influenced by feelings of guilt, purposelessness, and a sense of rupture with past lives. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Call for Papers: Migration, Mobility, and Movements: Crossing Borders in World History

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

*”Migration, Mobility, and Movements: Crossing Borders in World

*The Graduate Students in the Department of History at Northeastern
University* (Boston, Massachusetts) invite proposals for their *Fifth
Annual Graduate Student Conference on World History: March 16 and 17,
This year’s conference title is “Migration, Mobility, and Movements:
Crossing Borders in World History.”

*KEYNOTE SPEAKER: DONNA GABACCIA*, Professor of History and Director,
Immigration History Research Center at the University of Minnesota.

* Keynote Address*: “From Immigration History to Mobility Studies.”

*CONFERENCE THEME*: Motion is a constant feature of our world. Humans
migrate from region to region or nation to nation – temporarily for
short spans of time, permanently for longer spans, or just for today.
Material goods, languages, culture, ideas and ideologies grow
increasingly mobile.
Belief systems – political, ethical, religious – foster social movements
that alter lives. The world is geography in flux. We invite papers on
these topics and many more.

Papers may discuss but are not limited to the following categories:

*  *NETWORKS*: transnational transmission of ideas or ideologies,
commercial or technological webs, contact between people, and more.

*  *SOCIAL and POLITICAL MOVEMENTS*: the emergence, development and
spread of social and/or political movements within and across various
geographic regions.

*  *CULTURAL MOBILITY*: the patterns and networks that human societies
create, the flexibility of cultures, and exchanges between different

*  *MIGRATIONS*: transnational, regional,intra and inter-continental,
for purposes as diverse as there are migrations.

*  *MAPPING MOVEMENTS*: movement of ideas, commodities, technologies or
people.We especially invite use of the new historical investigative
methods in network analysis and the digital humanities.

We invite *graduate students in degree programs in history and other
cognate disciplines* to present work on any of these topics and more.

In addition, we invite *public history students* to present their
research using public history techniques such as posters, exhibition
models, video, etc.

We also welcome *panel proposals*. If you would like to propose a panel
with chair, please get in touch separately.

*Faculty *are invited to volunteer as chair/commentators in their
research areas.

*To be considered, the following documents should be sent to the program
committee at ** by December 30, 2012:*

Individual Panelists:

-200-word abstract describing paper or work to be presented

-Brief curriculum vitae

-List of audio/visual needs, if applicable


-List of all panel members (3 per panel) with designated chairperson, if

-200-word abstract that discusses the theme of the panel

-200-word abstract for each paper or work to be presented

-Brief curriculum vitae for each panelist and chairperson

-List of audio/visual needs, if applicable

*Selected panelists will be notified via email by January 15, 2013. *
Please contact with any questions, or visit our
website at **

Registration is free, and we provide breakfast and lunch both days, free
of charge. Graduate students from afar can request housing with our
graduate students. Northeastern University is well-placed on bus and
subway lines in the heart of Boston. Logan Airport is the closest
airport and is accessible by public transportation. The conference will
begin at 8:30 am on Saturday, March 16 and run through the early evening
reception for our keynote speaker. We begin again at 8:30 am on Sunday,
March 17, with a tentative end time of 3:30 pm that day.

Event: Fundamental rights in Europe: a matter for two courts

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Dear all,

Please see below a conference that might be of interest to some of you.  Apologies for any cross-posting.

Details for this forthcoming workshop, convened by Centre for Legal Research and Policy Studies, School of Law, Oxford Brookes University, are as follows:

The aim is to bring together scholars, judges and policy-makers to discuss the legal framework for the protection of fundamental rights in Europe, reflecting on the relationship between the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) in Luxembourg and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in Strasbourg. The workshop will examine the current state of accession of the European Union to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and consider the legal implications of the accession for the protection of the fundamental rights of EU and non-EU citizens.

