Monthly Archives: September 2012

New Journal Articles on Refugee Issues (weekly)

  • “This paper argues that immigration detention results in immigration detainees being treated as anomalies within the liberal, democratic state – not only within detention centres but also post-release. Given that most released detainees remain destitute and without entitlement or resolution of their immigration cases, many report feelings of being continuously ‘detained’ even after release. This paper addresses a gap in the literature on the ongoing experience of released detainees. The authors draw on qualitative interview data from former detainees as a first step towards a better understanding of the issues. We discuss wider questions of why the detention regime fails to prepare detainees for release as well as how this omission can undermine their capacity to lead productive and socially meaningful lives. This paper argues that the lack of concern for the well-being of former immigration detainees has considerable and far-reaching implications for the former detainees and their communities. Finally, we link the situation of former detainees and their liminal states of exception, to discourses of slavery and civil death. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Kenya’s enduring ethnic violence is frequently explained with reference to the mobilization of ethnicity from above, and relatively little attention has been paid to the participation of ordinary people. Focusing on the violence that followed the 2007 general elections, this article explores how bottom-up processes of identification and violence interacted with incitement from above. It argues that autochthonous discourses of belonging and exclusion engendered an understanding of ethnic others as ‘immigrants’ and ‘guests’, and these narratives of territorialized identity both reinforced elite manipulation and operated independently of it. Kenya’s post-election violence can thus be understood as a bottom-up performance of narratives of ethnic territorial exclusion operating alongside more direct elite involvement, organization, and incitement. The durability of these narratives, as well as their inherent plasticity, has significant implications for the potential for further violence and the prospects for democratization. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article is based on an ethnographic study conducted in a South African church following the May 2008 xenophobic violence and subsequent displacement of over 100,000 foreigners. It explores the relationships between a group of established, privileged members of the church and a group of displaced refugees, who had found shelter in the church. Our aim is to contribute to an enriched conceptualisation of social justice for social work with refugees and other vulnerable groups the context of a South Africa’s unequal and polarised society. The study’s theoretical framework comprises feminist and relational approaches social justice. The data were analysed using a combination of critical discourses analysis and grounded theory. Our findings depict a deepening web of relationships, in which antagonistic ways of relating affirmed pre-existing hierarchies of race, socio-economic status and citizenship, working at cross-purposes with respectful and dignifying forms of mutual engagement between the two groups. We conclude by reasserting the need for social workers to engage continuously and critically with those expressions of injustice as are specific to the particular contexts in which we may find ourselves. This involves a reflexive engagement with our own implication in these structural and relational constellations. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The complex humanitarian emergency in northern Uganda was occasioned by the two decades of conflict. As a result, several development organisations (local and international) responded to the support needs of children and communities affected by the armed conflict in northern Uganda. Some interventions were developed to meet the psycho-social needs of the children at the reception and rehabilitation centres (RRCs) and in the community. Others were designed to respond to the psycho-social challenges of their families and of the returning children. Interventions have also been developed to address the children’s resettlement and reintegration needs. In this paper, I make a critical analysis of the activities of three indigenous organisations, namely CARITAS Gulu archdiocese; Gulu Support the Children Organisation (GUSCO); and Concerned Parents Association (CPA), as they carry out support activities for children associated with fighting forces. I utilise a child rights discourse in analysing the interventions and their overall implications to social work practice in a complex context. I argue that, while these interventions were relevant to the circumstances of the children and young people, they in many cases fell short of fully empowering them to engage more proactively with their communities. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Minority ethnic groups, arriving in the United Kingdom in substantial numbers since the late 1940s, have historically fared poorly in relation to welfare provision in the United Kingdom, with outcomes – even when accessing services – generally much worse than for the UK white population. This is particularly the case for forms of welfare provision such as mental health services which have failed to identify the specific needs of minorities and only recently begun to address them, largely as a result of high profile incidents such as the death of one minority patient while being restrained, and a broader legislative requirement to promote race equality. This article, based on a part-evaluation undertaken by the authors, describes aspects of the UK government’s Delivering Race Equality (DRE) programme, which sought, through the employment of community development workers (CDWs) in the field of mental health, to engage with minority populations and encourage more appropriate mental health services. The evaluation suggests that, despite the possibilities for innovative work, CDWs were often located in marginal positions within local health service structures. Notwithstanding some modest gains, the programme appears to have failed to achieve a sustainable shift in the direction of culturally sensitive and accessible services, reflecting a more general and continuing marginalization of ‘race’ within UK welfare provision. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This slightly adapted slogan from the last century’s European peace movement could easily summarize the core question tackled by Venla Roth in her study on the impact and future challenges of legal responses to prostitution-related trafficking in human beings. The author argues throughout the study that ‘the most serious challenge of the current anti-trafficking strategies and activities is the large discrepancy between the estimated number and the actual amount of identified and assisted victims of human trafficking’ (p 287).

    Roth supports this argument with non-ambiguous statistics. Since its adoption in 2005 until the end of 2010, the Finnish anti-trafficking mechanism provided services to some fifty presumed trafficked persons; most of them were victims of labour exploitation. During the same time period ‘less than ten residence permits and five reflection periods had been issued to (potential) victims of human trafficking’ (p 210). The criminal statistics on investigations, prosecutions and convictions reflects the small numbers as well: ‘Until December 2010, no more than five trafficking cases had been brought to trial and only three of them had resulted in a conviction of the perpetrators for human trafficking’ (p 211).

    These figures are in stark contrast to the estimations that have accompanied the anti-trafficking discussion during the last … “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The authors of No Return, No Refuge: Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation advance what they call a fairly simple argument based on history and political reality. Ethnic minority refugees and displaced people may desire to return home; however, this does not mean that they have an enforceable right to return. The historical record shows that most displaced minorities never return as a result of exercising a right, as their demands clash with stronger political interests. There is no normative framework to support such a right, so the right to return is not a reality for ethnic or religious minorities: ‘[r]efugees are often victims, not only of expulsion and ethnic cleansing, but also of a political discourse that imprisons them in a frame of impossible expectations that further prolong their suffering’ (p 253).

    Howard Adelman, founding director of the Refugee Studies Centre at York University, and Elazar Barkan, of the Institute for the Study of Human Rights at Colombia University, draw from rich factual studies to demonstrate the realities behind displacement. The authors, who argue that ‘[r]efugees have numerous conflicting rights, many of which are violated’ (p 248), seek to give the ethnic minority refugees a voice and a visibility that can be lost or smothered when their leaders ply complicated long-term political agendas and their advocates take a narrow rights-only focus. Their book has a wide geographical focus and covers much history related to displacement, which encompasses the days when ethnic cleansing was viewed as a nation-building tool, integral to modernity, to its outlawing and, now, the potential for the offences of ‘deportation’ or ‘forcible transfer’ giving rise to prosecution before the International Criminal Court.

