Daily Archives: Monday, October 29, 2012

New Publications on Europe; Afghanistan; Statistics; and STHF Cayley House

Publications on Europe

Migrant minorities mismatch?

Migrant minorities mismatch?

Migrants, minorities, mismatch? Skill mismatch among migrants
and ethnic minorities in Europe.
Research Paper No. 16.
Produced by Cedefop — European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training.

This report aims to increase our understanding of mismatch, and its impacts, among migrants and ethnic minorities in Europe. It reviews relevant international literature on the topic and looks at various aspects of labour-market performance of these groups. The focus is an empirical investigation of skill mismatch based on the European social survey. Important findings are, first, that migrants from outside the EU are disproportionately affected by overeducation, while ethnic minorities are affected by undereducation. Second, overeducation is higher in countries with low rates of training and a lower proportion of skilled workers while undereducation is lower where the incidence of training is higher. […]

[Download Full Report]
(Source: EU Bookshop)

Interoperability of mobile devices for crisis management: Outcomes of the 1st JRC ECML Crisis Technology Workshop on Mobile Interoperability for International Field Deployment, 12-13 March 2012.
Corporate author(s): European Commission, Joint Research Centre.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: EU Bookshop)

Women, peace and security

Women, peace and security

Women, peace and security: The European Union in action.
Corporate author(s): Council of the European Union, General Secretariat of the Council.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: EU Bookshop)

Publications on Afghanistan

Afghanistan: Development progress
and prospects after 2014. Sixth Report of Session 2012–13.
Volume I: Report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence; and :
Volume II: Additional written evidence.
Both volumes produced by the House of Commons International Development Committee.

The future of Afghanistan is uncertain. There will be changes in its leadership, the withdrawal of international forces and a reduction in total overseas aid. It is not known what attitude neighbouring countries, particularly Pakistan, will take. The Taliban is stronger in many parts of Afghanistan than it was when our predecessor Committee visited the country in 2007. Despite these uncertainties we believe the UK should have a major aid budget in the country. We have an obligation to the millions of Afghans who have resisted the Taliban and the British soldiers who have died in the country…

[Download Volume I] and [Download Volume II]
(Source: DocuBase]

Publications on Statistics

Immigration Statistics April – June 2012.
Third edition.
Published by the UK Home Office.
Downloads:

(Source: Home Office).

Publications on STHF Cayley House

Report on an unannounced follow-up inspection of the non-residential short term holding facility at: Cayley House, 9–10 July 2012
by HM Chief Inspector of Prisons.
[Download Full Report]
(Source: HM Chief Inspector of Prisons).

 

Call for Papers: Migrants as “Translators”: Mediating External Influences on Post World War II Western Europe, 1945-1973

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Migrants as “Translators”:  Mediating External Influences on Post World War II Western Europe, 1945-1973

Conveners: Jan Logemann (German Historical Institute, Washington DC), Miriam Rürup (Institute for the History of the German Jews, Hamburg)
Organizer: Björn Siegel (Institute for the History of the German Jews)
Date: October 24-26, 2013
Location: Hamburg

This workshop will focus on the role of migrants as mediating agents and cultural translators in social transformations and exchanges in postwar Western Europe. European immigrants and émigrés to the United States, for example, played a vital role in building networks between European and American institutions after the war. These émigrés frequently acted as experts, analysts, and envoys for American government organizations in the context of postwar reconstruction and Cold War public diplomacy. As visiting scholars, artists or professionals they helped initiate transformations in various fields of postwar European societies. As entrepreneurs, they built or rebuilt economic ties that spanned the Atlantic. As network specialists, they forged bridges between civil society organizations. As returning Jewish and Non-Jewish migrants, they frequently established transatlantic personal and professional relationships that fostered transnational exchanges. American-born expatriates in Europe, finally, formed yet another vector in such transatlantic networks. How did they help shape what contemporaries discussed as social or cultural “modernization”?