This will be explored from a number of different angles, with workshop sessions divided into four main streams: employment rights, citizenship and migration, fundamental rights versus fundamental freedoms and access to justice. Confirmed participants for the workshop include:

Mr Dragoljub Popović – European Court of Human Rights (Judge)

Mr Niilo Jaaskinen – Court of Justice of the European Union (Advocate General)

Ms Kristi Raba – General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union

Mr Joerg Polakiewicz – Human Rights Law and Policy Division, Council of Europe

Professor Paul Craig – University of Oxford

Professor Stephen Weatherill – University of Oxford

Dr Cathryn Costello – University of Oxford

Dr Karin De Vries – University of Amsterdam

Professor Titia Loenen – Utrecht University

Professor Dora Kostakopoulou – University of Warwick

The Conference will draw upon work done for Centre for Diversity Policy Research and Practice and The British Academy for the Humanities and Social Sciences.

For further information contact Lucia Brieskova –

For registration see:

I take this opportunity to wish you Merry Christmas and a very happy New Year.

Best wishes
Sonia Morano-Foadi
Oxford Brookes University

Kate Clayton-Hathway
Research Assistant, Centre for Diversity Policy Research and Practice

Call for papers: The political geography of private-sector recruitment and employment in conflict settings

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Call for Papers:


This panel invites contributions from those exploring – empirically and/or theoretically – issues relating to private-sector recruitment and employment of third country nationals in conflict settings.

Providing the human resources for warfare is difficult.  It is expensive and subject to public criticism, as the disputed legitimacy of wars in Afghanistan and Iraq leads the public to increasingly question the acceptability of exposing ‘their’ military to risk.  One response to this problem is outsourcing to private contractors.  Of these, many, particularly those in low-skilled jobs such as base support (perimeter security, catering, cleaning etc), were recruited in the Global South, often from countries with their own experience of conflict.

Papers submitted to this panel may address (but are not limited to) the following questions:

– What ideas are raised by applying a spatial lens to private sector recruitment, in terms of globalised recruitment and relations between different countries?
– How and why have particular countries become an attractive source of recruits in conflict settings, in other words why do we see a national/ethnic segmentation of particular roles?
– What is the importance of historical (e.g. colonial) links between those doing the outsourcing and the subcontracted employees?
– Can previous conflict experience explain the recruitment from particular populations?
– What spatial and power hierarchies exist between recruiters and recruited, in terms of the exposure to risk, and why are there differential levels of acceptable risk for different groups?
– What role does this recruitment and employment have in terms of absorbing what Mark Duffield refers to as ‘surplus life’ from countries of the Global South?
– What are the lived experiences of those involved in this recruitment and employment?
– How do these kinds of recruitment and employment practices change the conduct and effects of contemporary war?

Please send a title and abstracts of no more than 250 words to Ceri Oeppen ( and Christina Oelgemoller ( by 1st of February 2013.



UNHCR Press Release:

“Fifty-five people are drowned or missing after an overcrowded boat capsized off the Somali coast on Tuesday night (18 December). UNHCR is greatly saddened by this latest tragic incident – the biggest loss of life in the Gulf of Aden since February 2011 when 57 Somali refugees and migrants from the Horn of Africa drowned while attempting to reach Yemen.

According to five of the survivors – all young Somali men – the boat was overcrowded and ran into trouble almost immediately after leaving the port of Bosasso in northern Somalia on Tuesday. It capsized just 15 minutes into its journey, spilling all 60 passengers into sea. Those on board were Ethiopians and Somalis.

To date, 23 bodies have been recovered, including those of 14 women, eight men, and a boy said to be less than four years of age. Five of the dead are confirmed to…

View original post 234 more words

No Borders South Wales

Citizens UK is an organisation that aims to unite “community leaders” for a strong civil society. The ‘Temple of Peace & Health’ was the host to an event by Citizens UK to develop a chapter in Cardiff.

Four activists from Cardiff decided to try and bring some accountability to the organisation on December 5th this month, after experiencing the effect that family detention and deportations have on people known closely.

The reason that Citizens UK is a target, is that despite having a campaign to end child detention in the UK, it has failed to speak out since the opening of the most recent detention centre, CEDARS, which opened last year. CEDARS is controversially partly run by charity Barnardos, for families in the UK, and despite the fact that no open procurement tendering process for the facility, (as required by EU and UK legislation), took place, activists came together over…

View original post 445 more words

Course: Yemen: Challenges for the Future

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.