    Two chapters on the Middle East take us from the ‘first formal, internationally and politically sanctioned … “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Colombia has been undergoing a massive disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) process accompanied by various transitional justice measures in which victims of the conflict and demobilized combatants have become key political actors. While there is much talk about reconciliation, little is known about local interaction between victims, ex-combatants and their surrounding communities or about the connections between these micro-level realities and macro-level transitional justice and peacebuilding processes. This article presents the findings from a 2010 field study conducted in four neighborhoods of the cities of Bogotá, Medellín and Valledupar. It argues that everyday experiences of coexistence in these areas are mainly conditioned by local factors, such as poverty and insecurity, and by the past experiences of individual victims, ex-combatants and other citizens in the midst of Colombia’s ongoing, nonethnic conflict. The connections between these coexistence situations and macro-level transitional justice and DDR programs, however, are much less clear. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Resources such as education and social networks are likely to contribute to migrants’ upward mobility in the class hierarchy. Moreover, according to structural fit theory, the contribution tends to be contingent on age and social network size. The contingency is the major concern of the present study of mainland Chinese migrants in Hong Kong, which is somewhat different from the Chinese mainland economically, politically and even culturally. In this study, we show that the conditions for upward mobility are some human and social resources and their various combinations. Notably, schooling after arrival in Hong Kong contributed more to the upward mobility of the migrant who was younger or had a larger social network at the time of arrival in Hong Kong. Purportedly, promoting the migrant’s integration with the school and local social network would prepare the migrant for upward mobility.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “In this article we investigate the propensities to have the second child in Italy for foreign women from Albania, Morocco, and Romania. Our study contributes to the international debate on migrant fertility by testing the main competing hypotheses present in literature, using the Italian case as an illustration. Italy is an important case study because it has been a country of immigration for only a few decades and because the literature on this topic was limited in Italy by the difficulties in obtaining proper longitudinal data. An important component of our work was therefore to build a new data set, using record linkage procedures that allow us to improve the information from Survey on Birth and Resident Permit Registers and to study the individual childbearing trajectories. Our results confirm the importance of the mother’s citizenship. The impact remains strong after controlling for the main demographic and migratory characteristics. We found that older cohorts experience a disruption effect but that a native Italian partner can promote an adaptation process such as a convergence in fertility behavior toward that of native Italian women. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “We examine the partner choice patterns of second-generation Turks in 13 European cities in seven countries. We not only compare intermarriage versus endogamous marriage, but also explicitly include the choice of a second-generation partner of the same origin and of a partner of other migrant origin as important alternatives. In Europe, populations are made up increasingly of migrants and their descendants resulting in new alternative partner options not open before. Findings suggest that second-generation Turks who choose a second-generation partner seem to be located between the partner choice of a first-generation and native partner in terms of family values and contact to non-coethnic peers. The choice of a partner of other migrant origin hardly differs in these characteristics from the choice of a native partner. Context variables such as group size and type of integration policies seem to play a role for the likelihood of having a first-generation versus a secondgeneration partner of Turkish origin but not for the likelihood of exogamous partner choice. A second-generation partner is the most popular choice in Germany but represents a minor option in the other countries. Furthermore, a partner of other migrant origin is more common among men but is in some countries more popular than a native partner among Turkish second-generation men and women. Keywords: second generation migrants; intermarriage; Europe; Turks; partner choice “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Around 25% of practicing physicians in Canada are graduates of medical schools outside of Canada. These physicians are more likely to be working in rural communities, and in particular account for more than half of new physicians starting practice in rural regions. The extent to which particular health regions and provinces are able to retain their physicians is crucial if shortages in the delivery of physician and surgeon services in both the short and longer terms are to be avoided. In this paper, we use data from the confidential master files of the Canadian Census over the years 1991-2006 to study the geographic mobility of immigrant and non-immigrant physicians who are already resident in Canada. We consider both inter- and intra-provincial migration, with a particular focus on migration to and from rural areas of Canada. We exploit the fact that it is possible to link individuals within families in the Census files in order to investigate the impact on the migration decision of the characteristics of a married physician’s spouse. Our results indicate that the magnitude of outflows is substantial and that the retention of immigrant physicians in rural areas and in some provinces will continue to be difficult. We find strong evidence that migration is a family decision, and spousal characteristics (education, age, years in Canada for immigrants) are important. As well, we find that large Canadian cities (mainly in Ontario) are the likely destination for the types of immigrant physicians typically able to be recruited to other areas, implying recruitment efforts of smaller provinces may have significant implications for the size of health care costs in larger provinces.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “We examined the moderating role of national identification in understanding when a focus on intergroup similarity versus difference on ingroup stereotypical traits—manipulated with scale anchors—leads to support for discriminatory immigration policies. In line with intergroup distinctiveness research, national identification moderated the similarity–difference manipulation effect. Low national identifiers supported discriminatory immigration policies more when intergroup difference rather than similarity was made salient, whereas the opposite pattern was found for high national identifiers: They trended toward being more discriminatory when similarity was made salient. The impact of assimilation expectations and national identity content on the findings is discussed.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Relentless advocacy and powerful reporting have resulted in a growing outcry against the United States immigration detention system. Nevertheless, the system has experienced a dramatic growth in the last decade, affecting families and communities all over the country. Inspired by United States and international legal theory, this article critically examines the legality of lengthy detention of non-citizens held in pre-removal immigration detention in the United States, while presenting a comparative analysis of the European Union and four of its Member States. Following the introduction, the article begins with an examination of the United States’ Supreme Court’s developing understanding of the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment to the United States’ Constitution in relation to claims brought by non-citizens. The article also discusses two recent United States’ Supreme Court cases – Zadvydas v. Davis and Demore v. Kim – and how lower courts have interpreted them. Next, the article addresses the European Union’s Return Directive, relevant international human rights standards, and particular laws in France, Austria, Portugal, and Greece that place time limits on immigration detention. The article concludes with three recommendations to decrease the amount of time non-citizens spend in administrative immigration detention in the United States. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “When is an applicant for refugee status “ unworthy” of asylum? It used to be thought this question was tolerably clear. But in the current febrile atmosphere of post-9/11, where an avalanche of new international instruments have been drawn up in the “War on Terror” to tackle “ terrorism” , it is anything but clear. Traditionally understood concepts of crimes against peace, war crimes, or crimes against humanity are also in a state of flux. The law is worryingly moving towards a concept of “ unworthiness for asylum” , which, unless arrested by the courts, looks set to undermine the institution of refugeehood itself. As States develop new counter-insurgency measures amid new forms of warfare, “ complicity”, by way of association in the nefarious acts of others, is now deemed by Governments to be enough to reject genuine asylum-seekers. This article discusses the interpretation of the exclusion clauses of Article 1F of the Refugee Convention in the case-law of Germany, the United
    Kingdom, Canada, and Australia. These are countries with strong human rights traditions and commitments to the Rule of Law, and with a proud history of defending refugee rights. Whether they will be able to do so in the future, in the changed
    political climate of the last decade, is the question.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “In the late nineteenth century, a high percentage of the Icelandic population emigrated to North America. In this article I bring to the fore two interrelated sites of tension in the emigrants’ lives centered on the concepts of ethnicity and modernity. I will suggest that an analysis on how these tensions were mediated through material practices may be a fruitful way to provide a new understanding of the processes of emigration and cultural change, which aids movement away from dichotomous categories that have dominated previous research into the period.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Abundant U.S. research documents an “immigrant advantage” in children’s physical health. This article extends consideration to the United Kingdom, permitting examination of a broader group of immigrants from disparate regions of the world and different socioeconomic backgrounds. Drawing on birth cohort data (ages 0-5) from both countries (n = 4,139 and n = 13,381), the analysis considers whether the children of immigrants have a physical and mental health advantage around the beginning of elementary school, and whether advantage is more pronounced among low-educated populations. Findings indicate that the children of immigrants are not uniformly healthier than those in native-born families. Rather, there is heterogeneity in the immigrant advantage across outcomes, and evidence of both greater advantage and disadvantage among children in low-educated immigrant families.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The immediate post-war period was defined by shifts in capitalism’s socioeconomic and institutional underpinnings. Commonly known as Fordism, until the early-1970s models of standardized industrial mass-production and robust state planning and intervention were relatively successful in maintaining secular growth in employment, productivity and demand as well as establishing the national economy and society as unified, governable fields. This paper considers how migration controls in Canada and Australia enhanced and extended such arrangements. In simultaneously boosting production and demand, diversifying and integrating industrial activities and assimilating European migrants into a mass consumer culture while excluding non-Europeans perceived as disruptive of material and sociocultural homogeneity, such policies provided central vectors of economic and cultural nationalism that complemented other monopolistic and redistributive interventions.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This article investigates the relationship between national integration policy models and their outcomes. To evaluate this relationship in greater depth, I studied two typifying migrant groups: ethnic Germans from Romania who migrated legally to Germany—enjoying extensive rights and citizenship upon arrival—and Romanian migrants who migrated to Italy irregularly. Surprisingly, while Romanians in Italy tended to perceive their migration as successful, ethnic Germans migrating to Germany generally perceived a loss of status. Migrants’ reactions to various models of policies and the differences in their transnational practices provided the basis for my explanation of this puzzle.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The issue of immigration is especially controversial in the United States as immigrants today have not only increased in number but constitute a more heterogeneous population. Unlike the earlier waves of immigrants, which were predominantly of European origin, the post-1965 migration trend from Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean has tremendously altered the demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. In-depth exploration of various contextual factors affecting ethnic identity formation can offer insights that help social work practitioners and policy planners overcome the difficulty in working with immigrant populations and their descendants. This article reviews significant contextual aspects influencing immigrant children’s ethnic identity formations and proposes practice recommendations that help facilitate the children’s adaptation in the host society.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Abstract