Western European societies underwent tremendous social and cultural transformations in the decades following World War II. Economic prosperity at home coupled with the decline of colonial empires abroad changed European nation states in manifold ways. European societies, their economies, cities, and civic institutions “modernized” in the eyes of many contemporaries. Yet these processes were hardly self-contained, but instead occurred in dialogue with other parts of the globe. The “Americanization” of post-World War II European societies remains a perennial topic of historical research; in a diverse set of areas from politics and intellectual life, academia and urban development, to business and consumption, American influences have been identified as a significant force for change in Western European societies. Transatlantic influences, however, were only one part of a larger set of exchanges which also connected Western Europe with – among other places – the Middle East, (post-) Colonial Asia and Africa, and countries across the “Iron Curtain.” Transnational studies have increasing analyzed the role of transnational institutions, governments, business, and civil society institutions in these transfer processes. This conference will ask in what ways various groups of migrants helped transform postwar Western European societies and pave the way for the transnational social movements of the late 1960s (the global dimension of which has been a focus of recent scholarship) as well as broader patterns of a “second globalization” setting in during the 1970s.

The emphasis on migrants allows us to put such transatlantic exchange networks into a broader context. Migration pathways became increasingly global during the middle of the twentieth century. Migrants who acted as translators and agents of social change in Western Europe came not only from the United States, but also from the other parts of the Americas, the Middle East, (post-)colonial Asia and Africa as well as the Eastern bloc. Whether as expatriate businessmen, professionals with transnational careers, political exiles, or returning colonial administrators, they left a mark on their host societies during the 1950s to ‘70s. The conference aims to utilize individual and group experiences as a lens through which to examine broader patterns of social change in Western Europe during the decades after World War II.

Their unique migration experience provided migrants with the tools to act as “translators” or “cultural brokers” between societies, both in a linguistic and in a broader cultural sense. The conference will draw on the growing interest in returning émigrés in emigration and exile studies. For West Germany, scholars have already begun to explore the role of returning exiles – both Jewish and non-Jewish – in particular in the transformation and, in part, democratization of parties, unions, the social sciences, businesses, and other institutions. We want to add a broader European perspective on this research. The workshop will similarly draw on and advance recent scholarship on transnational exchanges and networks. The concept of cultural translation, finally, has gained in currency among cultural studies scholars in what Doris Bachmann-Medick has termed the “translational turn.” In postcolonial studies, similar processes of intercultural translation and hybridity have long been part of the research agenda.  Methodologically, this conference will explore the utility of the “translational turn” for the history of migration and transnational transfers. Thus, the workshop will start off with a keynote lecture on the impact of the “translational turn” on cultural studies in general, paired with a comment discussing its relevance for migration studies in particular.

We invite scholars working on migrants and global exchanges in a variety of fields including, but not limited to:

* Jewish Migrants and Returning Exiles

*  Cold War Travelers and their Impact on Postwar Political Cultures

*  Migrant as Experts, “Modernizing” European Business, Science, and Technology

*  Migrants as “Outsiders” in European Intellectual Life and Popular Culture

*  Globalizing and/ or Provincializing Europe: Migrants Role in Emerging Transnational Networks

Please send applications with title, short abstract, and CV to Björn Siegel (bjoern.siegel@public.uni-hamburg.de<mailto:bjoern.siegel@public.uni-hamburg.de>) by January 6, 2013. Expenses for travel and accommodation will be covered, though you may defray organizing costs by soliciting funds from your home institution.


Lauren Shaw
Research Associate
German Historical Institute
1607 New Hampshire Ave NW
Washington DC 20009

 

Call for Papers: Non-territorial autonomy, multiple cultures and the politics of stateless nations, ECPR Joint Sessions, 11-16 March 2013, Mainz, Germany

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Workshop no. 21: Non-territorial autonomy, multiple cultures and the politics of stateless nations

Subject area:
Non-Territorial Autonomy, Nationalism, National Self Determination, Cultural Diversity, Minority Rights

Until recently, demands for national self-determination were understood to be demands for the creation of nation-states for national communities governed by others. However, as there are more nations than possibilities of creating nation-states and, as many ethnic and national communities territorially overlap with others, and, as mass migration has altered the homogeneity of nation states, this accepted understanding of national-territorial sovereignty is being increasingly called into question.