Yemen: Challenges for the Future

A two-day conference at SOAS, University of London

Date: 11 January 2013 Time: 9:00 AM

Finishes: 12 January 2013 Time: 6:00 PM

Venue: Brunei GalleryRoom: Brunei Gallery Lecture Theatre, SOAS

Twenty-two years after unification, and in the context of recent conflicts and uprisings, Yemen finds itself at yet another historical juncture. The political transition and the forthcoming national dialogue offer a rare opportunity for the country and its people to address the multitude of social, economic, environmental, and regional problems they face. This international conference brings together academic and professional specialists on Yemen to discuss recent research on the country and the challenges ahead.

Academic Panels:

. Yemen: Regional and Global Context

. Perspectives on the Sa’dah Region

. The Southern Question

. Aspects of Inward and Outward Migration . Social Policy: Health, Education and Welfare . Cultural Expressions . Rural Development: Land and Water . Aspirations of Yemeni Youth . The Role of Business in Developing the Yemeni Economy Download the programme at:

Admission (including lunch and refreshments): £30 / Concessions, BYS and LMEI Members: £15/ Students Free To purchase tickets please visit the SOAS Online Store and to register as a student attendee e-mail:

Organisers: The British-Yemeni Society (BYS) and London Middle East Institute

Contact email:



New Publications on Europe; Africa; and Ideas/Innovations

Details of these new publications were originally circulated by Elisa Mason on the incredibly useful: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog.  Further details can be found on the website at:

Publications on Europe

Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The Dilemma Facing Refused Asylum Seekers (Refugee Council, Dec. 2012) [text]

Do the European Integration Fund and European Refugee Fund Contribute Effectively to the Integration of Third-Country Nationals?, Special Report, no. 22 (European Court of Auditors, Dec. 2012) [text]

Frontex: More of the Same?, Paper presented at conference on “The Governance of Asylum and Migration in the European Union,” Salford, UK, 26-27 January 2012 [text]

Human Rights Violations in the Field of Migration: A Collective Responsibility (European Policy Centre, Dec. 2012) [text]

Immigrants, Asylum Seekers, and Ethnic and Religious Minorities in the Leveson Report (Compas Blog, Dec. 2012) [text]

“Migrant Deaths and the Kater Radez I Wreck: From Recovery of the Relict to Marine Taphonomic Findings and Identification of the Victims,” International Journal of Legal Medicine, Online First, 12 Dec. 2012 [free full-text]
– Note: Free access is only available through December 2012.

“My Life as a Refugee” Photography Exhibit (JRS Europe) [access]
– Taken by refugees themselves, these photos “show the daily life of refugees in five European countries: Italy, Malta, Portugal, Romania and the United Kingdom.”  See image above.

Statewatch Analysis: The Common European Asylum System: State-of-play Update (Statewatch, Dec. 2012) [text]

Publications on Africa

Gaps in Geneva, Gaps on the Ground: Case Studies of Somalis Displaced to Kenya and Egypt during the 2011 Drought, New Issues in Refugee Research, no. 248 (UNHCR, Dec. 2012) [text]

“Human Rights, Dignity and Well Being: The Plight of Zimbabwean Refugees and Displaced People in Southern Africa,” Developing Country Studies, vol. 2, no. 10 (2012) [open access text]

Mali: Outside the Spotlight, Displaced People in Urgent Need of Assistance (Refugees International, Dec. 2012) [text]
– Includes video report.

Our Lives: A Survivors’ Guide to Hard Time (IRIN, Dec. 2012) [access]
– “A new IRIN series following 20 people in 10 countries as they try to get by in these testing times. The men and women featured – from teachers to truck drivers – describe how they cope with the rising cost of living, and explain their hopes for the future. This series will be regularly updated.”  One of the women featured is “Jane Njeri – Displaced person, Kenya.”

A Sexual and Gender-Based Violence Rapid Assessment: Doro Refugee Camp, Upper Nile State, South Sudan (Danish Refugee Council, July 2012) [text via ReliefWeb]

“Strengthened Protection for Internally Displaced Persons in Africa: The Kampala Convention Comes Into Force,” ASIL Insights, vol. 16, no. 36 (Dec. 2012) [text]

Publications on Ideas/Innovations

Are Migrants Spurring Innovation?, MPC Research Report 2012/11 (Migration Policy Centre, 2012) [text]
– See also related Debate Migration blog post.