    Non-Western cleaners have reported better psychosocial work environment but worse health compared with their Danish colleagues. The aim of this study was to compare the association between psychosocial work environment and hypertension among non-Western immigrant cleaners and Danish cleaners.

    Two hundred and eighty-five cleaners from nine workplaces in Denmark participated in this cross-sectional study. The cleaners were identified as non-Western immigrants (n = 137) or Danes (n = 148). Blood pressure was measured in a seated position, and psychosocial work environment was assessed by the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). In each population, multivariate logistic regressions were applied testing for an association between each of the COPSOQ scales and hypertension.

    Models adjusted for age, sex, BMI, smoking, workplace and physical work exertion showed that high Trust regarding management (OR = 0.50) and high Predictability (OR = 0.63) were statistically significantly associated with low prevalence of hypertension in the Danish population. In the immigrant population, no significant associations were found. Analyses on interaction effects showed that associations between Meaning of work and hypertension were significantly different among the two populations (p < 0.05).

    Psychosocial work factors were associated with hypertension among Danes, but not among non-Western immigrants. This divergent association between psychosocial work environment and hypertension between Danes and non-Western immigrant cleaners may be explained by different perceptions of psychosocial work environment."

    tags: newjournalarticles


    To study the relationship between immigration and mental health considering the psychosocial factors in the workplace.

    Multistage cluster sampling was used (final sample: 7,612 workers). Workers whose country of origin was unknown were excluded from the study (study population: 7,555). The information was collected between 2004 and 2005 using a standardized questionnaire, and interviews were conducted in respondents’ homes. The risk of poor mental health according to psychosocial factor, using the native, non-exposed workers as a reference, was calculated using log-binomial models. The prevalence ratio (PR) and confidence intervals (CI 95%) were estimated from crude data and from data adjusted for sex, age, and occupational category.

    Immigrants who experienced high quantitative demands (PR = 1.46; CI 95%:1.34-1.59), high emotional demands (PR = 1.42; CI 95%:1.301.56), high demands for hiding emotions (PR = 1.35; CI 95%:1.21-1.50), low possibilities for development (PR = 1.21; CI 95%:1.09-1.33), low levels of support from coworkers (PR = 1.41; CI 95%:1.30-1.53), and low esteem (PR = 1.53; CI 95%:1.42-1.66) perceived worse mental health. Equally, the study found that the immigrants with a high influence (PR = 1.19; CI 95%:1.09-1.29) and high control over working times (PR = 1.25; CI 95%:1.14-1.36) also reported worse mental health. We also found that native workers exposed to these factors also perceived worse mental health than those who were not exposed and that even, at times, they were at greater risk than exposed immigrants.

    Differences in mental health between exposed and non-exposed wage earners, whether immigrant or native workers, indicate the importance of taking action to reduce psychosocial factors, as this would benefit both native and immigrant workers.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “The European Union’s discourse of ‘partnership’ in the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility and the widely expressed critique of this discourse as a process of ‘externalization’ of EU policy both depend on unitary accounts of the main policy actors involved. Two separate literatures contest such unitary accounts. Within political science and international relations, institutional approaches identify a range of strategic actors involved in policy development; in anthropology, there is a well-established interest in the strategic behaviour of disempowered actors. In this article, I set out to link these two approaches with an examination of undocumented migrants as strategic actors. I use a case study of events at the borders between Morocco and the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla in late 2005, which have proved extremely influential in the continued development of the EU’s global approach, to identify the ways in which even highly marginalized migrants were able to develop transnational social organizations.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “This paper explores two stories of the author’s own family, one of post-Second World War Displaced Persons, and one of Nazi collaboration. Juxtaposed, these two stories attached to one familial identity throw into relief the expectations of victimhood and responsibility encoded in stereotypical refugee narratives. The paper tracks such expectations in contemporary Australian refugee debate, showing that essentialised equations between refugees and victimhood can be used to obscure, rather than expose, relations of power and violence. The uncomfortable revelations about my own family that I canvass here can thus be understood as a synecdoche for uncomfortable truths about Australia’s history in relation to refugees, both past and present. Attending to these truths requires being prepared to disrupt ‘familiar’ narratives of victimhood and perpetration, and remember our own potential affiliations with violence, whether personal or national.”