The aim of this workshop is to examine how national self-determination can be achieved without the need to create separate nation-states principally through the models called Non-Territorial Autonomy (NTA). The workshop will proceed in three steps. First, we invite theoretical contributions related to recent developments in theories of cultural diversity and national autonomy to see how they could help formulate new modalities for non-territorial self-determination. Second, we invite papers in the area of policy analysis, focusing on political strategies and policies that have increased the autonomy of stateless nations and the empowerment of minority communities. Here we invite evaluations of the governance of the stateless nations, as well as the accommodation of minority cultural and religious communities. Third, we invite papers examining the discursive reconceptualisation of national self-determination. Here the focus is placed less on policy but on the discursive representations of it: How are alternatives to territorial sovereignty discursively constructed by policy-makers and political stakeholders as legitimate forms of national self-determination?

Proposals should be submitted only through the ECPR website by Monday 5th November 2012. You will be notified of the outcome of the selection process by mid December 2012. Papers sent directly to workshop directors will not be considered by the ECPR.

The ECPR workshops are explained here:
http://www.ecprnet.eu/joint_sessions/
You can find the Mainz joint sessions poster here:
http://new.ecprnet.eu/Documents/JointSessions/2013MainzPoster.pdf

The Mainz joint sessions are described here:
http://www.ecprnet.eu/joint_sessions/mainz/
Or
http://www.politik.uni-mainz.de/cms/ecpr_start.php
You can find the long description of our workshop here, our workshop is in page 2 and it is no 21
http://new.ecprnet.eu/Events/PanelList.aspx?EventID=7

Workshop conveners:
John Coakley (john.coakley@ucd.ie)
Ephraim Nimni (e.nimni@qub.ac.uk)Workshop no. 21: Non-territorial autonomy, multiple cultures and the politics of stateless nations

Event: Evidence in Social Welfare Policy and Practice launch event – Conference centre British Library 7 December 2012, 09.30 – 17.00

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Evidence in Social Welfare Policy and Practice

7 December 2012, 09.30 – 17.00

Conference Centre, British Library

You are warmly invited to a conference to celebrate:

Evidence in Social Welfare Policy and Practice

Evidence in Social Welfare Policy and Practice
© British Library

The launch of Social Welfare at the British Library at www.socialwelfare.bl.uk, a new free online service offering a single point of access to our vast print and digital collections on social welfare and social policy and The acquisition of a very significant charitable foundation archive, a major primary research resource for scholars exploring voluntary sector activity.

The conference will explore issues such as the use of evidence in health policy; the gathering and dissemination of evidence about the voluntary and community sector; practitioner access to evidence; and the potential of charity archives in research.

Our speakers include:

Prof. Jon Glasby
Director, Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham (keynote speaker)

Prof. Pete Alcock,
Director, Third Sector Research Centre, University of Birmingham

Dr Jo Moriarty
Social Care Workforce Research Unit, King’s College London

Dr Georgina Brewis
Research Officer, Institute of Education, University of London,and founder, Campaign for Charity Archives

Dr Diana Leat
independent commentator and researcher on the voluntary sector

The conference will conclude with a panel discussion, followed by a drinks reception with music by the Winter Quartet

 RSVP

robert.davies@bl.uk by 15 November

For further information, see also:  http://www.bl.uk/whatson/events/event136994.html

Journal of Refugee Studies Advance Access Articles

The following articles have just been released as part of the Journal of Refugee Studies Advance Access service.  Details of the articles published are as follows:

JRS Advance Access Articles

JRS Advance Access Articles

Creating a Frame: A Spatial Approach to Random Sampling of Immigrant Households in Inner City Johannesburg
By Gayatri Singh and Benjamin D. Clark.