The Best Small Ideas of 2012 (Foreign Policy Magazine, Dec. 2012) [text via USCRI FB]

“Out of Africa: A Scheme Where Helping Refugees Helps Everybody,” The Independent, 17 Nov. 2012 [text]

Refugee Livelihoods, Innovation and the Private Sector, Oxford, 26 Nov. 2012 [access]
– Conference organized by the Humanitarian Innovation Project.

Social Entrepreneurship in the Age of Atrocities: Changing Our World (Edward Elgar, Aug. 2012) [info]
– Includes chapter on “Starting a Movement for Refugee Rights in the Global South: Asylum Access and Beyond.”  See also related blog post.

“A Vacant Lot Offers Refugees a Taste of Home,” New York Times, 27 Nov. 2012 [text]



New Publications on Detention; Development Displacement/Forced Evictions; and Climate-related Migration

Details of these new publications were originally circulated by Elisa Mason on the incredibly useful: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog.  Further details can be found on the website at:

Publications on Detention

“Detention with a View to Expulsion Based on the Prognosis that the Application for International Protection Will Be Rejected,” Vienna Journal on International Constitutional Law, vol. 6, no. 2 (2012) [full-text]
– Scroll down to p. 282.

Dialogues on Detention: Applying Lessons from Criminal Justice Reform to the Immigration Detention System, Washington, DC, 2012/2013 [info]
– Series of events on immigration detention convened by Human Rights First. View the “Latest News” tab for  factsheets, key takeaways, and other resources relating to the dialogues that have already taken place.

The Effectiveness and Impact of Immigration Detention Casework (Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration, Dec. 2012) [text]

End Immigration Detention of Children [access]
– New campaign web site.

“Human Rights and the Elusive Universal Subject: Immigration Detention under International Human Rights and EU Law,” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, vol. 19, no. 1 (Winter 2012) [full-text via U3A Sunshine Coast]

Immigration Detention on Christmas Island: Observations from Visit to Immigration Detention Facilities on Christmas Island (Australian Human Rights Commission, Dec. 2012) [text]

Toward Temporal Limits on Mandatory Immigration Detention (SSRN, Nov. 2012) [text]

Publications on Development Displacement/Forced Evictions

Applying the Concept of Human Security to Research on the Consequences of Mining-Induced Displacement and Resettlement (SSRN, Nov. 2012) [text]

“As Coal Boosts Mozambique, the Rural Poor Are Left Behind,” New York Times, 10 Nov. 2012 [text]

Corporate Responsibility to Respect the Rights of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples (Minority Rights Group, Oct. 2012) [text]

Know Your Obligations: A Guide to Preventing Forced Evictions (Amnesty International, Nov. 2012) [text via ReliefWeb]

Preventing Displacement by Recognizing the Land Rights of Indigenous Peoples and Rural Communities (TerraNullius, Dec. 2012) [text]

Salt in the Wound: The Urgent Need to Prevent Forced Evictions from Camps in Haiti (Oxfam, Dec. 2012) [text via ReliefWeb]

Publications on Climate-related Migration

Climate Change: Snapshot of Wins and Losses at the Doha Talks (IRIN, Dec. 2012) [text]

Climate Change and Migration: The UNFCCC Climate Negotiations and Global Forum on Migration and Development (Transatlantic Study Team on Climate-Induced Migration, Nov. 2012) [access]

Climate Change and Statelessness: Assessing the Risks and the Legal Implications, Presentation at the ESF-ZIF-Bielefeld University Research Conference on Tracing Social Inequalities in Environmentally-Induced Migration, Biefeld, Germany, 9-13 December 2012 [access]
– See also the conference web site.

Climate Change, NAPAs, Agriculture, and Migration in LDCs (Transatlantic Study Team on Climate-Induced Migration, Nov. 2012) [access]

“Environmental Migration Towards Terminological Coherence,” Presentation at the First Networking Workshop on Human Rights Legal Frameworks in the Climate Change Regime, Utrecht, 6-7 September 2012 [access]
– See also the conference programme.