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Colombia has been undergoing a massive disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) process accompanied by various transitional justice measures in which victims of the conflict and demobilized combatants have become key political actors. While there is much talk about reconciliation, little is known about local interaction between victims, ex-combatants and their surrounding communities or about the connections between these micro-level realities and macro-level transitional justice and peacebuilding processes. This article presents the findings from a 2010 field study conducted in four neighborhoods of the cities of Bogotá, Medellín and Valledupar. It argues that everyday experiences of coexistence in these areas are mainly conditioned by local factors, such as poverty and insecurity, and by the past experiences of individual victims, ex-combatants and other citizens in the midst of Colombia’s ongoing, nonethnic conflict. The connections between these coexistence situations and macro-level transitional justice and DDR programs, however, are much less clear. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Refugee Archive: Off Air Recording Requests: WB 29 September 2012

The following off-air recording requests have been made for the Refugee Council Archive for the week beginning Saturday 29 September, 2012.  Further details are as follows:

Saturday 29 September

1430-1500: BBC News Channel: Our World – Syria: Descent into Hell

Sunday 30 September

2100-2200: BBC1: (2/8).  Andrew Marr’s History of the World (Series 1 Part 2: Age of Empire).  Series Recording.

Monday 1 October

2000-2030: Channel 4: Dispatches – Cruises Undercover: The Truth Below Deck.

2100-2200: BBC3: 7/7 Bombings: Conspiracy Road Trip.

Wednesday 3 October

2100-2200: BBC1: Panorama Britain’s Secret Health Tourists.

2100-2200: BBC2: (1/3) Welcome to India.  (Series 1 Episode 1).  Whole Series Requested.


Event: Refugee Studies Centre: Annual Harrell-Bond Lecture 2012

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

The Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford is delighted to announce the forthcoming Annual Harrell-Bond lecture.

Professor Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar

Co-Director, Stanford Center for International Security and Cooperation Stanford Law School

Wednesday, 07 November 2012, 5pm

Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PW

 “The architecture of refugee protection”

Tens of millions of people in nearly every inhabited corner of the planet face the challenge of life as refugees or internally-displaced people. Countries and organisations throughout the world often recognise that such displaced people (and particularly refugees) have legal rights and merit considerable attention. Nonetheless, the complex structures shaping the laws, organisations, and ideas in this domain – what could be called the ‘architecture’ of refugee protection – often fails to live up to its promise.

In this talk, Professor Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar will disaggregate three dimensions of the ‘architecture’ of refugee protection. Specifically, the talk will focus on some of the architectural features of the humanitarian relief system, on the allocation of power and territory across nation-states, and on the physical architecture of refugee camps. Each of these domains reveals some of the key architectural features driving our response to refugees and internally displaced persons. By understanding the interacting effects of these different architectures, we can better appreciate how a mix of laws, organisations, and ideas help create the combination of neglect and opportunities for action that will shape the lives of displaced persons and the international system that defines our world.

The lecture will be followed by a drinks reception

Please register for this event online at:


Event: Screening of ‘NORMAL – Real Stories from the Sex Industry’ film at Raindance Film Festival 5-6 October, London

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Dear Colleagues and Friends,

I am delighted to inform you that my documentary film NORMAL was selected at the 2012 Raindance Film Festival and that it will be screened in London on:

Friday 5 October 15:45

Saturday 6 October 17:30

Tickets are available on the festival webpage, which now includes a brand new trailer:,8920,0,0,1,0

There will be a Q&A session with me and some of the actors and crew after the Saturday afternoon screening.

You can follow news and events related to NORMAL on Facebook and Twitter so… Watch this space!!!



Please come join us and pass this message to all interested colleagues and friends. I am pasting below a short description of the movie.

Looking forward to seeing you at the screening!


Nick Mai



Normal is a 65 minute creative documentary that brings the real life stories of male, female and transgender migrants working in the sex industry to the screen. Drawing on original interviews with people working in the sex industry in Albania, Italy and the UK, documentary director and anthropologist Nicola Mai reveals their unheard voices.

In Tirana we meet Besnik, an Albanian young man who uses violence to stop his women getting under his skin. In Rome, Catalin is a Romanian minor selling sex to other men as it’s the best job he’s ever had. Having used violence in the past, Adrian, a Romanian young man, now respects his working girl to keep himself safe and out of jail. In London there’s Candy, a Romanian young woman who loves her trafficker to the point of getting convicted for controlling. Alina, a Moldovan woman, decides to work independently in the UK sex industry after having been trafficked. We also meet Cynthia, a transgender woman selling sex to feed her estranged family while waiting to fix her papers.

These voices often go against the grain of popular expectations that most migrant sex workers are exploited and forced to sell sex against their will. Confronting these attitudes, Normal uncovers a layered, human story of migration and sex work. What we hear are unexpected, disturbing, sometimes moving and often contradictory life stories. The viewer is continually challenged by the truth of their words, their dreams and the lives that they lead. All the characters are portrayed by actors, guaranteeing the anonymity and safety of the original interviewees and emphasizing the inherently performative nature of selves.

Dr Nick Mai
Reader in Migration Studies
ISET Institute for the Study of European Transformations
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
London Metropolitan University
166-220 Holloway Road
N78DB London
Tel: +44 (0) 207 133 4305

My 3 latest publications:

Mai, N (2012) Embodied cosmopolitanisms: the subjective mobility of migrants working in the global sex industry. Gender, Place and Society, forthcoming. Available online as iFirst article DOI:10.1080/0966369X.2011.649350.

Hickman, M, Mai, N and Crowley, H (2012) Migration and Social Cohesion in the UK. Palgrave Macmillan, forthcoming (April 2012)

Mai, N (2011) Tampering with the Sex of ‘Angels’: Migrant Male Minors and Young Adults Selling Sex in the EU. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 37(8): 1237-52


Event: Webinar on how children integrate following their trafficking experience

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Dear all,

On Thursday 11th October at 3pm (London time) Home: The Child Recovery and Reintegration Network is hosting its second webinar.

The webinar is entitled ‘Integration into a new setting: how do children integrate following their trafficking experience and what can we learn from work with other populations regarding integration?’.

Children who are identified, and are able to leave their exploiter, often find themselves alone and in an unfamiliar environment.  Children who are being cared for in a new setting may need support to help them adjust and navigate their way through new systems and into society if they are not returning home.

From research in the US, the webinar will examine how children have settled following trafficking experiences. The presentations will also explore what can be learnt from working with other groups of children – specifically separated children seeking asylum in the UK – to integrate into new, unfamiliar environments.