Abstract:  Adequate knowledge about the spatial distribution of immigrants, particularly those undocumented, can be a significant challenge while designing social science surveys that are aimed at generating statistically valid results using probability samples. Often the underlying expectation of documented information on a population’s physical distribution and orderly surveillance units needed for random sampling is frustrated by the lack of knowledge about immigrants’ settlement patterns. Addressing these challenges, this paper summarizes a strategy employed for surveying difficult-to-reach immigrant populations in the absence of a reliable sampling frame in inner-city Johannesburg. The survey applied a nationality stratified, three-stage cluster random sampling strategy involving an innovative use of spatial information from a geo-database of buildings within inner-city Johannesburg. An enumeration of the method and challenges faced in the data collection are discussed here to demonstrate the feasibility of probability sampling within non-homogeneously distributed population groups in the absence of pre-existing sampling frames.

Link:  http://jrs.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/27/jrs.fes031.short?rss=1

Sampling in an Urban Environment: Overcoming Complexities and Capturing Differences.
By Joanna Vearey.

Abstract:  Through the discussion of the methodological and ethical challenges experienced when designing and implementing a cross-sectional household survey exploring linkages between migration, HIV and urban livelihoods in Johannesburg, this paper argues that it is possible to generate data sufficiently representative of the complexities and differences present in an African urban environment. This is achieved through employing purposive and random sampling techniques across both urban formal (three suburbs in the inner city) and urban informal (an informal settlement on the edge of the city) areas. Urban informal settlements present particular challenges requiring extensive community engagement and mapping to develop a sufficiently representative sampling frame.

Link:  http://jrs.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/27/jrs.fes032.short?rss=1

Gutters, Gates, and Gangs: Collaborative Sampling in ‘Post-Violence’ Johannesburg.
By Jean-Pierre Misago and Loren B. Landau.

Abstract: This account reflects on potential challenges and benefits of designing and conducting a research project with ‘local’ practitioners. The collaboration with local practitioners provided a surprising mix of challenges and opportunities. It reveals that operational agencies often collaborate or conduct research or assessments for their own purposes and are often biased due to limited research capacity, untested presuppositions, or a strong (and understandable) desire to ensure that their results affirm a need which the relevant agency can help to address. That said, operational agencies often bring with them extensive knowledge about the geographical and human environments that can assist in designing a survey and negotiating access to difficult and potentially hostile communities. While somewhat compromised, the data produced by this sampling strategy and collaboration is powerful and useful in revealing—and challenging widely-held assumptions about—differences in socio-economic and safety vulnerabilities among groups and sub-places sampled.

Link:  http://jrs.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/27/jrs.fes033.short?rss=1

Collecting Data on Migrants Through Service Provider NGOs: Towards Data Use and Advocacy.
By Tara Polzer Ngwato.

Conducting methodologically defensible, logistically feasible and affordable large-scale national surveys of migrants is a serious challenge. This paper outlines the pros and cons of working with and through NGOs which provide services to migrants, in order to conduct a national longitudinal survey on migrant access to basic public services. This access method clearly does not result in a sample which is representative of a total national population of migrants, but the paper argues that there are also benefits of such a methodology. Apart from making larger and more longitudinal surveys logistically and financially possible in the first place, such benefits include the formation of active and collaborative networks among organizations in the migrant rights sector; capacity building within this sector around research and the use and meaning of empirical data; and the direct integration of empirical data into local and national advocacy work.