Meeting the Challenges of Severe Climate-Related Hazards: A Review of the Effectiveness of the International Humanitarian Regime (Transatlantic Study Team on Climate-Induced Migration, Nov. 2012) [access]

The State of Environmental Migration 2011 (IDDRI & IOM, Nov. 2012) [access]
– The second edition of this annual series.

Resource: One of the first documentaries on the Syrian refugees in Turkey REFUGEE LIVES (Mülteci Hayatlar)

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***


The convictions were that the Baath regime would be soon overthrown when popular uprisings concluded with a sequence of toppling of the Tunisian, Egyptian and Libyan powers called Arab Spring have reached Syria in March 2011 in the Middle East. But they were reversed due to the Syrian ethnic and religious structure, geographical location and the power relations the Baath regime has generated on the basis of all these differences and international balances of power…
KEMAL VURAL TARLAN Social Documentary Photographer

Middle East Gypsies


KEMAL VURAL TARLAN Social Documentary Photographer

Middle East Gypsies





Call for Papers: Within and Beyond Citizenship: Lived Experiences of Contemporary Membership

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.


Within and Beyond Citizenship: Lived Experiences of Contemporary Membership – International Symposium

Deadline for abstracts: 17 December 2012

The analysis of the relationship between legal status, rights and belonging is the central theme of two international symposia jointly organised by the School of Social Service Administration at the University of Chicago and the Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (, the Refugee Studies Centre ( and the Oxford Institute of Social Policy at the University of Oxford.

For the symposium in Oxford (11-12 April 2013), proposals are invited for papers which investigate aspects related to proliferation and precarisation of legal statuses in contemporary Europe and beyond. We welcome proposals that explore the position of the non-citizen in contemporary immigration and emigration states; the nexus between (forced) migration, immigration enforcement, rights and belonging; the ways coexisting traditions and regimes of rights are negotiated in policy and practice; and the intersection of ‘race’ and other social cleavages and legal status. In particular, we encourage submissions that focus on one or more of the following areas:

* Everyday experiences of ‘illegality’ among children and young people

* Intergenerational impacts of status precariousness

* Physical mobility and legal status

* Forms and modalities of political mobilisation around precarious membership

* Spatial practices and geographies of non-citizenship

* The impact of precarious status on transnational practices and diasporic consciousness

Gender perspectives and methodological and ethical issues of research sensitivity are significant cross-cutting themes throughout these topics.

If you wish to present a paper at the symposium in Oxford, please submit an abstract (max 250 words) and a brief CV (1 page) through our online system ( by Monday 17 December 2012 at 5pm (UK time). Participants will be notified if their paper has been selected by Friday 21 January 2012 at the latest. Full written papers should be submitted to the organisers by 15 March 2013 and will be circulated to discussants and participants before the conference. Presentations are expected to be about 30 minutes.

It is anticipated to turn conference proceedings into one or two journal special issues or edited volumes. Papers should therefore be based on original research and should not have been published already or be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Please note that inclusion in any publications arising from the conference will be subject to peer review. For further information about the Oxford symposium, please visit or email

NB: Please note that by submitting an abstract you commit to producing an original paper of about 5-7,000 words in length by 15 March 2013.

The joint symposia are convened by Dr Roberto G. Gonzales (University of Chicago – and Dr Nando Sigona (University of Oxford). The Oxford symposium is organised by Dr Nando Sigona (RSC –, Dr Elaine Chase (OISP) and Vanessa Hughes (COMPAS).


Courses: Palestine Refugees and International Law

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.

Palestine Refugees and International Law

15-16 March 2013

The British Institute, 102 Uhod Street
Tla’ Al-Ali, Amman, Jordan

This two-day short course places the Palestinian refugee case study within the broader context of the international human rights regime. It examines, within a human rights framework, the policies and practices of Middle Eastern states as they impinge upon Palestinian refugees. Through a mix of lectures, working group exercises and interactive sessions, participants engage actively and critically with the contemporary debates in international law and analyse the specific context of Palestinian refugees in the Middle East (Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the West Bank, Gaza and Israel).