During the webinar there will be two presentations from:

– Dr Elżbieta M. Goździak, Director of Research at the Institute for the Study of International Migration (ISIM) at Georgetown University

– Professor Ravi Kohli, Professor of Child Welfare and Head of Department of Applied Social Studies, University of Bedfordshire

To access the webinar please email .

See for details of future webinars on issues relating to recovery and reintegration.

Please feel free to circulate this information to colleagues who may be interested.


Call for papers: Encounters in Canada: Contrasting Indigenous and Immigrant Perspectives

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Encounters in Canada: Contrasting Indigenous and Immigrant Perspectives York University, Keele Campus, Toronto, Canada May 15–17, 2013

Call for Papers

Indigenous peoples are the original caretakers of Canada, but their encounters with settlers have been marred by assimilation and territorial dispossession over hundreds of years.  The result has been significant alienation between Indigenous peoples and Canadian governments.  Conversely, immigrants to Canada, which for the purposes of this conference include early colonists, recent immigrants, refugees and displaced persons, have often viewed the country as a haven or land of opportunity.  However, many are sorely unaware of Indigenous history, rights and contributions to Canada’s development.  No people or community can speak for another; individual and group knowledge is intrinsic and internal.  However, in keeping with the ideal of “mutual sharing” emphasized in the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, respect and trust can be fostered through shared difference.  While the specific experiences of Indigenous peoples, immigrant communities, refugees and Canadian-born citizens are very different on many levels, connections can be developed through dialogue and reciprocity.  Indigenous peoples as well as immigrant and refugee communities experience discrimination, racism, stigmatization and marginalization.  These encounters represent a wider systemic problem in Canadian political, legal, sociocultural and historical contexts.  Efforts to overcome exclusion can be built through increased awareness and knowledge-building, with support from allies.

This conference aims to fill this gap in knowledge and will bring together leaders from government and the judiciary, legal scholars, academics and practitioners to formulate practical solutions.  The primary objective is to build bridges – cultural, political, intellectual and social connections – between those who share the lands of what is now Canada.  The underlying rationale of the conference stems from the fact that Canada is now shared by Indigenous peoples, descendants of early settlers and more recent immigrant and refugee communities.  These communities encounter Canada in very different ways based on racial identity, ancestral heritage, cultural background, community belonging, language and spiritual practice.  Bridging the chasm that exists between Indigenous peoples and all newcomers, whether early or contemporary immigrants or refugees, is urgently needed in order to end discrimination and achieve equitable quality of life for all who live in this country.  To this end, the objective is to understand how Indigenous peoples and various immigrant groups experience their lives in Canada.  How are the challenges they face different?  Are there shared goals and experiences upon which to build future alliances to achieve improved quality of life in Canada?

Conference papers are expected to be published subsequently in an edited volume, and acceptable topics will relate to the following broad themes:

(1)        “Colonialism versus Consent”: Indigenous peoples have been and continue to be negatively impacted by colonialism.  They did not consent to assimilation or territorial dispossession.  Early settlers and contemporary immigrants and refugees generally have chosen to make Canada their home; this choice was not imposed on them.  In the context of colonialism and consent, what have been the contrasting experiences of Indigenous peoples versus settler/immigrant/refugee communities?

(2)        “Exclusion and Identity”: Indigenous peoples have faced centuries of exclusion and assimilation on their own lands.  Early settlers did not face these forms of discrimination, but new immigrants and refugees often experience life on the perimeters of Canadian society.  How are these experiences of race and identity different or similar?  Are there similarities in how Indigenous peoples and immigrant communities maintain or revitalize their cultures and languages?  Could encounters with exclusion and discrimination become points of “shared difference” between Indigenous peoples and immigrant communities?  If so, is there the potential for building alliances?

(3)        “Place and Displacement”: The role of “place” is a vital component of identity.  Spiritual and cultural attachment to the land is a predominant component of most Indigenous identities.  Similarly, displacement and attachment to home significantly impact life experience, sense of security and the physical and mental well-being of immigrants and refugees who come to Canada.  Are there similarities between the territorial dispossession experienced by Indigenous peoples in Canada and refugee communities?  What are the impacts of forced migration, especially for those communities who seek to revitalize, recreate or reinvent their identities after losing a sense of “place”?  How is “place” experienced by immigrant groups who voluntarily or actively choose to reside in Canada?

(4)        “Nationalism and Alienation”: Any form of exclusion or discrimination is apt to result in alienation.  While experienced differently and in different contexts, Indigenous peoples and immigrant/refugee communities are often alienated from the Canadian mainstream.  This perpetuates disadvantage, erects barriers between communities and highlights the differences between “others”.  How should the myriad of different national identities be respected in Canada?  How should the original contributions of Indigenous peoples be recognized?

(5)        “Recognition and Respect”: Recognition of difference – historical, cultural, political and social – is a vital sign of respect for a people or nation.  Many who live in Canada are unaware of the distinctive histories and contributions of Indigenous peoples.  Many are also unaware of the cultures and values of immigrant and refugee communities.  What should be done to promote awareness and appreciation of the different groups that share what is now Canada?  What might recognition of difference look like in legal, political and cultural contexts, and how would recognition differ for Indigenous peoples versus immigrant/refugee communities in practice?  How should the differing cultural practices, histories and identities of Indigenous peoples be promoted and respected?  In contrast, what should Canadians learn about immigrant and refugee communities?

(6)        “Relationship-Building and Community Engagement”: Indigenous peoples face an alarming array of dire problems, akin to third-world conditions in an otherwise prosperous country.  Immigrant and refugee communities also often contend with poorer quality of life than the “average” Canadian.  How are these experiences different?    What needs to be done to remedy these problems?  Is relationship-building and reconciliation the answer for Indigenous peoples, and if so, what should approaches look like?  Can and should alliances be forged between Indigenous peoples and settler/immigrant communities, both early and recent?  How and in what contexts (i.e. legal, political, cultural, social) should all communities be actively involved in the creation of their futures?

Interested participants are requested to submit abstracts as soon as possible, and no later than **December 1, 2012,** after which time they will be reviewed by the Conference Program Committee.  Proposals for paper presentations and/or panels are welcomed from academics, practitioners and advanced graduate students from across Canada and internationally.   Submissions should include a title, an abstract of no more than 250-350 words demonstrating the relevance of the topic to the conference themes as well as brief biographical and contact information along with institutional affiliation (100 words) for each presenter. The conference is actively sourcing funding to support travel and accommodation. If successful, we will be able to provide modest support to selected participants based on financial need. If applying for travel support, please email a brief one-page budget outlining financial need for travel and accommodation to Michele Millard at

Abstract submissions should be submitted online at .  Any technical questions about  online submission process should be directed to Michele Millard, Centre Coordinator and Conference Administrator, Centre for Refugee Studies at York University ( ).