Link:  http://jrs.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/27/jrs.fes034.short?rss=1

 

New Publications on Humanitarian Assistance; Europe; and the UK

Details of these new publications were originally circulated by Elisa Mason on the incredibly useful: Forced Migration Current Awareness Blog.  Further details can be found on the website at:  http://fm-cab.blogspot.co.uk/

Publications on Humanitarian Assistance

RSC Working Paper, no. 84

RSC Working Paper, no. 84

Fifty Shades of Aid: Love in the Field (IRIN, Oct. 2012) [text]

Humanitarian Policy Group Annual Report 2011-2012 (ODI, Sept. 2012) [text]

Humanitarian Staff Development Project: Programme Guide (Context, Oct. 2012) [text via ReliefWeb]

Notes from the Field: Haiti – Displacement and Development in the “Republic of NGOs” (UpFront Blog, Oct. 2012) [text]

Resisting the Mantra of Resilience (IRIN, Oct. 2012) [text]

Tools for the Job: Supporting Principled Humanitarian Action (NRC & HPG, Oct. 2012) [text]

Publications on Europe

“La Crainte est-elle fondée ?” Utilisation et application de l’Information sur les pays dans la procédure d’asile (Comité Belge d’Aide aux Réfugiés, June 2011) [text via Refworld]

Displacement in Cyprus: Consequences of Civil and Military Strife Report Series (PRIO Cyprus, June 2012) [access]

EU: Step Up Sea Rescues to Save Lives (Human Rights Watch, Sept. 2012) [text]

Frontière – Asile – Détention: Législation belge, normes européennes et internationales (Comité Belge d’Aide aux Réfugiés, Jan. 2012) [text via Refworld]

Integrating Refugee and Asylum-seeking Children in the Educational Systems of EU Member States (Center for the Study of Democracy, 2012) [text via EMN Belgium]

“Populism in Brussels? How to Solve the Balkan Asylum Crisis,” EU Observer, 24 Oct. 2012 [text]

Publications on the United Kingdom

Asylum Conditions in Italy Not Severe Enough to Prevent Removal of Refugees from the UK (UK Human Rights Blog, Oct. 2012) [text]
– Discusses the case “EM (Eritrea) and others v Secretary of State for the Home Department.”

Research Note: Immigration and Asylum Services (Legal Services Consumer Panel, Oct. 2012) [text]

Study of Afghan Children Seeking Asylum in the UK (Univ. of Oxford, Oct. 2012) [text]
– Provides brief overview of findings reported in “PTSD in Asylum-Seeking Male Adolescents from Afghanistan.”

The Truth about Asylum (Refugee Council, Oct. 2012) [text]
– Guide to the facts about asylum-seekers and refugees.

Whither Refugee Protection in the Changes to the Canadian and British Asylum Systems? Presentation to RLI Seminar, 17 Oct. 2012 [text]

Why UK Asylum Advocacy Should Take Citizens’ Complaints Seriously, RSC Working Paper, no. 84 (RSC, Oct. 2012) [text]

 

World Without Torture

Survivors of torture often have an increased need for mental and physical healthcare due, in part, to complex sequelae of trauma; but, often they also face socio-economic and cultural impediments to access to expensive and unfamiliar western healthcare resources. Put that way, the case for the use of the cheaper and culturally sensitive alternative medicine practices in the treatment of torture survivors seems clear. But, are these practices effective? That is the question being asked at an article published in the latest issue of  TORTURE, a scientific journal, by a team of researchers at the Boston University Schools of Public Health and Medicine [PDF].

The shortcomings of (un)conventional western medicine

Aside from its significantly higher costs, it is important to be aware that western medicine isn’t anywhere near an ideal for the treatment of all torture survivors. Some of the barriers may include “language, cultural perceptions of…

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Melissa Tabeek.

Yesterday, on the first day of Eid al-Adha, a crowd of about 300 men, women and children gathered to pray and protest across the street from the Syrian Embassy in Amman, Jordan to call for the fall of President Bashar al-Assad. As the sun’s early morning pink light covered the square, tan buildings of the city, the prayer for Eid rang out.

After the prayer finished, the protest began. People adorned in “Free Syria” scarves, face paint and even a full-face mask chanted against the regime. Women wiped tears from their faces as men danced and vehemently responded to the people on stage stirring the crowd. Children raised their fists alongside their mothers, and sat on top of their father’s shoulders, waving Syrian revolutionary flags in the air.

The demonstration lasted a little more than an hour and a half before people began to disperse. The well-organized protests are likely…

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