The short course commences with the background of the Palestinian refugee crisis, with special attention to the

socio- political historical context and legal status of Palestinian refugees in the region. This is followed by a careful examination of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights including its philosophical underpinnings and ensuing human rights instruments in international law. The key themes, which have taken centre stage in the debate on the Palestinian refugee crisis, are statelessness, right of return, repatriation, self-determination, restitution compensation and protection. These themes are critically examined along with current discussions about the respective roles of UNRWA, UNHCR and the UNCCP in the Palestinian refugee case.


Professor Dawn Chatty is University Professor in Anthropology and Forced Migration and Director of the Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford. She is a social anthropologist and has conducted extensive research among Palestinian and other forced migrants in the Middle East. Some of her recent works include Children of

Palestine: Experiencing Forced Migration in the Middle East (ed. with Gillian Lewando-Hundt), Berghahn Press, 2005, and Dispossession and Displacement in the Modern Middle East, Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Dr Susan M. Akram is Clinical Professor at Boston University School of Law, teaching immigration law, comparative refugee law, and international human rights law She is a graduate of Georgetown University Law Center, Washington DC (JD), and the Institut International des Droits de l’Homme, Strasbourg (Diploma in international human rights). She is a past Fulbright Senior Scholar in Palestine, teaching at Al-Quds University/Palestine School of Law in East Jerusalem.


Maximum twenty-five spaces

Fee: £350

For further information contact: Heidi El-Megrisi Refugee Studies Centre, Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford, 3 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TB, United Kingdom

Tel: 01865 281728/9 email:


Courses: Short Course on European Union Asylum Law and Policy

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Source: Forced Migration Discussion List.

Short Course on European Union Asylum Law and Policy

Where: School of Advanced Study, University of London

When: Eight week evening course (18.00-20.30 on Mondays), February-March 2013

The Refugee Law Initiative is pleased to announce its short course on European Union Asylum Law and Policy, to be held in London in early 2013. It will focus on both procedural and substantive aspects of the common asylum regime and provide attendants with an in-depth look at the complex relation between the universal and European systems of refugee protection.

The programme has been designed to cover all major areas of interest in EU asylum law, with each seminar delivered by leading academic experts and practitioners, with the purpose of providing a comprehensive view at the current status of refugee law in the EU.

It is aimed at lawyers, policy-makers, NGO workers, international agency staff, post-graduate students, and others working in the field or interested in European Union asylum law and policy. Course attendance will be formally certified by the School of Advanced Study and CPD Points can also be accredited to participating barristers and solicitors. Each session is delivered by an expert in this specialized field.

The deadline for registering on this short course, now in its 2nd year, is 17.00 hrs on Wednesday 19 December 2012. Applications received after this date will not be accepted. Please book using this link


4 Feb 2013

Week 1: Introduction / EU institutional framework and sources of law Professor Steve Peers, University of Essex

11 Feb 2013

Week 2: European human rights protection and asylum – the European Convention on Human Rights and Strasbourg jurisprudence Dr Cathryn Costello, University of Oxford

18 Feb 2013

Week 3: The scope of EU protection – qualification and status under EU Law Dr Maria-Teresa Gil-Bazo, Newcastle University (tbc)

25 Feb 2013

Week 4: Reception of asylum-seekers and asylum procedures in the EU Mr Kris Pollet, European Council of Refugees and Exiles

4 Mar 2013

Week 5: The externalization of protection – resettlement, offshore processing and regional protection programmes Dr Violeta Moreno-Lax, University of Liverpool

11 Mar 2013

Week 6: Responsibility-sharing and solidarity in the Common European Asylum System Mr Michele Cavinato, UNHCR Bureau for Europe

18 Mar 2013

Week 7: Recent jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights and the European Court of Justice and its implications for the Dublin system Mr Mark Symes, Barrister, Garden Court Chambers

25 Mar 2013

Week 8: International and European systems – the influence of European asylum law on international refugee protection Professor Hélène Lambert, University of Westminster

Further details: Please contact the Research Coordinator at


Imminent Registration Deadline for Short Course: ‘International Protection of Refugees and Displaced Persons’

The deadline for registering on this short course, now in its 2nd year, is also 17.00 on Wednesday 19 December 2012. Applications received after this date will not be accepted. Please book using this link