All other questions concerning the conference should be directed to the principal academic organizer, Dr. Jennifer Dalton, Assistant Professor, School of Public Policy & Administration, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies, and Centre for Refugee Studies Scholar ( ).  Interested participants may also contact the members of the Conference Organizing Committee: Dr. David McNab, Associate Professor of Indigenous Thought and Canadian Studies, Departments of Equity Studies/Humanities, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies ( ); Dr. James Simeon, Acting Director, Centre for Refugee Studies, and Associate Professor, School of Public Policy and Administration, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies ( ); Dr. H. Tom Wilson, Professor, Faculties of Graduate Studies, Law and Liberal Arts & Professional Studies, and Senior Fellow of McLaughlin College ( ).

Event: Vulnerable Workers, Forced Labour, Migration and Ethical Trading Conference

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

NB: Please note that we are offering free bursary places to volunteers, unwaged or low waged people including people with experience of unfree/ forced labour who would like to attend.

Last call for contributions (deadline *28 September*) and call for participants (registration deadline *31 October*):

Vulnerable Workers, Forced Labour, Migration and Ethical Trading A conference at the University of Leeds, UK, Friday 14th December 2012

This 1-day conference will bring together academics, campaigners, and policy makers to explore both the drivers and the broad experiences of vulnerable, forced and exploitative labour, to place the UK experience within a global context, and put questions of globalisation, migration and ethical trading centre-stage. We are particularly interested to support campaigning groups, including trades unions, those supporting refugees, and organisations concerned with the wider implications of forced labour, including ethical trading and the regulation of supply chains; and to consider how research evidence can strengthen the work of those active in these areas.

Keynote speakers:

Alice Bloch, Professor of Sociology, City University Aidan McQuade, Anti Slavery International Nicola Phillips, Professor of Political Economy, University of Sheffield Guy Standing, Professor of Economic Security, University of Bath

We invite papers and other types of contributions (e.g. poetry, photography, film, art) which reflect on these and related questions:

Vulnerable migrant workers

– What is the interplay between asylum and broader migration policy and vulnerable /forced labour?

– How are different groups of non-migrants and migrants, including refugees and asylum seekers, vulnerable to exploitation?

Labour markets and trade

– How the does the organisation of production and trade in the contemporary global economy generate vulnerability and forced labour in different contexts?

– What are the links between the politico-economic framework of neoliberal labour markets and exploitative work?

Forced labour

– What value do definitions, international treaties and covenants on forced labour and domestic UK legislative apparatus designed to reduce/eliminate forced labour have in everyday life?

– How do people become trapped in vulnerable and forced labour?

Organising and mobilising

– What opportunities exist for individuals or groups to resist in order to mobilise and eventually exit from vulnerable / forced labouring?

– What interventions might have the potential to reduce unfree/forced labour; e.g. immigration policy solutions; employer sanctions; improving precarious workers’ access to information and organising/mobilising opportunities; strategies for campaigning organisations?

*This includes*:

– contributions across international contexts on precarious work, forced labour and ethical trading

– critical engagement with key terms: vulnerable workers, forced labour, etc.

– presentations offering insights into activism, education and applying research evidence

The conference will be of interest to: academics working in this interdisciplinary field; people with personal experience of unfree/forced labour; policy makers; trades unionists; people working, campaigning, volunteering in these areas; and political activists. The conference will include a mixture of speakers, discussion, and presentations by academics and campaigning groups.

Please send your ideas for papers or presentations (abstracts of max 250 words) by 28th September 2012 to Dr Hannah Lewis, .

To register for the conference (£20 higher education, business, statutory, £10 charity and voluntary; unwaged free): see: . Registration closing date 31st October 2012.

Organised by Dr Stuart Hodkinson, Dr Hannah Lewis, Dr Louise Waite, University of Leeds; Prof. Pete Dwyer, University of Salford; and Prof. Gary Craig, Wilberforce Institute, Hull.

The conference is organised on behalf of the ESRC-funded project: Precarious lives: asylum seekers and refugees’ experiences of forced labour (RES-062-23-2895), with additional financial support from the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust.


Call for Papers: IAAB Int’l Conference on the Iranian Diaspora, Oct 13-14, UCLA

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Iranian Alliances Across Borders (IAAB), will be holding its *5th

International Conference on the Iranian Diaspora*<> at the *University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) on October 13-14, 2012*. Online registration is now open, with discounted rates through October 1 for pre-registration (student and group rates are available as well).

The IAAB Conference <> creates an innovative forum for academics, journalists, artists, and community leaders to discuss the development, challenges, and needs of the Iranian global community.  The first and largest program of its kind, participants will join us from the Middle East, Europe, Australia, Asia, and North America, bringing a truly global perspective to these important conversations.

This year’s conference will include *35 panel presentations, 10 workshops and roundtables, a film series, and 2 keynote addresses from Professor Hamid Naficy and Ms. Noosheen Hashemi*; you can find the full program on our website. ( ).  An incredible two days are planned, with a great range of topics and sessions that highlight cutting edge research, innovative cultural programs, and timely assessments of challenges to Iranian communities worldwide.

Several of the many topics included in the 2012 IAAB Conference are:

– Refugees and Asylees: Rights, Challenges, and Advocacy

– The Impact of the Sanctions on the Iranian American Community

– The Production of Iranian Diasporic Media

– Race and Profiling: Discrimination, Immigration, and the Pursuit of

Justice in Iranian America

– Social Services and the Iranian American Community

– Education in Diaspora

– Transnational Activism in and between Iran and the Iranian Diaspora

– Iranian Community Centers: Lessons Learned, Models, and Challenges

– The Roles of Iranian Student Organizations: Advocacy vs. Cultural


– Cultural Production in the Diaspora

– Storytelling: Oral, Visual, and Multimedia Histories of Iranians in Diaspora.

IAAB is also pleased to present a film series during the Conference, featuring the fiction and documentary work of diaspora filmmakers.

We are happy to support the Los Angeles debut of *Mahmoud*<>,Tara Gerami’s award-winning one-woman play that took the Toronto and New York Fringe Festivals by storm!  As an added bonus, registered conference attendees receive a discount for the 10/13 performance of this amazing play!

Online pre-registration is now open and space is limited – *register today*<> to receive early bird discounts! We are also pleased to offer group rates at anadditional discount. If you are interested in registering a group of 8+, please email us at

The IAAB Conference is presented by Iranian Alliances Across Borders (IAAB), with generous co-sponsorship from the UCLA Department ofAnthropology, the UCLA Dean of Social Sciences, and the G.E. Von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern Studies.

Click here to see the full tentative schedule and to learn more aboutthe IAAB Conference. We look forward to seeing you in October!


Advanced ELENA course – The Rights of Refugees

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

I am delighted to announce that registration is now open for the Advanced ELENA Course on the Rights of Refugees, which will take place from 30 November – 2 December in Madrid, Spain.

The purpose of this course is to examine the refugee rights regime, it will consider this topic from an International law perspective as well as a European one.  It will look at the structure of entitlement of refugee rights and explore in detail the specific right of free movement for refugees. This will be followed by an examination of refugee rights under the Qualification Directive and its Recast.

