UNHCR are pleased to announce that the following report has been published today and is available for download on the UNHCR statistics website www.unhcr.org/statistics.
2012 Global Trends – Displacement: the new 21st century challenge
The 48-page report reflects many of the major humanitarian developments between January and December 2012. It analyses the statistical trends and changes in the global populations of concern to UNHCR, i.e. refugees, asylum-seekers, returnees, stateless persons and certain groups of internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Some of the key findings of the report:
- By end 2012, 45.2 million people were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence and human rights violations. Some 15.4 million people were refugees: 10.5 million under UNHCR’s mandate and 4.9 million Palestinian refugees registered by UNRWA. The global figure included 28.8 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and nearly one million (937,000) asylum-seekers. The 2012 level was the highest since 1994, when an estimated 47 million people were forcibly displaced worldwide.
- During the year, conflict and persecution forced an average of 23,000 persons per day to leave their homes and seek protection elsewhere, either within the borders of their countries or in other countries.
- An estimated 7.6 million people were newly displaced due to conflict or persecution, including 1.1 million new refugees – the highest number of new arrivals in one year since 1999. Another 6.5 million people were newly displaced within the borders of their countries – the second highest figure of the past ten years.
- Pakistan was host to the largest number of refugees worldwide (1.6 million), followed by the Islamic Republic of Iran (868,200), Germany (589,700), and Kenya (565,000).
- More than half (55%) of all refugees worldwide came from five countries: Afghanistan, Somalia, Iraq, the Syrian Arab Republic, and Sudan.
- Some 21,300 asylum applications were lodged by unaccompanied or separated children in 72 countries in 2012, mostly by Afghan and Somali children. It was the highest number on record since UNHCR started collecting such data in 2006.