Contact Us

Twitter: @SASRefugeeLaw
Tel: +44 (0)20 78628570

New: Journal of Refugee Studies Advance Access for 17 Dec 2012

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

JRS Advance Access

Journal of Refugee Studies
Advance Access Alert
8 December 2012 to 17 December 2012


Exiles, Art, and Political Activism: Fighting the Pinochet Regime from Afar
Jacqueline Adams
Journal of Refugee Studies published 17 December 2012, 10.1093/jrs/fes041
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Remaining Internally Displaced: Missing Links to Security in Northern Uganda
Susan Reynolds Whyte, Sulayman Mpisi Babiiha, Rebecca Mukyala, and Lotte Meinert
Journal of Refugee Studies published 13 December 2012, 10.1093/jrs/fes040
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

Resettlement of Somali Bantu Refugees in an Era of Economic Globalization
Yda J. Smith
Journal of Refugee Studies published 13 December 2012, 10.1093/jrs/fes039
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

In Search of Sanctuary: Border Closures, ‘Safe’ Zones and Refugee Protection
Katy Long
Journal of Refugee Studies published 13 December 2012, 10.1093/jrs/fes050
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]

‘White Tigers’: Researcher Roles in Relation to Linking Social Capital within Tamil Voluntary Associations in Norway
Eugene Guribye
Journal of Refugee Studies published 13 December 2012, 10.1093/jrs/fes046
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Request Permissions]


FMR Call for Articles – Detention and Deportation Sept 2013 Issue

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Forced Migration Review issue 43 – to be published in September 2013 – will include a feature on ‘Detention and deportation’.

Deadline for submission of articles: 15th April 2012

Full details at

Detention is used by many states in dealing with different categories of migrants, including refugees and stateless people, migrants who are undocumented or in an irregular situation, asylum seekers awaiting the outcome of their asylum application and failed asylum seekers awaiting removal.

There are increasingly widespread claims that detention and removal are not only damaging to the individuals concerned, abusive and possibly illegal but that they are more expensive than community-based alternatives; that detention is not effective in deterring asylum seekers, refugees and irregular migrants; that it is counterproductive in achieving compliance with final decisions on asylum; and that there are humane, reliable and cost-effective alternatives to detention and to deportation. Yet some states are even intensifying their detention and deportation practices.

This issue of FMR will provide a forum for practitioners, advocates, policymakers and researchers to share experience, debate perspectives and offer recommendations. In particular, the FMR Editors are looking for practice-oriented submissions, reflecting a diverse range of experience and opinions, which address questions such as the following:

  • Under what circumstances is detention legally permissible and with what consequences?
  •  What are the impacts of detention on children and other particularly vulnerable people?
  • What are the practical and political reasons for restricting the freedom of movement of refugees, asylum seekers and other migrants, and what are the human rights issues at stake?
  • What are the experiences in states developing alternatives to detention in these circumstances? What civil society-led initiatives are there? What pilots have there been? How can they be promoted?
  • What evidence is there of the effectiveness of alternatives to detention in meeting the needs and aims of states and the wellbeing and dignity of individuals? What prevents governments from seeking or implementing alternatives?
  • What examples exist of alternatives to detention in transit contexts?
  • Could the processing of asylum seekers externally bring an improvement over current practices of detention and deportation?
  • What factors are necessary for the success of alternatives to detention?
  • What resources are available to support states and civil society in advocating against detention or for alternatives?
  • If detention as a policy continues, what scope is there for improving the rights of detainees, the conditions of detention and the monitoring of detention facilities?
  • What is the political and/or legal relationship between detention and deportation and various statuses such as temporary or exceptional right to stay?
  • What mechanisms and processes are in place to monitor the fate of deportees after their deportation? Can the evidence from such monitoring be used to change states’ deportation practices?

We are particularly keen to reflect the experiences and knowledge of communities and individuals directly affected by detention and/or deportation.

If you are thinking of writing for FMR, please consult our Guide for authors at and if possible please let us know in advance at what particular aspect/s you propose to write about.

If your contact details have recently changed, or if you would like us to remove you from our email alerts list, please let us know. Thank you.

With apologies for any cross-posting of this message.

Best wishes

Marion Couldrey & Maurice Herson

FMR Editors
+44 (0)1865 281700
skype: fmreview
Follow FMR on Facebook and Twitter