The final sessions will look at how the European Social Charter can be applied in the area of refugee law and this will be followed by case studies practically applying the European Social Charter.

The course is aimed at legal practitioners who work in the area of asylum law, decision makers and staff of national asylum authorities as well as those working in international and non governmental organisations who specialise in asylum law.

Speakers include: Professor James C. Hathaway,  James E. and Sarah A. Degan Professor of Law; Director, Program in Refugee and Asylum Law, University of Michigan Law School; Ioana Patrascu, Legal Officer, European Commission and Professor Luis Jimena Quesada, President of the European Committee of Social Rights, Council of Europe.

The course fee is 485 Euros per person for lawyers and NGO staff; and 585 Euros for government participants. There is a discount of 40 Euros for ECRE members and ELENA co-ordinators. The conference fee includes two nights accommodation (30 November and 1 December), meals as per the programme, including an evening meal on the Friday 30 November, the conference package and reading materials. Please note that the fee does not include travel to the event or an evening meal on Saturday 1 December.

Places are limited so register as soon as possible to be sure of a place. The closing date for registration is 26 October 2012.  Payment is due by 2 November 2012.

For more information please contact Caoimhe Sheridan, Project and Training Officer

To register for the course, please click here


Event: Annual Conference on EU Asylum Law 2012, Malta

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Academy of European Law


Registrations reaching ERA before 29 September will be eligible for a 10% discount.


This annual conference seeks to give participants an overview of current developments in European asylum law. In addition, this year’s annual conference will focus on the impact of the Charter of Fundamental Rights (CFR) in asylum matters as well as looking especially at the role of European agencies in the asylum process.

Key topics

– The latest developments regarding the proposals to reform the existing legislation in the area of asylum law such as the Qualifications, Procedures and Reception Directives

– Recent case law of the Court of Justice of the EU

– Recent case law of the European Court of Human Rights

– The impact of the CFR in asylum matters

– The justiciability of the CFR in EU Courts

– The role of agencies in the migration process: how does the work of EU agencies (FRONTEX, EUROPOL, EASO) impact on the rights of asylum-seekers?

Who should attend?

This conference is aimed principally at asylum lawyers and judges of national courts, staff of national asylum authorities and NGOs.

Language: English

Organiser: Killian O’Brien, ERA

Event number: 412R30

Professional training: Participation in this seminar can contribute to your continuing professional education (10 hours).

Detailed conference programme and online registration available at


– Anneliese Baldaccini, Executive Director, Asylum & Migration, Amnesty International, European Institutions Office, Brussels

– Eugene Buttigieg, Judge at the General Court of the European Union, Luxembourg*

– Albin Dearing, Project Manager, EU Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA), Vienna

– Maria-Teresa Gil-Bazo, Lecturer in Law, University of Newcastle; Research Associate at the Refugee Studies Centre, Oxford University

– Paul Harvey, Legal Officer, European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg

– Maria Hennessy, Senior Legal Officer, European Council of Refugees and Exiles (ECRE), Brussels

– Niilo Jääskinen, Advocate General of the Court of Justice of the European Union, Luxembourg*

– Nuala Mole, Director, Advice on Individual Rights in Europe (AIRE) Centre, London

– Ioana Patrascu, Legal Officer, Asylum Unit, DG Home Affairs, European Commission, Brussels

– Jorrit Rijpma, Assistant Professor, Leiden University

– Robert K Visser, Executive Director, European Asylum Support Office (EASO), Valetta

– Boštjan Zalar, Higher Court Judge, Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana

* to be confirmed

News: Children seeking safety in UK face damaging culture of doubt | The Children’s Society

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

Children seeking safety in UK face damaging culture of doubt

Children seeking safety in the UK on their own are subjected to a culture of disbelief and suspicion, which leaves them feeling frightened and confused, our new report reveals.

Into the Unknown: Children’s journeys through the asylum process found that, despite some recent improvements, many of the UK Border Agency’s (UKBA) practices fail to take the needs of children fleeing war, turmoil and violence into account.–childrens-journeys-through-the-asylum-process–the-childrens-society.pdf

The report highlights the Agency’s failure to make sure that children understand what is happening to them in the asylum process. The absence of child-friendly information, a wide-spread culture of disbelief and disputes over their age are central to increasing young people’s confusion and sense of insecurity.

This causes already traumatised children greater anxiety, with immediate and potentially long-term consequences for their well-being. Worryingly, there are no systems in place for the UKBA to measure the effect of the asylum system on children’s well-being.

‘Instead of getting the care and support they need, these children are considered with suspicion’

Many of the children The Children’s Society spoke to said that in their asylum interviews, there was no ‘responsible adult’ to act on their behalf or explain what was happening. In some cases, their interpreter did not speak the correct dialect or language, misrepresenting what they had said. This made them feel like their refusal of protection was unjustified.

The Children’s Society Chief Executive Matthew Reed said: ‘The amount of confusion and anxiety expressed by the children we spoke to in the asylum process is very concerning.

‘Although the UKBA has made some progress, there needs to be a fundamental shift in attitude in how they work with children fleeing danger who need our help. Instead of getting the care and support they need, these children are considered with suspicion. In some cases they feel like they are being tricked. Children need to understand what is happening to them and have some control over their situation.’

What we are calling for

The Children’s Society is calling for the UKBA to make its asylum process more child-friendly.

This includes providing specialist training for immigration interpreters who work with these children, establishing an independent complaint and feedback system to inform all stages of the immigration process that children can easily understand, and addressing the ‘culture of disbelief’ that prevents children from being treated fairly.


International Journal of Refugee Law Table of Contents Alert

Int J Refugee Law

Int J Refugee Law

Oxford Journals have published the latest Table of Contents alert for the International Journal of Refugee Law.  The table of contents for Volume 24 Number 3, (October 2012) are reproduced below:


India and Internally Displaced Persons: Current Legal Avenues and New Legal Strategies
Vinai Kumar Singh
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 509-526
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Transfer of International Protection and European Union Law
Steve Peers
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 527-560
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Refugee Status Determination and the Rights of Recognized Refugees under Uganda’s Refugees Act 2006
Marina Sharpe and Salima Namusobya
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 561-578
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Hospitality and Sovereignty: What Can We Learn From the Canadian Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program?
Ekaterina Yahyaoui Krivenko
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 579-602
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Case Law

Case BVerwG 10 C 13.10
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 603-611
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF]

SK (Zimbabwe) (Appellant/Claimant) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Respondent/Defendant)
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 612-645
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Book Reviews

Stefanie F Haumer
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 646-649
[Full Text] [PDF]

Regulating the International Movement of Women: From Protection to Control
Olga Jurasz
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 649-652
[Full Text] [PDF]

Global Migration Governance
Benoît Mayer
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 653-655
[Full Text] [PDF]

Law of Asylum in the United States: 2011 Edition
Jane McAdam
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 656-657
[Full Text] [PDF]

Defining Human Trafficking and Identifying Its Victims: A Study on the Impact and Future Challenges of International, European and Finnish Legal Responses to Prostitution-Related Trafficking in Human Beings
Baerbel Heide Uhl
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 657-660
[Full Text] [PDF]

No Return No Refuge: Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation
Paul White
Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: 660-663
[Full Text] [PDF]

Cover / Standing Material

Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: NP

Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: NP

Int J Refugee Law 2012 24: NP


Call for papers: RLI Working Paper Series

*** Apologies for Cross Posting ***

The Refugee Law Initiative Working Paper Series Call for Papers – September 2012

The Refugee Law Initiative (RLI) invites submissions to its Working Paper Series. The series provides for the rapid dissemination of preliminary research results and other work in progress, reflecting cross and inter-disciplinary interests within refugee law and policy, broadly defined. Recent papers have considered integration, detention and smuggling of asylum-seekers, gender-related asylum claims and long-term encampment.

RLI Working Papers are prominently displayed on the RLI website < > as a resource for scholars and practitioners worldwide. Papers published in the series may subsequently be published in journals or books provided that an acknowledgement is given to the RLI Working Paper Series.

Papers must be based on original research, conform to the usual standard of academic publishing, be fully referenced and presented in the standard technical format employed by the series. Papers will be evaluated based on their contemporary relevance, contribution to the field, structure and analytical rigour. Please refer to the submission guide available at < >.

Submissions are considered on a rolling basis.

For further information, and to submit a paper please contact the Editor-in-Chief, Mr Ruvi Ziegler, at or .


New Journal Articles on Refugee Issues (weekly)

  • “Research on a range of agreements between Indigenous people and extractive industries suggests that equitable benefits from such activity on Indigenous land are rare. In Central Australia, the Central Land Council has piloted a new approach to generating benefits from land use agreements by establishing a community development unit and encouraging Indigenous traditional owners to apply some of the income from land use agreements with mining companies and similar parties to community development activities. This paper discusses the variety of community development projects this unit is undertaking with traditional owners and Aboriginal community members, and the challenges it is facing as it tries to utilize community development principles in its projects. It indicates some of the issues that may need to be considered in government policy which seeks to assist Indigenous landholders gain optimum benefit from land-related payments. In particular, the paper demonstrates that the priorities of Indigenous people to support and promote social and cultural activities, including maintaining micro-communities (outstations) on homelands, may conflict with government views as to how to ‘optimize benefits’ from land use agreements. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “As community-based mental health services evolve, there is increasing awareness of the restorative potential of community participation and of its importance in promoting social inclusion. Many mental health service users are stigmatized by the segregated services they use as well as by the negative attitudes commonly held in our wider society. This article reports on a participatory action research inquiry in Bristol, United Kingdom, which examined the positive impact of mainstream community participation on mental health service users’ recovery and social inclusion and how service users’ experiences informed joint planning between mental health services and the learning community to promote social inclusion. Focusing on the significance of inter-agency work and highlighting the value of micro-level knowledge of the daily challenges faced by service users, it identifies ways of improving access to mainstream services. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Migration and Diaspora in Modern Asia is part of Cambridge’s New Approaches to Asian History Series. So far, six other such books have been published. The aim of the series is to “publish books on milestones in Asian history” that “have come to define particular periods or mark turning points in the political, cultural, and social evolution of the region.” Written by scholars with established credentials in their chosen fields, the books are intended as introductions for students. This book generally meets these criteria, some better than others.

    Histories of nations in the developing world in Asia, Africa and the Pacific, have generally been constructed around the concept of the “nation state,” disregarding themes and developments which transcend national boundaries. Migration is one such theme. This book’s singular contribution is to point out that migration, in its various manifestations and in its different phases, has been an integral part of Asian historical experience, rather than something extraneous to it. People migrated for a whole variety of reasons: as professional soldiers and sailors, as casualties of human violence and warfare, as seasonal workers, as state-sponsored laborers, within and between countries, for various lengths of time. In some cases, the displacement was permanent, in others … “

    tags: newjournalarticles

  • “Survey data from Jews find that Jewish population density is positively related to rates of synagogue attendance and most other behavioral measures of religious commitment. We ask whether, after controlling for higher rates of religious practice in more Jewish areas, Jewish population concentration has its own separate independent negative effect on Jewish identity salience. Using the 2001 National Jewish Population Survey, we present three main findings. First, the simple correlation between population share and identity salience is positive. Second, after statistically controlling several key control variables, including level of Jewish practice, the overall direct effect of population share is negative. Third, we find that respondents who were raised Jewish but no longer consider themselves Jewish are more likely to reside in low Jewish population share areas. Taken together, our second and third main findings suggest that different kinds of “assimilation” are occurring in high versus low Jewish population share areas. “

    tags: newjournalarticles

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Journal of Refugee Studies Table of Contents for Special Issue: The Refugee in the Postwar World, 1945-1960: September 2012; Vol. 25, No. 3

Journal of Refugee Studies

Journal of Refugee Studies

Oxford Journals have now released the Table of Contents for a Special Issue of the Journal of Refugee Studies entitled, `The Refugee in the Postwar World, 1945–1960.’  Details of the articles included in this volume, namely Volume 25 Number 3, (September 2012) are detailed as follows:


Anna Holian and G. Daniel Cohen
Journal of Refugee Studies 2012 25: 313-325
[Extract] [Full Text] [PDF]


The Uneven Development of the International Refugee Regime in Postwar Asia: Evidence from China, Hong Kong and Indonesia
Glen Peterson
Journal of Refugee Studies 2012 25: 326-343
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Too Much Nationality: Kashmiri Refugees, the South Asian Refugee Regime, and a Refugee State, 1947–1974
Cabeiri Debergh Robinson
Journal of Refugee Studies 2012 25: 344-365
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Entangled or ‘Extruded’ Histories? Displacement, National Refugees, and Repatriation after the Second World War
Pamela Ballinger
Journal of Refugee Studies 2012 25: 366-386
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

The Challenge of Categories: UNRWA and the Definition of a ‘Palestine Refugee’
Ilana Feldman
Journal of Refugee Studies 2012 25: 387-406
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Borders Transformed: Sovereign Concerns, Population Movements and the Making of Territorial Frontiers in Hong Kong, 1949–1967
Laura Madokoro
Journal of Refugee Studies 2012 25: 407-427
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

‘Help the People to Help Themselves’: UNRRA Relief Workers and European Displaced Persons
Silvia Salvatici
Journal of Refugee Studies 2012 25: 428-451
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

The Ambivalent Exception: American Occupation Policy in Postwar Germany and the Formation of Jewish Refugee Spaces
Anna Holian
Journal of Refugee Studies 2012 25: 452-473
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Migration, Sacrifice and the Crisis of Muslim Nationalism
Tahir Naqvi
Journal of Refugee Studies 2012 25: 474-490
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]